List of journalists killed in Europe
This is a list of journalists killed in Europe (as a continent), divided by country.
While journalists in the European Union (EU) generally work in good conditions, there are cases of murdered journalists, and many of them remain unpunished. This list includes non EU countries within Europe such as Turkey, Ukraine and Russia
- 1 Abkhazia
- 2 Armenia
- 3 Azerbaijan
- 4 Belarus
- 5 Bosnia and Herzegovina
- 6 Bulgaria
- 7 Croatia
- 8 Cyprus
- 9 Denmark
- 10 France
- 11 Georgia
- 12 Greece
- 13 Ireland
- 14 Italy
- 15 Kazakhstan
- 16 Kosovo
- 17 Latvia
- 18 Lithuania
- 19 Malta
- 20 Poland
- 21 Russia
- 22 Serbia
- 23 Slovakia
- 24 Slovenia
- 25 South Ossetia
- 26 Spain
- 27 Turkey
- 28 United Kingdom
- 29 Ukraine
- 30 See also
- 31 References
- Alexandra Tuttle, a correspondent for The Wall Street Journal, September was killed on 22 September 1993 when the military plane on which she was flying was hit by an Abkhazian ground-to-air missile.
- Andrey Soloviev, a Soviet war photographer for ITAR-TASS was killed by a sniper in Sukhumi on 27 September 1993.
- Georgy Chanya, a correspondent for Resonants was killed on 26 May 1998 while reporting fighting between Abkhazian rebels and Georgian guerrilla fighters near Gali.
- Tirgran Nagdalian was fatally shot in his head on 28 December 2002 in Yerevan. The motive remains unconfirmed.
- Photographer reporter Chingiz Mustafayev for Democratic Russia Press Agency was killed on 15 June 1992 by Armenian military forces, while filming fighting between Azerbaijanis and Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh.
- Camera operator Adil Bunyatov for Reuters TV and the Turan News Agency was killed on 17 March 1995, while covering a military offense on a rebel police unit.
- Elmar Huseynov, founder and editor of the opposition weekly news magazine Monitor, was gunned down in his apartment building in Baku on 2 March 2005.
- Newspaper editor Novruzali Mamedov, of the now-defunct Talysh minority newspaper Talyshi Sado, died in a prison hospital on 17 August 2009. His death was condemned by Baku-based Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety as government neglect.
- Freelance reporter Rafiq Tağı, who contributed to the Azerbaijani branch of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), was stabbed on 19 November 2011 and died in a Baku hospital on 23 November.
- Rasim Aliyev, chairman of the Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety was beaten up on 8 August 2015 by football fans for his opinion against one of the players. He died from his wounds the following day.
- Dzmitry Zavadski disappeared and was presumably murdered on 7 July 2000. On 14 March 2002 four people were sentenced for his abduction, but not for the murder, as the body had never been found,, and while the performers may have been condemned, the masterminds are still at large. He was declared dead on 28 November 2003.
- Aleh Byabenin was found hanged in the stairwell of his summer home in Minsk on 3 September 2010, but no suicide note was found.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
- On 28 January 1994, Marco Luchetta, Alessandro Saša Ota and Dario D'Angelo, three Italian journalist working for RAI, were killed in Mostar by a mortar.
- On 1 May 1994, journalists Bryan Brinton and Francis William Tomasic were killed, and novelist William T. Vollmann was injured, by a landmine near Mostar.
- Radio presenter and author Bobi Tsankov was shot dead in central Sofia on 5 January 2010.
- Victoria Marinova, a television journalist who reported on an investigation into alleged corruption involving European Union funds was murdered in Bulgaria's northern town of Ruse. Her body was found on 6 October 2018.
Two journalists were killed in Croatia the 1991–1995 war in Yugoslavia:
- Croatian photographer and cameraman Gordan Lederer was killed by a Serbian sniper in Hrvatska Kostajnica on 9 August 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence.
- Croatian reporter Siniša Glavašević was beaten and executed by Serbian paramilitary forces, along with hundreds of others between 18–20 November 1991, during the Battle of Vukovar.
- Turkish Cypriot journalist Kutlu Adalı was fatally machine-gunned outside his home in Nicosia on 6 July 1996. The Turkish Revenge Brigade claimed responsibility, but no one was condemned. According to his widow, evidence had been wiped away and no investigation was conducted.
- Kim Wall, a Swedish freelance journalist, was killed by entrepreneur Peter Madsen on board his submarine UC3 Nautilus in August 2017. Madsen was sentenced to life imprisonment.
- Francisco Javier Galdeano, correspondent of Egin in the French Basque Country, was killed in Saint-Jean-de-Luz on 30 May 1985.
- 9 of the 12 victims of Charlie Hebdo shooting on 7 January 2015, were journalists: Jean Maurice Jules Cabut (Cabu), Elsa Cayat, Stéphane Charbonnier (Charb), Philippe Honoré, Bernard Maris, Mustapha Ourrad, Michel Renaud, Bernard Verlhac (Tignous) and Georges Wolinski. Philippe Lançon, Fabrice Nicolino and Laurent "Riss" Sourisseau were wounded.
- Guillaume B. Decherf, music journalist for Les Inrockuptibles, was killed in the November 2015 attack on the Bataclan theatre.
- David Bolkvadze, a Georgian journalist working for Worldwide Television News was killed in Khobi on 28 October 1993 while reporting the Georgian Civil War.
- Antonio Russo, an Italian journalist working for Radio Radicale, was killed in Ujarma on 16 October 2000.
- Giorgi Sanaia, an anchor for Rustavi-2 was killed in his apartment in Tbilisi on 26 July 2001.
- Stan Storimans, a Dutch cameraman for RTL TV, was killed in Gori on 12 August 2008, during the Russo-Georgian War. According to the Dutch government he was killed by a Russian cluster bomb.
- Investigative journalist and broadcaster Sokratis Giolias was assassinated on 19 July 2010 in Ilioupoli, Athens. He was shot more than 15 times with guns that have previously been used by the Sect of Revolutionaries, but the killers remain unpunished.
- Cosimo Cristina, killed by the Sicilian Mafia on 5 May, 1960.
- Mauro De Mauro disappeared on 16 September 1970 and his body was never found.
- Giovanni Spampinato, killed by the Mafia on 27 October 1972.
- Carlo Casalegno, killed by the Red Brigades on 29 November 1977.
- Peppino Impastato, killed by the Mafia on 9 May, 1978.
- Mario Francese, killed by the Mafia on 26 January 1979.
- Carmine Pecorelli, killed in unknown circumstances on 20 March 1979.
- Walter Tobagi, killed by the Brigata XXVIII marzo (a far-left terrorist organization) on 28 May, 1980.
- Giuseppe Fava, killed by the Mafia on 5 January 1984.
- Giancarlo Siani, killed by the Camorra on 23 September 1985.
- Mauro Rostagno, killed by the Mafia on 26 September 1988.
- Beppe Alfano, killed by Mafia on 8 January 1993.
- Askhat Sharipjanov, an editor of the website Navigator, was hit by a car in Almaty on 20 July 2004. The driver was found guilty of traffic violations and careless driving that resulted in a person's death, but Sharipjanov's colleagues believed it was contract murder.
- Gennady Pavlyuk (pen name: Ibragim Rustambek), editor-in-chief of Bely Parokhod died in a hospital Almaty on 22 December 2009, six days after falling from a building with his hands and legs bound with tape. Two people were condemned for his murder.
- During and in the aftermath of the Kosovo War at least seven Serbian journalists disappeared and are believed to have been killed in Kosovo.
- Two German journalists, Gabriel Grüner and Volker Krämer, were shot on 13 June 1999, near the village of Dulje, by Yugoslavian soldiers. Krämer died immediately, Grüner died later in a hospital in Tetovo, Macedonia.
- Journalist Bekim Kastrati was killed on 19 October 2001 while he was in his car with two other men: one of them was also killed and one was wounded. The motive is unconfirmed.
- Bardhyl Ajeti was shot on 3 June 2005 in Kosovo and died from his wounds in an hospital in Milan on 28 June. No one has been condemned.
- Gundars Matiss died on 28 November 2001, from a brain hemorrhage after being attacked on 15 November.
- Vitas Lingis was shot dead on 12 October 1993.
- Maltese reporter Daphne Caruana Galizia was murdered in a mafia-style car bomb attack on 16 October 2017. This was the first attack of its kind in Malta and for a very long time in Western Europe. At 53, this mother of three was among the most exposed journalists on the island, notably because of her fight for transparency and against the corruption that is corroding Maltese politics and society. She made a lot of enemies through her investigations and revelations, both in the newspapers where she was working and on her blog, one of the most popular in the country, especially within the island’s political and business elite. She received many threats and recently filed a police report about it.
Dozens of journalists have been killed in Russia since the Nineties.
- Dada Vujasinović was found dead in her apartment on 8 April 1994. The police ruled it a suicide, but most evidence disputes this. Since January 2009, her death was regarded as a murder case, but no one has been arrested.
- Slavko Ćuruvija was murdered on 11 April 1999 in Belgrade. In November 2013 the Slavko Ćuruvija Foundation was established with the aim to preserve his heritage and advance media freedom in Serbia. A trial is ongoing but according to Veran Matić, president of the Commission for the Investigation of the Murder of Journalists in Serbia, the trial chamber is acting with the intent of acquitting those accused.
- On 7 May 1999 three Chinese journalists died in the United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. American officials later claimed they were intelligence agents.
- Milan Pantić was killed on 11 June 2001 in Jagodina. The case is still unsolved but the Commission led by Matić has collected new data.
- Broadcast journalist Luka Popov was killed in his home in the village of Srpski Krstur on 16 June 2016. A few days later three people were arrested.
- On 25 February 2018, the Slovak investigative reporter Ján Kuciak, 27, and his partner were found shot dead in their home in Veľká Mača, western Slovakia. “As a reporter for online news website Aktuality.sk, Kuciak wrote about serious economic crimes and illegal activities involving several high profile Slovak businessmen and their relations with top politicians”, EUobserver reports, adding that “Kuciak was also working on a story linking prime minister Robert Fico's assistant with an Italian businessman in Slovakia. Among numerous tax frauds and public fund scandals, he covered the Panama papers”.
- Austrian-German news camera operator Nikolas Vogel was killed in a bomb incident on 28 June 1991 during the Ten-Day War along with his German colleague Norbert Werner.
- Alexander Klimchuk (head of Caucasus Images) and Grigol Chikhladze (a freelance and member of Caucasus Images) were killed on 10 August 2008 when they tried to enter Tskhinvali.
- Journalist Cristóbal Botella y Serra was killed in 1921
- Journalist Luis de Sirval was killed in 1934
- Journalist and politician Manuel Delgado Barreto was killed in 1936
- Photographer Francisco Goñi was killed in 1936
- Journalist Jaime Maestro Pérez was killed in 1936
- Journalist Estanislao Rico Ariza was killed in 1936
- Priest and journalist Emilio Ruiz Muñoz was killed in 1936
- Sport journalists Paulino Martín García was killed on 11 August 1977.
- Journalist José María Portell was killed by ETA in 1978
- Trade unionist and newspaper columnist José Luis López de Lacalle was killed on 7 May 2000 by ETA.
- Ross McWhirter was murdered in London by the Provisional Irish Republican Army on 27 November 1975.
- Bulgarian dissident writer and BBC journalist Georgi Markov died on 11 September 1978 after having being poisoned with a Bulgarian umbrella.
- Irish investigative journalist Martin O'Hagan was murdered by the Loyalist Volunteer Force in Northern Ireland on 28 September 2001.
- Investigative journalist Lyra McKee was shot dead by the New IRA in Creggan, Derry, Northern Ireland, on 18 April 2019. They claimed to have been shooting at Police Service of Northern Ireland officers and McKee was hit.
- Committee to Protect Journalists
- Freedom House
- Media freedom in the European Union
- Reporters Without Borders
- Accardo, Gian-Paolo (24 October 2017). "Europe is not so safe for journalists". VoxEurop/EDJNet. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Alexandra Tuttle". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Andrei Soloviev". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Georgy Chanya". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Tirgran Nagdalian". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Chingiz Fuad-ogly Mustafayev". cpj.org. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- Mustafayev, Vahid (Autumn 1999). "Documenting the Horrors of Karabakh: Chingiz Mustafayev in Action". www.azer.com. pp. 57–59. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Adil Bunyatov". cpj.org. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Investigators name chief suspect in murder of opposition editor - IFEX". IFEX. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Elmar Huseynov". cpj.org. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Novruzali Mamedov". cpj.org. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Rafiq Tagi". cpj.org. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Rasim Aliyev". cpj.org. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "18 Years Since Abduction of Dzmitry Zavadski". bay.by. 7 July 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Still no answer: Belarus journalist Dzmitry Zavadski went missing 17 years ago". belsat.eu. 7 July 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Суд признал погибшим оператора ОРТ Дмитрия Завадского [Court Rules Dmitry Zavadsky Legally Dead]. Vesti (in Russian). 3 December 2003. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Suspicions over 'suicide' of Belarus activist Aleh Byabenin". Index on Censorship. 4 September 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Corritore, Nicole (28 January 2013). "Mostar 28 gennaio 1994: uccisi tre inviati Rai". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso - Transeuropa (in Italian). Retrieved 12 February 2019.
- "Landmine Kills Two Photographers, Wounds Writer With PM-Yugoslavia". Associated Press News. 2 March 1994. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- "Bulgarian journalist shot dead in Sofia". DW. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Bulgarian broadcast journalist raped and murdered | DW | 7 October 2018". DW.COM. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
- Lozančić, Branko (10 August 2018). "27th anniversary of Gordan Lederer's death marked". The Voice of Croatia. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "Document - Croatia: Amnesty International calls for justice for Sinisa Glavasevic and other victims of unlawful execution in Vukovar". Amnesty International. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Kutlu Adali". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- Jones, Derek (2001). Censorship: A World Encyclopedia. Routledge.
- "Kim Wall: What we know about Danish submarine death". BBC News. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- Barbería, José Luis (31 March 1985). "Asesinado el corresponsal de 'Egin' en el País Vasco francés". El País. San Sebastián. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
- Martinez, Michael; Debucquoy-Dodley, Dominique; Sanchez, Ray (11 January 2015). "Vignettes: More about the 17 killed in French terror attacks". CNN. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- Brown, Harley (14 November 2015). "French Music Journalist Guillaume B. Decherf Killed in the Paris Attacks". SPIN. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- "David Bolkvadze". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Antonio Russo". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Georgy Sanaya". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Stan Storimans". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Journalist Sokratis Giolias gunned down in Greece". BBC News. 19 July 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Dimitrova, Svetla (24 November 2014). "Nine out of 10 cases of journalists' murders go unpunished". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso - Transeuropa. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Fincham, Kelly (26 June 2018). "Remembering the day fearless Irish journalist Veronica Guerin was murdered". IrishCentral.com. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- Giornata della memoria dei giornalisti uccisi da mafie e terrorismo. Roma: Unione Nazionale Cronisti Italiani. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- "Askhat Sharipjanov". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Gennady Pavlyuk (Ibragim Rustambek)". CPJ. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "UNS demands investigation into missing and murdered journalists in Kosovo". European Federation of Journalists. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Bekim Kastrati". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Gundars Matiss". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Vitas Lingis". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Something is rotten at the core of the State". The Times of Malta/VoxEurope. 18 October 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- "Daphne Caruana Galizia's Notebook". Running Commentary. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- Borg, Bertrand (16 October 2017). "Daphne Caruana Galizia killed in Bidnija car blast". Times of Malta. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- "Łukasz Masiak". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Seemo: after 20 years no arrest for the murder of Dada Vujasinovic". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso - Transeuropa. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Bona, Marzia (10 November 2015). "Cenzolovka, in memory of Slavko Ćuruvija". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso - Transeuropa. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Serbia: "The court shows a clear intention to release those accused of murdering journalist Ćuruvija"". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso - Transeuropa. 3 July 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Myers, Steven Lee (17 April 2000). "Chinese Embassy Bombing: A Wide Net of Blame". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Veran Matić: fighting impunity". Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso - Transeuropa. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Serbian authorities must investigate the murder of Luka Popov". European Federation of Journalists. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "OSCE Representative welcomes arrests following murder of journalist in Serbia, praises police swift action". OSCE. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Aktuality.sk". Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- Virostkova, Lucia (27 February 2018). "Journalist murder shocks Slovakia". Euobserver. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- "Nick Vogel". The Freedom Forum Journalists Memorial. Newseum. Archived from the original on 1 July 2002. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- "Alexander Klimchuk". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Grigol Chikhladze". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Asesinado a tiros un periodista deportivo". El País (in Spanish). 12 August 1977. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
- de la Serna, Victor (10 May 2000). "José Luis López de Lacalle". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "1975: TV presenter Ross McWhirter shot dead". BBC News. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "The BBC journalist assassinated with a poison-tipped umbrella". BBC News. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Cusack, Jim (1 October 2001). "Obituary: Martin O'Hagan". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Journalist shot dead in Derry during rioting in the city". BBC News. 19 April 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.