Ronaldinho in 2019
|Full name||Ronaldo de Assis Moreira|
|Date of birth||21 March 1980|
|Place of birth||Porto Alegre, Brazil|
|Height||1.81 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Playing position||Attacking midfielder / Forward|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Ronaldo de Assis Moreira (born 21 March 1980), commonly known as Ronaldinho Gaúcho (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʁonawˈdʒĩɲu ga'uʃu]) or simply Ronaldinho,[note 1] is a Brazilian former professional footballer and ambassador for Barcelona. He played mostly as an attacking midfielder, but was also deployed as a forward or a winger. He played the bulk of his career at European clubs Paris Saint-Germain, Barcelona and A.C. Milan as well as playing for the Brazilian national team. Often considered one of the best players of his generation and regarded by many as one of the greatest of all time,[note 2] Ronaldinho won two FIFA World Player of the Year awards and a Ballon d'Or. He was renowned for his technical skills and creativity; due to his agility, pace and dribbling ability, as well as his use of tricks, feints, overhead kicks, no-look passes and accuracy from free-kicks.
Ronaldinho made his career debut for Grêmio, in 1998. At age 20, he moved to Paris Saint-Germain in France before signing for Barcelona in 2003. In his second season with Barcelona, he won his first FIFA World Player of the Year award, as Barcelona won La Liga. The season that followed is considered one of the best in his career as he was instrumental in Barcelona winning the UEFA Champions League, their first in fourteen years, as well as another La Liga title, giving Ronaldinho his first career double. After scoring two spectacular solo goals in El Clásico, Ronaldinho became the second Barcelona player, after Diego Maradona in 1983, to receive a standing ovation from Real Madrid fans at the Santiago Bernabéu. Ronaldinho also received his second FIFA World Player of the Year award, as well as the Ballon d'Or.
Following a second-place La Liga finish to rivals Real Madrid in the 2006–07 season and an injury plagued 2007–08 season, Ronaldinho departed Barcelona to join Milan. He then returned to Brazil to play for Flamengo in 2011 and Atlético Mineiro a year later where he won the Copa Libertadores, before moving to Mexico to play for Querétaro and then back to Brazil to play for Fluminense in 2015. Ronaldinho accumulated numerous other individual awards in his career. He was included in the UEFA Team of the Year and the FIFA World XI three times, named UEFA Club Footballer of the Year in 2006 and the South American Footballer of the Year in 2013, and was named in the FIFA 100, a list of the world's greatest living players compiled by Pelé.
At international level, Ronaldinho played 97 matches for the Brazil national team, scoring 33 goals and representing his country in two FIFA World Cups. He was an integral part of the 2002 FIFA World Cup-winning team in Korea and Japan, starring alongside Ronaldo and Rivaldo in an attacking trio, scoring two goals, including a free-kick from 40 yards out against England, registering two assists and being named in the FIFA World Cup All-Star Team. As captain, he led Brazil to their second Confederations Cup title in 2005 and was named Man of the Match in the final. Ronaldinho scored three goals in the tournament, taking his total to nine, making him the competition's joint all-time leading goalscorer.
- 1 Early and personal life
- 2 Club career
- 3 International career
- 4 Style of play
- 5 Outside football
- 6 Career statistics
- 7 Honours
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early and personal life
Ronaldo de Assis Moreira was born on 21 March 1980 in the city of Porto Alegre, the state capital of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. His mother, Dona Miguelina Elói Assis dos Santos (daughter of Enviro Assis), is a former salesperson who studied to become a nurse. His father, João de Assis Moreira, was a shipyard worker and footballer for local club Esporte Clube Cruzeiro (not to be confused with the larger Cruzeiro Esporte Clube). After Ronaldo's older brother Roberto signed with Grêmio, the family moved to a home in the more affluent Guarujá section of Porto Alegre, which was a gift from Grêmio to convince Roberto to stay at the club, but Roberto's career was ultimately cut short by injury. It was in their new home where his father hit his head and drowned in the swimming pool when Ronaldo was eight. Today, Roberto acts as his manager, while his sister Deisi works as his press coordinator.
Ronaldo's football skills began to blossom at the age of eight, and he was first given the nickname Ronaldinho – "inho" meaning small – because he was often the youngest and the smallest player in youth club matches. He developed an interest in futsal and beach football, which later expanded to organized football. His first brush with the media came at the age of 13, when he scored all 23 goals in a 23–0 victory against a local team. Ronaldinho was identified as a rising star at the 1997 U-17 World Championship in Egypt, in which he scored two goals on penalty kicks.
Growing up, his idols included the World Cup winning stars; Rivelino (from 1970), Diego Maradona (from 1986), Romário (from 1994), and his two future international teammates Ronaldo and Rivaldo (which would form the attacking trio in Brazil's 2002 World Cup winning team). Ronaldinho is the father of a son, João, born on 25 February 2005 to Brazilian dancer Janaína Mendes and named after his late father. He gained Spanish citizenship in 2007. In March 2018 Ronaldinho joined the Brazilian Republican Party which has links to the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God. Ronaldinho endorsed presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro in the 2018 Brazilian presidential election.
Ronaldinho's career began with the Grêmio youth squad. He made his senior side debut during the 1998 Copa Libertadores. 1999 saw the emergence of the 18-year-old Ronaldinho, with 23 goals in 48 matches, and he put in headlining displays in derbies against Internacional, most notably on 20 June 1999 in the Rio Grande do Sul State Championship final. In a match-winning performance, Ronaldinho embarrassed Internacional's Brazilian legend and 1994 World Cup-winning captain Dunga, flicking the ball over his head on one occasion, and leaving him flat-footed in a mazy dribble on another. Ronaldinho achieved further success with Grêmio, winning the inaugural Copa Sul-Minas.
In 2001, Arsenal expressed interest in signing Ronaldinho, but the move collapsed after he could not obtain a work permit because he was a non-EU player who had not played enough international matches. He considered playing on loan with Scottish Premier League side St Mirren, which never happened due to his involvement in a fake passport scandal in Brazil.
In 2001, Ronaldinho signed a five-year contract with French club Paris Saint-Germain in a €5 million transfer. Upon his arrival in Paris, Ronaldinho was given the number 21 shirt and inserted into a lineup that included fellow Brazilian Aloísio, midfielder Jay-Jay Okocha and striker Nicolas Anelka.
Ronaldinho made his league debut for the club on 4 August 2001, appearing as a substitute in a 1–1 draw with Auxerre. Ronaldinho spent the majority of the first few months of the 2001–02 season alternated between the bench and starter's role. He scored his first goal for the club on 13 October in a 2–2 draw against Lyon, converting the equalizing penalty in the 79th minute after having come on ten minutes prior. After returning from the winter break, Ronaldinho went on a tear, scoring a goal in four consecutive matches to open the new campaign. He recorded impressive goals against Monaco, Rennes, Lens and Lorient. On 16 March 2002, he recorded a double in PSG's 3–1 victory against relegation strugglers Troyes. He scored his final league goal of the season in the club's 2–0 win over Metz on 27 April.
Ronaldinho was also influential in the 2001–02 Coupe de la Ligue, helping PSG reach the semi-finals where they were eliminated by Bordeaux. In a Round of 16 match against Guingamp, Ronaldinho scored two second half goals in the game after having entered the match as a half-time substitute. Despite Ronaldinho's initial success with the club, the season was marred by controversy with Paris Saint-Germain manager Luis Fernández, claiming that the Brazilian was too focused on the Parisian nightlife rather than football, and complained that his holidays in Brazil never ended at the scheduled times.
Despite repeated rifts with Fernández, Ronaldinho returned to the team for the 2002–03 season, with the player switching to the number 10 shirt. Though his performances in his second season with the club were underwhelming compared to his first, Ronaldinho performed admirably with the club. On 26 October 2002, he scored two goals in PSG's 3–1 victory over Classique rivals Marseille. The first goal was a free kick, which curled past numerous Marseille players in the 18-yard box before sailing past goalkeeper Vedran Runje. In the return match, he again scored in PSG's 3–0 victory at the Stade Vélodrome, running half the length of the field before flicking the ball over the goalkeeper. On 22 February 2003, Ronaldinho scored the goal of the season (chosen by public vote) against Guingamp — he beat one opponent before playing a one-two to beat another, then lifted the ball over a third before beating a fourth with a step over (dropping his shoulder, moving right but going left) and finished by lifting the ball over the goalkeeper.
Ronaldinho was also praised for his performance in the Coupe de France when he scored both goals in the club's 2–0 win over Bordeaux in the semi-finals, which inserted PSG into the final. After scoring his first goal in the 22nd minute, Ronaldinho capped the game in the 81st minute, accurately chipping the ball at the 18-yard box over the head of goalkeeper Ulrich Ramé, despite Ramé being in a favorable position. For his performance, Ronaldinho was given a standing ovation by the Parisian supporters. Unfortunately for the club, however, Ronaldinho and the team failed to capture the form that got them to the final as they bowed out 2–1 to Auxerre due to a last minute goal from Jean-Alain Boumsong. Despite Ronaldinho's performances, the club finished in a disappointing 11th-placed position. Following the season, Ronaldinho declared he wanted to leave the club after the capital club failed to qualify for any European competition.
Newly elected FC Barcelona president Joan Laporta stated, "I said we would lead Barça to the forefront of the footballing world, and for that to occur we had to sign one of these three players, David Beckham, Thierry Henry or Ronaldinho". Henry remained with Arsenal, and Laporta then promised to bring Beckham to the club, but following his transfer to Real Madrid, Barcelona entered the running for Ronaldinho and outbid Manchester United for his signature in a €30 million deal.
Ronaldinho made his team debut in a friendly against Juventus at Gillette Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts on 27 July, with coach Rijkaard stating post match, "He has something special every time he touches the ball." He scored his first competitive goal in La Liga on 3 September 2003 against Sevilla at 1.30 a.m. local time, in a match that kicked off at five minutes past midnight. After receiving the ball from his goalkeeper inside his own half, Ronaldinho ran through the midfield and dribbled past two Sevilla players before striking the ball from 30 yards which hammered off the underside of the crossbar and back up into the roof of the net. Ronaldinho suffered from injury during the first half of the campaign, and Barcelona slumped to 12th in the league standings midway through the season. Ronaldinho returned from injury and scored 15 goals in La Liga during the 2003–04 season, helping the team ultimately finish second in the league. His scooped pass set up the winning goal for Xavi away to Real Madrid on 25 April 2004, the club's first win at the Bernabéu in seven years, a result Xavi credits as the start of "the Barcelona rise."
Ronaldinho won his first league title in 2004–05, and was named FIFA World Player of the Year on 20 December 2004. His captain at Barcelona, Carles Puyol, stated, "The greatest compliment I could give him is that he's given Barcelona our spirit back. He has made us smile again." His fame was growing with his entertaining and productive play in both the La Liga and the UEFA Champions League. On 8 March 2005, Barcelona were eliminated from the latter competition by Chelsea in the first knockout round, losing 5–4 over two legs. Ronaldinho scored both goals in the 4–2 second leg loss at Stamford Bridge in London, the second a spectacular strike where he feinted to shoot before striking the ball with no back-lift past Chelsea goalkeeper Petr Čech from 20 yards out.
It's like someone pressed pause and for three seconds all the players stopped and I’m the only one that moves.
On 1 May 2005, Ronaldinho made the assist for Lionel Messi's first goal for Barcelona, executing a scooped pass over the Albacete defence for Messi to finish. With his contract expiring in 2008, Ronaldinho was offered an extension until 2014 that would have net him £85 million over nine years, but he turned it down. In September 2005, he signed a two-year extension that contained a minimum-fee release clause that allowed him to leave should a club make an offer to Barcelona of at least £85 million for him.
By the end of the year 2005, Ronaldinho had started to accumulate a host of personal awards. He won the inaugural FIFPro World Player of the Year in September 2005, in addition to being included in the 2005 FIFPro World XI, and being named the 2005 European Footballer of the Year. Also that year, Ronaldinho was voted the FIFA World Player of the Year for the second consecutive year. He became only the third player to win the award more than once, after three-time winners Ronaldo and Zinedine Zidane. His domination as the world's best footballer was undisputed as he also won the prestigious Ballon d'Or for the only time in his career.
On 19 November, Ronaldinho scored twice as Barcelona defeated Real Madrid 3–0 on the road in the first leg of El Clásico. After he sealed the match with his second goal, Madrid fans paid homage to his performance by applauding, so rare a tribute only Diego Maradona had ever been granted previously as a Barcelona player at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. Ronaldinho stated, "I will never forget this because it is very rare for any footballer to be applauded in this way by the opposition fans."
— Barcelona coach Frank Rijkaard on Ronaldinho during the 2005–06 season.
The season is considered one of the best in Ronaldinho's career as he was an instrumental part of Barcelona's first Champions League title in 14 years. After winning their group convincingly, Barcelona faced Chelsea in the round of 16 for a rematch of the previous year. Ronaldinho scored a decisive goal in the second leg, going past three Chelsea defenders on the edge of the penalty area before beating the goalkeeper, sealing Barcelona's qualification to the next round. He also contributed one goal in Barcelona's elimination of Benfica in the quarter-finals with a 2–0 home victory. After a 1–0 semi-final aggregate win over Milan, in which Ronaldinho assisted the series' only goal by Ludovic Giuly, Barcelona progressed to the Champions League Final, which they won on 17 May 2006 with a 2–1 beating of Arsenal. Two weeks earlier, Barcelona had clinched their second-straight La Liga title with a 1–0 win over Celta de Vigo, giving Ronaldinho his first career double.
Throughout the season, Ronaldinho linked up with prolific Cameroonian striker Samuel Eto'o in attack, providing a number of assists to the 34 goal striker; Ronaldinho's pass also put Eto'o through on goal in the Champions League Final from which he was brought down by Arsenal goalkeeper Jens Lehmann who was sent off. Ronaldinho finished the season with a career-best 26 goals, including seventeen in La Liga and seven in the Champions League, and was chosen for the UEFA Team of the Year for the third consecutive time and was named the 2005–06 UEFA Club Footballer of the Year. He was named in the six man shortlist for the 2006 Laureus World Sportsman of the Year, and was selected in the FIFA World XI.
On 25 November 2006, Ronaldinho scored his 50th career league goal against Villarreal, then scored a second time with a spectacular overhead bicycle kick; receiving Xavi's cross, he flicked the ball up with his chest and spun 180 degrees to finish – Barcelona fans waved white handkerchiefs in admiration of the goal. Post match he told reporters that the latter was a goal he had dreamed of scoring since he was a boy. He scored once and set up two others in Barcelona's 4–0 Club World Cup win over Mexico's Club América on 14 December in Yokohama, Japan, but Barcelona were defeated 1–0 by Brazilian club Internacional in the final. Ronaldinho was the recipient of the Bronze Ball Award for the competition.
The next day, Ronaldinho finished third in the 2006 FIFA World Player of the Year, behind 2006 World Cup-winning captain Fabio Cannavaro and Zinedine Zidane. Ronaldinho was forced to miss a charity match on 13 March due to an injury he had picked up several days earlier in Barcelona's 3–3 El Clásico draw with Real Madrid. Although Ronaldinho scored his career-best 21 league goals, the team lost the title to Real with a worse head-to-head record, as both teams finished the season with the same number of points.
Ronaldinho played his 200th career match for Barcelona in a league match against Osasuna on 3 February 2008. His 2007–08 campaign as a whole, however, was plagued by injuries, and a muscle tear in his right leg on 3 April prematurely ended his season. Having been a model professional and devoted himself to training during his hugely successful first three seasons at Barcelona, Ronaldinho's partying lifestyle and lack of dedication to training saw his physical condition decline, with many at the club believing he was already below his prime. On 19 May 2008, Barcelona club president Joan Laporta stated that Ronaldinho needed a "new challenge", claiming that he needed a new club if he were to revive his career.
Ronaldinho joined Barca as a toothy-grinned wizard who had the club under his spell for three glorious seasons. He will leave a rather forlorn figure. Whether his magic has been exhausted or he just needs a new challenge remains to be seen.— Simon Baskett, Reuters, July 2008.
Ronaldinho and Barcelona teammate Lionel Messi each captained a team of international stars in an anti-racism exhibition match in Venezuela on 28 June, which ended in a 7–7 draw. Ronaldinho finished with a pair of goals and two assists in what would be his last match as a Barcelona player. In preparation for the 2010 Joan Gamper Trophy, Ronaldinho sent an open letter to the fans and players of Barcelona, stating that his best years had been the five he spent in the Catalan club. It was a sad moment for him and he later said in an interview that he regretted leaving without playing long enough with Messi.
In July 2008, Ronaldinho turned down a £25.5 million offer from Manchester City of the Premier League to join Italian Serie A giants A.C. Milan on a three-year contract thought to be worth around £5.1 million (€6.5 million) a year, for €22.05 million plus €1.05 million bonus each season (€24.15 million in 2010). With the number 10 already occupied by teammate Clarence Seedorf, he selected 80 as his jersey number.
Ronaldinho scored his first goal for Milan in a 1–0 derby victory over rival Internazionale on 28 September 2008. His first brace was in a 3–0 win over Sampdoria on 19 October 2008. He scored a 93rd-minute match-winner against Braga in the UEFA Cup group stage on 6 November.
Ronaldinho finished the 2008–09 season at Milan with 10 goals from 32 appearances in all competitions. After a good start to the season, Ronaldinho struggled with fitness, and was often played from the bench to end a disappointing first season for Milan. A perceived lack of dedication in training and a lifestyle of late night partying not befitting of an athlete saw him receive criticism, with Carlo Ancelotti, his coach at Milan in his first season in Italy, commenting, "The decline of Ronaldinho hasn't surprised me. His physical condition has always been very precarious. His talent though has never been in question."
Ronaldinho's second season did not begin on a high note, but he soon rediscovered his form and was arguably Milan's best player of the season. Newly appointed coach Leonardo changed his role from a central attacking midfielder to the left side of midfield, with Alexandre Pato on the right, in an offensive 4–3–3 formation.
On 10 January 2010, Ronaldinho scored two goals against Juventus in an away match, sealing a 3–0 victory for the Rossoneri. In the following match, against Siena on 17 January, Ronaldinho scored his first hat-trick for Milan when he converted a penalty kick, scored with a header from a corner and finished with a strike into the top right corner from 20 yards out. The Estado De São Paulo newspaper declared, "Ronaldinho revives his golden years." On 16 February, Ronaldinho played against Manchester United in the Champions League. He scored early in the game at the San Siro to give Milan the lead. Milan ended up losing the game 3–2, with a goal from Paul Scholes and two goals from Wayne Rooney.
Ronaldinho finished the season as the assists leader of Serie A. On a less positive note, however, he missed three penalties in the domestic season to add to one botched kick the previous season. Ronaldinho ended the Serie A campaign scoring two goals against Juventus; Luca Antonini opened the scoring and Milan went on to win 3–0 in Leonardo's last game in charge.
After being heavily linked with a move back to his childhood club Grêmio, Ronaldinho joined Flamengo on 11 January 2011 with a contract ending in 2014. During the transfer saga, many reports had linked the former World Player of the Year to joining different clubs, such as LA Galaxy of Major League Soccer, Blackburn Rovers of the Premier League, and Brazilian clubs Corinthians and Palmeiras. He was greeted by more than 20,000 fans at his unveiling at his new club on 13 January 2011.
Ronaldinho scored his first goal for Flamengo in the 3–2 victory against Boavista on 6 February 2011. On 27 February, he converted a second-half free kick for Flamengo to beat Boavista 1–0 and win his first piece of silverware with the team, the Taça Guanabara. Ronaldinho lifted his first trophy with Flamengo after curling in a right-footed shot over the wall in the 71st minute at Engenhão stadium. The goal gave Flamengo its 19th Taça Guanabara title, which earned the Campeonato Carioca title two months later, as the team also won the Taça Rio. On 27 July 2011, Ronaldinho scored a hat-trick in Flamengo's 5–4 away win against rivals Santos, after being 3–0 down inside the first 30 minutes. On 31 May 2012, after being absent for a few days, he sued Flamengo claiming lack of payment for four months and cancelled his contract with the club.
Ronaldinho made a move to Atlético Mineiro on 4 June 2012 in a six-month contract, just four days after leaving Flamengo. He wore number 49 in reference to his mother's birth year since his preferred number 10 was already assigned to Guilherme in the 2012 season.
Ronaldinho made his debut for Galo on 9 June 2012, playing for 90 minutes in a 1–0 away win against Palmeiras, and scored his first goal for the club on 23 June 2012 against Náutico, from the penalty spot. Ronaldinho led Atlético Mineiro to a good 2012 season, in which the club finished second in the 2012 Brasileirão and qualified for the 2013 Copa Libertadores. Ronaldinho won the Bola de Ouro award, selected as the best player in the league.
The following year, Ronaldinho helped Atlético win the Campeonato Mineiro and led the club to its first Copa Libertadores title. Ronaldinho scored four goals and assisted on seven occasions during Atlético's dramatic title run, which included consecutive comebacks from 0–2 first leg defeats in both the semi-finals against Argentine club Newell's Old Boys and the finals against Club Olimpia from Paraguay. Both ties were determined in Atlético's favour after penalty shootouts. Although six years past his best, Ronaldinho's displays saw him voted the 2013 South American Footballer of the Year.
At the 2013 FIFA Club World Cup held in Morocco in December, Atlético lost 3–1 to Raja Casablanca in the semi-final, with Ronaldinho scoring from a free-kick. As the final whistle blew, the Raja Casablanca team rushed to their childhood idol and stripped him down to his underpants in search of souvenirs. He renewed his contract with Atlético in January 2014. After winning the 2014 Recopa Sudamericana, Ronaldinho left the club in July, reaching an agreement to cancel his contract by mutual consent.
After becoming a free agent, Ronaldinho was offered contracts from English Conference South club Basingstoke Town and newly formed Indian Super League franchise Chennai Titans through their co-owner Prashant Agarwal, but eventually signed a two-year contract with Mexican club Querétaro on 5 September 2014. Ronaldinho made his debut for Querétaro in a 1–0 loss to Tigres UANL where he missed a penalty kick. In his next match, however, against Guadalajara, he had a much better game, setting up Camilo Sanvezzo to score as well as scoring himself from a penalty kick in a 4–1 win. On 30 October 2014, he scored a free kick against Atlas during an away match at the Estadio Jalisco.
On 18 April 2015, Ronaldinho scored twice against Liga MX title-holders América in an away game at the Estadio Azteca, in which his team won 4–0. All of the spectators, mostly consisting of América supporters, gave a standing ovation to Ronaldinho after his goals had brought him to tears. This was the second time in Ronaldinho's career he had received such an ovation from opposing fans (after Madrid fans had applauded his performance in a Barcelona shirt in 2005), and after the match, Ronaldinho stated in an interview, "It is an emotion to live more. I had an ovation at the Bernabéu and now here. I never imagined this. It is something that makes me like Mexico even more and I feel right at home."
Ronaldinho scored two penalties in consecutive matches, the second giving Querétaro the classification to the Liga MX playoffs. On 17 May 2015, Querétaro progressed to the semi-finals after defeating Veracruz 4–3 aggregate. In the second match, Ronaldinho scored a free kick with the help of the opponent's goalkeeper who made contact with the ball. Querétaro eventually advanced to the final after beating Pachuca on aggregate 2-2. In the final against Santos Laguna, Querétaro lost the first leg 0-5 and then won the 2nd leg 3-0 but lost 3-5 on aggregate. In June 2015, Ronaldinho, now 35, announced his departure from the club and thanked the Mexican people and fans of Querétaro: "I want to thank all the Mexican nation for all the days that I have lived with people so special, you will be forever in my heart. Thank you very much the Nation Gallos Blancos, which made me very proud to wear this shirt and defend this club."
On 11 July 2015, Ronaldinho announced his return to Brazil and signed an 18-month contract with Fluminense, but on 28 September, Ronaldinho reached a mutual agreement with the club to terminate the deal. He made nine appearances during his two-month stint at the club, failing to impress and being heavily criticized by the fans. Fluminense sporting director Mario Bittencourt stated, "Ronaldinho asked us for a meeting. He respectfully told us he didn't feel he was able to perform as good as he wanted and that it was a bad situation for him. He made a great gesture in saying he wasn't being the player he felt he could be right now. I'll never speak about whether or not he is retiring. That's not something you say about a player of his calibre. He was always spectacular, as player and person."
Futsal in India
In July 2016 Ronaldinho played for the Goa 5′s, a futsal team from Goa in India, together with Ryan Giggs, Paul Scholes, Míchel Salgado, and Hernán Crespo as well as futsal player Falcão in the Premier Futsal League. After two games he left India to be an ambassador of the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro. He was replaced by Cafu.
On 16 January 2018, Ronaldinho confirmed his retirement from football through his brother/agent: "He has stopped, it is ended. Let's do something pretty big and nice after the Russia World Cup, probably in August." Such a celebration was supposed to take place three years after his last appearance for Fluminense, but has not materialized. He retired as one of just seven players to have won the FIFA World Cup, the UEFA Champions League and the Ballon d'Or.
Ronaldinho appeared at the closing ceremony of the 2018 FIFA World Cup at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on 15 July, performing a few bars of the Russian folk song "Kalinka" (sung by opera singer Aida Garifullina) on an African drum.
Ronaldinho is one of few Brazilian players to have played at every international age level. In 1997, he was part of the first Brazilian team to win the FIFA U-17 World Championship, which was held in Egypt, in which his first goal was a penalty against Austria in the first group match, which Brazil won 7–0. Ronaldinho finished with two goals and was awarded the Bronze Ball award as Brazil scored a total of 21 goals while only conceding 2.
1999 was a busy year for Ronaldinho in terms of international play. First he appeared in the South American Youth Championship, where he scored three goals and helped the U20s to reach third place. Then he took part in that year's FIFA World Youth Championship in Nigeria, scoring his first goal in Brazil's last group match. In the round of 16, he scored two first-half goals in a 4–0 win over Croatia, and finished with three goals as Brazil were eliminated by Uruguay in the quarter-finals.
On 26 June, three days before the start of the 1999 Copa América, he earned his first cap for Brazil in a 3–0 win over Latvia, and he scored one goal during Brazil's victorious Copa América campaign. One week after the conclusion of the Copa América, he was called up for the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup, in which he scored in every match except the final, including a hat-trick in an 8–2 semi-final rout of Saudi Arabia. In the final, Brazil lost 4–3 to Mexico. Ronaldinho won the Golden Ball award for the best player in tournament as well as the Golden Boot award for the tournament top-scorer.
In 2000, Ronaldinho participated in the Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia, with the U23 national team. Earlier that year, Ronaldinho led Brazil to win the Pre-Olympic Tournament, scoring nine goals in seven matches. In the Olympics, however, Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals by Cameroon, who later won the gold medal. Ronaldinho appeared four times and scored only one goal, which came in the quarter-final defeat by Cameroon.
2002 World Cup glory
Ronaldinho participated in his first World Cup in 2002, as part of a formidable offensive unit with Ronaldo and Rivaldo, dubbed the "Three Rs", who were also on the 1999 Copa América winning squad. The World Cup was held in Korea and Japan, and Ronaldinho appeared in five matches during the tournament and scored two goals, as well as contributing several important assists. His first goal came in the group stage match against China PR, which Brazil won 4–0.
The most memorable match in Ronaldinho's World Cup career took place in the quarter-final against England on 21 June. With Brazil trailing after Michael Owen's 23-minute strike, Ronaldinho turned the game around. Having received the ball inside his own half, Ronaldinho ran at the England defence and wrong footed star defender Ashley Cole with a trademark step over before passing the ball to Rivaldo on the edge of the penalty area to score the equalising goal just before half-time. Then, in the 50th minute, Ronaldinho took a free-kick from 40 yards out which curled into the top left corner of the net, completely surprising England's goalkeeper David Seaman, giving Brazil a 2–1 lead. Seven minutes later, however, he was controversially sent-off for a foul on England's defender Danny Mills. Ronaldinho was suspended for the semi-final, but returned to Brazil's starting lineup for the 2–0 victory over Germany in the final as Brazil won its record fifth World Cup title.
2005 Confederations Cup title
Ronaldinho's next international tournament was the 2003 Confederations Cup, in which he went scoreless as Brazil were eliminated in the group stage. The following year, he was dropped from Brazil's 2004 Copa América squad, as coach Carlos Alberto Parreira decided to rest his stars and used a largely reserve squad.
After falling short in 1999 and 2003, Ronaldinho was the captain of Brazil and led his team to its second ever Confederations Cup title in 2005. He converted a penalty kick in a 3–2 semi-final win against host Germany and was named Man of the Match in a 4–1 victory over archrival Argentina in the final on 29 June. Ronaldinho scored three goals in the tournament and is currently tied with Mexican forward Cuauhtémoc Blanco as the tournament's all-time scorer with nine goals.
2006 World Cup disappointment
For the 2006 World Cup finals, Ronaldinho was part of Brazil's much-publicized "magic quartet" of offensive players alongside Adriano, Ronaldo and Kaká, which was expected to provide the "Joga Bonito" style of play that was the focus of an extensive advertising campaign by Nike leading up to the tournament. However, deemed "top heavy and unbalanced", the team finished with only six goals in five games, with Ronaldinho himself going scoreless and finishing with only one assist (for Gilberto's goal in a 4–1 group stage victory over Japan), as he turned in his worst collective performance in his international career. Brazil endured a disappointing campaign that culminated in a 1–0 loss to France in the quarter-finals, during which the Seleção had only one shot on goal.
The team was harshly criticized by Brazilian fans and media following their return home. On 3 July, two days after Brazil's elimination, vandals immolated and destroyed a 23-foot (7.5-metre) tall fiberglass and resin statue of Ronaldinho in Chapecó. The statue had been erected in 2004 to celebrate his first FIFA World Player of the Year award. That same day, Ronaldinho, joined by Adriano, returned to the city of Barcelona and held a party at his home, which was continued into the early morning hours at a nightclub. This aggravated the hard feelings of many Brazilian fans, who believed that they were betrayed by the lack of effort from the squad. Displaying a passivity to Brazil's poor showing, the 2006 World Cup is now seen as the turning point in Ronaldinho's career, with his time at the summit of the game almost up. 1970 Brazil World Cup winner Tostão wrote in O Tempo: "Ronaldinho lacks an important characteristic of Maradona and Pelé — aggression. They transformed themselves in adversity. They became possessed, and furious."
2008 Olympic medal
On 24 March 2007, Ronaldinho scored twice in a 4–0 win over Chile, which marked his first goal since the 2005 Confederations Cup final and thus ended a scoreless streak that lasted nearly two years. He was not called up for the 2007 Copa América after asking to be excused from the tournament due to fatigue. On 18 October, he was controversially benched by Barcelona after he was late returning to Spain following Brazil's 5–0 friendly win over Ecuador. He and several Brazil players celebrated the win by partying through the night at a posh Rio de Janeiro nightclub. Ronaldinho left at 11 am the next morning, allegedly in the trunk of a car in order to avoid the media.
On 7 July 2008, Ronaldinho was named in Brazil's 2008 Summer Olympics squad as one of the over-age players. Barcelona initially blocked the move because of his then-upcoming Champions League commitments with the club, but the decision was later nullified following Ronaldinho's transfer to Milan, who in turn permitted him to make the trip to Beijing, China. Ronaldinho captained the team, and he scored his only two goals in a 5–0 victory over New Zealand before Brazil were beaten by Argentina in the semi-final. Brazil finished with the bronze medal after defeating Belgium 3–0 in the bronze medal match.
2010 and 2014 World Cup absence
Despite having returned to good form and being named as a member of the 30-man provisional squad that was submitted to FIFA on 11 May 2010, he was not named in coach Dunga's final squad of 23 for the Brazilian squad in South Africa for the 2010 World Cup despite his deep desire to participate in the competition. Critics claimed that the exclusion of players such as Ronaldinho, Alexandre Pato, Adriano and Ronaldo signaled a move away from the classic Brazilian attacking "Jogo Bonito" style of play. At the tournament, Brazil was eliminated by the Netherlands in the quarter-final.
In September 2011, Ronaldinho made his return to the national team under coach Mano Menezes in a friendly against Ghana at Fulham's Craven Cottage, playing the full 90 minutes in a 1–0 win for Brazil. He then had solid performances in back to back friendlies against Argentina in the same month. In October, he performed well against Mexico in a friendly, scoring a free kick to equalize after Dani Alves was sent off. Brazil went on to win the match with a goal from Marcelo.
Ronaldinho's good form continued in 2013, and in January he was unexpectedly called up by coach Luiz Felipe Scolari for a friendly against England played on 6 February at Wembley Stadium as part of The Football Association (FA)'s 150th anniversary. Ronaldinho started in what was his 100th cap (including non-official matches), and had a chance to score from the penalty kick, but his shot was saved by Joe Hart. Brazil lost the match 1–2. He was again called up for the Seleção, being named captain of the national team for an international friendly with Chile on 24 April 2013. However, Ronaldinho was not selected for the national team for the 2013 Confederations Cup and he was also omitted from Scolari's 2014 World Cup finals squad.
Style of play
Ronaldinho Gaúcho is regarded as one of the greatest and most skilful players of his generation. Due to his ability to score and create goals, he was capable of playing in several offensive positions, on either wing or in a central position. Throughout his career, he was deployed as a forward, a winger, although he usually played as a classic number 10 in an attacking midfield role. Despite primarily being a creative player, he was an accurate finisher with either foot, both from inside and outside the penalty area, and was also a free-kick and penalty kick specialist. Throughout his career, Ronaldinho was praised in particular for his technical skills and creativity; due to his pace, acceleration, agility, balance, ball control, and dribbling ability, he was capable of beating players when undertaking individual runs, often using feints in one on one situations. Among his repertoire of moves, Ronaldinho was one of the best exponents of the "elastico", a move he learned by watching videos of one of his idols, the 1970s Brazilian star Rivelino. In parts of Africa, especially Nigeria, this move is called 'The Gaúcho', after Ronaldinho, due to his role in popularising the use of this particular skill.
ESPN described Ronaldinho as being "skillful by nature, his tricks are unparalleled and he is wonderful with the ball at his feet. One of the coolest players in pressure situations" and a "fast, brash, skilful, tricky, an uninhibited playmaker" who provides "a mix of goals, assists, skills and a large repertoire of crafty moves". Former Portugal midfield playmaker Rui Costa has said of his vision and passing ability: "There are not many players who can offer goal-scoring passes like he can. He is just marvellous. He is a rare case of an assist man who can provide the ball from anywhere."
In spite of his performances at his peak, a period of dedication and focus which saw him named the FIFA World Player of the Year twice and receive the Ballon d'Or, Ronaldinho was also criticised on occasion in the media for his lack of discipline in training, as well as his hedonistic lifestyle off the pitch, which some pundits believed had an impact on the overall longevity of his career. Referring to Ronaldinho as "Brazil's childlike genius who never grew up", Tim Vickery writes that it was the tragic death of his father at such a young age that may have seen Ronaldinho stop making the sacrifices needed to remain at the summit of the sport, with the attitude of "life is short and can end unexpectedly–so enjoy it while you can."
Ronaldinho has had endorsements with many companies, including Nike, Pepsi, Coca-Cola, EA Sports, Gatorade and Danone. One of the world's highest paid players, in 2006 he earned over $19 million from endorsements. Having endorsed Pepsi for much of his career and appeared in commercials with David Beckham, Thierry Henry and Lionel Messi, Ronaldinho signed a deal with Coca-Cola in 2011, however this was terminated in July 2012 after he was caught drinking Pepsi in a news conference.
Ronaldinho has featured in EA Sports' FIFA video game series, appearing on the cover of FIFA Football 2004, FIFA 06, FIFA 07, FIFA 08 and FIFA 09. At the beginning of his career Ronaldinho signed a lucrative 10-year deal with sportswear company Nike (wearing Nike Tiempo R10 boots designed for him). He has appeared in Nike commercials, including the 2002 "Secret Tournament" commercial (branded "Scorpion KO") directed by Terry Gilliam. His 2005 Nike advertisement, where he is given a new pair of boots and then proceeds to juggle a football and appears to repeatedly volley it against the crossbar of a goal and recover it without the ball touching the ground, went viral on YouTube, becoming the site's first video to reach one million views. A 2010 Nike commercial, Write the Future directed by Alejandro González Iñárritu, features him executing a number of stepovers, which becomes a viral video re-enacted and shared millions of times.
A wax sculpture of Ronaldinho was unveiled at Madame Tussauds Hong Kong in December 2007. Ronaldinho has had an official role with UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund, since February 2006. In 2011, he was recruited by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS to promote awareness among young people of the disease and how to avoid it. In March 2015, Ronaldinho was the sixth most popular sportsperson on Facebook, behind Cristiano Ronaldo, Messi, Beckham, Neymar and Kaká, with 31 million Facebook fans.
|Paris Saint-Germain||2001–02||Division 1||28||9||6||2||6||2||—||40||13|
- Includes Brazilian state competitions and national super cups.
- La Liga: 2004–05, 2005–06
- Supercopa de España: 2005, 2006
- UEFA Champions League: 2005–06
- Copa América: 1999
- FIFA World Cup: 2002
- FIFA Confederations Cup: 2005
- FIFA U-17 World Championship: 1997
- Olympic Bronze Medal: 2008
- CONMEBOL Pre-Olympic Tournament: 2000
- FIFA Confederations Cup Golden Ball: 1999
- FIFA Confederations Cup Golden Shoe: 1999
- South American Team of the Year: 1999
- Bola de Prata: 2000, 2011, 2012
- FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 2002
- Ligue 1 Goal of The Year: 2003
- La Liga Best Foreign Player: 2003–04, 2005–06
- Trofeo EFE: 2003–04
- FIFA World Player of the Year: 2004, 2005
- UEFA Team of the Year: 2004, 2005, 2006
- World Soccer Magazine World Player of The Year: 2004, 2005
- UEFA Club Forward of the Year: 2004–05
- FIFA Confederations Cup Bronze Ball: 2005
- Ballon d'Or: 2005
- Onze d'Or: 2005
- FIFPro World Player of the Year: 2005, 2006
- FIFPro World XI: 2005, 2006, 2007
- UEFA Club Footballer of the Year: 2005–06
- La Liga top assist provider: 2005–06
- UEFA Champions League top assist provider: 2005–06
- FIFA Club World Cup Bronze Ball: 2006
- FIFA World Player of the Year Bronze award: 2006
- Golden Foot: 2009
- Sports Illustrated Team of the Decade: 2009
- Serie A top assist provider: 2009–10
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Team of the Year: 2011, 2012
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A Best Fan's Player: 2012
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A top assist provider: 2012
- Bola de Ouro: 2012
- Copa Libertadores top assist provider: 2012, 2013
- South American Footballer of the Year: 2013
- UEFA Ultimate Team of the Year (substitute; published in 2015)
- FIFA 100
- Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame
- A.C. Milan Hall of Fame
In 2012, two Brazilian entomologists named a new species of bee, from Brazil, Eulaema quadragintanovem, stating that "the specific epithet honors the Brazilian soccer player Ronaldo de Assis Moreira, famous worldwide as 'Ronaldinho' and in Brazil as ‘Ronaldinho Gaúcho’. 'Quadraginta novem' means forty-nine in Portuguese, the number of Ronaldinho's jersey at Atlético Mineiro, his former team in Brazil. Ronaldinho chose the number 49 as an homage to his mother, born in 1949."
- "Ronaldinho". Goal.com. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- Bagchi, Rob; Smyth, Rob (14 March 2012). "Which team has played the most times in a month?". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Ronaldinho". Talk Football. Retrieved 22 June 2008.
- Thomas-Mason, Lee (4 September 2016). "Barcelona sign Ronaldinho as club ambassador". Metro. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- "BRA–ARG (Match 16), Anheuser Busch Man of the Match: Ronaldinho (BRA)". FIFA. 29 June 2005. Archived from the original on 12 February 2006. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- Soutar, Jethro (2006). Ronaldinho: Football's Flamboyant Maestro. Robson Books. ISBN 978-1-86105-978-9.
- "Dieci cose su Ronnie Da Little Italy in poi". Gazzetta dello Sport. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Vickery, Tim (12 November 2015). "The Dying Dream of Ronaldinho: Brazil's Childlike Genius Who Never Grew Up". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- Wahl, Grant (1 June 2006). "One-on-one with Ronaldinho". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 14 June 2006.
- Webster, Justin (5 June 2005). "Homage from Catalonia". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- Anka, Carl (22 October 2018). "Noughty Boys: Ronaldinho was a magician, we just stood there gawping". BBC. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- Mitten, Andy (January 2006). "The Master". FourFourTwo. pp. 72–74. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007.
- "Egypt 1997: Brazil restore some pride". FIFA. Archived from the original on 4 July 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2006.
- "Egypt 1997 goalscorers". FIFA. Archived from the original on 5 September 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2006.
- "Ronaldinho: I was about to join Manchester United; how I lobbed David Seaman; I was good for Messi". FourFourTwo. 16 September 2016.
- "Ronaldinho Gaúcho fala sobre seu filho pela primeira vez". UOL Esporte. 24 August 2005. Retrieved 20 May 2006.
- Ronaldinho Becoming the Face of Soccer, Jack Bell, The New York Times. 26 March 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.
- "Brazil World Cup winner Ronaldinho joins evangelical conservative party". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2018
- "Ronaldinho endorses far-right Brazil presidential candidate". Daily Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2018
- Jethro Soutar (2006). "Ronaldinho: Football's Flamboyant Maestro". p. 81. Robson, 2006
- Radnedge, Keir, "The priceless prince of Barcelona", World Soccer, January 2005, pp. 8–9
- Jethro Soutar (2006). "Ronaldinho: Football's Flamboyant Maestro". p. 54. Robson, 2006
- Kidd, Dave. "Arsene KO'd in Dinho bid". The Sun. London. Archived from the original on 23 December 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
- McGowan, Stephen (30 March 2001). "Saints fail in Ronaldinho move". ESPN Soccernet. Archived from the original on 29 June 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
- "10 Great Moments from Ronaldinho's Paris Saint-Germain Career". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- "PSG sign Ronaldinho". BBC Sport. 17 January 2001. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- "Ronaldinho: I'd like to bow out at PSG". ESPN FC. Retrieved 16 May 2014
- "AJ Auxerre – Paris Saint-Germain". Ligue de Football Professionnel. 4 August 2001. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Paris Saint-Germain – Olympique Lyonnais". Ligue de Football Professionnel. 14 October 2001. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Paris Saint-Germain – ESTAC". Ligue de Football Professionnel. 16 March 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Paris Saint-Germain – FC Metz". Ligue de Football Professionnel. 27 April 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "France round-up: PSG humble Marseille". UEFA. Retrieved 26 May 2014
- "Real fans urge club to sign Ronaldinho". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 May 2014
- Messi: “I learned a lot from Ronaldinho”. FC Barcelona.com. Retrieved 13 October 2016
- "Barcelona: Football's Greatest" (2013). Pitch International LLP.
- "Objetivo Ronaldinho". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 19 June 2003. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- "Barça break bank for Ronaldinho". UEFA. 21 July 2003. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- "Ronaldinho debuts for Barca in friendly". ABC. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- Lowe, Sid (4 September 2003). "Ronaldinho out scoring til the small hours". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "Ronaldinho ruled out for Barça". UEFA. 10 November 2003. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- "Ronaldinho". UEFA. Retrieved 16 May 2014
- 2003/04 "Spanish Primera Division Table". ESPN FC. Retrieved 31 May 2014
- "Ronaldinho – How the godfather of flair changed football forever". Four Four Two. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- "Ronaldinho wins world award again". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 May 2014
- "Chelsea 4–2 Barcelona". BBC Sport. 8 March 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2006.
- Williams, Richard (24 February 2006). "Messi Has All the Qualities to Take World by Storm". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- Lowe, Sid, "Friends and enemies", World Soccer, August 2005, pp. 18–21
- "Ronaldinjo do 2010. u Barseloni". B92. 2 September 2005. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2006. (in Serbian)
- "Ronaldinho scoops European award". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 May 2014
- "Real Madrid 0 Barcelona 3: Bernabeu forced to pay homage as Ronaldinho soars above the galacticos". The Independent. Retrieved 29 November 2013
- "Ronaldinho's juggling act". USA Today. Retrieved 26 May 2014
- "Ronaldinho snuffs out Chelsea bid". CNN. Retrieved 31 May 2014
- "Barcelona 2–1 Arsenal". BBC Sport. 17 May 2006. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- "Barca retain Spanish league title". BBC Sport. 3 May 2006. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- "Referee regrets Lehmann red card". BBC Sport. 18 May 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
- "FIFPro World XI 2006". FIFPro. Retrieved 8 August 2014
- Walker, Michael (7 December 2006). "Ronaldinho lets the ball do the talking". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Ronaldinho's overhead kick against Villarreal (2006/07)". YouTube. FC Barcelona. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Ronaldinho fulfils boyhood dream with overhead goal". ESPN FC. 26 November 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
- "Soccer: Ronaldinho turns on style as Barcelona beat Club America 4–0". 14 December 2006. Archived from the original on 7 January 2007.
- "Adidas golden ball". FIFA.com. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Cannavaro & Ronaldinho: We already feel like winners". FIFA. 18 December 2006. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- "Ronaldinho misses out". Manchester United F.C. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- 2006/07 "Spanish Primera Division Table". ESPN FC. Retrieved 31 May 2014
- Tynan, Gordon (5 April 2008). "Injury ends Ronaldinho's campaign". Football. The Independent. UK. Retrieved 6 June 2008.
- "Analysis: Milan party's over as Ronaldinho trudges home" (6 January 2011). Reuters. 6 March 2015.
- "Friday afternoon question: Will Ronaldinho leave Barcelona?". Reuters. 20 September 2016.
- "Laporta: Ronaldinho needs to leave Nou Camp". FourFourTwo. 19 May 2008. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- "Ronaldinho from hero to zero at Nou Camp". Reuters. 20 September 2016.
- "MSN Football". Msn.football365.com. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 29 December 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "Open letter from Ronaldinho". FC Barcelona. 24 August 2010. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "Ronaldinho: Neymar destined for the top". ESPN. Retrieved 16 May 2014
- "Ronaldinho Snubs Man City for A.C. Milan – AOL Fanhouse, 7/16/08". Soccer.fanhouse.com. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- page 180, AC Milan Group financial report 2008 Archived 13 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- page 180, AC Milan Group financial report 2009 Archived 10 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- page 178, AC Milan Group financial report 2010 Archived 15 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Fascinating Stories Behind 13 Famous Shirt Numbers". 90min.com. 15 May 2018.
- "Despite Milan Defeat, Ronaldinho Is Officially Back Among The World's Best". Goal. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Ronaldinho hat-trick as Milan win, Juve lose". ESPN FC. 17 January 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "AC Milan 2-3 Manchester United". BBC Sport. Retrieved 17 June 2014
- Bandini, Paolo (14 May 2010). "Leonardo leaves post as Milan manager by mutual consent". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Ronaldinho joins Brazilian club Flamengo BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 January 2011
- "Fans flock to welcome Ronaldinho". Soccerway. 13 January 2011. Archived from the original on 16 January 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
- "Boavista x Flamengo". GloboEsporte.com. 6 February 2011.
- "Ronaldinho hits hat-trick in 5–4 Flamengo win". FourFourTwo. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "Ronaldinho entra na Justiça e rescinde contrato com o Flamengo". 31 May 2011.
- "Da piscina do Copacabana Palace, Kalil conduzia acerto – Atlético-MG". Lancenet.com.br. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Palmeiras x Atlético-MG - Campeonato Brasileiro 2012". Globo Esporte. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Atlético-MG x Náutico – Campeonato Brasileiro". Globo Esporte. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Ronaldinho Gaúcho leva Bola de Ouro do Brasileirão 2012". Jornal O Globo. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Ronaldinho voted 2013 South American Player of the Year". ProSoccerTalk. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Doyle, Mark (9 January 2014). "Ronaldinho signs new Atletico Mineiro contract". Goal.com. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- Lacerda, Bernardo (28 July 2014). "Ronaldinho Gaúcho rescinde contrato e encerra ciclo no Atlético-MG". UOL Esporte. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "ISL: Titans in Rome to woo Ronaldinho". The Times of India. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- "Ronaldinho: Basingstoke Town bid to sign Brazil legend". BBC Sport. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "Basingstoke Town in audacious bid to sign out-of-contract Ronaldinho". The Guardian. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- "Ronaldinho: Ex-World Cup winner signs for Queretaro". BBC Sport. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Indian Super League: Blow for Chennai Titans and ISL Fans as Ronaldinho Signs for Mexican Club". IB Times. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- Marcus Kwesi O'Mard (18 September 2014). "Ronaldinho Skies Penalty Kick Over The Bar In Queretaro Debut (GIF)". New England Sports Network. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Ronaldinho steals the show in Liga MX debut versus Chivas". ESPN FC. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "Pese a golazo de Ronaldinho, Querétaro cae 2–1 ante Atlas". Deportes Terra. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Ronaldinho nets quick-fire brace after coming on as late substitute in Queretaro's 4–0 win". Daily Mail. 19 April 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Dinho, feliz con doblete en el Azteca: 'Ovación en el Bernabéu y ahora aquí'". ESPN Deportes. 18 April 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Ronaldinho: "Me ovacionó el Bernabéu y ahora El Azteca es algo que nunca olvidaré" vs America. YouTube. 19 April 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Querétaro 1–0 Chiapas: Cantan Ronaldinho y Gallos en el último minuto". Univision Deportes. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Otro oso de Melitón en el gol de Ronaldinho". Univision Deportes. 17 May 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- "Ronaldinho confirms Querétaro departure with one year left on contract". The Guardian. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- "Não falta mais nada: Ronaldinho Gaúcho assina contrato e é do Flu". 11 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
- "Comunicado oficial". 28 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "Ronaldinho leaves Fluminense after nine games". Goal.com. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- Ronaldinho mit Traumdebüt: Diese Stars spielen in der indischen Premier Futsal League, ran.de, accessed 18 July 2016 (in German)
- Brazil legend Ronaldinho forced to quit Indian Premier Futsal after just two games, Daily Mail, Juli 19, 2016, accessed 25 July 2016.
- Ronaldinho to be replaced by Cafu as Goa's marquee player, premierfutsal.com, 18 July 2016, accessed 25 July 2016
- Mumbai Warriors, Chennai Singhams, Bengaluru Royal, Kerala Cobra, Telugu Tigers, Bengaluru Royals (, ) Mumbai Warriors (final), all accessed 20 October 2017.
- staff (16 January 2018). "Brazil legend Ronaldinho retires from football, says his brother and agent". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- "Kaka: Former Brazil, A.C. Milan and Real Madrid midfielder announces retirement". BBC. 27 July 2018.
- "Hollywood star Will Smith brings down curtain on Russia World Cup". Reuters. 15 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- "FIFA U-17 World Championship Egypt 1997". FIFA. Retrieved 10 October 2015
- "XIX Sudamericano Juvenil 1999 (Argentina)". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 10 October 2015
- "FIFA World Youth Championship Nigeria 1999". FIFA. Retrieved 10 October 2015
- "FIFA Confederations Cup Mexico 1999". FIFA. Retrieved 10 October 2015
- "Cameroon stuns Brazil in Overtime". LA Times. Retrieved 10 October 2015
- Lawrence, Amy (29 June 2017). "Ronaldo's redemption: recalling the Brazil striker's World Cup fairytale 15 years on". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
- "Classic World Cup Football Matches". FIFA. Retrieved 4 June 2014
- "Brazil smash China". BBC Sport. Retrieved 4 June 2014
- "Brazil end England's dream". BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 May 2014
- Jethro Soutar (2006). "Ronaldinho: Football's Flamboyant Maestro". p. 123. Robson, 2006
- Ronaldinho's 40 yard free kick goal in quarter-final against England at 2002 FIFA World Cup. YouTube. Retrieved 13 July 2018
- "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 May 2014
- Brazil victory harms Copa America credibility. Sports Illustrated. 26 July 2004. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
- "FIFA Confederations Cup 2013" Archived 12 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. FIFA. Retrieved 10 October 2015
- Vickery, Tim (18 December 2017). "Kaka's spectacular run with Milan and Brazil overshadowed by his successors". ESPN.
- "Ronaldinho no factor in Brazil defeat". Sports Illustrated. 1 July 2006. Archived from the original on 5 July 2006. Retrieved 7 July 2006.
- Vickery, Tim (17 January 2018). "The brilliant Ronaldinho has retired, but his legacy is full of 'what if?'". ESPN. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- "Estátua de Ronaldinho é queimada em Santa Catarina". UOL Esporte. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006.
- "Decepção da Copa, Ronaldinho "festeja" com comida, dança e balada". Folha Online. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2006.
- "Brazil v Chile, 24 March 2007". 11v11.com. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- Tired Ronaldinho asks to skip Copa America. Reuters. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
- "Ronaldinho and Robinho dropped by their Primera Liga teams". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2007.
- "Brazil stars heading for Beijing". FIFA. 7 July 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- Meadows, Mark (17 July 2008). "Milan's Ronaldinho excited to play with Kaka". Reuters. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- "Ronaldinho leads Brazil to bronze". BBC Sport. Retrieved 26 May 2014
- "Release list of up to 30 players" (PDF). FIFA. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Ronaldinho, Adriano omitted from Brazil's World Cup squad". China Daily. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "World Cup 2010: I Am A Better Player At Milan That What I Was At Barcelona – Ronaldinho". Goal.com. 12 December 2009. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Best bets to disappoint". ESPN. 10 April 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- "Netherlands 2–1 Brazil". BBC Sport. Retrieved 8 March 2015
- "Brazil 1–0 Ghana". BBC Sport. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Mexico 1 – 2 Brazil". Eurosport. 3 December 2016.
- "England v Brazil: Ronaldinho surprised by recall to Seleçao after year in the international wilderness". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 June 2014
- "Ronaldinho reckons Brazil will ruin England's 150th anniversary celebrations". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 2 June 2014
- "England 2–1 Brazil". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 June 2014
- Canônico, Leandro; Iannacca, Márcio (23 April 2013). "Felipão confirma Ronaldinho como capitão; Jean e Cavalieri escalados". Globo Esporte. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Brazil names 23-man World Cup roster; Ronaldinho, Kaka left out". CBS Sports. Retrieved 24 May 2014
- "Will Ronaldinho return to his best?". FIFA. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Milan Managers Take Different Approaches to Futures". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 November 2013
- "Ronaldinho: 12 gol, 12 assist". MilanNews (in Italian). Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Ronaldo de Assis Moreira". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Ronaldinho, sei un "trecante" Praticamente un nove e mezzo". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 13 April 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Henry e Ronaldinho braccano il Real". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 5 November 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- Williams, Richard (9 March 2006). "Chelsea discover why Ronaldinho is Barcelona's pearl beyond price". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Ronaldinho". Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Football's Greatest – Rivelino". Pitch International LLP. 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2014
- David Goldblatt (2009). "The Football Book". p. 129. D Kindersley Ltd,
- "Ronaldinho". ESPN FC. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- Bull, JJ (17 January 2018). "The utterly beguiling genius of Ronaldinho". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- "Ronaldinho Becoming the Face of Soccer". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 May 2014
- Jethro Soutar (2006). "Ronaldinho: Football's Flamboyant Maestro". p. 169. Robson,
- "Ronaldinho sips Pepsi, loses Coca-Cola deal". USA Today. Retrieved 26 May 2014
- "A lighter shoe, cooler kits, a faster ball, a Secret Tournament – every touch counts". NikeBiz. Archived from the original on 2 June 2002. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- on YouTube, compilation of videos on the site. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Vazquez, Paloma M. (21 May 2010). "Nike "Writes the Future" – Just In Time For The World Cup". PSFK. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Ronaldinho wax figure arrives Hong Kong (Chinese)". 21 December 2008. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008.
- Jethro Soutar (2006). "Ronaldinho: Football's Flamboyant Maestro". p. 172.
- "Soccer great Ronaldinho aims to score goals in UN campaign against AIDS". UN News Centre. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Cristiano Ronaldo overtakes Shakira as Facebook's most 'liked' person". Yahoo!. 10 February 2017.
- Embury-Dennis, Tom (15 March 2015). "Cristiano Ronaldo goes top of the Facebook charts as Real Madrid star overtakes Shakira to become world's most liked person". Daily Mail (14 March 2015).
- "Ronaldinho Gaúcho". Soccerway. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Ronaldinho Gaúcho". National Football Teams. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Troyes and PSG keep France on top". UEFA. Archived from the original on 13 May 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Barca retain Spanish league title". BBC Sport. 3 May 2006.
- "What happened to Ronaldinho?". BBC Sport. 29 April 2008.
- "Full time report" (PDF). UEFA. 17 May 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 26 November 2008.
- Jeorge Bird (10 October 2017). "Ronaldinho backs Napoli to stop Juventus' Serie A dominance". www.squawka.com. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- "Ronaldinho Announces His Retirement; Why He Is One Of Soccer's All-Time Greats". Forbes. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "Ronaldinho Prize List". Eurosport.
- "FIFA CONFEDERATIONS CUP MEXICO 1999". FIFA.
- "South American Team of the Year". 16 January 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Bola de Prata – Histórico, ESPN.com.br, 27 July 2018
- "Palmarès Trophées UNFP – Oscars du football – " Le plus beau but de Ligue 1 " (vote du public)" (in French). Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "Spanish football awards by Don Balón". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 27 July 2018
- "FIFA Awards, World Player of the Year Top 10". rsssf. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016.
- "TEAM OF THE YEAR 2004". UEFA.
- "TEAM OF THE YEAR 2005". UEFA.
- "TEAM OF THE YEAR 2006". UEFA.
- "World Soccer Awards: Previous Winners". World Soccer. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
- "UEFA Club Football Awards". UEFA. May 2011.
- "Ronaldinho scoops European award". BBC Sport. 28 November 2005.
- Pierrend, José Luis (6 March 2012). ""Onze Mondial" Awards". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
- "Ronaldinho & Rooney scoop awards". BBC Sport. 19 September 2005. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- "RONALDINHO VOTED FIFPRO WORLD PLAYER OF THE YEAR AGAIN". FIFPro. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
- "FIFPRO WORLD XI 2004/2005". Archived from the original on 1 July 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "FIFPRO WORLD XI 2005/2006". Archived from the original on 1 July 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "FIFPRO WORLD XI 2006/2007". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "La Liga Statistics – ESPN FC". ESPN FC.
- "UEFA Champions League 2005/06 - History - Statistics – UEFA.com". UEFA. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- "Winners – Golden Foot". GoldenFoot.com. Retrieved 23 July 2018
- Wahl, Grant (21 December 2009). "2000s: The Decade in Sports; All-Decade Team: Soccer". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "Serie A Statistics". ESPN FC.
- "Os eleitos do Prêmio Craque do Brasileirão!". Lance! (in Portuguese). 6 December 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- "Conheça os grandes vencedores do futebol brasileiro" [Meet the big winners of Brazilian football] (in Portuguese). CBF. 23 November 2012. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "R49, o rei das assistências". Globo Esporte (in Portuguese). 3 December 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
- "Ronaldinho coroa retorno ao Brasil com 2ª Bola de Prata da carreira e diz: quer ficar no Fla". ESPN. Retrieved 23 July 2018
- "Copa Libertadores Statistics – ESPN FC". ESPN FC. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- "Copa Libertadores 2013 » Assists". WorldFootball. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
- Pierrend, José Luis (16 January 2009). "South American Coach and Player of the Year". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- "Ultimate Team of the Year: The All-Time XI". UEFA. 22 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
- "FIFA 100". Best Football Players Ever.
- "The Fifa 100". The Guardian. 4 March 2004.
- "Museu do Futebol II. Anjos barrocos" (in Portuguese). Fut Pop Clube. 17 May 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- "Baroque Angels". Museu do Futebol. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- "A.C. Milan Hall of Fame: Ronaldo De Assis Moreira (Ronaldinho)". A.C. Milan. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- Nemésio, A.; Ferrari, R.R. 2012: The species of Eulaema (Eulaema) Lepeletier, 1841 (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossina) from eastern Brazil, with description of Eulaema quadragintanovem sp. n. from the state of Ceará. Zootaxa, 3478: 123–132. Preview
- "Ronaldinho", the lengthened term of endearment for "Ronaldo", is accompanied in Brazilian usage by the nickname "Gaúcho" (since he hails from southern Brazil), in order to distinguish him from fellow footballer and countryman Ronaldo, who was known as "Ronaldinho" in Brazil beforehand. Ronaldo went by his first name upon his move to Europe, thereby allowing Ronaldinho to drop the "Gaúcho" and go by the name Ronaldinho abroad.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ronaldinho Gaúcho.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Ronaldinho|
- Ronaldinho – Liga MX stats at MedioTiempo.com ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
- Ronaldinho – FIFA competition record
- Tactical Profile – Football-Lineups.com
- European Champions Cup/UEFA Champions League Winning Squads at the Wayback Machine (archived 7 April 2012)
- Ronaldinho Gaúcho official website at the Wayback Machine (archived 2010-03-06) ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) ‹See Tfd›(in Portuguese) ‹See Tfd›(in English) ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
- Ronaldinho profile at the official FC Barcelona website
- Ronaldinho – French league stats at LFP
- Ronaldinho at Soccerbase