Saharsa district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Saharsa.
Saharsa district
सहरसा जिला سہرسہ ضلع
District of Bihar
Location of Saharsa district in Bihar
Location of Saharsa district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Kosi
Headquarters Saharsa
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Saharsa
 • Assembly seats Sonbarsha, Saharsa, Simri Bakhtiarpur, Mahishi
 • Total 1,702 km2 (657 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,897,102
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
 • Literacy 54.57 per cent
 • Sex ratio 906
Major highways NH 107
Website Official website

Saharsa is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar, India. Saharsa town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Saharsa district is a part of the Kosi Division and it became a district on 1 April 1954 and has subsequently become smaller with other districts being carved from it, most notably Madhepura in 1981.


Saharsa district occupies an area of 1,687 square kilometres (651 sq mi),[1] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Bering Island.[2]

Saharsa district is surrounded on the west by the river Kosi, which boasts an abundance of fish and makhana. Saharsa is famous for its varieties of mangoes and litchis.

Saharsa district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Saharasa Sadar and Simri Bakhtiyarpur.


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Saharsa one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]


According to the 2011 census Saharsa district has a population of 1,897,102,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho[5] or the US state of West Virginia.[6] This gives it a ranking of 247th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 1,125 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,910/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.79%.[4] Saharsa has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 54.57%.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  2. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Bering Island 1,660km2 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Lesotho 1,924,886 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. West Virginia 1,852,994 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°53′N 86°36′E / 25.883°N 86.600°E / 25.883; 86.600