Madison County, North Carolina

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Madison County, North Carolina
Court House, Madison County, NC.jpg
Madison County Courthouse in Marshall
Seal of Madison County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Madison County
Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for James Madison
Seat Marshall
Largest town Mars Hill
Area
 • Total 451 sq mi (1,168 km2)
 • Land 450 sq mi (1,165 km2)
 • Water 1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 20,764
 • Density 46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.madisoncountync.org
Advertisement for Warm Springs Hotel, Madison County, ca. 1880

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,764. [1] Its county seat is Marshall.[2] The county was formed in 1851 from parts of Buncombe County and Yancey County. It was named for James Madison, fourth President of the United States (1809–1817).[3]

Madison County is part of the Asheville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 451 square miles (1,170 km2), of which 450 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Madison County is located deep in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina, and much of the county's terrain is rugged, heavily forested, and sparsely populated. The county's northern border is with the State of Tennessee. Madison County's largest river is the French Broad River, which flows north-northwest through the county, first past the county seat of Marshall, then past the resort town of Hot Springs.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,908
1870 8,192 38.7%
1880 12,810 56.4%
1890 17,805 39.0%
1900 20,644 15.9%
1910 20,132 −2.5%
1920 20,083 −0.2%
1930 20,306 1.1%
1940 22,522 10.9%
1950 20,522 −8.9%
1960 17,217 −16.1%
1970 16,003 −7.1%
1980 16,827 5.1%
1990 16,953 0.7%
2000 19,635 15.8%
2010 20,764 5.7%
Est. 2016 21,340 [5] 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 19,635 people, 8,000 households, and 5,592 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 9,722 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.63% White, 0.83% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 1.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,000 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.20% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,985, and the median income for a family was $37,383. Males had a median income of $27,950 versus $22,678 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,076. About 10.90% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 19.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Madison County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into eleven townships: Beech Glenn, Ebbs Chapel, Grapevine, Hot Springs, Laurel, Mars Hill, Marshall, Revere Rice Cove, Sandy Mush, Spring Creek and Walnut.[11]

Formerly there were sixteen townships, which were both numbered and named:

  • 1 (Marshall)
  • 2 (Shelton Laurel)
  • 3 (Bull Creek)
  • 4 (Middle Fork of Ivy)
  • 5 (West Fork of Ivy)
  • 6 (Sandy Mush)
  • 7 (Little Pine Creek)
  • 8 (Spring Creek)
  • 9 (Hot Springs)
  • 10 (Big Laurel)
  • 11 (Upper Laurel)
  • 12 (Big Pine Creek)
  • 13 (Meadow Fork of Spring Creek)
  • 14 (Grapevine)
  • 15 (Mars Hill)
  • 16 (Foster Creek)

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics, law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 60.2% 6,783 34.8% 3,926 5.0% 560
2012 53.4% 5,404 44.3% 4,484 2.2% 225
2008 50.0% 5,192 48.4% 5,026 1.6% 161
2004 54.7% 5,175 44.7% 4,234 0.6% 54
2000 56.2% 4,676 42.1% 3,505 1.7% 144
1996 44.2% 3,110 47.4% 3,333 8.4% 587
1992 39.1% 3,121 49.8% 3,980 11.1% 888
1988 53.1% 3,453 46.6% 3,033 0.3% 20
1984 54.8% 3,666 44.7% 2,988 0.5% 35
1980 44.0% 2,629 53.6% 3,202 2.4% 141
1976 41.5% 2,446 58.2% 3,433 0.3% 16
1972 61.2% 3,273 38.1% 2,039 0.7% 38
1968 49.2% 3,130 34.6% 2,201 16.3% 1,034
1964 46.6% 3,336 53.4% 3,829
1960 49.3% 4,422 50.7% 4,546
1956 53.6% 4,263 46.4% 3,693
1952 56.5% 4,751 43.6% 3,666
1948 55.7% 3,341 42.7% 2,558 1.6% 96
1944 65.7% 4,388 34.3% 2,291
1940 59.3% 4,617 40.7% 3,171
1936 61.9% 5,099 38.1% 3,133
1932 61.8% 4,552 37.6% 2,769 0.7% 49
1928 81.4% 4,776 18.6% 1,093
1924 67.8% 3,252 30.7% 1,471 1.5% 74
1920 73.0% 3,616 27.0% 1,340
1916 66.9% 1,965 33.1% 972
1912 16.2% 430 33.9% 897 49.9% 1,320

Madison is a historically Republican county that for a time turned competitive before again becoming strongly Republican – although as recently as 2008 Barack Obama came within two hundred votes of carrying the county. The county is notorious for political machines: the Ponder machine governed the county from the late 1950s to the 1990s, and before that a long-lived Republican machine had ruled the county and kept it in GOP hands between 1880 and 1956:[13] it was one of five North Carolina counties to reject Franklin Roosevelt in all four of his campaigns, and one of only seven each to vote for Alf Landon in 1936 and for Wendell Willkie in 1940.

Madison County is governed by a five-member board of commissioners who are elected every two years. The board selects its own chairman and holds scheduled meetings on the second Monday of each month.[14] Madison County is a member of the Land-of-Sky Regional Council of governments.

Madison is considered a “dry” county, meaning that the sale and/or public consumption of alcoholic beverages is illegal within the county limits. However, individual towns have right of self-determination regarding alcohol sales, and Hot Springs, Marshall and Mars Hill[15] all allow beer and wine sales, but not liquor.

Education[edit]

Madison County's public educational system consists of one early college high school, one traditional high school (Madison High School, located in the county seat of Marshall), one middle school, and four elementary schools. The county is also home to Mars Hill University, a private, coed, four-year liberal-arts university. Founded in 1856, Mars Hill is the oldest college or university in western North Carolina. The university offers 34 majors and seven degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Bachelor of Social Work, and Master of Education.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "1991 General Assembly of North Carolina - House Bill 689 - Madison County School Elections" (PDF). 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Religious Factor in the 1960 Presidential Election: An Analysis of the Kennedy Victory over Anti-Catholic Prejudice, pp. 89-90 ISBN 0786484934
  14. ^ "Madison County Website - County Commissioners<". 
  15. ^ "Asheville-Citizen Times - Mars Hill voters approved beer, wine sales". 5 March 2008. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°52′N 82°43′W / 35.86°N 82.71°W / 35.86; -82.71