Mauritius (1968–1992)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mauritius (Commonwealth realm))
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 20°12′S 57°30′E / 20.2°S 57.5°E / -20.2; 57.5

Mauritius
1968–1992
Motto
"Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Anthem
Motherland
Capital Port Louis
Languages Mauritian Creole
French
English
Rodriguan Creole
Government Constitutional monarchy
Queen
 •  1968–1992 Elizabeth II
Governor-General
 •  1968 (first) John Shaw Rennie
 •  1986–1992 (last) Veerasamy Ringadoo
Prime Minister
 •  1968–1982 Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
 •  1982–1992 Anerood Jugnauth
History
 •  Independence 12 March 1968
 •  Republic proclaimed 12 March 1992
Area
 •  1972 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)
Population
 •  1972 est. 851,334 
     Density 417/km2 (1,081/sq mi)
Currency Mauritian rupee
Calling code +230
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Mauritius
Republic of Mauritius
Today part of  Mauritius

Between independence in 1968 and becoming a republic in 1992, Mauritius was an independent sovereign state that shared its head of state with the United Kingdom and other states headed by Elizabeth II.

In 1968, the United Kingdom's Mauritius Independence Act 1968 granted independence to the British Crown Colony of Mauritius. The British monarch, Elizabeth II, remained head of state as Queen of Mauritius, as well as being Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles in Mauritius were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Mauritius. The Governors-General were:

Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and then Sir Anerood Jugnauth held office as Prime Minister of Mauritius.

Elizabeth II visited Mauritius 24–26 March 1972.[1]

The Republic of Mauritius was proclaimed on 12 March 1992. Following the abolition of the monarchy, the last Governor General of Mauritius, Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo became the first President of Mauritius.

References[edit]