Saharsa district

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Saharsa district
Location of Saharsa district in Bihar
Location of Saharsa district in Bihar
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSaharsa
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesSonbarsha, Saharsa, Simri Bakhtiarpur, Mahishi
 • Total1,702 km2 (657 sq mi)
 • Total1,900,661
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
 • Literacy54.57 per cent
 • Sex ratio906
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 107

Saharsa is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar, India. Saharsa city is the administrative headquarters of this district. Saharsa district is a part of the Kosi Division and it became a district on 1 April 1954 and has subsequently become smaller with other districts being carved from it, most notably Madhepura in 1981. Saharsa is located in the Mithila region, one of the earliest centers of Brahmanical civilization in India.[1] Saharsa is considered as the heart Of whole Mithila region. it is the place which gave birth to Many Legends. legends like Mandan Mishra, lakshminatinath baba, Ubhai Bharti, etc. The region of Bangaon and Mahisi is considered as one of the most civil servants producing area of the Nation. Mandan Mishra[2] whose conversation with the Sankracharya was considered as one of the most intellectual conversations in the world was done in [Mahismati village],[2] nowadays Mahisi village of saharsa district.[2] During the journey of " Dharm vijay" Yatra of Sankaracharya, he visited Mahisi village of Saharsa district of Bihar which was then called Mahishmati Village and the point is, after winning in all discussions in all over the nation, He lost the Sastrartha there. So, it is said that it is the most educationally fertile land in the state. The beauty of the Geographical privileges, historical and Cultural heritages proposes itself as the capital of Proposed Mithila State.[3][circular reference]Most of the people in saharsa district speaks Maithili ( 85%) along with Angika ( 7%) and Hindi ( 8%). People of all communities residing here or belonging from here follow maithil culture. Around 52% population of the saharsa district is maithil brahmin consisting mainly of surnames Jha, Thakur and Misar ( Mishra)


Saharsa is part of the Mithila region.[4] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[5] During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Videha Kingdom were called Janakas.[6] The Videha Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[7] Earlier, the Saharsa district was part of the Munger and Bhagalpur districts. On 1 April 1954 it was made a district of its own. It was also made headquarters of Kosi division on 2 October 1972, comprising Saharsa, Purnia and Katihar district, with its headquarters at Saharsa. Similarly a new Civil Sub-Division Birpur was created on 1 December 1972, consisting of 24 development blocks, including Raghopur, Chhatapur, Basantpur and Nirmali, which were previously under Supaul subdivision of the district. Two new districts, Madhepura and Supaul, were formed from Saharsa district on 30 April 1981 and 1991. Saharsa district now consists of two subdivisions, Saharsa Sadar and Simri Bakhtiarpur. The district consists of 10 development blocks and anchals each. From the archaeological evidences, it is proved that it was the major city during Guptas Period.


Saharsa district occupies an area of 1,687 square kilometres (651 sq mi),[8]

Saharsa district is surrounded on the west by the river Kosi,an abundance of fish and makhana. Saharsa is famous for its varieties of mangoes and litchis.

Saharsa district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Saharasa Sadar and Simri Bakhtiyarpur.


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Saharsa one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[9] It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[9]


Religions in Saharsa District
Religion Percent
Not Stated

According to the 2011 census Saharsa district has a population of 1,900,661,[10] This gives it a ranking of 247th in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 1,125 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,910/sq mi) .[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.79%.[10] Saharsa has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 54.57%.[10]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 68.87% of the population in the district spoke Maithili, 21.15% Hindi and 9.62% Urdu as their first language.[11]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mishra, Anil Kant (1998). Rural Tension in India. p. 12. ISBN 9788171414161. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ Mithila (region)
  4. ^ Jha, Makhan (1997). Anthropology of Ancient Hindu Kingdoms: A Study in Civilizational Perspective. ISBN 9788175330344.
  5. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  6. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. (ed.). Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  7. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  8. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  11. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°53′N 86°36′E / 25.883°N 86.600°E / 25.883; 86.600