Greene County, Tennessee

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Greene County
County of Greene
Greene County Courthouse in Greeneville
Greene County Courthouse in Greeneville
Official seal of Greene County
Map of Tennessee highlighting Greene County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°10′N 82°51′W / 36.17°N 82.85°W / 36.17; -82.85
Country United States
State Tennessee
Founded1783
Named forNathanael Greene[1]
SeatGreeneville
Largest townGreeneville
Area
 • Total624 sq mi (1,620 km2)
 • Land622 sq mi (1,610 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total70,152 Increase
 • Density111/sq mi (43/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitegreenecountytngov.com

Greene County is a county located on the eastern border of the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 70,152.[2] Its county seat is Greeneville.[3] Greene County comprises the Greeneville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Greene County developed from the "Nolichucky settlement," established by pioneer Jacob Brown on land leased in the early 1770s from the Cherokee people. The Nolichucky settlement was aligned with the Watauga settlement, centered in modern Elizabethton.

After the United States became independent, Greene County was formed in 1783 from the original Washington County, North Carolina, part of the former Washington District. The county is named for Major General Nathanael Greene[4] (1742-1786), a major general in the Continental Army from Rhode Island. John Crockett, father of Davy Crockett, and his wife settled in the county near Limestone. Davy Crockett was born there in 1786. At the time, the area was part of the extra-legal state Franklin.

Greene County is the home of Tusculum College, the oldest college in Tennessee; the state's oldest Methodist congregation (the Ebenezer Methodist Church, near Chuckey), and the state's second oldest continuously cultivated farm (Elmwood Farm, part of the Earnest Farms Historic District). Revolutionary War veteran, and state legislator, Col. Joseph Hardin made Greene County his home for a period of time, serving as justice of the peace and as one of the original trustees of Tusculum (then Greeneville) College.

As with yeomen farmers in much of East Tennessee, those in Greene County were generally Unionist and opposed to secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Greene Countians voted against secession by a vote of 2,691 to 744.[5] Following the vote (the call for secession was passed statewide), the second session of the East Tennessee Convention convened in Greeneville. It called for a separate, Union-aligned state to be formed in East Tennessee.

A railroad bridge near Mosheim was among those destroyed by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861. Several of the conspirators who had taken part in the burning of this bridge were later captured and executed by Confederate supporters, including Jacob Hensie, Henry Fry, Jacob and Henry Harmon, and noted local potter Alex Haun.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 622 square miles (1,610 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.3%) is water.[7] Most of Greene County is located within the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, a range characterized by long, narrow ridges alternating with similarly shaped valleys. Bays Mountain, a prominent ridge in this range, forms much of Greene's northern border with Hawkins County. The extreme southeastern part of Greene County is located within the Blue Ridge Mountains, specifically a subrange of the Blue Ridge known as the Bald Mountains.[8] This range straddles Greene's border with North Carolina, and includes the county's two highest points: Gravel Knob, which rises to over 4,840 feet (1,480 m), and 4,844-foot (1,476 m) Camp Creek Bald (it's uncertain which is higher due to lack of an exact measurement for Gravel Knob's elevation).[9]

Greene County is drained by the Nolichucky River, which traverses the southern half of the county. This river is impounded by Nolichucky Dam south of Greeneville, creating Davy Crockett Lake.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Other historic sites[edit]

Government[edit]

Elected Officials[edit]

County Mayor[edit]

Kevin Morrison was elected County Mayor in August 2018 and began as mayor on September 1, 2018.

County Commission[edit]

Members of the county commission are elected by geographic district. They are as follows:

  • District 1: Baileyton, Ottway, West Pines
    • Charles Tim White
    • Dale Tucker
    • Kathy Crawford
  • District 2: Chuckey, Chuckey Doak
    • Brad Peters
    • Kaleb Powell
    • Joshua Arrowood
  • District 3: Doak, Tusculum View
    • Robin Quillen
    • Jason Cobble
    • Clifford "Doc" Bryant
  • District 4: Camp Creek, Courthouse
    • George Clemmer
    • Bill Dabbs
    • Lyle Parton
  • District 5: Debusk, Nolachuckey, Middle School, South Greene
    • Lloyd "Hoot" Bowers
    • Pamela Carpenter
    • Gary Shelton
  • District 6: McDonald, Mosheim
    • Jeffrey Bible
    • Josh Kesterson
    • John Waddle
  • District 7: Glenwood, Greeneville High School
    • Teddy Lawing
    • Paul Burkey
    • VACANT

Presidential elections[edit]

Like all of East Tennessee, Greene County is a Republican stronghold. The last Democratic presidential candidate to carry this county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936.

United States presidential election results for Greene County, Tennessee[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 22,259 79.25% 5,199 18.51% 629 2.24%
2016 18,562 78.71% 4,216 17.88% 805 3.41%
2012 17,245 72.19% 6,225 26.06% 417 1.75%
2008 17,151 69.52% 7,110 28.82% 409 1.66%
2004 16,382 67.71% 7,635 31.56% 177 0.73%
2000 12,540 60.24% 7,909 37.99% 367 1.76%
1996 9,779 53.10% 6,885 37.39% 1,752 9.51%
1992 9,912 47.48% 7,857 37.64% 3,106 14.88%
1988 11,947 69.73% 5,077 29.63% 108 0.63%
1984 13,215 73.15% 4,763 26.37% 87 0.48%
1980 10,704 63.13% 5,822 34.34% 430 2.54%
1976 8,664 54.56% 7,070 44.52% 146 0.92%
1972 9,772 76.89% 2,764 21.75% 173 1.36%
1968 7,957 58.26% 2,947 21.58% 2,753 20.16%
1964 6,913 53.89% 5,916 46.11% 0 0.00%
1960 8,835 66.55% 4,406 33.19% 35 0.26%
1956 7,396 64.87% 3,949 34.63% 57 0.50%
1952 6,864 64.98% 3,656 34.61% 43 0.41%
1948 4,375 55.56% 3,282 41.68% 218 2.77%
1944 4,922 64.21% 2,726 35.56% 17 0.22%
1940 4,587 50.21% 4,406 48.23% 142 1.55%
1936 4,313 47.62% 4,708 51.98% 36 0.40%
1932 3,223 42.79% 4,264 56.61% 45 0.60%
1928 3,599 61.06% 2,295 38.94% 0 0.00%
1924 3,282 55.66% 2,586 43.85% 29 0.49%
1920 5,677 65.97% 2,924 33.98% 5 0.06%
1916 3,055 57.54% 2,254 42.46% 0 0.00%
1912 1,650 33.18% 2,076 41.75% 1,247 25.08%


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17907,741
18007,610−1.7%
18109,71327.6%
182011,32416.6%
183014,41027.3%
184016,07611.6%
185017,82410.9%
186019,0046.6%
187021,66814.0%
188024,00510.8%
189026,61410.9%
190030,59615.0%
191031,0831.6%
192032,8245.6%
193035,1197.0%
194039,40512.2%
195041,0484.2%
196042,1632.7%
197047,63013.0%
198054,42214.3%
199055,8532.6%
200062,90912.6%
201068,8319.4%
202070,1521.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1790-1990 [13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid Greene County[16]

2020 census[edit]

Greene County racial composition[17]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 63,143 90.01%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,308 1.86%
Native American 142 0.2%
Asian 299 0.43%
Pacific Islander 14 0.02%
Other/Mixed 2,711 3.86%
Hispanic or Latino 2,535 3.61%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 70,152 people, 28,323 households, and 18,481 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 62,909 people, 25,756 households, and 18,132 families residing in the county. The population density was 101 people per square mile (39/km2). There were 28,116 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (17/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.42% White, 2.11% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 1.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Farm in eastern Greene County

There were 25,756 households, out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.20% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,382, and the median income for a family was $36,889. Males had a median income of $26,331 versus $20,304 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,746. About 11.20% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.00% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools in Greene County school system include the following, with their enrollments for the 2007–2008 school year:

  • Baileyton Elementary - 365 students
  • Camp Creek Elementary - 315 students
  • Chuckey Elementary - 325 students
  • DeBusk Elementary - 340 students
  • Doak Elementary - 590 students
  • Glenwood Elementary - 255 students
  • McDonald Elementary - 410 students
  • Mosheim Elementary and Middle School - 960 students
  • Nolachuckey Elementary - 340 students
  • Ottway Elementary - 260 students
  • West Pines Elementary - 240 students
  • Chuckey-Doak Middle School - 495 students
  • Chuckey-Doak High School - 710 students
  • North Greene High School - 395 students
  • South Greene High School - 525 students
  • West Greene High School - 735 students

Public schools that are within Greene County but are part of the Greeneville City School System[19] include:

  • Eastview Elementary
  • Hal Henard Elementary
  • Highland Elementary
  • Tusculum View Elementary
  • Greeneville Middle School
  • Greeneville High School
  • Greene Technology Center - 489 students

Hospitals[edit]

Two hospitals are located in Greene County, Greeneville Community Hospital West campus and Greeneville Community East campus. These hospitals were formally Takoma Regional Hospital and Laughlin Memorial Hospital, respectively, after Ballad Health formed from the merger between Mountain States Health Alliance and Wellmont Health System.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blythe Semmer, "Greene County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 16 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 143.
  5. ^ Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War, (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
  6. ^ Temple, East Tennessee and Civil War, pp. 370-406.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  8. ^ Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, et al., "Ambient Air Monitoring Plan," Environmental Protection Agency website, 1 July 2010, p. 6. Accessed: 18 March 2015.
  9. ^ Fred Lobdell, "Greene County High Point Trip Report," COHP.org, 1998. Retrieved: 18 March 2015.
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC, 1996.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  16. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 27, 2021.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  19. ^ Schools, Greeneville City Schools official website. Retrieved: 16 October 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°10′N 82°51′W / 36.17°N 82.85°W / 36.17; -82.85