Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense

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Full nameGrêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense
Nickname(s)Imortal Tricolor (Immortal Tricolor)
Rei de Copas (King of Cups)
Short nameGRE
Founded15 September 1903; 115 years ago (1903-09-15)
GroundArena do Grêmio
Porto Alegre, Brazil
PresidentRomildo Bolzan Jr.
ManagerRenato Portaluppi
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série A
2017Série A, 4th
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɡɾẽmju ˌfutʃˈbɔw ˌpoɾtw ɐlɛˈɡɾẽsi]), commonly known as Grêmio, is a Brazilian professional football club based in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. The club plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the top tier of the Brazilian football league system, and the Campeonato Gaúcho, the Rio Grande do Sul's state league. The club was founded in 1903.

As of 2017, Grêmio was ranked number one in the CBF club rankings[2] and is listed by Forbes as the third most valuable football club in the Americas with an estimated value of $295.5 million.[3] Grêmio has won 37 Campeonato Gaúcho, 2 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 1 Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, 1 Supercopa do Brasil and a record 5 Copa do Brasil (tied with Cruzeiro). Internationally, Grêmio has won 1 Intercontinental Cup, 3 Copa Libertadores de América and 2 Recopa Sudamericana.[4] Grêmio plays in a tricolor (blue, black and white) striped shirt, black shorts and white socks.

Grêmio has a fierce rivalry with Internacional, which is widely considered the most heated in Brazil[5][6] and one of the most heated in the world.[7][8] Matches between the two teams are known as Grenal.


The beginning and professionalism at the club[edit]

One of the first Gremio squads, December 1903

On September 7, 1903, Brazil's first football team, Rio Grande, played an exhibition match in Porto Alegre. An entrepreneur from Sorocaba, São Paulo, named Cândido Dias was besotted with the sport and went to watch the match. During the match, the ball deflated. As the only owner of a football in Porto Alegre, he lent his ball to the players and the match resumed. After the match, he talked to the local players about how to start a football club. On September 15, 1903, 32 people, including Cândido Dias, met at Salão Grau, a local restaurant and founded "Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense". Most of the founding members were part of the city's German community.[9] Carlos Luiz Bohrer was elected as first president.[10]

The club's first match took place on March 6, 1904, against Fuss Ball Porto Alegre, the first of two matches played that day. Grêmio won the first match 1–0. Unfortunately, the name of the player who scored the club's first goal is lost to history. The trophy Grêmio won that day, the Wanderpreis, is still displayed at the club's museum. Within 5 months the club had inaugurated the Baixada, its first home.

Gremio in 1904, wearing the blue and black jersey
Grêmio state champion of 1931

On July 18, 1909, Grêmio beat Internacional 10–0 on the latter's debut game. Grêmio's goalkeeper Kallfelz reportedly left the field to chat with fans during the match. Even now this victory is remembered with pride by Gremistas (Grêmio supporters). The match was the starting point for a rivalry that rages on to this day. Grêmio was one of the founding members of the Porto Alegre football league in 1910, and in 1911 won the league for the first time. On August 25, 1912, in a city league match, Grêmio beat Sport Clube Nacional of Porto Alegre 23–0. Sisson scored 14 goals in the match to record Grêmio's biggest ever win. In 1918, Grêmio became a founding member of the Fundação Rio-Grandense de Desportes (later known as Federação Gaúcha de Futebol), a federation that organized the first state championships in Rio Grande do Sul. The first championship was scheduled for 1918, but the Spanish flu epidemic forced the event to be postponed until 1919. In 1921, a year after the arrival of legendary goalkeeper Eurico Lara, Grêmio won its first state championship.

On July 7, 1911 Grêmio beat Uruguay's national team 2–1. In 1931, Grêmio became one of the first teams in Brazil to play matches at night after installing floodlights at Estádio Baixada. On May 19, 1935, Grêmio became the first team from Rio Grande do Sul to beat a team from the state of São Paulo (considered the strongest Brazilian league at the time) by defeating Santos 3–2. Grêmio was also the first club outside Rio de Janeiro state to play at the Maracanã Stadium, defeating Flamengo 3–1 in 1950.

Grêmio squad in 1950. That year, Grêmio played at the Maracanã Stadium and defeated Flamengo by 3-1 and became the first club outside Rio de Janeiro state to win in that stadium

During this period, Grêmio started to earn a reputation abroad. In 1932 it played its first international match in Rivera (Uruguay). In 1949, the match against Uruguay's Nacional ended in a 3–1 win for Grêmio and the players received a hero's welcome on their return to Porto Alegre. In that same year, Grêmio played for the first time in Central America. Between 1953–1954, Grêmio travelled to Mexico, Ecuador and Colombia, a tour dubbed "the conquest of the Americas". On February 25, 1959, Grêmio defeated Boca Juniors 4–1 in Buenos Aires, becoming the first foreign team to beat Boca at La Bombonera.

In 1961, Grêmio went on its first European tour playing 24 games in 11 countries: France, Romania, Belgium, Greece, Germany, Poland, Bulgaria, Luxembourg, Denmark, Estonia and Russia. The Gremistas (Grêmio fans) were growing in number. 1946 saw the first appearance of the club's motto "com o Grêmio onde o Grêmio estiver" ("with Grêmio wherever Grêmio may be"), which was later written into Grêmio's official anthem. An anthem penned by Lupicinio Rodrigues, a samba-cancao composer who became one of the most famous and revered Grêmio fans. The anthem celebrates the Gremistas reputation for attending all Grêmio matches, regardless of the difficulties and obstacles they might have to overcome to see their club. In the late 1950s, Grêmio joined the Taça Brasil, as the Brazilian league was known at the time. The team reached the Taça Brasil semifinals in 1959, 1963 and 1967. In 1968, the team won its first international title in a friendly cup with teams from Brazil and Uruguay. In 1954, Grêmio inaugurated what was at the time the biggest private stadium in Brazil, the Olímpico Stadium. In 1971, the Taça Brasil championship was replaced by the Campeonato Brasileiro with the first goal ever scored in the Campeonato Brasileiro coming from Grêmio's Néstor Scotta, an Argentine, in a match against São Paulo at Estádio do Morumbi.[11] Grêmio maintained a series of respectable results in Campeonato Brasileiro, usually achieving a top half finish.

Valdir Espinosa and the Intercontinental Cup 1983[edit]

Copa Libertadores 1983 finals, Grêmio squad in Montevideo against Peñarol. starting line-up: Mazarópi, Jorge Baidek, Hugo de León, Paulo Roberto, China, Casemiro, Renato Portaluppi, Osvaldo, Caio, Tita, Tarciso
Batalha de La Plata (Battle of La Plata), the popular name to an emblematic and historic game between Grêmio vs. Estudiantes de La Plata in Copa Libertadores 1983. The match ended in 3-3 with aggressions and hostile climate at the Jorge Luis Hirschi stadium.

Grêmio's first dominant period in South American football began in the early 1980s. Propelled by the completion of their new stadium, the Olímpico Monumental.

Grêmio won its first Campeonato Brasileiro on May 3, 1981, after defeating São Paulo at the Morumbi Stadium in São Paulo. The scores in the two-leg final were 2–1 at Olímpico and 1–0 for Grêmio at Morumbi. The winning goal was scored by striker Baltazar. Earlier, on April 26, 1981 Olímpico had its biggest attendance ever, when 98,421 fans watched Grêmio lose to Ponte Preta 0–1 in the Campeonato Brasileiro semi-final.

1983 was the most successful year in Grêmio's history. First, Grêmio won the South-American Copa Libertadores, after a consistent yet eventful campaign. One of the matches of the semi-final, the 3–3 draw against Estudiantes at Jorge Luis Hirschi Stadium, became legendary for its belligerence on and off the pitch and is dubbed the "Batalha de La Plata" ("Battle of La Plata"). In the finals, Grêmio beat the 1982 South America and World champions Peñarol from Uruguay, with a 1–1 draw in Montevideo and a 2–1 win in Porto Alegre. The winning goal was scored by César just before the end of the match. A year later, Grêmio was runner-up in the Copa Libertadores final, being defeated by Argentina's Independiente.

Also in 1983, Grêmio won the Intercontinental Cup after defeating Hamburger SV of Germany 2–1.[12] Renato Portaluppi scored both goals. With Uruguayan defender De León and goalkeeper Mazaropi also earning club legend status on the back of their performances in the Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup. Porto Alegre, was defeaned by the gremista's celebrating by chanting: "The Earth is Blue". Soon after winning the Intercontinental Cup, Grêmio beat America of Mexico in Los Angeles, and won the Los Angeles Cup.

In 1989, Grêmio won the first Copa do Brasil, a Brazilian knockout cup featuring football teams from all around the country. After humiliating Flamengo with a 6–1 win in the second leg of the semi-finals, Grêmio defeated Sport Recife in the final, with a 0–0 draw in Recife and a 2–1 win in Porto Alegre.

In 1991, after a poor season, Grêmio was relegated for the first time to the Brazilian Second Division [13] but gained immediate promotion back to the Campeonato Brasileiro's elite the following season (1993). After this return to form, 1994 saw Grêmio win its second Copa do Brasil, defeating Ceará in the two-leg final (0–0 and 1–0), the solitary goal scored by striker Nildo. This win kickstarted the club's Tokyo Project.

Luiz Felipe Scolari won the Libertadores 1995, the Campeonato Brasileiro 1996 and other important competitions

Luiz Felipe Scolari and the Libertadores 1995[edit]

Jardel and Paulo Nunes leaded Grêmio to reach practically all trophies of 90's. Together they win Copa Libertadores 1995 and Recopa Sudamericana 1996.

In May 1995, under head coach Luiz Felipe Scolari, Grêmio were runners-up in the Copa do Brasil, losing the final match to Corinthians 0–1 at Olímpico Monumental. In August, a few days after beating arch-rivals Internacional for the state title with a reserve squad, the club won the Copa Libertadores for the second time. Defeating Atlético Nacional of Colombia 3–1 in Porto Alegre and drawing 1–1 in Medellín. The tournament was marked by fierce matches against Palmeiras in the quarter-finals. Palmeiras had perhaps the best squad on the competition, with players such as Rivaldo, Cafu, Edmundo, César Sampaio, Antônio Carlos, Roberto Carlos and Mancuso. They were soundly beaten by Grêmio in the 1st leg in an epic 5–0 match with a hat-trick from Jardel. Palmeiras beat Grêmio 5–1 in the return leg, with Jardel's lone strike proving enough to see Grêmio through to the Semi-finals.

This qualified the club to the World Club tournament where Grêmio pushed a talented Ajax (Featuring Patrick Kluivert, Overmars, Van Der Sar and Kanu) into extra time and penalties despite being a player down. Early 1996 saw Grêmio win the Recopa Sudamericana, beating Argentina's Independiente 4–1.

On December 15, 1996, Grêmio won its second Campeonato Brasileiro, defeating Portuguesa in the final. Portuguesa won the first match at home 2–0, and therefore Grêmio was forced to win the final match at Porto Alegre by the same score or more. Grêmio got to 2–0, with midfielder Ailton scoring the second goal a few minutes before the final whistle. Grêmio won the title due to their higher finish in the league.

In 1997, Grêmio won their third Copa do Brasil title. In the finals against Romário's Flamengo, Grêmio won on away goals after a 0–0 draw in Porto Alegre and a 2–2 draw in Rio de Janeiro. Four years later, in 2001, Grêmio won their fourth Copa do Brasil, defeating Corinthians. The first leg of the final, in Porto Alegre, finished with the score of 2–2. The second game in São Paulo ended with a 3–1 Grêmio victory, in a match which is regarded as one of the finest in Grêmio's history.

Batalha dos Aflitos and the Libertadores 2007[edit]

Tcheco was the captain in four years (2006-2009) and leaded Grêmio to reach 2007 Copa Libertadores Finals.

In 2004, after performing poorly for two consecutive seasons in the Série A, Grêmio finished bottom of the league and were relegated to Campeonato Brasileiro's Second Division.[14] Grêmio's promotion battle was difficult, with only two clubs able to qualify for promotion to the First Division. On November 26, 2005, at Estádio dos Aflitos, Recife, Grêmio had four players sent off and two penalty given kicks against them in a tumultuous match that has become known as "The Battle of the Aflitos" ("A Batalha dos Aflitos", "Aflitos" being the name of Náutico's home field).

Bruno Carvalho bounced the first penalty bounced off the post in the first half when Grêmio still had 11 players on the field; the second was saved by goalkeeper Galatto when had been reduced to 7 men. within 72seconds of Galatto saving the penalty 17-year-old Anderson had made a run down the left flank to slot the ball into the back of the net to score Grêmio's winning goal. A goal that sealed the Série B championship and promotion to the Série A.

On April 9, 2006, at Estádio Beira-Rio, Grêmio won the state championship against Internacional, preventing them from winning a fifth title in a row. Playing away, Grêmio managed to obtain a 1–1 draw in the second leg of the final, enough to secure the title on away goals. Grêmio players said after the match that there were more than 50,000 Internacional fans in Beira Rio's Stadium and they could still hear the noise made by 6,000 Gremistas. In 2007, at Estádio Olímpico Monumental, Grêmio won the Campeonato Gaúcho once again this time against Juventude.

Also in 2007, Grêmio reached the final of the 2007 Copa Libertadores. Throughout the campaign the team overcame away losses by putting in heroic home performances and earning the moniker of Imortal Tricolor. This also pumped up the fans who even after a heavy 3–0 away defeat to Boca Juniors formed huge lines to buy tickets for the final game in Porto Alegre. with some of the fans queuing for four days or more. Unfortunately fan fervor wasn't enough with Riquelme's magnificent performance handing Boca a 2–0 win and the Copa Libertadores title.

Recent history and the Libertadores 2017[edit]

Luan after making his goal against Barcelona S.C.. Luan was elected Rei da América 2017 (King of America 2017) by the newspaper El País (Uruguay).
Pedro Geromel was the third Grêmio captain to raise the Copa Libertadores throphy. Later, he played with Brazil team in FIFA World Cup 2018.

In 2008, after the sudden firing of their head coach Vagner Mancini, the club hired Celso Roth. Within a month they had prematurely dropped out of both the domestic cup (Copa do Brasil) and their state championship (Campeonato Gaúcho). This led to the team going through a state of crisis and, soon after, major renovation. They were expected to finish in the bottom half of the Campeonato Brasileiro but managed to finish in second place. For many supporters, even that was considered a failure as in the first half of the championship, the team was in fine form and even considered the best in the country. At the halfway point of the season the team had a 10-point lead over second place that they would eventually surrender in the final games of the season.

2012 marked the last year of the club's former stadium, Olímpico Monumental. Fan expectations were high but were not matched by the team's performance. Grêmio did, however, qualify for the Libertadores the following year.

In 2014, the club once again qualified for the Copa Libertadores de América and signed Enderson Moreira as the new manager.[15] However, after a successful campaign in the group stage, Grêmio failed in the competition and were eliminated by San Lorenzo in the Round of 16.[16] A few days before, the club was defeated 6–2 on aggregate by their biggest rival, the Internacional, in the finals of the Campeonato Gaúcho.[17] With nothing more than a regular campaign at the beginning of the Série A, club president Fábio Koff signed Luiz Felipe Scolari as the new coach of the team. The club also invested in Giuliano, the biggest hiring of the year.[18] In September 2014, Grêmio was disqualified from competing in the Copa do Brasil due to a case of racism by a small group of supporters against Santos goalkeeper Aranha in the club's first match of the competition.[19]

In 2015, former Grêmio player Roger Machado was hired as the new manager. A short lived but initially successful run, Machado's time with Grêmio saw them qualify for the 2016 Copa Libertadores with a finish in the Campeonato Brasileiro in 3rd place. Machado oversaw a famous victory over beat bitter rivals Internacional with a 5–0 drubbing in "Grenal" #407. Nonetheless, towards the end of the year, the team began to show a lack of organization, especially in its defensive system. As fan support dwindled, Roger announced his resignation after a 3–0 loss against Ponte Preta in September 2016. Renato Portaluppi replaced him and under his guidance a resurgent Grêmio became champions of the Copa do Brasil against Atlético Mineiro in a 4–2 aggregate score, making it the Brazilian club with the most amount of titles in this tournament (5). After this historic feat, fans affectionately nicknamed Grêmio the "Rei de Copas" (King of Cups).

In 2017, Grêmio won their third Libertadores, after defeating CA Lanús 1–0 at Arena do Grêmio, followed by a 2–1 victory in Lanus. Luan was named the best player of the tournament, while the goalkeeper Marcelo Grohe performed spectacularly with a heroic, almost impossible, save in the semi-final match against Barcelona Sporting Club. They became the third Brazilian club to win a third Copa Libertadores, after São Paulo and Santos.

The club went on to represent CONMEBOL at the 2017 FIFA Club World Cup, held in the United Arab Emirates. Grêmio beat Pachuca 1–0 in a tight semi-final, the goal coming from Everton in extra-time. They were beaten 0–1 by Real Madrid in the final.



According to the club, the gold star represents the victory in the World Club Championship; the silver represents the three South American competition victories; and the bronze one represents the National competitions. There is also a gold star in Grêmio's flag that represents a player - Everaldo, a star from the 1970s who was the first Gaúcho (person from Rio Grande do Sul) to become a world champion with the Brazilian national team.


The first club flag was unveiled by the club during the opening ceremony for the Baixada stadium. At that time, it had a horizontal stripe of blue, black and white, with a medallion on the left top corner. The Brazilian Flag was the inspiration for the Tricolor's standard from 1918 to 1944.


Grêmio's anthem is one of the most critically acclaimed in all of Brazilian football, other than the anthems of the clubs from Rio de Janeiro (all composed by Lamartine Babo), it is the only football anthem composed by a renowned composer, Lupicínio Rodrigues. Featuring a vivid melody in the style of a march, the anthem features the famous verses: Até a pé nós iremos / para o que der e vier / mas o certo é que nós estaremos / com o Grêmio onde o Grêmio estiver (Even on foot we will go / against all obstacles / but we sure will be / with Grêmio wherever Grêmio may be). Grêmio supporters boast that Grêmio, as the anthem hints, has never played without supporters anywhere in the world.

Eurico Lara, a goalkeeper who played for the club in the 1920s and in the 1930s, is mentioned in the anthem, where he is called the immortal idol (or craque imortal, in Portuguese).

Team kit[edit]

Grêmio tricolour scheme is made up of blue, black and white, that make their kits unusual among of football because few clubs in the world these three colors. The first Grêmio kit was inspired by English club Exeter City. At the time, the original kit included a black cap, striped shirt in blue and havana (a variation of brown), white tie, white shorts and black socks. Subsequently, the uniform was changed to blue and black due to the lack of havana fabric. Soon after, vertical white stripes were included in the kit creating a pattern that is used to the present day. The Grêmio colors are set in the club statute as so;

  • Home colors – Vertical stripes of light blue and black, with white piping;
  • Away colors – White with blue and black detail;
  • Alternative colors – Black or blue with white details.

Kit evolution[edit]

Grêmio kits throughout its history:[20]



Category Product Enterprise
Master Banking Brazil Banrisul
Diamond Sports equipment England Umbro
Diamond Health Brazil Unimed
Gold Beer Brazil Brahma
Gold Sports drink United States Gatorade
Silver Automotive Germany Volkswagen
Silver Consultancy Brazil Fusion
Silver Education Brazil Unificado
Silver Education Brazil Unilasalle
Silver Electronics United States Harman
Silver Electronics Brazil TAG Audio
Silver Fertilizer Brazil Piratini
Silver Fitness equipment Brazil Kallango Fit
Silver Health Brazil Dietbox
Silver Pharmaceutical Brazil Panvel
Silver Sanitation Brazil 3ª Via Industrial
Silver Telecommunication Brazil NET
Silver Truckage Brazil Gabardo

It was in the early 1980s that Grêmio received its first official sponsor, with the Brazilian Olympikus providing sports equipment. The partnership lasted until early 1983, when, on account of the brilliant moment that had been living in your history, the Grêmio has signed a contract with a German Adidas to supply. However, the partnership was short-lived, as in 1985, with the end of the contract with Adidas, has emerged a new supplier, returning to the national level with the Penalty. In 1987, for the first time in its history the Grêmio signed a sponsorship agreement for stamping the belly region, with Coca-Cola. This turn in their campaigns unprecedentedly exchange their traditional red logo for black, because this color belong to the International, its biggest rival, and be vetoed at Grêmio.

Sponsorship of the Penalty and Coca-Cola persisted with the Grêmio for nearly a decade until, in 1995, the soft drink brand left the main sponsor of the shirts, which has been assumed by Brazilian Tintas Renner, until 1997. During 1998, was the time of General Motors assume this position, exposing numerous names of vehicles throughout the partnership. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Penalty leaves the club, with the Italian Kappa providing sports equipment.

In 2001, for payment of debts, the Grêmio closes an agreement with the state government of Rio Grande do Sul, exposing Banrisul banking mark on his shirt. However, after payment, it is Banrisul who assumes the payments and becomes the master sponsor of the club. In 2005 the contract with Kappa came to an end, from this time the sports provision for the responsibility of another German in club history, the Puma. Also from this era, Grêmio open more spaces for smaller sponsors, with the first being Tramontina, Unimed, TIM and the return of Coca-Cola. In 2011, once again changing the supplier of sports equipment occurs, this time taking the Brazilian Topper, under the value of €4.8 million per season, which operates in the South American market, with a contract until the end of 2014. Beginning in 2015 season, the British company Umbro supply sports equipment of Grêmio, paying the value of €6 million per year.[21]


Grêmio's original stadium was the Estádio Olímpico Monumental, as it is called today. It was inaugurated on September 19, 1954 as Estádio Olímpico. At the time it was the largest private stadium in Brazil. Estádio Olímpico's first game was between Grêmio and Nacional from Uruguay; Grêmio won by a score of 2–0, with both goals scored by Vítor. In 1980 a second tier was added to the Olímpico, and the stadium was renamed the Olímpico Monumental. The first game at the renamed Olímpico Monumental was played on June 21, 1980, when Grêmio beat Vasco da Gama by a score of 1–0. Estádio Olímpico Monumental has an attendance record of 98,421 people for the game against Ponte Preta on April 26, 1981. Estádio Olímpico Monumental has 40 luxury booths which hold 10 people, and 5 booths which hold 20 people. It also has 140 places in a Tribune of Honor. It has 28 seats reserved for handicapped fans, 22 of which have space for people accompanying them. The Estádio Olímpico Monumental's Parking lot has space for 700 vehicles.

In 2012, Grêmio moved into their new stadium, Arena do Grêmio, a big multi-use stadium in Porto Alegre. Its capacity is 55,662 and is one of the most modern venues in South America.

Training centre[edit]

The first location beyond the stadiums used by Grêmio for training was the additional field built next door of Estádio Olímpico Monumental. However, it can not be characterized exactly one training centre. In 2000 we completed the construction of the first training centre of the club, the CT Hélio Dourado, in Eldorado do Sul, in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, but, because of its location somewhat away, ended up being designed only for club's Academy.

In 2014 was finished the construction of the new training center of the Grêmio, the CT Luiz Carvalho, located next to the Arena do Grêmio, in Porto Alegre. It is adjacent to the Guaíba River, and has one of the most beautiful views of the city with the stadium and a cable-stayed bridge in the background.


Grêmio has around 8 million fans in the country, meaning that, in terms of ranking, the club is the 6th most supporters in the Brazil. Grêmio is one of the clubs with more associates on the world, reaching the milestone of 92,000 people.

Geral do Grêmio[edit]

The largest group of Grêmio supporters is Geral do Grêmio, the first and largest Brazilian barra brava,[22] movement similar to European ultras, but with unique characteristics of Latin America. The group was created during the year 2001 with Grêmio fans watching games from the seats behind the southern goal at Estádio Olímpico Monumental (an area of the stands called "Geral", as in "general", where tickets had lower costs). Over the following years, more people joined the movement, and they decided to collectively call themselves by the name of the area from where they watched the games. A unique and traditional feature of the crowd is running down the stand (a movement called the "avalanche"), pressing against the fence when a goal is scored as a way to also embrace the players in celebration.

Being a barra brava, the Geral do Grêmio has differences with the ultras. On games they bring a band consisting of percussion and blowing instruments, dictating the rhythm of the chants throughout the game, never stopping or sitting. Banners and flags are exhibited in the length of the sector in which they are located inside the stadium, bringing a unique identity to their supporters. Also, wherever possible, they use flare, smoke bombs, fire extinguishers, among other materials to encourage the team on the field. In the Arena do Grêmio, which opened in December 2012, the lower northern stand was built with no chairs, with the Geral crowd and its "avalanche" celebration in mind. Later the avalanche celebration was made impossible by the addition of security metal bars.


As the years went on, Grêmio and another important Brazilian football club, Internacional, started to form a rivalry. Soon the games between these two clubs got their own name, Grenal, and resulted in record attendance. Now the games fill the streets of Porto Alegre with football-crazed fans.

In 1935, Eurico Lara, who was Grêmio's goalie, conceded a penalty kick. When the Internacional player was about to kick it, Lara's brother stopped the game and reminded him of his doctor's recommendation that he didn't overexert himself. He didn't listen. Soon the Internacional player took the shot. Lara caught it, but as soon as he did he fell sideways and didn't move. He was substituted after the wondrous save, and Grêmio won the game. But unfortunately he died two months later as a result of the fatigue from that game. Lara has been immortalized in the club anthem.




  • Copa Sul (1): 1999
  • Campeonato Sul-Brasileiro (1): 1962
  • Campeonato Gaúcho (37): 1921, 1922, 1926, 1931, 1932, 1946, 1949, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2018
  • Copa FGF (1): 2006
  • Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre (28): 1911, 1913, 1912, 1914, 1915, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1946, 1949, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1964, 1965


  • Troféu Fronteira da Paz (URU) (1): 2010
  • Taça Hang Ching (CHN) (1): 1998
  • Pepsi Cola Cup (CHN) (1): 1998
  • Troféu Colombino (SPA) (1): 1997
  • Troféu Agrupación Peñas Valencianas (SPA) (1): 1996
  • Copa Renner (1): 1996
  • Philips Cup (SWI) (1): 1987
  • Philips Cup (NED) (1): 1986
  • Rotterdam AD-Tournament (NED) (1): 1985
  • Troféu Ciudad de Palma de Mallorca (SPA) (1): 1985
  • Troféu 'CEL' (SLV) (1): 1983
  • Los Angeles Cup (USA) (1): 1983
  • Troféu Ciudad de Valladolid (SPA) (1): 1981
  • Troféu Torre del Vigia (URU) (1): 1981
  • Copa El Salvador del Mundo (SLV) (1): 1981
  • Troféu Ciudad de Rosário (ARG) (1): 1979
  • Taça Cidade de Salvador (BRA) (1): 1972
  • Taça do Atlântico (1): 1971
  • Copa Internacional de Porto Alegre (BRA) (1): 1971
  • Taça Río de La Plata (1): 1968
  • Troféu Internacional de Salônica (GRE) (1): 1962
  • Troféu Internacional de Atenas (GRE) (1): 1961
  • Copa José González Artigas (ECU) (1): 1954
  • Troféu Sadrep (URU) (1): 1949
  • Copa El President de la Republica de Costa Rica (CRC) (1): 1949
  • Troféu João Saldanha (1): 2010
  • Troféu Osmar Santos (1): 2008
  • Taça Ironcryl (1): 1997
  • Taça Presidente Médici (1): 1971
  • Troféu Domingos Garcia Filho (1): 1970
  • Taça Petrobrás (1): 1970
  • Copa Tancredo Neves (1): 1960
  • Copa Revista do Esporte (1): 1960
  • Taça Correio do Povo (1): 1949
  • Taça Columbia Pictures (1): 1940
  • Taça General Flores da Cunha (1): 1935
  • Troféu Rádio Gaúcha 90 Anos (RS) (1): 2017
  • Troféu Rádio Bandeirantes 80 Anos (RS) (1): 2014
  • Taça Rádio Pelotense 85 Anos (RS) (1): 2010
  • Copa Solidariedade (RS) (1): 1995
  • Taça RBS TV 25 Anos (RS) (1): 1988
  • Troféu Sesquicentenário da Revolução Farroupilha (RS) (1): 1985
  • Torneio 'Festa da Uva' (RS) (1): 1965
  • Torneio Início Estadual (RS) (3): 1963, 1965, 1967
  • Troféu Wallig (RS) (1): 1962
  • Taça Jubileu de Prata da Refinaria Ipiranga (RS) (1): 1962
  • Copa Farroupilha 120 Anos (1): 1955
  • Taça Bento Gonçalves (1): 1952
  • Taça Rádio Gaúcha (1): 1952
  • Taça Manuel Amorim Albuquerque (1): 1950
  • Campeonato Extra de Porto Alegre (2): 1948, 1949
  • Taça Cidade de Porto Alegre (2): 1948, 1996
  • Taça General Corrêa Lima (1): 1946
  • Taça Casa Sport (1): 1946
  • Taça 'Dia do Futebol' (1): 1945
  • Taça Ernesto Dorneles (1): 1943
  • Taça Cambial (2): 1942, 1943
  • Campeonato Gaúcho de Amadores (1): 1942
  • Campeonato Metropolitano de Amadores (1): 1942
  • Taça de Portugal (1): 1940
  • Taça José Loureiro da Silva (1): 1938
  • Taça 'Dia do Filiado' (1): 1938
  • Taça Café Nacional (1): 1938
  • Taça Martel (2): 1936, 1937
  • Torneio 'Benefício da FRGD'(1): 1935
  • Taça Flores da Cunha 1): 1934
  • Taça 'Dia do Cronista' (7): 1933, 1944, 1956, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1968
  • Taça 'Dia do Desporto' (1): 1932
  • Torneio de Encerramento de Porto Alegre (3): 1931, 1933, 1938
  • Torneio de Preparação de Porto Alegre (1): 1929
  • Taça Reivindicação (1): 1929
  • Taça Fernando Caldas (1): 1928
  • Torneio Washington Luis (1): 1926
  • Torneio FC Porto Alegre (1): 1926
  • Taça São Pedro (1): 1924
  • Taça Associação dos Varejistas (2): 1923, 1924
  • Torneio Início de Porto Alegre (14): 1922, 1926, 1927, 1931, 1937, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1967
  • Taça Rio Branco (3): 1914, 1915, 1916
  • Taça Sportiva (1): 1909
  • Troféu Wanderpreis (8): 1904, 1905*, 1905*, 1906, 1907, 1910, 1911, 1912


  • China-Latin American Cup (CHN) (1): 2017
  • Copa FGF (1): 2012
  • SBS Cup International Youth Soccer (JAP) (1): 1996
  • Copa da Amizade (JAP) (1): 2005
  • Amtzeller Pfingstturnier - Raiffeisenbank Vorallgäu Cup (GER) (1): 2012
  • Copa Santiago de Futebol Juvenil (6): 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2008
  • Copa Macaé de Juvenis (1): 2004
  • Torneio Super Brasileirinho - Copa Eucatur (BRA) (1): 2007
  • Campeonato Gaúcho Sub-17 (10): 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2014, 2015
  • Copa FGF (1): 2010
  • Copa Dênis Lawson (RS) (1): 2005
  • SC Cup (3): 2000, 2001, 2010
  • Copa Carpina (PE) (1): 2012
  • Copa Paraná (2): 1996, 1997
  • Quadrangular de Futebol de Cotia (SP) (1): 2016
  • Campeonato Gaúcho Sub-16 (1): 2014
  • Copa Teutônia Adidas (RS) (8): 2008, 2009
  • Copa Brasil de Futebol Infantil Votorantim (SP) (2): 2008, 2010
  • Copa Brasil de Futebol Infantil Londrina (PR) (2): 2002, 2007
  • Copa Brasil de Futebol Infantil Laranjal Paulista (PR) (1): 1998
  • Copa da Amizade Brasil e Japão (1): 2017
  • BH Youth Cup (MG) (1): 2012
  • Campeonato 'Base Brasil 2020' (BRA) (1): 2017
  • Copa Lages de Futebol (SC) (1): 2013
  • Copa dos Campeões (PR) (1): 2007
  • Campeonato Gaúcho Sub-15 (8): 2001, 2002, 2004, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
  • Campeonato Gaúcho - Noligafi (1): 2012
  • Taça da Amizade de Futebol Roca Sales (RS) (2): 2005, 2006
  • Copa Mellita (RS) (2): 1997, 1998
  • Mundialito de Futebol Infantil (URU) (1): 2007
  • Mundialito de Futebol Infantil - Copa Cidade de Maracaibo (VEN) (1): 2007
  • Quadrangular de Futebol de Cotia (SP) (1): 2016
  • Copa Nacional de Futebol Vale do Piquiri (PR) (1): 2008
  • Campeonato Gaúcho - Noligafi (2): 2012, 2016
  • Copa Internacional de Flores da Cunha (RS) (1):2004
  • IberCup World-Cascais (POR) (1): 2017
  • Efipan (5): 1985, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2016
  • Torneo de Futbol Infantil Valesanito (ARG) (1): 2017
  • Torneo Internacional Primavera Roja (URU) (1): 2017
  • Copa Cidade Verde (BRA) (1): 2018
  • BGprime League (SC) (1): 2017
  • Taça Saudades de Futebol (SC) (1): 2008
  • Copa Cidade de São Ludgero (SC) (1): 2016
  • Copa dos Campeões (PR) (1): 2007
  • Campeonato Gaúcho - Noligafi (6): 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
  • Copa Sul Brasileira (RS) (2): 2008, 2010
  • Copa Teutônia Adidas (RS) (2): 2008, 2009
  • Copa Nova Prata de Futebol (RS) (1): 2009
  • Taça Cidade de São Gabriel (RS) (1): 2008
  • Copa Nova Bréscia de Futebol (RS) (1): 2007
  • Go Cup (BRA) (1): 2018
  • Torneo Argentinito de San Carlos (ARG) (1): 2017
  • Copa Cidade Verde (BRA) (6): 2007, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
  • Taça Brasil de Campo Bom (RS) (1): 2018
  • Copa Nacional de Futebol Vale do Piquiri (PR) (1): 2008
  • Campeonato Gaúcho - Noligafi (3): 2014, 2015, 2017
  • Copa Sarandi (RS) (1): 2017
  • Taça Cidade de Tuparendi (RS) (1): 2017
  • Copa Teutônia Adidas (RS) (1): 2011
  • Copa Nova Prata de Futebol (RS) (1): 2009
  • Copa Nova Bréscia de Futebol (RS) (1): 2007
  • Copa Sinodal Progresso de Montenegro (RS) (1): 2007
  • Torneio Confraternidad Deportiva (URU) (1): 2013
  • Torneo de Futbol Infantil Valesanito (ARG) (1): 2017
  • Torneio Internacional de Fútbol Infantil Esperanzas Pritty (ARG) (1): 2011
  • Efipan de Primavera (3): 2011, 2014, 2016
  • Go Cup (BRA) (1): 2017
  • Copa Cidade Verde (BRA) (7): 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
  • Taça Saudades de Futebol (SC) (6): 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2014
  • Copa Cidade de São Ludgero (SC) (2): 2016, 2017
  • Copa dos Campeões (PR) (1): 2007
  • Campeonato Gaúcho - Noligafi (3): 2014, 2016, 2017
  • Copa Pequeno Gigante (RS) (1): 2018
  • Torneio Internacional Cidade de Uruguaiana (RS) (1): 2011
  • Taça Ijuí (RS) (1): 2013
  • Sul Cup (RS) (1): 2008
  • Torneo Argentinito de San Carlos (ARG) (1): 2017
  • Torneio Confraternidad Deportiva (URU) (1): 2013
  • Copa Cidade Verde (BRA) (3): 2016, 2017, 2018
  • Campeonato Gaúcho - Noligafi (4): 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017
  • Copa Pequeno Gigante (RS) (1): 2018
  • Taça Cidade de Tuparendi (RS) (2): 2015, 2017
  • Torneio de Base GE Sandense (RS) (2): 2013, 2016
  • Taça Ijuí (RS) (1): 2013
  • Sul Cup (RS) (1): 2008


  • Copa Sul (1): 2002
  • Campeonato Gaúcho de Futebol Feminino (3): 2000, 2001, 2018
  • Copa de Inverno de Gramado (RS) (1): 1998
  • Copa 90 Anos do EC Pelotas (1): 1998


  • Copa Atlântico Sul (1): 1987
  • Taça Governador do Estado (RS) (1): 1976
  • Campeonato Metropolitano (2): 1973, 1974


  • Campeonato Gaúcho (3): 1934, 1954, 1955


  • Campeonato Gaúcho (2): 1929, 1934
  • Campeonato Citadino (6): 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935


  • Campeonato Gaúcho (1): 1926

Table Tennis[edit]

  • Campeonato Citadino (1): 1949


  • Campeonato Gaúcho (3): 1949, 1950, 1951

Sport of Athletics[edit]

  • Troféu Brasil de Atletismo (2): 1958, 1959
  • Campeonato Gaúcho de Atletismo Masculino (16): 1934, 1935, 1936, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968
  • Campeonato Gaúcho de Atletismo Feminino (8): 1951, 1953, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1965, 1966, 1972

Campeonato Brasileiro Série A record[edit]

Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position
1971 6th 1981 1st 1991 19th 2001 5th 2011 12th
1972 10th 1982 2nd 1992 Didn't qualify[13] 2002 3rd 2012 3rd
1973 5th 1983 14th 1993 11th 2003 20th 2013 2nd
1974 5th 1984 3rd 1994 11th 2004 24th 2014 7th
1975 14th 1985 18th 1995 15th 2005 Didn't qualify[14] 2015 3rd
1976 6th 1986 16th 1996 1st 2006 3rd 2016 9th
1977 13th 1987 5th 1997 14th 2007 6th 2017 4th
1978 6th 1988 4th 1998 8th 2008 2nd 2018 4th
1979 22nd 1989 11th 1999 18th 2009 8th
1980 6th 1990 3rd 2000 4th 2010 4th


First team squad[edit]

As of 13 December 2018.[24]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Marcelo Grohe
2 Brazil DF Léo Moura
3 Brazil DF Pedro Geromel (vice-captain)
4 Argentina DF Walter Kannemann
5 Brazil MF Michel
6 Brazil DF Leonardo Gomes
7 Brazil FW Luan
8 Brazil MF Maicon (captain)
9 Brazil FW Jael
11 Brazil FW Everton
12 Brazil DF Bruno Cortez
14 Brazil MF Kaio
15 Brazil FW Vico
16 Brazil MF Thaciano (on loan from Boa Esporte)
21 Brazil DF Madson
No. Position Player
22 Brazil DF Bressan
23 Brazil FW Alisson
26 Brazil DF Marcelo Oliveira
27 Brazil MF Thonny Anderson
28 Brazil DF Paulo Miranda
29 Brazil DF Juninho Capixaba (on loan from Corinthians)
30 Brazil GK Bruno Grassi
31 Brazil MF Jean Pyerre
32 Brazil MF Matheus Henrique
33 Brazil FW Pepê
34 Brazil GK Brenno
48 Brazil GK Paulo Victor
70 Brazil FW Marinho
77 Brazil MF Cícero
90 Brazil FW André

For recent transfers, see List of Brazilian football transfers winter 2018–19.

Other players under contract[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Breno
Brazil DF Gabriel
Brazil DF Iago
Brazil DF Rafael Thyere
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Lincoln
Brazil MF Machado
Brazil FW Yuri Mamute

Reserves squad[edit]

For more details on the Transition team and Academy squads, see Grêmio F.B.P.A. Transition team and Academy.

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Leo (at Rio Ave)
Brazil MF Lima (at Al-Wasl)
Brazil FW Guilherme (at Coritiba)
No. Position Player
Brazil FW Henrique Almeida (at Belenenses)
Brazil FW Nicolas Careca (at Vorskla Poltava)

Club officials[edit]

Managerial history[edit]

Date Coach Titles
1903–20 Germany Mordiehck and Schuback 1911, 1912, 1914, 1915, 1919, 1920 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1920–31 Brazil Lagarto 1921, 1922 Campeonato Gaúcho
1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1930, 1931 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1931–44 Brazil Telêmaco 1931, 1932 Campeonato Gaúcho
1931, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1945 Unknown
1946–49 Brazil Otto Bumbel 1946, 1949 Campeonato Gaúcho
1946, 1949 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1950–53 Unknown
1954 Hungary László Székely
1955–61 Brazil Oswaldo Rolla 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 Campeonato Gaúcho
1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 Campeonato Citadino de Porto Alegre
1961–62 Brazil Ênio Rodrigues 1962 Campeonato Sul-Brasileiro
1962 Campeonato Gaúcho
1962–63 Brazil Sérgio Moacir 1963 Campeonato Gaúcho
1964–65 Brazil Carlos Froner 1964, 1965 Campeonato Gaúcho
1966 Brazil Luís Engelke 1966 Campeonato Gaúcho
1967 Brazil Carlos Froner 1967 Campeonato Gaúcho
1968–69 Brazil Sérgio Moacir 1968 Campeonato Gaúcho
1970 Brazil Carlos Froner
1971 Brazil Otto Glória
1972 Brazil Daltro Menezes
1973 Brazil Milton Kuelle
1974 Brazil Sérgio Moacir
1975 Brazil Ênio Andrade
1976 Brazil Oswaldo Rolla
1976 Brazil Paulo Lumumba
1977–78 Brazil Telê Santana 1977 Campeonato Gaúcho
1979 Brazil Orlando Fantoni 1979 Campeonato Gaúcho
1980 Brazil Paulinho de Almeida 1980 Campeonato Gaúcho
1980 Brazil Oberdan Vilain
1981–82 Brazil Ênio Andrade 1981 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
1983 Brazil Valdir Espinosa 1983 Copa Libertadores
1983 Intercontinental Cup
1984 Brazil Carlos Froner
1984 Brazil Chiquinho
1985 Brazil Rubens Minelli 1985 Campeonato Gaúcho
1986 Brazil Valdir Espinosa 1986 Campeonato Gaúcho
1987 Uruguay Juan Mujica
1987 Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari 1987 Campeonato Gaúcho
1988 Brazil Otacílio Gonçalves 1988 Campeonato Gaúcho
1989 Brazil Rubens Minelli
1989 Brazil Cláudio Duarte 1989 Copa do Brasil
1989 Campeonato Gaúcho
1990 Brazil Paulo Sérgio Poletto
1990 Brazil Evaristo de Macedo 1990 Supercopa do Brasil
1990 Campeonato Gaúcho
1991 Brazil Cláudio Duarte
1991 Brazil Dino Sani
1992 Brazil Ernesto Guedes
1992 Brazil Cláudio Garcia
1993 Brazil Sérgio Cosme
1993 Brazil Cassiá 1993 Campeonato Gaúcho
1993–96 Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari 1994 Copa do Brasil
1995 Sanwa Bank Cup
1995 Copa Libertadores
1995, 1996 Campeonato Gaúcho
1996 Recopa Sudamericana
1996 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
1997 Brazil Evaristo de Macedo 1997 Copa do Brasil
1997 Brazil Hélio dos Anjos
1997–98 Brazil Sebastião Lazaroni
1998 Brazil Edinho
1998–99 Brazil Celso Roth 1999 Copa Sul
1999 Campeonato Gaúcho
1999 Brazil Cláudio Duarte
2000 Brazil Emerson Leão
2000 Brazil Antônio Lopes
2000 Brazil Celso Roth
2001–03 Brazil Tite 2001 Copa do Brasil
2001 Campeonato Gaúcho
2003 Uruguay Darío Pereyra
2003 Brazil Nestor Simionato
2003–04 Brazil Adílson Batista
2004 Brazil José Luiz Plein
2004 Brazil Cuca
2004 Brazil Cláudio Duarte
2005 Uruguay Hugo de León
2005–07 Brazil Mano Menezes 2005 Campeonato Brasileiro Série B
2006, 2007 Campeonato Gaúcho
2006 Brazil Julinho Camargo 2006 Copa FGF (Grêmio B)
2008 Brazil Vágner Mancini
2008–09 Brazil Celso Roth
2009 Brazil Paulo Autuori
2010 Brazil Paulo Silas 2010 Taça Fernando Carvalho
2010 Campeonato Gaúcho
2010–11 Brazil Renato Portaluppi 2011 Taça Piratini
2011 Brazil Julinho Camargo
2011 Brazil Celso Roth
2012 Brazil Caio Júnior
2012–13 Brazil Vanderlei Luxemburgo
2013 Brazil Renato Portaluppi
2014 Brazil Enderson Moreira
2014–15 Brazil Luiz Felipe Scolari
2015–16 Brazil Roger Machado
2016– Brazil Renato Portaluppi 2016 Copa do Brasil
2017 Copa Libertadores
2018 Recopa Sudamericana
2018 Campeonato Gaúcho



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  2. ^ "Ranking da CBF atualizado: Grêmio é o novo líder". Confederação Brasileira de Futebol. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  3. ^ "Los 50 equipos más valiosos de América". Forbes Mexico. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  4. ^ "Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense – Títulos Internacionais". Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  5. ^ "Ranking: com mesmo número de votos por estado, elegemos os 30 maiores clássicos do Brasil". Globo Esporte. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  6. ^ "Qual é o maior clássico do mundo? E o maior brasileiro?". ESPN Brasil. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  7. ^ "FourFourTwo's 50 Biggest Derbies in the World, No.8: Gremio vs Internacional". Four Four Two. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  8. ^ "The top 50 football derbies in the world 10-1: Who gets the top spot as we conclude our countdown?". Daily Mirror. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense – História". Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  11. ^ "Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense – Curiosidades". Portal Oficial do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  12. ^ "Site Oficial da FIFA diz que Grêmio ganhou a Copa Toyota em 1983" [Official FIFA website says Grêmio won the Toyota Cup in 1983] (in Portuguese). RBS. 2 July 2014.
  13. ^ a b Leonardo de Escudeiro (5 December 2014). "Grêmio foi do 3º lugar em 1990 ao rebaixamento em 1991, e é difícil explicar por que" (in Portuguese). Terra.
  14. ^ a b "No aniversário da Batalha dos Aflitos, Náutico frustra torcida e continua na Série B" (in Portuguese). 26 November 2016.
  15. ^ "Grêmio anuncia Enderson Moreira como novo treinador para 2014". Terra Esportes.
  16. ^ "Grêmio perde para San Lorenzo nos pênaltis e é eliminado nas oitavas". Globo Esporte.
  17. ^ "Inter goleia o Grêmio em Gre-Nal no Centenário e fatura o tetra no Gauchão". Zero Hora.
  18. ^ "Grêmio oficializa a contratação de Giuliano". Portal Oficial do Grêmio.
  19. ^ "Brazil football club Grêmio banned over racism incident". BBC Sport.
  20. ^ História do Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense on Futebol Porto-Alegrense website
  21. ^ "Umbro abriu a carteira para acertar com o Grêmio". Zero Hora.
  22. ^ "A Torcida". Geral do Grêmio.
  23. ^ "Gremio campeón de la CONMEBOL Libertadores Bridgestone 2017 | CONMEBOL". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  24. ^ "Grêmio official squad". Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense.


  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 1 – Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.
  • Especial Placar – 500 Times do Brasil, São Paulo: Editora Abril: 2003.

External links[edit]