Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols

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Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols
(1,024 code points)
Symbol setsMathematical
Assigned996 code points
Unused28 reserved code points
Unicode version history
3.1991 (+991)
4.0992 (+1)
4.1994 (+2)
5.0996 (+2)
Note: [1][2]

Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols are Unicode blocks of Latin and Greek letters and decimal digits that enable mathematicians to denote different notions with different letter styles. The letters in various fonts often have specific, fixed meanings in particular areas of mathematics. By providing uniformity over numerous mathematical articles and books, these conventions help to read mathematical formulae.

Unicode now includes many such symbols (in the range U+1D400–U+1D7FF).  The rationale behind this is that it enables design and usage of special mathematical characters (fonts) that include all necessary properties to differentiate from other alphanumerics, e.g. in mathematics an italic "A" can have a different meaning from a roman letter "A". Unicode originally included a limited set of such letter forms in its Letterlike Symbols block before completing the set of Latin and Greek letter forms in this block beginning in version 3.1.

Unicode expressly recommends that these characters not be used in general text as a substitute for presentational markup; the letters are specifically designed to be semantically different from each other. Unicode does not include a set of normal serif letters in the set (thus it assumes a given font is a serif by default; a sans-serif font that supports the range would thus display the standard letters and the "sans-serif" symbols identically but could not display normal serif symbols of the same).

All these letter shapes may be manipulated with MathML's attribute mathvariant.

The introduction date of some of the more commonly used symbols can be found in the Table of mathematical symbols by introduction date.


 These characters are located in other Unicode blocks, such as letterlike symbols. For example, โ„› (script capital r) is at U+211B. Note that the "normal" column only has serifs if the current font has serifs. The code points that the characters with pink background replace are reserved, and the Unicode standard annotates them with the name and code point of the correct character.[3]

A few characters have names that indicate they should be replacements but are not.

  • U+2113 SCRIPT SMALL L is not used as it is a special symbol for litre.[3]
  • U+2118 SCRIPT CAPITAL P is in fact the Weierstrass p which was misnamed, but due to Unicode stability policies the official character name cannot be corrected.[4]

Latin letters[edit]

Serif Sans-serif Script (or Calligraphy) Fraktur Mono-
Normal Bold Italic Bold
Normal Bold Italic Bold
Normal Bold Normal Bold Normal Bold
A ๐€ ๐ด ๐‘จ ๐–  ๐—” ๐˜ˆ ๐˜ผ ๐’œ ๐“ ๐”„ ๐•ฌ ๐™ฐ ๐”ธ
B ๐ ๐ต ๐‘ฉ ๐–ก ๐—• ๐˜‰ ๐˜ฝ โ„ฌ ๐“‘ ๐”… ๐•ญ ๐™ฑ ๐”น
C ๐‚ ๐ถ ๐‘ช ๐–ข ๐—– ๐˜Š ๐˜พ ๐’ž ๐“’ โ„ญ ๐•ฎ ๐™ฒ โ„‚
D ๐ƒ ๐ท ๐‘ซ ๐–ฃ ๐—— ๐˜‹ ๐˜ฟ ๐’Ÿ ๐““ ๐”‡ ๐•ฏ ๐™ณ ๐”ป
E ๐„ ๐ธ ๐‘ฌ ๐–ค ๐—˜ ๐˜Œ ๐™€ โ„ฐ ๐“” ๐”ˆ ๐•ฐ ๐™ด ๐”ผ
F ๐… ๐น ๐‘ญ ๐–ฅ ๐—™ ๐˜ ๐™ โ„ฑ ๐“• ๐”‰ ๐•ฑ ๐™ต ๐”ฝ
G ๐† ๐บ ๐‘ฎ ๐–ฆ ๐—š ๐˜Ž ๐™‚ ๐’ข ๐“– ๐”Š ๐•ฒ ๐™ถ ๐”พ
H ๐‡ ๐ป ๐‘ฏ ๐–ง ๐—› ๐˜ ๐™ƒ โ„‹ ๐“— โ„Œ ๐•ณ ๐™ท โ„
I ๐ˆ ๐ผ ๐‘ฐ ๐–จ ๐—œ ๐˜ ๐™„ โ„ ๐“˜ โ„‘ ๐•ด ๐™ธ ๐•€
J ๐‰ ๐ฝ ๐‘ฑ ๐–ฉ ๐— ๐˜‘ ๐™… ๐’ฅ ๐“™ ๐” ๐•ต ๐™น ๐•
K ๐Š ๐พ ๐‘ฒ ๐–ช ๐—ž ๐˜’ ๐™† ๐’ฆ ๐“š ๐”Ž ๐•ถ ๐™บ ๐•‚
L ๐‹ ๐ฟ ๐‘ณ ๐–ซ ๐—Ÿ ๐˜“ ๐™‡ โ„’ ๐“› ๐” ๐•ท ๐™ป ๐•ƒ
M ๐Œ ๐‘€ ๐‘ด ๐–ฌ ๐—  ๐˜” ๐™ˆ โ„ณ ๐“œ ๐” ๐•ธ ๐™ผ ๐•„
N ๐ ๐‘ ๐‘ต ๐–ญ ๐—ก ๐˜• ๐™‰ ๐’ฉ ๐“ ๐”‘ ๐•น ๐™ฝ โ„•
O ๐Ž ๐‘‚ ๐‘ถ ๐–ฎ ๐—ข ๐˜– ๐™Š ๐’ช ๐“ž ๐”’ ๐•บ ๐™พ ๐•†
P ๐ ๐‘ƒ ๐‘ท ๐–ฏ ๐—ฃ ๐˜— ๐™‹ ๐’ซ ๐“Ÿ ๐”“ ๐•ป ๐™ฟ โ„™
Q ๐ ๐‘„ ๐‘ธ ๐–ฐ ๐—ค ๐˜˜ ๐™Œ ๐’ฌ ๐“  ๐”” ๐•ผ ๐š€ โ„š
R ๐‘ ๐‘… ๐‘น ๐–ฑ ๐—ฅ ๐˜™ ๐™ โ„› ๐“ก โ„œ ๐•ฝ ๐š โ„
S ๐’ ๐‘† ๐‘บ ๐–ฒ ๐—ฆ ๐˜š ๐™Ž ๐’ฎ ๐“ข ๐”– ๐•พ ๐š‚ ๐•Š
T ๐“ ๐‘‡ ๐‘ป ๐–ณ ๐—ง ๐˜› ๐™ ๐’ฏ ๐“ฃ ๐”— ๐•ฟ ๐šƒ ๐•‹
U ๐” ๐‘ˆ ๐‘ผ ๐–ด ๐—จ ๐˜œ ๐™ ๐’ฐ ๐“ค ๐”˜ ๐–€ ๐š„ ๐•Œ
V ๐• ๐‘‰ ๐‘ฝ ๐–ต ๐—ฉ ๐˜ ๐™‘ ๐’ฑ ๐“ฅ ๐”™ ๐– ๐š… ๐•
W ๐– ๐‘Š ๐‘พ ๐–ถ ๐—ช ๐˜ž ๐™’ ๐’ฒ ๐“ฆ ๐”š ๐–‚ ๐š† ๐•Ž
X ๐— ๐‘‹ ๐‘ฟ ๐–ท ๐—ซ ๐˜Ÿ ๐™“ ๐’ณ ๐“ง ๐”› ๐–ƒ ๐š‡ ๐•
Y ๐˜ ๐‘Œ ๐’€ ๐–ธ ๐—ฌ ๐˜  ๐™” ๐’ด ๐“จ ๐”œ ๐–„ ๐šˆ ๐•
Z ๐™ ๐‘ ๐’ ๐–น ๐—ญ ๐˜ก ๐™• ๐’ต ๐“ฉ โ„จ ๐–… ๐š‰ โ„ค
a ๐š ๐‘Ž ๐’‚ ๐–บ ๐—ฎ ๐˜ข ๐™– ๐’ถ ๐“ช ๐”ž ๐–† ๐šŠ ๐•’
b ๐› ๐‘ ๐’ƒ ๐–ป ๐—ฏ ๐˜ฃ ๐™— ๐’ท ๐“ซ ๐”Ÿ ๐–‡ ๐š‹ ๐•“
c ๐œ ๐‘ ๐’„ ๐–ผ ๐—ฐ ๐˜ค ๐™˜ ๐’ธ ๐“ฌ ๐”  ๐–ˆ ๐šŒ ๐•”
d ๐ ๐‘‘ ๐’… ๐–ฝ ๐—ฑ ๐˜ฅ ๐™™ ๐’น ๐“ญ ๐”ก ๐–‰ ๐š ๐••
e ๐ž ๐‘’ ๐’† ๐–พ ๐—ฒ ๐˜ฆ ๐™š โ„ฏ ๐“ฎ ๐”ข ๐–Š ๐šŽ ๐•–
f ๐Ÿ ๐‘“ ๐’‡ ๐–ฟ ๐—ณ ๐˜ง ๐™› ๐’ป ๐“ฏ ๐”ฃ ๐–‹ ๐š ๐•—
g ๐  ๐‘” ๐’ˆ ๐—€ ๐—ด ๐˜จ ๐™œ โ„Š ๐“ฐ ๐”ค ๐–Œ ๐š ๐•˜
h ๐ก โ„Ž ๐’‰ ๐— ๐—ต ๐˜ฉ ๐™ ๐’ฝ ๐“ฑ ๐”ฅ ๐– ๐š‘ ๐•™
i ๐ข ๐‘– ๐’Š ๐—‚ ๐—ถ ๐˜ช ๐™ž ๐’พ ๐“ฒ ๐”ฆ ๐–Ž ๐š’ ๐•š
j ๐ฃ ๐‘— ๐’‹ ๐—ƒ ๐—ท ๐˜ซ ๐™Ÿ ๐’ฟ ๐“ณ ๐”ง ๐– ๐š“ ๐•›
k ๐ค ๐‘˜ ๐’Œ ๐—„ ๐—ธ ๐˜ฌ ๐™  ๐“€ ๐“ด ๐”จ ๐– ๐š” ๐•œ
l ๐ฅ ๐‘™ ๐’ ๐—… ๐—น ๐˜ญ ๐™ก ๐“ ๐“ต ๐”ฉ ๐–‘ ๐š• ๐•
m ๐ฆ ๐‘š ๐’Ž ๐—† ๐—บ ๐˜ฎ ๐™ข ๐“‚ ๐“ถ ๐”ช ๐–’ ๐š– ๐•ž
n ๐ง ๐‘› ๐’ ๐—‡ ๐—ป ๐˜ฏ ๐™ฃ ๐“ƒ ๐“ท ๐”ซ ๐–“ ๐š— ๐•Ÿ
o ๐จ ๐‘œ ๐’ ๐—ˆ ๐—ผ ๐˜ฐ ๐™ค โ„ด ๐“ธ ๐”ฌ ๐–” ๐š˜ ๐• 
p ๐ฉ ๐‘ ๐’‘ ๐—‰ ๐—ฝ ๐˜ฑ ๐™ฅ ๐“… ๐“น ๐”ญ ๐–• ๐š™ ๐•ก
q ๐ช ๐‘ž ๐’’ ๐—Š ๐—พ ๐˜ฒ ๐™ฆ ๐“† ๐“บ ๐”ฎ ๐–– ๐šš ๐•ข
r ๐ซ ๐‘Ÿ ๐’“ ๐—‹ ๐—ฟ ๐˜ณ ๐™ง ๐“‡ ๐“ป ๐”ฏ ๐–— ๐š› ๐•ฃ
s ๐ฌ ๐‘  ๐’” ๐—Œ ๐˜€ ๐˜ด ๐™จ ๐“ˆ ๐“ผ ๐”ฐ ๐–˜ ๐šœ ๐•ค
t ๐ญ ๐‘ก ๐’• ๐— ๐˜ ๐˜ต ๐™ฉ ๐“‰ ๐“ฝ ๐”ฑ ๐–™ ๐š ๐•ฅ
u ๐ฎ ๐‘ข ๐’– ๐—Ž ๐˜‚ ๐˜ถ ๐™ช ๐“Š ๐“พ ๐”ฒ ๐–š ๐šž ๐•ฆ
v ๐ฏ ๐‘ฃ ๐’— ๐— ๐˜ƒ ๐˜ท ๐™ซ ๐“‹ ๐“ฟ ๐”ณ ๐–› ๐šŸ ๐•ง
w ๐ฐ ๐‘ค ๐’˜ ๐— ๐˜„ ๐˜ธ ๐™ฌ ๐“Œ ๐”€ ๐”ด ๐–œ ๐š  ๐•จ
x ๐ฑ ๐‘ฅ ๐’™ ๐—‘ ๐˜… ๐˜น ๐™ญ ๐“ ๐” ๐”ต ๐– ๐šก ๐•ฉ
y ๐ฒ ๐‘ฆ ๐’š ๐—’ ๐˜† ๐˜บ ๐™ฎ ๐“Ž ๐”‚ ๐”ถ ๐–ž ๐šข ๐•ช
z ๐ณ ๐‘ง ๐’› ๐—“ ๐˜‡ ๐˜ป ๐™ฏ ๐“ ๐”ƒ ๐”ท ๐–Ÿ ๐šฃ ๐•ซ
ฤฑ N/A ๐šค N/A
ศท N/A ๐šฅ N/A

Greek letters and symbols[edit]

Normal Bold Italic Bold
ฮ‘ ๐šจ ๐›ข ๐œœ ๐– ๐ž
ฮ’ ๐šฉ ๐›ฃ ๐œ ๐— ๐ž‘
ฮ“ ๐šช ๐›ค ๐œž ๐˜ ๐ž’
ฮ” ๐šซ ๐›ฅ ๐œŸ ๐™ ๐ž“
ฮ• ๐šฌ ๐›ฆ ๐œ  ๐š ๐ž”
ฮ– ๐šญ ๐›ง ๐œก ๐› ๐ž•
ฮ— ๐šฎ ๐›จ ๐œข ๐œ ๐ž–
ฮ˜ ๐šฏ ๐›ฉ ๐œฃ ๐ ๐ž—
ฮ™ ๐šฐ ๐›ช ๐œค ๐ž ๐ž˜
ฮš ๐šฑ ๐›ซ ๐œฅ ๐Ÿ ๐ž™
ฮ› ๐šฒ ๐›ฌ ๐œฆ ๐  ๐žš
ฮœ ๐šณ ๐›ญ ๐œง ๐ก ๐ž›
ฮ ๐šด ๐›ฎ ๐œจ ๐ข ๐žœ
ฮž ๐šต ๐›ฏ ๐œฉ ๐ฃ ๐ž
ฮŸ ๐šถ ๐›ฐ ๐œช ๐ค ๐žž
ฮ  ๐šท ๐›ฑ ๐œซ ๐ฅ ๐žŸ
ฮก ๐šธ ๐›ฒ ๐œฌ ๐ฆ ๐ž 
ฯด ๐šน ๐›ณ ๐œญ ๐ง ๐žก
ฮฃ ๐šบ ๐›ด ๐œฎ ๐จ ๐žข
ฮค ๐šป ๐›ต ๐œฏ ๐ฉ ๐žฃ
ฮฅ ๐šผ ๐›ถ ๐œฐ ๐ช ๐žค
ฮฆ ๐šฝ ๐›ท ๐œฑ ๐ซ ๐žฅ
ฮง ๐šพ ๐›ธ ๐œฒ ๐ฌ ๐žฆ
ฮจ ๐šฟ ๐›น ๐œณ ๐ญ ๐žง
ฮฉ ๐›€ ๐›บ ๐œด ๐ฎ ๐žจ
โˆ‡ ๐› ๐›ป ๐œต ๐ฏ ๐žฉ
ฮฑ ๐›‚ ๐›ผ ๐œถ ๐ฐ ๐žช
ฮฒ ๐›ƒ ๐›ฝ ๐œท ๐ฑ ๐žซ
ฮณ ๐›„ ๐›พ ๐œธ ๐ฒ ๐žฌ
ฮด ๐›… ๐›ฟ ๐œน ๐ณ ๐žญ
ฮต ๐›† ๐œ€ ๐œบ ๐ด ๐žฎ
ฮถ ๐›‡ ๐œ ๐œป ๐ต ๐žฏ
ฮท ๐›ˆ ๐œ‚ ๐œผ ๐ถ ๐žฐ
ฮธ ๐›‰ ๐œƒ ๐œฝ ๐ท ๐žฑ
ฮน ๐›Š ๐œ„ ๐œพ ๐ธ ๐žฒ
ฮบ ๐›‹ ๐œ… ๐œฟ ๐น ๐žณ
ฮป ๐›Œ ๐œ† ๐€ ๐บ ๐žด
ฮผ ๐› ๐œ‡ ๐ ๐ป ๐žต
ฮฝ ๐›Ž ๐œˆ ๐‚ ๐ผ ๐žถ
ฮพ ๐› ๐œ‰ ๐ƒ ๐ฝ ๐žท
ฮฟ ๐› ๐œŠ ๐„ ๐พ ๐žธ
ฯ€ ๐›‘ ๐œ‹ ๐… ๐ฟ ๐žน
ฯ ๐›’ ๐œŒ ๐† ๐ž€ ๐žบ
ฯ‚ ๐›“ ๐œ ๐‡ ๐ž ๐žป
ฯƒ ๐›” ๐œŽ ๐ˆ ๐ž‚ ๐žผ
ฯ„ ๐›• ๐œ ๐‰ ๐žƒ ๐žฝ
ฯ… ๐›– ๐œ ๐Š ๐ž„ ๐žพ
ฯ† ๐›— ๐œ‘ ๐‹ ๐ž… ๐žฟ
ฯ‡ ๐›˜ ๐œ’ ๐Œ ๐ž† ๐Ÿ€
ฯˆ ๐›™ ๐œ“ ๐ ๐ž‡ ๐Ÿ
ฯ‰ ๐›š ๐œ” ๐Ž ๐žˆ ๐Ÿ‚
โˆ‚ ๐›› ๐œ• ๐ ๐ž‰ ๐Ÿƒ
ฯต ๐›œ ๐œ– ๐ ๐žŠ ๐Ÿ„
ฯ‘ ๐› ๐œ— ๐‘ ๐ž‹ ๐Ÿ…
ฯฐ ๐›ž ๐œ˜ ๐’ ๐žŒ ๐Ÿ†
ฯ• ๐›Ÿ ๐œ™ ๐“ ๐ž ๐Ÿ‡
ฯฑ ๐›  ๐œš ๐” ๐žŽ ๐Ÿˆ
ฯ– ๐›ก ๐œ› ๐• ๐ž ๐Ÿ‰
ฯœ ๐ŸŠ
ฯ ๐Ÿ‹


Normal Bold Double-
0 ๐ŸŽ ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿข ๐Ÿฌ ๐Ÿถ
1 ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿ™ ๐Ÿฃ ๐Ÿญ ๐Ÿท
2 ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿš ๐Ÿค ๐Ÿฎ ๐Ÿธ
3 ๐Ÿ‘ ๐Ÿ› ๐Ÿฅ ๐Ÿฏ ๐Ÿน
4 ๐Ÿ’ ๐Ÿœ ๐Ÿฆ ๐Ÿฐ ๐Ÿบ
5 ๐Ÿ“ ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿง ๐Ÿฑ ๐Ÿป
6 ๐Ÿ” ๐Ÿž ๐Ÿจ ๐Ÿฒ ๐Ÿผ
7 ๐Ÿ• ๐ŸŸ ๐Ÿฉ ๐Ÿณ ๐Ÿฝ
8 ๐Ÿ– ๐Ÿ  ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿด ๐Ÿพ
9 ๐Ÿ— ๐Ÿก ๐Ÿซ ๐Ÿต ๐Ÿฟ

Unicode chart[edit]

Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1D40x 𝐀 𝐁 𝐂 𝐃 𝐄 𝐅 𝐆 𝐇 𝐈 𝐉 𝐊 𝐋 𝐌 𝐍 𝐎 𝐏
U+1D41x 𝐐 𝐑 𝐒 𝐓 𝐔 𝐕 𝐖 𝐗 𝐘 𝐙 𝐚 𝐛 𝐜 𝐝 𝐞 𝐟
U+1D42x 𝐠 𝐡 𝐢 𝐣 𝐤 𝐥 𝐦 𝐧 𝐨 𝐩 𝐪 𝐫 𝐬 𝐭 𝐮 𝐯
U+1D43x 𝐰 𝐱 𝐲 𝐳 𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 𝐷 𝐸 𝐹 𝐺 𝐻 𝐼 𝐽 𝐾 𝐿
U+1D44x 𝑀 𝑁 𝑂 𝑃 𝑄 𝑅 𝑆 𝑇 𝑈 𝑉 𝑊 𝑋 𝑌 𝑍 𝑎 𝑏
U+1D45x 𝑐 𝑑 𝑒 𝑓 𝑔 𝑖 𝑗 𝑘 𝑙 𝑚 𝑛 𝑜 𝑝 𝑞 𝑟
U+1D46x 𝑠 𝑡 𝑢 𝑣 𝑤 𝑥 𝑦 𝑧 𝑨 𝑩 𝑪 𝑫 𝑬 𝑭 𝑮 𝑯
U+1D47x 𝑰 𝑱 𝑲 𝑳 𝑴 𝑵 𝑶 𝑷 𝑸 𝑹 𝑺 𝑻 𝑼 𝑽 𝑾 𝑿
U+1D48x 𝒀 𝒁 𝒂 𝒃 𝒄 𝒅 𝒆 𝒇 𝒈 𝒉 𝒊 𝒋 𝒌 𝒍 𝒎 𝒏
U+1D49x 𝒐 𝒑 𝒒 𝒓 𝒔 𝒕 𝒖 𝒗 𝒘 𝒙 𝒚 𝒛 𝒜 𝒞 𝒟
U+1D4Ax 𝒢 𝒥 𝒦 𝒩 𝒪 𝒫 𝒬 𝒮 𝒯
U+1D4Bx 𝒰 𝒱 𝒲 𝒳 𝒴 𝒵 𝒶 𝒷 𝒸 𝒹 𝒻 𝒽 𝒾 𝒿
U+1D4Cx 𝓀 𝓁 𝓂 𝓃 𝓅 𝓆 𝓇 𝓈 𝓉 𝓊 𝓋 𝓌 𝓍 𝓎 𝓏
U+1D4Dx 𝓐 𝓑 𝓒 𝓓 𝓔 𝓕 𝓖 𝓗 𝓘 𝓙 𝓚 𝓛 𝓜 𝓝 𝓞 𝓟
U+1D4Ex 𝓠 𝓡 𝓢 𝓣 𝓤 𝓥 𝓦 𝓧 𝓨 𝓩 𝓪 𝓫 𝓬 𝓭 𝓮 𝓯
U+1D4Fx 𝓰 𝓱 𝓲 𝓳 𝓴 𝓵 𝓶 𝓷 𝓸 𝓹 𝓺 𝓻 𝓼 𝓽 𝓾 𝓿
U+1D50x 𝔀 𝔁 𝔂 𝔃 𝔄 𝔅 𝔇 𝔈 𝔉 𝔊 𝔍 𝔎 𝔏
U+1D51x 𝔐 𝔑 𝔒 𝔓 𝔔 𝔖 𝔗 𝔘 𝔙 𝔚 𝔛 𝔜 𝔞 𝔟
U+1D52x 𝔠 𝔡 𝔢 𝔣 𝔤 𝔥 𝔦 𝔧 𝔨 𝔩 𝔪 𝔫 𝔬 𝔭 𝔮 𝔯
U+1D53x 𝔰 𝔱 𝔲 𝔳 𝔴 𝔵 𝔶 𝔷 𝔸 𝔹 𝔻 𝔼 𝔽 𝔾
U+1D54x 𝕀 𝕁 𝕂 𝕃 𝕄 𝕆 𝕊 𝕋 𝕌 𝕍 𝕎 𝕏
U+1D55x 𝕐 𝕒 𝕓 𝕔 𝕕 𝕖 𝕗 𝕘 𝕙 𝕚 𝕛 𝕜 𝕝 𝕞 𝕟
U+1D56x 𝕠 𝕡 𝕢 𝕣 𝕤 𝕥 𝕦 𝕧 𝕨 𝕩 𝕪 𝕫 𝕬 𝕭 𝕮 𝕯
U+1D57x 𝕰 𝕱 𝕲 𝕳 𝕴 𝕵 𝕶 𝕷 𝕸 𝕹 𝕺 𝕻 𝕼 𝕽 𝕾 𝕿
U+1D58x 𝖀 𝖁 𝖂 𝖃 𝖄 𝖅 𝖆 𝖇 𝖈 𝖉 𝖊 𝖋 𝖌 𝖍 𝖎 𝖏
U+1D59x 𝖐 𝖑 𝖒 𝖓 𝖔 𝖕 𝖖 𝖗 𝖘 𝖙 𝖚 𝖛 𝖜 𝖝 𝖞 𝖟
U+1D5Ax 𝖠 𝖡 𝖢 𝖣 𝖤 𝖥 𝖦 𝖧 𝖨 𝖩 𝖪 𝖫 𝖬 𝖭 𝖮 𝖯
U+1D5Bx 𝖰 𝖱 𝖲 𝖳 𝖴 𝖵 𝖶 𝖷 𝖸 𝖹 𝖺 𝖻 𝖼 𝖽 𝖾 𝖿
U+1D5Cx 𝗀 𝗁 𝗂 𝗃 𝗄 𝗅 𝗆 𝗇 𝗈 𝗉 𝗊 𝗋 𝗌 𝗍 𝗎 𝗏
U+1D5Dx 𝗐 𝗑 𝗒 𝗓 𝗔 𝗕 𝗖 𝗗 𝗘 𝗙 𝗚 𝗛 𝗜 𝗝 𝗞 𝗟
U+1D5Ex 𝗠 𝗡 𝗢 𝗣 𝗤 𝗥 𝗦 𝗧 𝗨 𝗩 𝗪 𝗫 𝗬 𝗭 𝗮 𝗯
U+1D5Fx 𝗰 𝗱 𝗲 𝗳 𝗴 𝗵 𝗶 𝗷 𝗸 𝗹 𝗺 𝗻 𝗼 𝗽 𝗾 𝗿
U+1D60x 𝘀 𝘁 𝘂 𝘃 𝘄 𝘅 𝘆 𝘇 𝘈 𝘉 𝘊 𝘋 𝘌 𝘍 𝘎 𝘏
U+1D61x 𝘐 𝘑 𝘒 𝘓 𝘔 𝘕 𝘖 𝘗 𝘘 𝘙 𝘚 𝘛 𝘜 𝘝 𝘞 𝘟
U+1D62x 𝘠 𝘡 𝘢 𝘣 𝘤 𝘥 𝘦 𝘧 𝘨 𝘩 𝘪 𝘫 𝘬 𝘭 𝘮 𝘯
U+1D63x 𝘰 𝘱 𝘲 𝘳 𝘴 𝘵 𝘶 𝘷 𝘸 𝘹 𝘺 𝘻 𝘼 𝘽 𝘾 𝘿
U+1D64x 𝙀 𝙁 𝙂 𝙃 𝙄 𝙅 𝙆 𝙇 𝙈 𝙉 𝙊 𝙋 𝙌 𝙍 𝙎 𝙏
U+1D65x 𝙐 𝙑 𝙒 𝙓 𝙔 𝙕 𝙖 𝙗 𝙘 𝙙 𝙚 𝙛 𝙜 𝙝 𝙞 𝙟
U+1D66x 𝙠 𝙡 𝙢 𝙣 𝙤 𝙥 𝙦 𝙧 𝙨 𝙩 𝙪 𝙫 𝙬 𝙭 𝙮 𝙯
U+1D67x 𝙰 𝙱 𝙲 𝙳 𝙴 𝙵 𝙶 𝙷 𝙸 𝙹 𝙺 𝙻 𝙼 𝙽 𝙾 𝙿
U+1D68x 𝚀 𝚁 𝚂 𝚃 𝚄 𝚅 𝚆 𝚇 𝚈 𝚉 𝚊 𝚋 𝚌 𝚍 𝚎 𝚏
U+1D69x 𝚐 𝚑 𝚒 𝚓 𝚔 𝚕 𝚖 𝚗 𝚘 𝚙 𝚚 𝚛 𝚜 𝚝 𝚞 𝚟
U+1D6Ax 𝚠 𝚡 𝚢 𝚣 𝚤 𝚥 𝚨 𝚩 𝚪 𝚫 𝚬 𝚭 𝚮 𝚯
U+1D6Bx 𝚰 𝚱 𝚲 𝚳 𝚴 𝚵 𝚶 𝚷 𝚸 𝚹 𝚺 𝚻 𝚼 𝚽 𝚾 𝚿
U+1D6Cx 𝛀 𝛁 𝛂 𝛃 𝛄 𝛅 𝛆 𝛇 𝛈 𝛉 𝛊 𝛋 𝛌 𝛍 𝛎 𝛏
U+1D6Dx 𝛐 𝛑 𝛒 𝛓 𝛔 𝛕 𝛖 𝛗 𝛘 𝛙 𝛚 𝛛 𝛜 𝛝 𝛞 𝛟
U+1D6Ex 𝛠 𝛡 𝛢 𝛣 𝛤 𝛥 𝛦 𝛧 𝛨 𝛩 𝛪 𝛫 𝛬 𝛭 𝛮 𝛯
U+1D6Fx 𝛰 𝛱 𝛲 𝛳 𝛴 𝛵 𝛶 𝛷 𝛸 𝛹 𝛺 𝛻 𝛼 𝛽 𝛾 𝛿
U+1D70x 𝜀 𝜁 𝜂 𝜃 𝜄 𝜅 𝜆 𝜇 𝜈 𝜉 𝜊 𝜋 𝜌 𝜍 𝜎 𝜏
U+1D71x 𝜐 𝜑 𝜒 𝜓 𝜔 𝜕 𝜖 𝜗 𝜘 𝜙 𝜚 𝜛 𝜜 𝜝 𝜞 𝜟
U+1D72x 𝜠 𝜡 𝜢 𝜣 𝜤 𝜥 𝜦 𝜧 𝜨 𝜩 𝜪 𝜫 𝜬 𝜭 𝜮 𝜯
U+1D73x 𝜰 𝜱 𝜲 𝜳 𝜴 𝜵 𝜶 𝜷 𝜸 𝜹 𝜺 𝜻 𝜼 𝜽 𝜾 𝜿
U+1D74x 𝝀 𝝁 𝝂 𝝃 𝝄 𝝅 𝝆 𝝇 𝝈 𝝉 𝝊 𝝋 𝝌 𝝍 𝝎 𝝏
U+1D75x 𝝐 𝝑 𝝒 𝝓 𝝔 𝝕 𝝖 𝝗 𝝘 𝝙 𝝚 𝝛 𝝜 𝝝 𝝞 𝝟
U+1D76x 𝝠 𝝡 𝝢 𝝣 𝝤 𝝥 𝝦 𝝧 𝝨 𝝩 𝝪 𝝫 𝝬 𝝭 𝝮 𝝯
U+1D77x 𝝰 𝝱 𝝲 𝝳 𝝴 𝝵 𝝶 𝝷 𝝸 𝝹 𝝺 𝝻 𝝼 𝝽 𝝾 𝝿
U+1D78x 𝞀 𝞁 𝞂 𝞃 𝞄 𝞅 𝞆 𝞇 𝞈 𝞉 𝞊 𝞋 𝞌 𝞍 𝞎 𝞏
U+1D79x 𝞐 𝞑 𝞒 𝞓 𝞔 𝞕 𝞖 𝞗 𝞘 𝞙 𝞚 𝞛 𝞜 𝞝 𝞞 𝞟
U+1D7Ax 𝞠 𝞡 𝞢 𝞣 𝞤 𝞥 𝞦 𝞧 𝞨 𝞩 𝞪 𝞫 𝞬 𝞭 𝞮 𝞯
U+1D7Bx 𝞰 𝞱 𝞲 𝞳 𝞴 𝞵 𝞶 𝞷 𝞸 𝞹 𝞺 𝞻 𝞼 𝞽 𝞾 𝞿
U+1D7Cx 𝟀 𝟁 𝟂 𝟃 𝟄 𝟅 𝟆 𝟇 𝟈 𝟉 𝟊 𝟋 𝟎 𝟏
U+1D7Dx 𝟐 𝟑 𝟒 𝟓 𝟔 𝟕 𝟖 𝟗 𝟘 𝟙 𝟚 𝟛 𝟜 𝟝 𝟞 𝟟
U+1D7Ex 𝟠 𝟡 𝟢 𝟣 𝟤 𝟥 𝟦 𝟧 𝟨 𝟩 𝟪 𝟫 𝟬 𝟭 𝟮 𝟯
U+1D7Fx 𝟰 𝟱 𝟲 𝟳 𝟴 𝟵 𝟶 𝟷 𝟸 𝟹 𝟺 𝟻 𝟼 𝟽 𝟾 𝟿
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
3.1 U+1D400..1D454, 1D456..1D49C, 1D49E..1D49F, 1D4A2, 1D4A5..1D4A6, 1D4A9..1D4AC, 1D4AE..1D4B9, 1D4BB, 1D4BD..1D4C0, 1D4C2..1D4C3, 1D4C5..1D505, 1D507..1D50A, 1D50D..1D514, 1D516..1D51C, 1D51E..1D539, 1D53B..1D53E, 1D540..1D544, 1D546, 1D54A..1D550, 1D552..1D6A3, 1D6A8..1D7C9, 1D7CE..1D7FF 991 L2/98-405 Beeton, Barbara; Ion, Patrick (1998-12-01), Proposal to encode additional mathematical and technical symbols in ISO/IEC 10646
L2/98-406 Sargent, Murray (1998-12-01), Proposal to encode mathematical variant tags
L2/99-049 Beeton, Barbara (1999-01-22), Addendum to L2/98-405: Request for assignment of codes to mathematical and technical symbols
L2/99-045 Sargent, Murray; Beeton, Barbara (1999-02-04), Proposal to encode mathematical alphanumeric symbols
L2/98-419 (pdf, doc) Aliprand, Joan (1999-02-05), "Mathematical Symbols", Approved Minutes -- UTC #78 & NCITS Subgroup L2 # 175 Joint Meeting, San Jose, CA -- December 1-4, 1998
L2/99-188 Beeton, Barbara; Sargent, Murray (1999-06-09), Proposal to encode mathematical alphanumeric symbols
L2/99-176R Moore, Lisa (1999-11-04), "Math", Minutes from the joint UTC/L2 meeting in Seattle, June 8-10, 1999
L2/99-199 Freytag, Asmus (1999-06-14), Math Alphabets
L2/99-054R Aliprand, Joan (1999-06-21), "Math Variants", Approved Minutes from the UTC/L2 meeting in Palo Alto, February 3-5, 1999
L2/99-195 N2086 (html, doc) Sargent, Murray; Beeton, Barbara (1999-09-02), Proposal to encode mathematical alphanumeric symbols
L2/00-010 N2103 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2000-01-05), "10.2", Minutes of WG 2 meeting 37, Copenhagen, Denmark: 1999-09-13--16
L2/00-002 Beeton, Barbara (2000-01-09), Request for assignment of codes to mathematical and technical symbols that do not appear in Unicode 2.0 or ISO/IEC 10646
L2/00-005R2 Moore, Lisa (2000-02-14), "Motion 82-M4", Minutes of UTC #82 in San Jose
L2/00-074 N2168 Karlsson, Kent (2000-03-02), Comments on "Math Alphanumeric" characters for 10646-2
L2/00-094 N2191 Proposal for Encoding Additional Mathematical Symbols in the BMP, 2000-03-14
L2/00-119[b] N2191R Whistler, Ken; Freytag, Asmus (2000-04-19), Encoding Additional Mathematical Symbols in Unicode
L2/00-239 Davis, Mark (2000-07-07), Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-240 Whistler, Ken (2000-07-07), Re: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-234 N2203 (rtf, txt) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2000-07-21), "8.18", Minutes from the SC2/WG2 meeting in Beijing, 2000-03-21 -- 24
L2/00-249 Karlsson, Kent (2000-08-03), Re: UTC Agenda item: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-250 Davis, Mark (2000-08-03), Re: UTC Agenda item: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-251 Whistler, Ken (2000-08-03), Re: UTC Agenda item: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-115R2 Moore, Lisa (2000-08-08), "Motion 83-M11", Minutes Of UTC Meeting #83
L2/00-271 Sargent, Murray (2000-08-11), A Few Remarks Concerning the Math Alphanumerics
L2/00-280 Whistler, Ken (2000-08-22), Math alphanumerics and MathML: A challenge
L2/00-187 Moore, Lisa (2000-08-23), "Math Alphanumeric Characters", UTC minutes -- Boston, August 8-11, 2000
L2/00-336 N2272 Freytag, Asmus (2000-09-15), On the requirements for alphanumeric fonts for mathematical use
L2/01-050 N2253 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2001-01-21), "8.1 Disposition of ballot comments on FCD 10646-2", Minutes of the SC2/WG2 meeting in Athens, September 2000
L2/02-366 Pantelia, Maria (2002-11-07), Proposal to encode two Letterlike Symbols in the UCS
L2/02-345 Moore, Lisa (2002-11-18), "Consensus 93-C18", UTC #93 Minutes
4.0 U+1D4C1 1 N2449 Defect Report on MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT SMALL L, 2002-05-15
L2/02-372 N2453 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2002-10-30), "12.2 Mathematical script - SMALL L", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 42
4.1 U+1D6A4..1D6A5 2 L2/03-194 N2590 Freytag, Asmus (2003-06-09), Additional Mathematical and Letterlike Characters
5.0 U+1D7CA..1D7CB 2 L2/04-406 Freytag, Asmus; Sargent, Murray; Beeton, Barbara; Carlisle, David (2004-11-15), Progress report on Mathematical Symbols
L2/04-410 Freytag, Asmus (2004-11-18), Twenty six mathematical characters
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ Refer to the history section of the Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-B block for additional math-related documents

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  3. ^ a b Unicode code chart U1D400 (PDF)
  4. ^ "Unicode Technical Note #27: Known Anomalies in Unicode Character Names". Unicode Consortium. 2006-05-08. Retrieved 2011-06-11.

External links[edit]