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Meclofenoxate (Lucidril), also known as centrophenoxine, is a drug used to treat the symptoms of senile dementia and Alzheimer's disease. It is an ester of dimethylethanolamine (DMAE) and 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (pCPA). DMAE is a natural substance, found especially in fish. pCPA is a synthetic compound that resembles a variety of plant hormones called auxins.
In elderly patients, it has been clinically shown to improve memory, have a mentally stimulating effect, and improve general cognition. Meclofenoxate also increases cellular membrane phospholipids.
Side effects and contraindications
Meclofenoxate is generally considered safe. However possible side effects may include nausea or mild dizziness. People with severely high blood pressure or convulsive disorders such as epilepsy should avoid meclofenoxate.[unreliable source?] Large doses may cause tight jaw clenching.
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