List of political parties in South Korea

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea

This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a multi-party system[1][2][3][4] in which political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current Parties[edit]

Main Parties[edit]

As of January 2016, there are three political parties present in the 19th National Assembly:

Party Number of Seats in
the National Assembly
Party Leader Floor Leader Position Comments Status
  Saenuri Party (SP)
새누리당 / 새누리黨
156 Kim Mu-sung Won Yoo-chul Centre-right
see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; formerly called the Grand National Party.
Ruling party
  Minjoo Party of Korea (MPK)
더불어민주당 / 더불어民主黨
Deobureo Minjudang
118 Moon Jae-in Lee Jong-kul Centre to Centre-left
see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; merged from the Democratic Party (11) and the minor New Political Vision Party.
Justice Party (JP)
정의당 / 正義黨
5 Sim Sang-jung Jung Jin-hoo Centre-left See: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive; splintered from the Unified Progressive Party.


  1. All data are current as of s of 07 January 2016 the total number of representatives is 293.
  2. As of 07 January 2016 14 representatives are independents.

Extra-Parliamentary Parties[edit]

  • Saemaul Party (새마을당, 새마을黨, Saemaeuldang)
  • Financial Democratic Party (경제민주당, 經濟民主黨, Gyeongje Minjudang)
  • Republic of Korea Party (대한민국당, 大韓民國黨, Daehanmingukdang)
  • Labor Party (노동당, 勞動黨, Nodongdang)
  • Green Party Korea (녹색당, 綠色黨, Noksaekdang)
  • Reform National New Party (개혁국민신당, 改革國民新黨, Gaehyeok Gungmin Sindang)
  • Brother Free Peaceful Unification Party (겨레자유평화통일당, 겨레自由平和統一黨, Gyeore Jayu Pyeonghwatongildang)
  • Green Buddhist Union Party (그린불교연합당, 그린佛敎聨合黨, Geurin Bulgyo Yeonhapdang)
  • The Grand National Party (한나라당, 한나라黨, Hannaradang)
  • Christian Democratic Union Korea (기독민주당, 基督民主黨, Gidok Minjudang)
  • The Republican Party (공화당, 共和黨, Gonghwadang)
  • Minjoo Party (민주당, 民主黨, Minjudang)
  • Employment, Pension and Welfare Advancement Coalition (고용복지연금선진화연대, 雇用福祉年金先進化連帶, Goyong Bokji Yeongeum Seonjinhwa Yeondae)
  • Korean National Party (한국국민당, 韓國國民黨, Hanguk Gungmindang)
  • People's Happiness Party (국민행복당, 國民幸福黨, Gungmin Haengbokdang)
  • Patriots Party (애국당, 愛國黨, Aegukdang)

Defunct Parties[edit]

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative Parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Liberal Parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Progressive Parties[edit]

Green Parties[edit]

Illegal/Banned Parties[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Economist, June 5, 2008, South Korea: Summer of discontent -- President Lee Myung-bak's first 100 days have not gone according to plan, Accessed Oct 19, 2013, “...none of South Korea's political parties seems to be trusted by a public concerned about rising prices and the uncertain economic outlook...”
  2. ^ The Economist, April 1, 2004, Print edition, South Korea: South by south-east: Regionalism could be on its way out, Accessed Oct 19, 2013, “...The Millennium Democratic Party (MDP), ... has traditionally had its stronghold in the Cholla region, while the conservative Grand National Party (GNP), ...”
  3. ^ The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013, Note: four parties are listed in this article about the 2008 election: “...The centre-right Grand National Party (GNP) ... The Liberty Forward Party (LFP), ... won 18 seats. ... United Democratic Party (UDP). ... won 152 seats in 2004, ... United New Democratic Party (UNDP) ...”
  4. ^ The New York Times, August 21, 2006, Post-Koizumi, dream of a two-party system, Accessed Oct. 18, 2013, quote: “...This is positive. A two-party system isn't here yet, but it's a kind of dream we have...”
  5. ^ Manyin, Mark E. (2003), South Korean Politics and Rising "Anti-Americanism": Implications for U.S. Policy Toward North Korea (PDF), Congressional Research Service 
  6. ^ The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013.
  7. ^ Cronin, Patrick M. (2009), Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World, INSS 
  8. ^ Global Security: Japan and Korea; Tenth Report of Session 2007-08, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, 2008 
  9. ^ Klassen, Thomas R. (2013), Korea's Retirement Predicament: The Ageing Tiger, Routledge, p. 12 
  10. ^ Kang, Jiwon (2014-03-02). "[강지원의 뉴스! 정면승부] "국가지도자 추구하는 안철수, 의원 2명인 곳에서 뜻 펼치긴 어려워"-민주당 설훈 의원" (in Korean). YTN. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  11. ^ Chae, Jongwon (2014-03-31). 안보·경제민주화 양축…金·安 공동대표 가능성 (in Korean). Maeil Economy. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  12. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [1], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”