Patrick Kluivert

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Patrick Kluivert
Kluivert7Sep2006.jpg
Kluivert training with PSV
Personal information
Full name Patrick Stephan Kluivert
Date of birth (1976-07-01) 1 July 1976 (age 40)
Place of birth Amsterdam, Netherlands
Height 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)
Playing position Striker
Club information
Current team
Paris Saint-Germain (director of football)
Youth career
1983–1984 Schellingwoude
1984–1994 Ajax
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1994–1997 Ajax 70 (39)
1997–1998 Milan 27 (6)
1998–2004 Barcelona 182 (90)
2004–2005 Newcastle United 25 (6)
2005–2006 Valencia 10 (1)
2006–2007 PSV 16 (3)
2007–2008 Lille 12 (4)
Total 343 (149)
National team
1990–1991 Netherlands U16 2 (0)
1991–1992 Netherlands U17 10 (2)
1992 Netherlands U18 3 (2)
1992–1994 Netherlands U19 20 (6)
1994–2004 Netherlands 79 (40)
Teams managed
2008–2010 AZ (assistant)
2010 Brisbane Roar (assistant)
2010–2011 NEC (assistant)
2011–2012 Jong FC Twente
2012–2014 Netherlands (assistant)
2015–2016 Curaçao
2016 Ajax A1 (youth)
2016– Paris Saint-Germain (director of football)

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.


Patrick Stephan Kluivert ([ˈpɛtrɪk ˈklœy̯vərt]; born 1 July 1976) is a former Dutch footballer and coach, and the current director of football for Paris Saint-Germain in France. He played as a striker for Ajax, Milan, FC Barcelona, Newcastle United, Valencia, PSV, and Lille throughout his career.[1]

He was already part of Ajax's Golden Generation of the 1990s at the age of 18, scoring the winner in the 1995 UEFA Champions League Final. He spent six years with Spanish club Barcelona where he formed a successful partnership with Rivaldo, where both won the Spanish La Liga championship of 1999 and Kluivert scored 124 goals from 249 caps in all.[1][2]

Kluivert played for the Dutch national team from 1994 to 2004. With 40 goals in 79 appearances, he is the third highest top goalscorer for Ons Oranje. He played in three European Championships and the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and was joint top scorer at Euro 2000 where upon the scoresheet he tallied a total of 5 times. In 2004, he was named in the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living footballers chosen by Pelé as part of FIFA's centenary observances.[3][4]

He began his coaching career as an assistant at AZ and then NEC. He had a brief coaching stint in Australia with the Brisbane Roar, before coaching Jong FC Twente to a national title in the Dutch reserves league.[5] He was assistant manager to Louis van Gaal with the Netherlands national football team when they finished third at the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.[6] In 2015 he took over as head coach of the Curaçao national team for the country's 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifying and the 2017 Caribbean Cup qualifying campaigns. In 2016 it was announced that he would take over the Ajax A1 (under-19) selection, coaching his son, Justin Kluivert,[7] before taking a position as director of football for Paris Saint-Germain.

Early life[edit]

Kluivert was born on 1 July 1976 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. His father, a professional football player, was born in Suriname and his mother in Curaçao.[8] Kluivert learned to play football on the street. After a year at football club Schellingwoude, he joined the Ajax Youth Academy at the age of seven.

He played several different positions as a youth, including defender. He was strong in technique, football intelligence, and speed, but was considered too impulsive.[9] Kluivert played for the Dutch national teams under-15, under-16 and under-17.[9]

Club career[edit]

Ajax[edit]

Kluivert was part of Ajax's Golden Generation of the 1990s. He made his debut in the senior team of Ajax on 21 August 1994 at the age of 18 in the Dutch Super Cup win against the old arch rival Feyenoord, in which he scored his first goal. The 1994–95 season saw Kluivert make his mark – along with a host of youngsters from the Ajax youth academy, including Edgar Davids, Clarence Seedorf, and Edwin van der Sar – on the European stage with a triumph in the UEFA Champions League. Kluivert came off the bench to score an 85th-minute winner in the 1995 Champions League Final against A.C. Milan in Vienna, Austria. The youngest player to score in a final of the main event of the European continent, when he was only 18 years, 10 months and 23 days. He soon became Ajax's "Golden Boy" of the mid-90s, leading the Ajax front-line as the side claimed several pieces of silverware during that period. During his time at Ajax, Kluivert was convicted of causing death by dangerous driving and ordered to perform 240 hours of community service.[10] In 1997, he declined a new contract to leave for Milan on a Bosman transfer, by which time he had scored 39 goals from 70 games in the Dutch league over three seasons.

Milan[edit]

His career at A.C. Milan started well, when he scored a sensational goal against Juventus in a friendly match. At Milan, he won a runner's up medal at the Coppa Italia final of 1998.[11] Afterward, he left Milan and Serie A, in moving on to club FC Barcelona of the Spanish La Liga.

Barcelona[edit]

On 28 August 1998, an hour before the transfer deadline, Kluivert signed a four-year contract with FC Barcelona for a fee of £8.75 million.[12] Kluivert was reunited with Louis van Gaal, a mentor from his days at Ajax. Kluivert formed a successful partnership with Rivaldo, which enabled Barça to defend the Spanish La Liga in 1998–99. The following season was also a successful one for Kluivert. Although Barcelona failed to win a third consecutive league title, Kluivert finished the season as the club's top scorer with 15 league goals.[13] He was released from Barcelona in the summer of 2004. He scored 124 goals in his time with Barca, of which came from being capped 249 times for the club in all.[2]

Newcastle United[edit]

Kluivert joined Newcastle United on a free transfer in July of 2004.[14] He stated that his reasons for joining the Magpies was due to the overwhelming reaction he received whilst playing for Barcelona against Newcastle during a pre season friendly as well as teaming up with Newcastle's star players such as Alan Shearer.[14] Kluivert scored some classy and crucial goals at and away from St. James Park namely in winning strikes against both Chelsea[15] and Tottenham Hotspur[16] in the FA Cup, with both games ending 1–0. Despite him scoring 13 goals in his debut, being Newcastle's overall second highest goal scorer for the season, Kluivert was then released by Newcastle in 2005.[17][18]

Valencia[edit]

Kluivert decided to return to Spain to play for Valencia CF. Kluivert was given permission to look for a new club in July 2006 after just one season and 202 minutes played, as he spent most of the season injured.

PSV[edit]

Despite widespread rumours that Kluivert was to return home to AFC Ajax, Kluivert's return to the Eredivisie was to be with PSV, with whom he signed a one-year deal in 2006. Just as with his debut for Ajax, Kluivert made his PSV debut against Feyenoord in a 2–1 win, coming on as a substitute. After that, he had two injuries during the first half of the season, which limited his playing time. In a game against Ajax at the Philips Stadion, Kluivert refused to celebrate after scoring a goal against his former club. He was eventually released in July 2007.

Lille[edit]

On 25 July 2007, Kluivert joined French side Lille.[19] Kluivert had mixed experiences with the French club Lille, only starting 10 times, although in these appearances he contributed greatly with four goals and valuable assists. In May 2008, Kluivert told Lille manager Claude Puel that he would be looking for a new challenge for the next season.

International career[edit]

Kluivert made his full international debut on 16 November 1994 in a European qualifier against the Czech Republic, replacing Youri Mulder after 13 minutes of a 0–0 draw in Rotterdam.[20] In his second match, on 29 March 1995, he replaced Ronald de Boer after 77 minutes, and 7 minutes later scored his first international goal to wrap up a 4–0 home qualifying win over Malta.[21]

As a member of De kabel, Kluivert missed most of UEFA Euro 1996 with a knee injury. During the final group game and from a Dennis Bergkamp assist, he scored against England, which enabled the Netherlands to qualify for the knock-out round over Scotland on goal difference. There, they lost in a penalty shootout to France.

At the 1998 FIFA World Cup, Kluivert was sent off against Belgium by referee Pierluigi Collina after elbowing Lorenzo Staelens. He made amends when selected to play against Argentina in the quarter-finals of the same tournament where he scored the opening goal. He also impressed in later matches, scoring a late equalising goal from a header to draw his team level with Brazil in the semi-final, although his team went on to lose the penalty shootout.

The UEFA Euro 2000 would represent Kluivert's finest hour as the spearhead of a star-studded Oranje side. Kluivert scored a hat-trick in the 6–1 quarter-final demolition of Yugoslavia; he was originally credited with four goals, but the third was later re-attributed as an own goal by Yugoslavia's Dejan Govedarica after Kluivert admitted not getting a touch on Paul Bosvelt's cross. Had all four goals stood, Kluivert would have been the first player to score four times in a European Championship finals match.[22] The semi-final against Italy would provide much heartache for Kluivert, as the Dutch yet again crashed out on penalties. Neither Kluivert nor his Dutch side could find the back of the net, despite twice having a chance from the penalty spot – Kluivert himself would miss one of those penalties during the game, but did score in the penalty shoot-out. Despite the Dutch falling short, Kluivert will be remembered for rising to the occasion in front of partisan home crowds, scoring five goals in as many games, jointly claiming the Golden Boot with Savo Milošević.

Kluivert would once again enter UEFA Euro 2004 wearing the famous #9 jersey for his country.

As well as from being left out of the 2006 FIFA World Cup squad by coach Marco van Basten, Kluivert was not called up to play in any of the qualifying games leading up to the World Cup either. This was due to the fact that he suffered persistent injuries which prevented him from playing for his club during the 2005-06 season. Kluivert was the all-time leading goalscorer for the Dutch national team with 40 goals, until he was surpassed by Robin van Persie in 2013.[23]

Playing style[edit]

Although tall in stature, Kluivert possessed a remarkably impressive 'first touch' and quick feet for such a large striker. Similar to Brazilian footballer Ronaldo, he often used several feints, namely the Cruijff Turn, to great effect to go past defenders, due to his pace, strong technical skills and football intelligence. Kluivert also utilised his height, power, and strong physique to dominate aerial balls and was considered to possess one of the best headers in the then-contemporary game. A versatile player, he was capable of playing in several other positions across the pitch. Despite his ability, he drew criticism for his character and attitude throughout his career.[9][24][25]

Coaching career[edit]

On 29 April 2008, Dutch media reported that Kluivert would take part in the coaching course of the Dutch Football Association (KNVB) to become a professional football coach.[26] The KNVB requires that all coaching badge candidates complete this sort of apprenticeship.

On 18 July 2008, it was reported on the football website Goal.com that Kluivert would be spending the 2008–09 season as a member of the backroom coaching staff of Eredivisie club AZ. Later on, in an interview on Soccer AM, Kluivert revealed his role involved coaching the strikers at AZ.

In January 2010, Kluivert took a position as an assistant coach for Australian A-League side Brisbane Roar FC under head coach Ange Postecoglou.[27]

On 19 May 2010, Kluivert told journalists he ruled out a comeback as a football player.[28] From August 2010 on, he was an assistant-coach for N.E.C., coaching the strikers. In the 2011–12 season, he moved on and took charge of the FC Twente youth and reserve team, coaching Jong FC Twente to a national title in the Beloften Eredivisie.

In August 2012, Kluivert joined the Netherlands national team coaching staff to work under head coach Louis van Gaal.[29] Kluivert's time with the Netherlands culminated with a third-place finish in the 2014 FIFA World Cup campaign.

On 5 March 2015, it was announced that Kluivert would take over as manager of the Curaçao national football team for the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification.[30] Curaçao progressed through the first two qualifying rounds, defeating Montserrat and Cuba.[31] On 8 September 2015 Curaçao were eliminated in the 2018 FIFA World Cup third qualifying round by El Salvador, losing 2–0 on aggregate score.[32] Having helped the country to their best performance yet in World Cup qualifying, Kluivert announced the end of his tenure as head coach of the team on 10 September 2015. While pursuing other ventures, he remains a close advisor to the Curaçao Football Federation.[33]

On 24 February 2016, Kluivert announced his decision to remain head coach of Curaçao ahead of the teams' Caribbean Cup qualifying matches against the Dominican Republic and Barbados.[34] On 2 May 2016, it was announced that Kluivert would take over as head coach of the Ajax A1 (under-19) selection ahead of the 2016–17 season, where he would coach his Son Justin Kluivert with the team having secured placement in the UEFA Youth League the previous year.[7]

Following his announcement to join Ajax, Kluivert remained head coach of Curaçao for round two of the Caribbean Cup qualifiers where they faced Guyana and the U.S. Virgin Islands in group 3. Curaçao won both their matches at home, defeating Guyana 5–2 and the U.S. Virgin Islands 7–0 in his final match as head coach of the island nation.[35] On 14 July 2016 it was announced that Kluivert would not coach the under-19 team of Ajax, but that he would instead take over the position as director of football for French club Paris Saint-Germain. He expressed that his intention was to stay with Ajax, but that he could not refuse the offer made by PSG.[36]

Media[edit]

Kluivert has appeared in commercials for the American sportswear company Nike.[37][38] In 1996 he starred in a Nike commercial titled "Good vs Evil" in a gladiatorial game set in a Roman amphitheatre. Appearing alongside football players from around the world, including Ronaldo, Paolo Maldini, Eric Cantona, Luís Figo and Jorge Campos, they defend "the beautiful game" against a team of demonic warriors, before it culminates with Cantona striking the ball and destroying evil.[37]

Personal life[edit]

Portrait of Patrick Kluivert

Kluivert is the second son of former football player Kenneth Kluivert, who played for SV Robinhood in the SVB Hoofdklasse and for the Suriname national team. His mother Lidwina Kluivert, was born in Willemstad, Curaçao, in the former Netherlands Antilles, to a Surinamese father and Curaçaoan mother.[39] His parents were married in Paramaribo, and both his elder siblings were born in Suriname, before the family emigrated to the Netherlands in 1970.[40]

On 24 September 2007, Kluivert's wife Rossana Lima gave birth to a baby boy, named Shane Patrick. He has three sons, Quincy, Justin and Ruben from his first marriage.[41] Justin Kluivert plays for the Ajax Youth Academy having won the B-juniors Eredivisie, the under-17 competition in the Netherlands, and having played in the 2015 edition of the Copa Amsterdam as well.[42][43]

On May 14, 1995, Kluivert was found guilty in a Dutch court of causing a death by dangerous driving, and was required to perform 240 hours of community service.

Career statistics[edit]

Club[edit]

(Source)[44]

Club Season League Cup Europe Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Ajax 1994–95 25 18 2 1 10 2 37 21
1995–96 28 15 2 1 8 5 38 21
1996–97 17 6 1 0 4 2 22 8
Total 70 39 5 2 22 9 97 50
Milan 1997–98 27 6 6 3 33 9
Total 27 6 6 3 33 9
Barcelona 1998–99 35 15 3 1 38 16
1999–2000 26 15 2 1 14 7 42 23
2000–01 31 18 5 2 12 5 48 25
2001–02 33 18 0 0 17 7 50 25
2002–03 36 16 0 0 15 5 51 21
2003–04 21 8 2 0 3 2 26 10
Total 182 90 12 4 61 26 255 120
Newcastle United 2004–05 25 6 6 2 6 5 37 13
Total 25 6 6 2 6 5 37 13
Valencia 2005–06 10 1 1 0 11 1
Total 10 1 1 0 11 1
PSV 2006–07 16 3 2 0 3 0 21 3
Total 16 3 2 0 3 0 21 3
Lille 2007–08 13 4 1 0 14 4
Total 13 4 1 0 14 4
Total 343 149 33 11 92 40 468 200

International[edit]

(Source)[45]

Netherlands national team
Year Apps Goals
1994 1 0
1995 5 3
1996 5 1
1997 5 2
1998 11 7
1999 8 4
2000 14 12
2001 9 4
2002 6 3
2003 11 4
2004 4 0
Total 79 40

International goals[edit]

(Source)[46]

Scores and results list Netherlands' goal tally first.

Manager[edit]

As of 7 June 2016
Team From To Record
G W D L Win % Ref.
Curaçao 4 March 2015[47] 7 June 2016 12 6 3 3 50.00 [47]

Honours[edit]

Player[edit]

Club[edit]

Ajax[48]
Barcelona[48]
PSV[48]

Country[edit]

Netherlands[48]

Coach[edit]

Manager[edit]

Jong FC Twente[48]

Assistant coach[edit]

Netherlands[48]

Individual[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Patrick Kluivert:Profile". Eurosport.com. 
  2. ^ a b "Kluivert, the nine". FC Barcelona.com. 
  3. ^ "Ons Oranje stats". Voetbal.nl. 
  4. ^ "Patrick Kluivert and a lesson in scoring goals". These Football Times. 
  5. ^ "Kluivert kampioen met Jong FC Twente". NU.nl. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Kluivert keert naar WK niet terug als assistent bij Oranje". NU.nl. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "'Kluivert aan de slag als trainer Ajax A1'". Voetbal International. 2 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Dutch bio". Patrick-kluivert.com. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c "Biography". Patrick-kluivert.com. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-10. /RTV/1995/04/16/605180780/?s=kph[dead link]
  11. ^ "Coppa Italia: 1997/1998". Football Database.eu. 
  12. ^ Hicks, Danny (30 August 1998). "Nou Camp becomes Little Holland". London: The Independent. Retrieved 4 August 2010. 
  13. ^ F.C. Barcelona - Squad season 1999–2000
  14. ^ a b "Kluivert joins Newcastle". BBC. 
  15. ^ "Newcastle 1–0 Chelsea". London: BBC. 20 February 2005. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 
  16. ^ "Newcastle 1–0 Tottenham". London: BBC. 13 March 2005. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 
  17. ^ "Newcastle United 2004-05 stats". 11v11.com. 
  18. ^ "Kluivert set for Newcastle exit". BBC. 
  19. ^ "Kluivert tells of interest". Sky Sports.com. 
  20. ^ "Netherlands vs Czech Republic". EU-Football.info. 
  21. ^ "Netherlands vs. Malta". EU-Football.info. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  22. ^ "Kluivert: I didn't score four". BBC Sport. 26 June 2000. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Dutch record breaker Van Persie hits treble in 8-1 win". Reuters. 11 October 2013. 
  24. ^ "Euro 2000 Profile: Patrick Kluivert". BBC. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  25. ^ "That finishing Dutch". The Guardian. 30 November 2003. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  26. ^ Kluivert lines up coaching course
  27. ^ Brisbane Roar maakt zich op voor komst Kluivert
  28. ^ Auteur: Jules Stuyt op 19 mei 2010 om 15:49. "Kluivert quits football career definitively". Voetbalcentraal.nl. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  29. ^ "Kluivert joins Dutch staff". FIFA. AFP. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  30. ^ "Internationals Curaçao dolblij met komst Kluivert". Metro Nieuws. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "Fifa 2018 World Cup qualifiers: Curacao progress under Kluivert". BBC Sport. BBC. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  32. ^ "Curaçao met Kluivert niet opgewassen tegen El Salvador". AD.nl. AD. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015. 
  33. ^ "Trots en teleurgesteld". BvdPloeg. Ajax Showtime. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015. 
  34. ^ "Kluivert helpt Curaçao uit de brand". BVeenstra. Ajax Showtime. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2016. 
  35. ^ "Jammer dat ik Ajax en Curaçao niet kan combinieren". NTR. NTR. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  36. ^ "Kluivert directeur PSG". Mike Verweij. De Telegraaf. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  37. ^ a b Jackson, Steven J. (10 Nov 2004). Sport, Culture and Advertising: Identities, Commodities and the Politics of Representation. Routledge. p. 186. 
  38. ^ "Nike and Maven Networks Introduce JogaTV". Nikego. Nike. 17 April 2006. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  39. ^ "Lidwina Kluivert, de moeder van: 'Patrick heeft de Hollandse manier aangenomen'". nrc.nl. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  40. ^ "'Voetbal is het balletje laten lopen'". de Volkskrant. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  41. ^ Kerngezonde zoon voor Patrick Kluivert en Rossana - Telegraaf.nl Archived 13 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  42. ^ Er komt een nieuwe Kluivert aan: Justin
  43. ^ Kluivert en Muric strijden voor Ajax in de Aegon Copa Amsterdam
  44. ^ "Statistics". Patrick-kluivert.com. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  45. ^ "Patrick Kluivert". National Football Teams. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  46. ^ "Statistics". Voetbalstats.nl. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  47. ^ a b "Curaçao » Trainerhistorie". World Football. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  48. ^ a b c d e f "Patrick Kluivert – Career Honours". Soccerway. 
  49. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/kluivert-intlg.html
  50. ^ "Torres receives adidas Golden Boot". UEFA. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  51. ^ "2000 team of the tournament". UEFA. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 

External links[edit]