List of aircraft carriers of Russia and the Soviet Union

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The list of aircraft carriers of the Soviet Union and Russia includes all aircraft carriers built by, proposed for, or in service with the naval forces of either the Soviet Union or Russia. Although listed as aircraft carriers, none of them (with the exception of the never built Ulyanovsk) is a true aircraft carrier. Specifically, they were ASW helicopter equipped ships or aircraft cruisers, including the FADMSU Admiral Kuznetsov, the only carrier still in service with the Russian Navy.[citation needed] Russia does have plans for the building of a supercarrier code named Project 23000E.

Name Class Type Comm­ission Decomm­issioned Notes
Moskva Moskva class Helicopter carrier 1967 1996
Leningrad Moskva class Helicopter carrier 1969 1991
Kiev Kiev class Aircraft cruiser 1975 1993 Sold to Chinese company. Converted to Military theme park and then hotel.[1]
Minsk Kiev class Aircraft cruiser 1978 1993 Sold initially for scrap. Re-sold to China as museum piece.[2]
Novorossiysk Kiev class Aircraft cruiser 1982 1993 Scrapped in 1997 in Pohang South Korea.[citation needed]
Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov (Baku till 1991) Kiev class (modified) Aircraft cruiser 1987 1996 Modified, rebuilt and sold to India. Re-commissioned 2013 as INS Vikramaditya.[3]
Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov Admiral Kuznetsov Aircraft cruiser 1990 In service with the Russian Navy. Damaged 30-10-2018.
Varyag Admiral Kuznetsov Aircraft cruiser 2012 Launched 1988, construction stopped 1992; hull sold by Ukraine to China. Completed 2012 as Liaoning.[4]
Ulyanovsk Ulyanovsk supercarrier Keel laid 1988, stopped 1991, scrapped 1992.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nassef, Ghada (19 August 2011), China turns aircraft carrier into a luxury hotel, BBC News, retrieved 2012-02-18
  2. ^ Former Soviet aircraft carrier sold in China for $16mln, RIA Novosti, 31 May 2006, retrieved 2012-02-18
  3. ^ Russia Delays INS Vikramaditya (Adm Gorshkov) Delivery Till 2012, India Defence, 11 November 2008, retrieved 2012-02-18
  4. ^ "China's First Carrier". Int. Bus. Times. Retrieved 15 November 2016.

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