Local Motors

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Local Motors
IndustryMotor vehicle manufacturing
Founded2007; 14 years ago (2007)
HeadquartersPhoenix, Arizona
Key people
Vikrant Aggarwal (CEO)

Local Motors is an American motor vehicle manufacturing company focused on low-volume manufacturing of open-source motor vehicle designs using multiple microfactories. It was founded in 2007 by John B. Rogers Jr and has headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona.[1] The company’s current vehicles include the Rally Fighter and their 3D-printed Strati and Swim vehicles. The company develops vehicles using 3D Printing and utilizes vehicle designs provided by the online community. In 2016, the company introduced an autonomous electric-powered shuttle named Olli.


Local Motors' website is a community focusing on vehicle innovation. The content is created by the users who discuss designing, engineering, and building innovative vehicles. Members contribute their own ideas and projects which are discussed with the community.[2]

Co-creation is a technique used by Local Motors, General Electric, and LEGO to enhance new product development.[3][4] Select organizations have partnered with the company to facilitate co-creation of their products including US Army,[5] Domino’s,[6] and Airbus.[7] Local Motors uses Co-designing type of customer co-creation in which the selective process is made by its community and some features such as frame and structure are scoped by the company. Firstly, users create drawing designs and the decorative ideas on their own style. Although the users are novices or experts, all users can participate in this step. After that users present their designs on the website, the best design selected by people in the community will be developed by the company. Finally, the company will launch the co-designing car into the market. Using Co-creation method, company gains customer’s engagement and loyalty.[8]

One of the biggest community driven competitions was hosted by Local Motors in collaboration with Airbus .[9] This competition was hosted in Berlin one of the tech hubs of Deutsche Ventures.


The propositions that Local Motors offer are:

  • The car is produced and designed using the co-designing type of co-creation, which is called crowdsourcing.
  • The car was produced in 18 months, which is faster than the usual process by five times.
  • They are road legal cars.
  • The wheels are strong off-road wheels and are grade 8, which are used in the military.
  • About $3 million was spent to develop the car, which is less than the amount spent on commercial models by the mass automakers.

The company achieved to spend about 3 million dollars by rethinking the car’s features, so they designed a five-point seat belt, which costs $10, instead of developing an airbag, which would cost them $6 million.

Rally Fighter[edit]

Local Motors Rally Fighter

The Rally Fighter[10] was the first model produced by Local Motors and is an open sourced vehicle. The car was introduced in 2009 after 18 months of development, which constitutes a record Time to Market compared to the automobile industry standards, by applying innovative technologies and crowd sourcing techniques.[11] As the company describes it, the Rally Fighter is "a fully capable off-road prerunner, with the amenities and luxuries of an every-day on road vehicle".[12]


Strati (automobile) by Local Motors

In collaboration with Cincinnati Incorporated and Oak Ridge National Laboratory Local Motors manufactured Strati, the world's first 3D printed electric car.[13] The printing took 44 hours to complete, and was witnessed by a live audience at the 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show in McCormick Place, Chicago.[14] The car consists of 50 individual parts, far less than a traditional vehicle (which is manufactured with roughly 30,000 parts).[15] The Strati was designed by Michele Anoè,[16] a member of the Local Motors community, and is produced in small quantities to serve strategic partnerships, such as with NXP Semiconductors.[17]

LM3D Swim[edit]

In 2015, the company debuted a 3D-printed car named the LM3D Swim.[18] It was designed by Kevin Lo, a member of the Local Motors community.[19] The materials used are 80 percent ABS plastic and 20 percent carbon fiber. The vehicle uses technology provided by IBM that offered IoT connectivity.[20] The Swim is currently on display at the company’s location in National Harbor, Maryland.



In 2016, the company unveiled an autonomous, electric-powered bus.[21][22] The vehicle was designed by Edgar Sarmiento, initially named the "Berlino" from the Urban Mobility Challenge: Berlin 2030. The French tech entrepreneurs Damien Declerq and Gunnar Graef have been instrumental in organizing the challenge in Berlin.[23] The vehicle was built by Local Motors and has IBM Watson technology installed to provide a personalized experience for riders. The vehicle was demonstrated live to their online audience on Facebook Live[24] at a media event in National Harbor. The vehicle is still undergoing development. On January 2, 2018, Local Motors received a pledge of up to a $1 billion in financing and operational support to customers of Olli from Florida-based Elite Transportation Services (ETS) with additional funding of $20 million from Texas-based Xcelerate.[25]

Olli was manufactured in Chandler, Arizona using additive manufacturing techniques, including 3D Printing.[26] The company has not announced pricing yet.

Miami-Dade County, the State of Nevada and the Danish Vesthimmerland Municipality expressed interest in using Olli on their roadways.[27][28][29] As of January 2020, Olli has been deployed at the United Nations ITCILO campus in Turin, Italy to provide transport shuttle to employees and guests within the campus.[30]


Local Motors has facilities in Phoenix, and Knoxville.

In February 2017, Local Motors closed its Las Vegas location.[31]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ About Local Motors”, Local Motors Website
  2. ^ "Local Motors makes crowd-sourced and 3-D cars". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  3. ^ Muller, Joann. "Big Ideas, Small Scale: How GE Is Using The Wisdom Of Crowds To Design Better Appliances". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  4. ^ "Network meeting 25/11: LEGO engaging consumers in Open innovation, co-creation and mass-customization. | Leaderlab". leaderlab.com. November 16, 2010. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  5. ^ "REF Rapid Equipping Force - United States Army". www.ref.army.mil. Archived from the original on 2015-04-21. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  6. ^ Buss, Dale. "Domino's Gets Into the Car Business With DXP Pizza-Delivery Vehicle". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  7. ^ "Look At These Wild Drone Concepts Airbus Thinks Are The Future". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  8. ^ "" Local Motors " New generation of product co-creation – Cattaleeya". Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  9. ^ "Meet the judges for the Airbus Cargo Drone Challenge | Local Motors". 2016-06-06. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
  10. ^ "The Rally Fighter – Local Motors Rally Fighter". rallyfighter.com. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Local Motors makes crowd-sourced and 3-D cars". Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Rally Fighter - Local Motors". 20 May 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  13. ^ Gastelu, Gary (3 July 2014). "Local Motors 3D-printed car could lead an American manufacturing revolution". Fox News. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  14. ^ Franklin, Dallas (15 September 2014). "Made in Chicago: World's First 3D Printed Electric Car". KFOR-TV. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  15. ^ Chhabra, Esha (December 30, 2015). "The 3D Printed Car That Could Transform The Auto Industry: On Sale In 2016". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  16. ^ "The 3D-Printed Car Is All the Buzz". www.imts.com. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  17. ^ "Local Motors, NXP unveil 3D-printed car with self-driving, IoT technology | Local Motors". 2016-05-18. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  18. ^ Bruce, Chris (November 6, 2015). "The LM3D Swim from Local Motors is the first 3D-printed car you can buy [w/video]". Autoblog. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  19. ^ "Startup Plans to Begin Selling First 3D-Printed Cars Next Year". June 23, 2015. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  20. ^ "Connecting the road with Octoblu, IBM and Local Motors". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  21. ^ Warren, Tamara (2016-06-16). "This autonomous, 3D-printed bus starts giving rides in Washington, DC today". The Verge. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  22. ^ Counts, Reese. "The Local Motors Olli is a driverless EV minibus with IBM Watson inside". Autoblog. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  23. ^ "Berlino 3.0 - Smart mini bus system | Local Motors". 2015-05-01. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  24. ^ "Local Motors - Timeline | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  25. ^ "Local Motors Secures Over $1 Billion In Financing For Olli Customers (Press Release)". PR Newswire. January 2, 2018. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  26. ^ "Building Olli: Why "Second-degree DDM" is critical to the process | Local Motors". 2016-06-24. Archived from the original on 2016-10-10. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  27. ^ "Local Motors unveils Olli, its new self-driving car, in National Harbor (Video)". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  28. ^ "Self-driving minibus to hit streets in Las Vegas". 2016-06-16. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
  29. ^ Sebastian Stryhn Kjeldtoft (2016-07-27). "Førerløse busser skal spare tid og penge" (in Danish). Information.
  30. ^ Autonomous shuttle Olli deployed in Turin, Italy JAN 17, 2020
  31. ^ Ringle, Hayley (Feb 1, 2017). "EXCLUSIVE: Local Motors lays off employees, shifts gears to autonomous vehicles and white-label software". The Business Journals (Phoenix Business Journal). Retrieved 2019-08-15.

External links[edit]