Majha

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Dialects of Punjabi
The Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar

The Majha (Punjabi: ਮਾਝਾ (Gurmukhi), ماجھا (Shahmukhi); Mājhā) region is recognized as the region that is located at the center of the historical Punjab region,[1] that is northward from the right banks[note 1] of river Beas, and extends up to river Jhelum at its northmost.[2] People of the Majha region are given the demonym "Mājhi". The Majhi dialect of Punjabi language is the main language of this region, which is also the standard dialect and register of the Punjabi language.[3] The most populous city in the area is Lahore on the Pakistani side and Amritsar on the Indian side of the border.

During the partition of India in 1947, the Majha region of Punjab was split between India and Pakistan when the Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab were formed. The Majha region of Indian State of Punjab covers the area between Beas and Ravi rivers, including the area on the north of Sutlej, after the confluence of Beas and Sutlej at Harike in Tarn Taran district, extending up to the Ravi River, which is all part of the Majha region in India.[4] This region contains thirteen districts of the Pakistani province of Punjab, including the cities of Lahore, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Gujrat, and Sialkot. Four districts of Indian state of Punjab - Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Gurdaspur, and Pathankot.

The people of the Majha region have been historically known for their warrior-like nature. The Majha region is called the "Sword Arm of the Country", due to it contributing disproportionately to the Officer as well as Orderly ranks of the Armies of both India and Pakistan. [5] The Sikh Empire was founded in the Majha region, and so the region is also sometimes referred to as "the cradle of the brave Sikhs." [6]

History[edit]

A map of the Punjab region ca. 1947 showing the different doabs.

The word "Mājhā" means the "central" or the "heartland". The Majha region is geographically located in the middle (or central part) of the historic Punjab region, hence giving it the name Majha.[7] It includes a considerable portion of the Bari Doab (the region between the rivers Beas and Ravi) and the Rechna Doab (the region between the rivers Ravi and Chenab), and a smaller portion of the Jech Doab region (the region between the rivers Jhelum and Chenab).[8]

The Majha region of historical Punjab region spans northward from the right banks[note 1] of river Beas, and extends up to river Jhelum at its northmost,[2] making it the largest regions of historic Punjab.

The Indian state of Punjab has continued to recognize the Majha region through maintaining the districts that have historically belonged to the Majha region. In Pakistan, the Majha city of Lahore was selected as its provincial capital, which the remaining Majha districts were either maintained, or their borders blurred as the boundaries were divided between districts Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan, and Rawalpindi,[9] Sahiwal and Sargodha.

Districts of Majha[edit]

The following districts are classified as Majha.

Majha districts of Punjab, India in 2016 Majha districts of Punjab, Pakistan
Amritsar Gujranwala, Narowal, Sheikhupura
Gurdaspur Lahore, Kasur, Faisalabad, Hafizabad, Gujrat

Sialkot

Pathankot Nankana Sahib
Tarn Taran

Tourist attractions[edit]

India[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia Sikh General and the head of Dal Khalsa

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The left/right bank of a river is determined by looking in the direction of flow of the river (facing downstream).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Discover India http://www.discoveredindia.com/punjab/about-punjab/regions-in-punjab.htm
  2. ^ a b Grover, Parminder Singh (2011). Discover Punjab: Attractions of Punjab. Parminder Singh Grover. p. 179.
  3. ^ Advanced Centre for Technical Development of Punjabi Language, Literature and Culture, Punjabi University, Patiala Punjabi University, Patiala.
  4. ^ Punjab Data, Know Everything About Punjab http://www.punjabdata.com/Majha-Malwa-Doaba.aspx
  5. ^ Mahmood, Cynthia Keppley (1996). Fighting for Faith and Nation: Dialogues with Sikh Militants (Contemporary Ethnography), p. 153. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania.
  6. ^ Sandhu, Gulzar Singh (2004). Gods on Trial and Other Stories, p. 132. Diamond Pocket Books. ISBN 8128808087
  7. ^ Vipul Punjabi https://vipulpunjabi.wordpress.com/regions-and-districts/majha/
  8. ^ Kakshi, S.R.; Pathak, Rashmi; Pathak, S.R.Bakshi R. (1 January 2007). Punjab Through the Ages. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-81-7625-738-1. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  9. ^ Rawalpindi: Majha, Punjab, Islamabad, Tribes and Castes of Rawalpindi District, Rawalpindi District, Demography of Rawalpindi District https://www.amazon.it/Rawalpindi-Punjab-Islamabad-District-Demography/dp/6131076170
  10. ^ Singh, Raj Pal (1998). Banda Bahadur and His Times p. 22. Harman Pub. House, 1 Aug 1998.
  11. ^ http://centralsikhmuseum.com/today-in-sikh-history-5th-september/