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Begusarai

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Begusarai
Begusarai is located in Bihar
Begusarai
Begusarai
Location of Begusarai in Bihar
Coordinates: 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13Coordinates: 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13
Country India
StateBihar
DistrictBegusarai
Area
 • Total1,918 km2 (741 sq mi)
Elevation41 m (135 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total289,809
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Languages
 • MainHindi, Maithili
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN CODE851101[1]
Telephone code06243
Sex ratio0.9109 /
Lok Sabha constituencyBegusarai
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBegusarai
Websitebegusarai.bih.nic.in

Begusarai town is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganga. It is located at Latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. It was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger District In 1972.

Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was once referred to as the "Leningrad of Bihar".[2]

Geography

Begusarai is located at 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13.[3] It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). It has an area of 1879 square.Begusarai lies in North Bihar and is surrounded by Khagaria in North-East, Munger in South-East, Patna in West and Samastipur in North-West.[4]

Begusarai lies in the middle of the mid Ganga plain and generally has low lying terrain with South to South Easterly slope.[5] Begusarai is basically divided in three flood plains namely :1) Ganga Flood Plain 2) Burhi Gandak Flood plain 3) Kareha-Bagmati Flood Plain.

Economy

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. The main cash crops of Begusarai district are oilseeds, aniseed/ tisi, tobacco, jute, potato, red chillies, tomato and rape-seed.In Fruits Farming Begusarai has recently became a major contributor in producing Litchi, Mango, Guava and Banana. Recently Basil Leaves[6] and Pearl[7] farming has attracted local farmers.

Even today, only Barauni refinery contributes around Rs 500 crore[8] to the state exchequer yearly.

Simaria

Simaria: Situated on the South Eastern boundary of Begusarai, it is the birthplace of Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh “Dinkar”. It is also famous for Simaria Mela, a fair of devotional importance during the month of Kartik every year according to Indian Panchang (usually during November). It has a famous bridge "Simaria Pul" which provides both Rail and Road connectivity to this place. Recently "Ardhakumbha" a devotional congregation was held here in 2011 in an attempt to reestablish the lost importance of other 8 places where Kumbha was held according to scriptures.[9]Not only "Ardhakumbha" but recently "Maha-kumbha" was also held here in November, 2017. And finally simariya along with Begusarai again come with a flying colours to re-write it's story in the field of spiritual.

Notable people

Demographics

As per 2011 census Begusarai Municipal Corporation had a total population of 251,136, out of which 133,931 were males and 117,205 were females with sex ratio at 875. The population younger than 5 years of age was 37,966. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 79.35%.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ 851101
  2. ^ N.K."Dhiraj" (2009-03-23). "ULB launches poll campaign". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Begusarai
  4. ^ "Welcome to Begusarai District". www.begusarai.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-04.
  5. ^ The subsurface Geology of the Indo-Gangetic plains M.B.R Rao, 1973, no:-3, vol-14, Journal of the Geological Society of India, pp-217-242.
  6. ^ "Farming of Basil Leaves In Begusarai". Live Hindustan. LiveHindustan.com. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  7. ^ "Pearl harvesting made this farmer a role model for others in his village". english.pradesh18.com. Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  8. ^ "Making of Begusarai was by choice, not accident - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  9. ^ "सिमरिया अर्द्ध कुंभ: नए युग का सूत्रपात". aajtak.intoday.in (in Hindi). Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  10. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16.

External links