List of boycotts

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This is a list of boycotts.


Time frame Participants Target Cause Main article References
March 1769 Philadelphia merchants
First Continental Congress
Great Britain Opposition to colonial taxation without representation Continental Association
1848 Milan Austria Austrian state monopolies Five Days of Milan
1880 Irish Land League Charles Boycott Desired land reform in Ireland [citation needed]
1891 Iranian Shia United Kingdom The Shah's granting of a tobacco monopoly to Britain Tobacco Protest
1904–1906 China United States The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1902, an extension of the original Act of 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act [1][2]
1912 Tunisia Compagnie des tramways de Tunis, all Italian businesses in Tunis Young Tunisians Tunis Tram Boycott
1919 China Japan May Fourth Movement Chinese boycotts of Japanese products
March 1933 American Jewish Congress
International critics of Nazism
Nazi Germany Antisemitism in Nazi Germany Anti-Nazi boycott of 1933
April 1933 Nazi Germany German Jews Anti-Nazi boycotts Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses
1941–1951 Iraq Iraqi Jews Farhud [3]
Mohandas Gandhi
Indian independence movement
British Raj Desired economic independence for India Swadeshi movement
1955–1968 African Americans Various Racial segregation in the United States Civil Rights Movement
Montgomery bus boycott
1961–1983 West Berlin Berlin S-Bahn East German operation of the S-Bahn Berlin S-Bahn#Cold War
United Farm Workers Grapes and lettuce in retail grocery stores Labor disputes Delano grape strike
1960s–1990 Various academics South African universities Apartheid Academic boycott of South Africa
Various South African produce Apartheid [citation needed]
1973–1995 LGBT groups Coors Brewing Company Anti-LGBT hiring practices [4]
1984–1993 INFACT General Electric Production and promotion of nuclear weapons Corporate Accountability International
1989–1998 Rainforest Action Network Mitsubishi Rainforest destruction through its forestry activities Boycott Mitsubishi Campaign [5]
1991–1998 Friends of the Lubicon Daishowa Proposed logging of Lubicon Cree territory [6]
1990s–2000 Andrew Vachss Thailand Prostitution of children in Thailand Don't! Buy! Thai!
1998–2003 American gun owners Colt
Smith & Wesson
Colt and Smith & Wesson's cooperation with Bill Clinton's gun control efforts [7]
2001–2002 Greenpeace
Friends of the Earth
People & Planet
Esso/ExxonMobil Esso's climate change denial and lack of investment in renewable energy Stop Esso campaign
2003 US conservatives Various celebrities Celebrity opposition to the 2003 invasion of Iraq FireHollywood
2005 Association of University Teachers Bar-Ilan University
University of Haifa
Bar-Ilan's operations in the West Bank
Haifa's discipline of a lecturer
Association of University Teachers#Boycott of Israeli universities 2005
2005–2013 International Labor Rights Fund and others Firestone Tire and Rubber Company Forced labour and child labour on rubber plantations in Liberia Firestone Natural Rubber Company [8][9]
1 May 2006 Illegal immigrants in the United States US businesses and schools US immigration policy Great American Boycott
2008 German labor unions Nokia Nokia's closing of a German plant [10]
2008 Stonewall Heinz Heinz's pulling of a commercial featuring two men kissing [11]
2009 Various countries Durban Review Conference Scope of the conference Durban Review Conference#Boycotts
2010 Various BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill Reactions to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill#Public reaction
2010 Various Arizona Racial profiling law [12]
2019 Residents of Louisiana National Football League
CBS Sports
Negligence in rules enforcement that kept the New Orleans Saints out of Super Bowl LIII 2018–19 NFL playoffs#Conference championships [13]


Certain countries have declined to participate in international sporting events to protest the host nation's policies or actions.

Event Participants Host nation Cause Main article References
1936 Summer Olympics Athletes from 22 nations Nazi Germany German fascism and Nazism People's Olympiad
1938 FIFA World Cup Various South American nations France Selection of a second successive World Cup in Europe [citation needed]
1956 Summer Olympics Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, China Australia The Suez Crisis; the presence of the Soviet Union after the Hungarian Revolution; the presence of Taiwan [citation needed]
1976 Summer Olympics Various African nations Canada Participation of New Zealand, which had sporting contact with apartheid South Africa Sporting boycott of South Africa during the Apartheid era
1980 Summer Olympics United States
Various nations
Soviet Union Soviet–Afghan War 1980 Summer Olympics boycott
1984 Summer Olympics Warsaw Pact states (except Romania)
United States 1980 Summer Olympics boycott 1984 Summer Olympics boycott
Friendship Games
1986 Commonwealth Games 32 Afro-Asian nations Scotland The Thatcher Government's attitude towards sporting links with South Africa Sporting boycott of South Africa during the Apartheid era
1988 Summer Olympics North Korea
Albania, Cuba, Madagascar, Seychelles
South Korea State of war between North and South Korea, Korean conflict [citation needed]


Initiation Participants Target Cause Main article References
1949 Arab League Israel Partition of Palestine Arab League boycott of Israel
1977 Various Nestlé Nestlé's promotion of infant formula over breast milk in developing countries Nestlé boycott
1989 Liverpudlians The Sun The Sun's coverage of the Hillsborough disaster [14][15][failed verification][16][failed verification][17][18]
2003 Numerous union organizations including SINALTRAINAL Coca-Cola Company Anti-union violence in Colombia and environmental degradation in India Criticism of Coca-Cola [19][20]
2005 Various anti-Israel activists Israel Israeli–Palestinian conflict Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions
2005 Various Muslims worldwide Denmark Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy Economic and social consequences of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy [21]
2008 Opponents of California Proposition 8 Supporters of California Proposition 8 and Utah LDS Church support for Proposition 8 Protests against Proposition 8 supporters [22]
2008 Center for Biological Diversity Bluefin Tuna Overfishing of Bluefin Tuna, leading to their status as an endangered species. [23]
2009 LGBT groups The Salvation Army The Salvation Army's opposition to homosexuality [24]
2010 Canvass for a Cause
Other LGBT groups
Target Corporation Target's donations to Tom Emmer [25][26][27][28]
2010 LGBT groups Best Buy Best Buy's donations to Tom Emmer [28]
2010 Boycott BP BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill Reactions to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill [29]
2011 LGBT groups Chick-fil-A Chick-fil-A's CFO's support of politicians who oppose same-sex marriage Chick-fil-A same-sex marriage controversy [30]
2012 PETA Air France Air France is the only major airline that continues to ship monkeys to laboratories for experimentation. [31]
2013 Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa and various others Chevron Corporation Failure to adequately clean up widespread oil pollution in the Ecuadorian Amazon from its former Texaco operations Lago Agrio oil field [32]


2013 Survival International Botswana Eviction of indigenous San people from the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Ancestral land conflict in Botswana [34]
2013 International Labor Rights Forum Theo Chocolate Not living up to "fair trade" label because of proven union busting [35][36]
2013 Palestinians living in the United States Syria, Iran Syria and Iran's dismal treatment of Palestinians [37]
2013-2014 LGBT groups Russia, Stolichnaya vodka, 2014 Winter Olympics Russia's anti-LBGT policies [38]
2014 Citizens of Washington, D.C. Tourism to Maryland's 1st congressional district, Eastern Shore of Maryland Interference in District of Columbia home rule Boycott of Maryland's 1st District
2015 Ethical Consumer Amazon Tax avoidance, poor treatment of workers, anti-competitive practices. Criticism of Amazon [39]
2016 American Family Association Target Corporation Mixed sex bathrooms and changing areas [40]
2016 Various Corporations backing Donald Trump Free and fair elections; policies and rhetoric of Donald Trump GrabYourWallet [41]
2018 Various companies with ties to the NRA National Rifle Association Stoneman Douglas High School shooting 2018 NRA boycott [42][43][44]
2018 Various companies with ties to The Ingraham Angle, and The Ingraham Angle itself. The Ingraham Angle Laura Ingraham attacking Stoneman Douglas High School shooting survivor David Hogg Boycott of The Ingraham Angle
2018 Various companies with ties to Sinclair, and Sinclair itself. Sinclair Broadcast Group Conservative media bias of Sinclair; Sinclair mandating local news to attack certain news organizations Boycott of Sinclair Broadcasting Group
2018 Various Nike, Inc. Nike featured Colin Kaepernick in its advertising campaign. He is the NFL quarterback who sparked controversy by kneeling in protest during the national anthem. [45]
2019 Various Turkey Turkish invasion of Rojava on 9th October 2019. Turkey is considered by some groups to be an authoritarian state. 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria [46]
2020 Muslim world France (products) French response to the murder of Samuel Paty Murder of Samuel Paty [47][48]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tsai, Jung-Fang (1993). "Chapter 7". Hong Kong in Chinese History: Community and Social Unrest in the British Colony, 1842–1913. New York: Columbia University Press.
  2. ^ Bradley, James (2009). The Imperial Cruise: a secret history of empire and war. Little, Brown and Company. pp. 276–297. ISBN 978-0-316-00895-2.
  3. ^ "BBC News - Farhud memories: Baghdad's 1941 slaughter of the Jews". BBC News. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Coors Brewing Company Boycott". Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
  5. ^ Manheim, Jarol (2000). "Chapter 5". Death of A Thousand Cuts: Corporate Campaigns and the Attack on the Corporation. Routledge. pp. 93–98. ISBN 978-1-135-64857-2.
  6. ^ [1] Archived 2016-04-03 at the Wayback Machine "Daishowa gives in – Boycott called off", Friends of the Lubicon, June 12, 1998, Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  7. ^ Brown, Peter H.; Abel, Daniel G. (2003). Outgunned: Up Against the NRA – The First Complete Insider Account of the Battle Over Gun Control. Simon & Schuster. pp. 63–65. ISBN 978-0-7432-1561-9.
  8. ^ Miller, T. Christian; Jones, Jonathan (14 June 2017). "A Company That, Literally, Has Blood On Its Hands". Pacific Standard.
  9. ^ "Stopping Firestone: Getting Rubber to Meet the Road", Foreign Policy In Focus, December 7, 2006 Retrieved October 8, 2017
  10. ^ Westall, Sylvia (17 January 2008). "German unions urge Nokia boycott over plant closure". Reuters. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  11. ^ Clout, Laura (24 June 2008). "Gay rights group boycotts Heinz after 'men kissing' row". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
  12. ^ "Arizona immigration law sparks huge rallies". CBC News. May 1, 2010.
  13. ^ Scott, Mike (February 4, 2019). "Super Bowl ratings plummet as Who Dats strike back". New Orleans Times-Picayune. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  14. ^ "Boycott The Sun in 2003 - Hillsborough Justice Campaign". Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  15. ^ Lister, Sam. "Ex-Sun editor: I was right on Hillsborough". Liverpool Daily Post. Archived from the original on 4 December 2006. Retrieved 1 December 2006.
  16. ^ Shennan, Paddy. "Alexi Sayle's Liverpool". Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  17. ^ "Hillsborough: Postal staff refuse to deliver free Sun copies". Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Coca-Cola boycott launched after killings at Colombian plants", The Guardian, 24 July 2003,, Retrieved 19 July 2017
  20. ^ "Boycott Coca-Cola!", Colombia Solidarity Campaign, 1 October 2003,, Retrieved 19 July 2017
  21. ^ Henkel, Heiko (Fall 2010). "Fundamentally Danish? The Muhammad Cartoon Crisis as Transitional Drama" (PDF). Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-knowledge. 2. VIII. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  22. ^ Vergakis, Brock (9 November 2008). "Utah faces boycott after push by Mormons vs. gay marriage". Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  23. ^ Clover, Charles (25 November 2008). "Bluefin tuna: Call for boycott after quotas set higher than scientists recommend". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  24. ^ "Group urges Salvation Army boycott". WLUK-TV. 16 December 2009. Archived from the original on 25 November 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  25. ^ Vega, Jocelyn (9 March 2011). "Lady Gaga Dissolves Relationship with Target". MTV. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  26. ^ Cantor, Matt (25 March 2011). "Target Sues Gay Rights Group". Newser. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  27. ^ Lambert, Brian (25 March 2011). "What? Gov. Tim Pawlenty Supported Sharia Law?". MinnPost. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  28. ^ a b Christoper, Tommy (29 July 2010). "Best Buy Gay Rights Boycott Tests Citizens United Decision". Mediate. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  29. ^ Chernoff, Allan (26 May 2010). "Facebook fans organize to boycott BP". CNN. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  30. ^ Arnold, Lori (February 2011). "Chick-fil-A target of gay rights' boycott". Christian Examiner. Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  31. ^ "Jane Goodall and Peter Gabriel urge Air France to stop ferrying lab monkeys". The Guardian. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  32. ^ Ecuador's Correa calls for Chevron boycott, Agence France Presse, September 17, 2003 Retrieved 22 August 2017
  33. ^ City of Berkeley, Peace and Justice Commission, Action Calendar, January 29, 2008 Retrieved 22 August 2017
  34. ^ "Should we boycott Botswana?". 1 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  35. ^ "Are Theo's "Fair Trade" Chocolates Unfair to Seattle Workers?".
  36. ^ "Aiding and Abetting: How Unaccountable Fair Trade Certifiers Are Destroying Workers' Rights". Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  37. ^ "PNN". Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  38. ^ "Russian Vodka Boycott in Gay Bars Faces Predictable Backlash". Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  39. ^ "Why I'm finally going to boycott Amazon". The Guardian. 17 August 2015. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  40. ^ "Online petition for Target boycott gets hundreds of thousands of signatures - Fox News". 26 April 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  41. ^ "Grab Your Wallet". Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  42. ^ Barbash, Fred; Bever, Lindsey (2018-02-23). "#BoycottNRA: Hertz and Avis are the latest companies to cut ties with gun lobby as movement gains steam". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  43. ^ Creswell, Julie; Hsu, Tiffany (2018-02-23). "Companies Cut Ties to the N.R.A., but Find There Is No Neutral Ground". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  44. ^ "The full list of companies who have boycotted the NRA over the Florida shooting". Newsweek. 2018-02-24. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  45. ^ "This Is the Reason People Are Setting Their Nike Sneakers on Fire". 2020-09-14.
  46. ^ "Call for cultural and academic boycott of Turkey". Roar Magazine. 2019-10-22. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  47. ^ Caroline Alexander, Zainab Fattah (2020-10-27). "Muslim world faces divide after Erdogan takes on France for its crackdown on radical Islam". ThePrint. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  48. ^ Salem, Mostafa; Bairin, Pierre; Liakos, Chris; Schmidt, Nadine; Dean, Sarah (October 27, 2020). "Calls to boycott French products grow in Muslim world after Macron backs Mohammed cartoons". CNN.

External links[edit]