Next Dutch general election

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2025 Dutch general election
Netherlands
← 2021 In or before March 2025

All 150 seats in the House of Representatives
76 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader Current seats
VVD Mark Rutte 34
D66 Sigrid Kaag 24
PVV Geert Wilders 17
CDA Wopke Hoekstra 15
SP Lilian Marijnissen 9
PvdA Lilianne Ploumen 9
GL Jesse Klaver 8
PvdD Esther Ouwehand 6
FvD Thierry Baudet 5
CU Gert-Jan Segers 5
Volt Laurens Dassen 3
JA21 Joost Eerdmans 3
SGP Kees van der Staaij 3
DENK Farid Azarkan 3
BBB Caroline van der Plas 1
BIJ1 Sylvana Simons 1

The next Dutch general election to elect the members of the House of Representatives is scheduled for March 2025, but may be held at an earlier date if a snap election is called.

Electoral system[edit]

Pursuant to articles C.1, C.2 and C.3 of the electoral law, elections for the House of Representatives take place every four years in March. The 150 members of the House of Representatives are elected by open list proportional representation. The number of seats per list is determined using the D'Hondt method, effectively resulting in an electoral threshold of 1/150th (0.67%) of votes to secure a seat. Voters have the option to cast a preferential vote. The seats won by a list are first allocated to the candidates who, in preferential votes, have received at least 25 percent of the number of votes needed for one seat (effectively 0.17% of the total votes), regardless of their placement on the electoral list. If multiple candidates from a list pass this threshold, their ordering is determined based on the number of votes received. Any remaining seats are allocated to candidates according to their placement on the electoral list.[1]

Opinion polls[edit]

Seats[edit]

Opinion polls NL 2021-2025.svg

There are 150 seats in total. Parties are denoted with en dashes if no indication is given of their level in polls.

Polling firm Release
date
Sample
size
VVD D66 PVV CDA SP PvdA GL FVD PvdD CU Volt JA21 SGP DENK 50+ BBB BIJ1 Others Lead
I&O Research 16 Sep 2021 1,990 33 19 16 7 9 12 11 5 8 7 6 5 3 1 0 6 2 0 14
Peil.nl 12 Sep 2021 3,000+ 37 19 16 6 9 11 8 5 8 6 5 5 3 3 0 7 1 1[a] 18
Peil.nl 5 Sep 2021 3,000+ 37 18 16 7 9 11 8 5 8 6 5 5 3 3 0 7 1 1[a] 19
Ipsos 31 Aug 2021 1,008 39 21 17 10 7 10 9 4 7 6 5 5 3 3 0 3 1 0 18
Peil.nl 22 Aug 2021 3,000+ 36 19 17 6 9 11 7 5 8 6 6 5 3 3 0 7 1 1[a] 17
Ipsos 27 July 2021 1,004 37 22 16 9 9 9 8 3 8 6 5 7 3 3 0 4 1 0 15
Peil.nl 25 July 2021 3,000+ 35 22 17 6 9 10 7 5 8 6 6 5 3 3 0 6 1 1[a] 13
I&O Research 15 July 2021 1,939 35 22 17 6 9 11 9 4 7 5 6 6 3 2 0 5 2 1[a] 13
Ipsos 29 June 2021 1,011 39 23 17 9 8 9 7 5 8 5 4 5 3 3 0 4 1 0 16
Peil.nl 27 June 2021 3,000+ 35 22 18 6 9 10 7 5 8 6 6 5 3 3 0 5 2 0 13
Peil.nl 20 June 2021 3,000+ 35 22 18 6 9 10 7 5 8 6 6 5 3 3 0 5 2 0 13
Peil.nl 13 June 2021 3,000+ 35 22 18 8 9 10 7 5 7 5 6 6 3 3 0 4 2 0 13
I&O Research 10 June 2021 1,824 36 21 14 12 7 10 9 5 8 5 6 6 3 3 0 3 2 0 15
Peil.nl 6 June 2021 3,000+ 35 22 17 11 9 10 7 4 7 5 6 6 3 3 0 3 2 0 13
Peil.nl 30 May 2021 3,000+ 34 23 18 11 9 9 7 4 7 5 6 6 3 3 0 3 2 0 11
Ipsos 25 May 2021 1,010 36 25 17 13 8 10 6 3 9 4 5 6 3 2 0 2 1 0 11
Peil.nl 23 May 2021 3,000+ 34 23 18 11 9 9 7 4 7 5 6 6 3 3 0 3 2 0 11
Peil.nl 16 May 2021 3,000+ 34 23 18 11 9 9 7 4 7 5 6 6 3 3 0 3 2 0 11
Peil.nl 9 May 2021 3,000+ 34 23 17 11 9 9 7 8 7 5 5 6 3 3 0 2 1 0 10
I&O Research 5 May 2021 1,914 34 23 15 10 10 10 7 7 7 5 6 6 3 3 1 2 1 0 11
Peil.nl 2 May 2021 3,000+ 32 22 18 12 9 9 7 9 7 5 5 6 3 3 0 2 1 0 10
Peil.nl 25 Apr 2021 3,000+ 32 22 18 12 9 9 7 9 7 5 5 6 3 3 0 2 1 0 10
Ipsos 20 Apr 2021 1,014 35 26 18 12 7 9 7 7 8 4 5 4 3 2 1 1 1 0 9
Peil.nl 18 Apr 2021 3,000+ 32 24 17 14 9 9 7 9 6 5 4 5 3 3 0 2 1 0 8
I&O Research 16 Apr 2021 1,738 34 26 15 14 10 8 6 7 6 5 4 6 3 3 1 1 1 0 8
Peil.nl 11 Apr 2021 3,000+ 31 24 16 14 9 9 7 9 7 5 4 5 3 3 1 2 1 0 7
Peil.nl 4 Apr 2021 3,000+ 28 25 16 15 9 9 8 9 7 5 4 5 3 3 1 2 1 0 3
Peil.nl 28 Mar 2021 3,000+ 33 24 16 14 9 9 7 9 6 5 4 5 3 3 1 1 1 0 9
2021 election 17 Mar 2021 34 24 17 15 9 9 8 8 6 5 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 0 10

Vote share[edit]

Polling firm Release
date
Sample
size
VVD D66 PVV CDA SP PvdA GL FVD PvdD CU Volt JA21 SGP DENK 50+ BBB BIJ1 Others Lead
I&O Research 16 Sep 2021 1,990 20.4% 11.8% 10.3% 4.7% 6.1% 7.7% 6.8% 3.0% 5.2% 4.8% 3.9% 3.5% 2.2% 1.0% 0.4% 4.3% 1.6% 2.2%[b] 8.6%
Ipsos 31 Aug 2021 1,008 24.6% 13.5% 10.9% 6.5% 4.5% 6.3% 5.8% 2.9% 5.0% 3.9% 3.2% 3.5% 2.4% 2.4% 0.3% 2.4% 0.7% 1.2% 11.1%
Ipsos 27 July 2021 1,004 23.3% 13.7% 10.5% 6.2% 5.9% 5.7% 5.0% 2.5% 5.3% 3.8% 3.5% 4.5% 2.3% 2.4% 0.6% 2.8% 1.0% 1.0% 9.6%
I&O Research 15 July 2021 1,939 21.5% 13.7% 10.4% 4.1% 6.0% 7.2% 5.9% 3.0% 4.7% 3.5% 3.9% 4.0% 2.4% 1.6% 0.3% 3.5% 2.0% 2.3%[c] 7.8%
Ipsos 29 June 2021 1,011 24.6% 14.2% 10.8% 6.1% 5.3% 6.1% 4.9% 3.5% 5.1% 3.4% 3.0% 3.2% 2.4% 2.4% 0.6% 2.8% 0.7% 0.9% 10.4%
I&O Research 10 June 2021 1,824 22.8% 13.5% 9.2% 7.9% 4.8% 6.5% 5.7% 3.5% 5.0% 3.5% 4.4% 3.9% 2.2% 2.0% 0.5% 2.3% 1.5% 1.0% 9.3%
Ipsos 25 May 2021 1,010 22.9% 15.9% 11.1% 8.7% 5.2% 6.4% 4.3% 2.3% 5.7% 3.1% 3.2% 4.0% 2.4% 1.5% 0.5% 1.3% 0.8% 0.7% 7.0%
I&O Research 5 May 2021 1,914 21.5% 14.3% 9.9% 6.4% 6.5% 6.4% 5.0% 5.0% 4.4% 3.5% 3.9% 3.8% 2.0% 2.2% 0.7% 1.8% 1.3% 1.1% 7.2%
Ipsos 20 Apr 2021 1,014 22.5% 16.7% 11.7% 7.7% 4.5% 6.3% 4.7% 4.5% 5.2% 3.2% 3.4% 2.9% 2.2% 1.5% 0.8% 0.8% 0.7% 0.8% 5.8%
I&O Research 16 Apr 2021 1,738 21.6% 16.5% 9.5% 8.8% 6.4% 5.3% 4.2% 4.7% 4.3% 3.4% 3.0% 3.8% 2.1% 1.9% 0.8% 1.0% 1.1% 1.5% 5.1%
2021 election 17 Mar 2021 21.9% 15.0% 10.9% 9.5% 6.0% 5.7% 5.2% 5.0% 3.8% 3.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.1% 2.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.8% 2.0%[d] 6.9%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Belang van Nederland with 1 seat
  2. ^ Belang van Nederland with 0.6%, others with 1.6%
  3. ^ Belang van Nederland with 1.2%, others with 1.1%
  4. ^ CO with 0.4%, NIDA and Splinter with 0.3%, others with 1.0%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nederland, Parlementsverkiezingen, 15 maart 2017: Eindrapport (Report). OSCE/ODIHR. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.