Next Croatian parliamentary election

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2020 parliamentary election

← 2016 On or before 23 December 2020

All 151 seats to Hrvatski sabor
76 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  PM Andrej Plenković (cropped).jpg Davor Bernardić (cropped).png BozoPetrov.jpg
Leader Andrej Plenković Davor Bernardić Božo Petrov
Party HDZ SDP Most
Alliance HDZHSLS
HDS
SDP - HSS - HSU[1][2]
Leader since 21 June 2016 26 November 2016 17 November 2012
Last election 36.27% , 61 seats (HDZHSLS
HDS-HRAST)
33.82% , 54 seats (People's Coalition) 9.91%, 13 seats
Current seats HDZ: 55
Alliance: 58
SDP: 29
Alliance: 34
10
Seats needed HDZ: Increase21
Alliance: Increase18
SDP: Increase47
Alliance: Increase42
Increase66

  Dan OSRH Milan Bandic 28052011 2.jpg I vrdoljak.jpg Anka Mrak Taritaš (cropped).jpg
Leader Milan Bandić Ivan Vrdoljak Anka Mrak-Taritaš
Party BM 365 HNS-LD Glas
Alliance Glas-IDS-D-PGS-HL
Leader since 28 March 2015 17 December 2017 9 July 2017
Last election 4.04%, 2 seats
(For Prime Minister Coalition)
part of People's Coalition, 9 seats New
Current seats 5 4 Glas: 4
Alliance: 8
Seats needed Increase71 Increase72 Glas: Increase72
Alliance: Increase68

  Pupovac.jpg Sinčić.jpg
Leader Milorad Pupovac Ivan Vilibor Sinčić
Party SDSS ŽZ
Leader since 2 July 2017 2 June 2011
Last election District XII only, 3 seats 6.23%, 8 seats
(The Only Option Coalition)
Current seats 3 2
Seats needed N/A
(District XII only)
Increase74

Incumbent Prime Minister

Andrej Plenković
HDZ



Coat of arms
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Croatia
Constitution

The next Croatian parliamentary elections will be held on or before 23 December 2020. It will be the tenth parliamentary election since the first multi-party elections in 1990 and will elect the 151 members of the Croatian Parliament unless there is a change in the electoral system or number of seats before the date of the election.

The previous parliamentary elections, held on 11 September 2016, resulted in the plurality of seats being won by the Croatian Democratic Union led by Andrej Plenković. He began talks with the third-placed Bridge of Independent Lists (Most) and MPs representing national minorities on forming a governing majority. Plenković presented 91 signatures of support by MPs to the President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović on 10 October 2016 and received a 30-day mandate to form a government. Parliament formally convened on 14 October 2016 with the election of Most chairman Božo Petrov as a Speaker, while a parliamentary vote held on 19 October 2016 confirmed the proposed Cabinet of Andrej Plenković by a vote of 91 in favor, 45 against and 3 abstentions. Plenković subsequently became the 12th Prime Minister of Croatia.

Most left the governing coalition in April 2017 amid a disagreement with the HDZ over Finance Minister Zdravko Marić's alleged withholding of information relating to financial irregularities in Agrokor, one of Croatia's largest firms, which resulted in a crisis due to Agrokor not being able to pay back its loans. In May the possibility of early elections was heightened as the HDZ was left without a parliamentary majority and a no-confidence vote in Marić was only narrowly avoided by a 75–75 vote in Parliament. In June the HDZ regained a parliamentary majority by forming a government with the support of five of the nine HNS MPs, with the other four forming a new political party, Civic-Liberal Alliance (Glas) and remaining in the opposition.

Background[edit]

In the previous parliamentary election, held on 11 September 2016, the Croatian Democratic Union won an upset plurality of seats, receiving 61 seats in the parliament, while the opposition People's Coalition won 54 seats. HDZ chairman Andrej Plenković started talks on forming a governing majority with Most, which won 13 seats. Furthermore, SDP chairman and People's Coalition Prime Ministerial candidate Zoran Milanović announced his withdrawal from politics after the defeat. A few weeks after the election HDZ and Most concluded talks on forming a government, which would also include the 8 Members of Parliament representing national minorities. On 10 October 2016 Plenković formally presented 91 signatures of support by MPs to President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, therefore far more than the necessary majority of 76 signatures and he was thus made Prime Minister-designate with a 30-day mandate to form a government until 9 November 2016. The 9th Assembly of the Croatian Parliament was constituted on 14 October with the election of Most leader Božo Petrov as Speaker. On 19 October a parliamentary vote of 91 in favor, 45 against and 3 abstentions formally confirmed Croatia's fourteenth government since the first multi-party elections in 1990, with Andrej Plenković as Croatia's twelfth Prime Minister.

Electoral system[edit]

The 151 members of the Croatian Parliament are elected by three methods:[3]

  • 140 seats are elected in ten 14-seat constituencies (Constituencies I-X) by open list proportional representation (using a 5% electoral threshold) with seats allocated using the d'Hondt method
  • 3 seats are elected in a special constituency (Constituency XI) for Croatian citizens and people of Croatian descent living overseas
  • 8 seats are elected from a constituency for ethnic national minorities (Constituency XII): 3 seats for Serbs, 1 seat for Italians, 1 seat for Hungarians, 1 seat for Czechs and Slovaks, 1 seat for Albanians, Bosniaks, Macedonians, Montenegrins and Slovenes and 1 seat for Austrians, Bulgarians, Germans, Jews, Poles, Roma, Romanians, Rusyns, Russians, Turks, Ukrainians and Vlachs

Outgoing 9th Assembly of Parliament[edit]

Partisan makeup of the 9th Assembly of the Croatian Parliament (as of 26 January 2020)[edit]

Party Seats Government Political position Leader
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) 55 Government Centre-right to Right-wing Andrej Plenković
(Prime Minister)
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 29 Opposition Centre-left Davor Bernardić
Bridge of Independent Lists (Most) 10 Opposition Centre to Centre-right Božo Petrov
Bandić Milan 365 - Labour and Solidarity Party (BM 365) 5 Supporting Government Centre Milan Bandić
Croatian Peasant Party (HSS) 4 Opposition Centre to Centre-right Krešo Beljak
Civic Liberal Alliance (Glas) 4 Opposition Centre-left Anka Mrak Taritaš
Croatian People's Party-Liberal Democrats (HNS) 4 Government Centre to Centre-left Ivan Vrdoljak
Independent Democratic Serb Party (SDSS) 3 Supporting Government Centre-left Milorad Pupovac
Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS) 3 Opposition Centre-left Boris Miletić
Croatian Christian Democratic Party (HDS) 2 Supporting Government Right-wing Goran Dodig
Human Shield (ŽZ) 2 Opposition Syncretic Ivan Vilibor Sinčić
Party of Ivan Pernar 1 Opposition Syncretic Ivan Pernar
Bruna Esih - Zlatko Hasanbegović: Independents for Croatia (NZH) 1 Opposition Right-wing Bruna Esih
Let's Change Croatia (PH) 1 Opposition Centre to Centre-right Ivan Lovrinović
Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS) 1 Supporting Government Centre to Centre-right Darinko Kosor
HRAST-Movement for Successful Croatia (Hrast) 1 Opposition Right-wing Ladislav Ilčić
Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB) 1 Supporting Government Right-wing Branimir Glavaš
People's Party - Reformists (NS-R) 1 Opposition Centre Radimir Čačić
Croatian Party of Pensioners (HSU) 1 Opposition Centre-left Silvano Hrelja
POWER - People's and Civic Engagement Party (SNAGA) 1 Opposition Syncretic Goran Aleksić
Democrats (Demokrati) 1 Opposition Centre-left Mirando Mrsić
Independent Youth List (NLM) 1 Opposition Centre Ante Pranić
New Politics (NP) 1 Opposition Centre Vlaho Orepić
Bloc for Croatia (BZH) 1 Opposition Right-wing Zlatko Hasanbegović
Independent MPs Supporting Government[a] 11 Supporting Government
Independent MPs in Opposition[b] 6 Opposition
Government total (with support) 82 of 151 (54.30%)
Opposition total 69 of 151 (45.70%)

Opinion polls[edit]

Average trend line of poll results from September 2016 to present, with each line corresponding to a political party.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]