|Proposed capitals||Darbhanga, Muzzafarpur, Purnia, Begusarai|
The proposed state will also include some Angika and Bajjika speaking districts which are considered by some to be dialects of Maithili. What will be the capital city of Mithila, India is still to be decided. Darbhanga, the largest cultural hub of this region may be designated as Capital. Muzaffarpur, Purnia and Begusarai are also strong contenders of being Capital city.
Various organisations have been formed that demand the formation of a state including the Maithil Mahasabha and the Mithilanchal Vikash Congress the former received support from Raj Darbhanga. Various demonstrations have taken place demanding a Mithila state with a major protest taking place in Delhi in 2009 organised by the Akhil Bharatiya Mithila Rajya Sangharsh Samiti.
On 18 August 2008 the Kosi embankment burst at Kusha in Nepal, near the border with India. The Kosi river inundated areas of Mithila that hadn't experienced floods in many decades. 250 people died and 3 million people were forced from their homes. More than 300,000 houses were destroyed and at least 340,000 hectares (840,000 acres) of crops were damaged. Villagers in Mithila ate raw rice and flour mixed with polluted water. Hunger and disease were widespread. The Supaul district was the worst-hit; surging waters swamped 1,000 square kilometres (247,000 acres) of farmlands, destroying crops.
- Araria district
- Bhagalpur district
- Darbhanga district
- Deoghar district
- Dumka district
- East Champaran
- Godda district
- Jamtara district
- Jamui district
- Katihar district
- Khagaria district
- Kishanganj district
- Lakhisarai district
- Madhepura district
- Madhubani district
- Munger district
- Muzaffarpur district
- Pakur district
- Purnia district
- Saharsa district
- Sahebganj district
- Samastipur district
- Sheohar district
- Sitamarhi district
- Supaul district
- Vaishali district
- West Champaran
Bharatiya Janata Party
- BJP MP Kirti Azad from Darbhanga has organised multiple dharnas and protests in support of Mithila. He has also launched a signature campaign in Mithila aiming to raise awareness.
- Senior BJP leader, Tarakant Jha, present chairman of Bihar Legislative Council, has organised public rallies supporting Mithila.
Janata Dal (United)
- In November 2011, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar also extended his support for the statehood of Mithila.
- Shravan Chaudhary, JDU state president, has openly supported the demand for the statehood of Mithila.
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