List of political parties in Sri Lanka

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Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sri Lanka

This article lists political parties in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. In the last decades, the United National Party and the Sri Lanka Freedom Party have been the largest parties by far. The general rule, however, has become coalition politics, since neither SLFP nor UNP are able to gather parliamentary majorities. Tamil areas are generally dominated by Tamil parties.

Alliances[edit]

Parliamentary alliances[edit]

Alliance Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Founded Leader
Tamil National Alliance දෙමළ ජාතික සන්ධානය தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு N/A[a] 20 October 2001 R. Sampanthan
United National Front for Good Governance එක්සත් යහපාලන ජාතික පෙරමුණ நல்லாட்சிக்கான ஐக்கிய தேசிய முன்னணி N/A[b] 2005 Ranil Wickremesinghe
United People's Freedom Alliance එක්සත් ජනතා නිදහස් සන්ධානය ஐக்கிய மக்கள் சுதந்திரக் கூட்டணி Betel Leaf
20 January 2004 Maithripala Sirisena

Extra-parliamentary alliances[edit]

Alliance Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Founded Leader
Democratic Tamil National Front ஜனநாயக தமிழ்த் தேசிய முன்னணி N/A 4 May 2016 V. Anandasangaree
Tamil National People's Front ද්‍රවිඩ ජාතික ජනතා පෙරමුණ தமிழ்த் தேசியத்திற்கான மக்கள் முன்னணி N/A[c] 28 February 2010 Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam

Defunct/dormant alliances[edit]

Alliance Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Founded Dissolved Notes
Democratic National Alliance ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී ජාතික සන්ධානය சனநாயகத் தேசியக் கூட்டணி Trophy 22 November 2009
Democratic Tamil National Alliance[d] ජනනායක තමිළ් තේසිය කුට්ටනි ஜனநாயக தமிழ் தேசிய கூட்டணி Brass Lamp Most members have joined the TNA
Left Liberation Front[e] இடது விடுதலை முன்னணி N/A 1998
National Unity Alliance N/A 1999 2010
People's Alliance පොදු ජන එක්සත් පෙරමුණ மக்கள் கூட்டணி Chair 1994 Most members have joined the UPFA
Socialist Alliance සමාජවාදී ජනතා පෙරමුණ சோஷலிஸ மக்கள் முன்னணி Clay Lamp 2006 All members part of the UPFA
Tamil National Liberation Alliance N/A 22 February 2010 25 June 2011 Members have joined the TNA
Tamil Progressive Alliance தமிழ் முற்போக்கு கூட்டணி N/A 3 June 2015 All members part of the UNFGG
United National Front එක්සත් ජාතික පෙරමුණ, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව ஐக்கிய தேசிய முன்னணி N/A[f] 21 October 2001 Most members have joined the UNFGG

Parties[edit]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Party Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Alliance Founded Leader
All Ceylon Makkal Congress[g] සමස්ත ලංකා මුස්ලිම් කොංග්‍රසය அகில இலங்கை மக்கள் காங்கிரசு Peacock UNFGG 2005 Rishad Bathiudeen
Ceylon Workers' Congress[h] ලංකා කම්කරු කොංග්‍රසය இலங்கை தொழிலாளர் காங்கிரஸ் Cockerel UPFA 1939 Arumugam Thondaman
Communist Party of Sri Lanka ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂය இலங்கை கம்யூனிஸ்ட் கட்சி Star UPFA/
SA
1943 D. E. W. Gunasekera
Democratic Left Front ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී වාමාංශික පෙරමුණ ஜனநாயக இடதுசாரி முன்னணி Clock UPFA/
SA
1999 Vasudeva Nanayakkara
Democratic National Movement[i] ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී ජනතා ව්‍යාපරය ருஹுணு ஜனதா பக்ஷய Motor Car UNFGG Aruna de Zoysa
Democratic People's Front[j] ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී ජනතා පෙරමුණ ஜனநாயக மக்கள் முன்னணி Ladder UNFGG/
TPA
Mano Ganesan
Democratic People's Liberation Front[k] ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ ஜனநாயக மக்கள் விடுதலை முன்னணி Anchor TNA 1988 D. Siddarthan
Eelam People's Democratic Party ඊලාම් ජනතා ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී පක්ෂය ஈழ மக்கள் ஜனநாயகக் கட்சி Veena UPFA/
DTNF
November 1987 Douglas Devananda
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front ඊලාම් ජනතා විප්ලවවාදී විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ ழமக்கள் புரட்சிகர விடுதலை முன்னணி Flower TNA 1980 Suresh Premachandran
Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi[l] ඉලංගෙයි තමිළ් අරසු කච්චි இலங்கைத் தமிழரசுக் கட்சி House TNA 18 December 1949 Mavai Senathirajah
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ மக்கள் விடுதலை முன்னணி Bell N/A 14 May 1965 Anura Kumara Dissanayake
Jathika Hela Urumaya ජාතික හෙළ උරුමය ஜாதிக எல உறுமய Conch Shell UNFGG February 2004 Omalpe Sobhitha Thero
Mahajana Eksath Peramuna මහජන එක්සත් පෙරමුණ‍ மகாஜன எக்சத் பெரமுன Cartwheel UPFA 1959 Dinesh Gunawardena
National Freedom Front ජාතික නිදහස් පෙරමුණ தேசிய சுதந்திர முன்னணி Panchaudaya UPFA 2008 Wimal Weerawansa
National Union of Workers ජාතික කම්කරු සංගමය தொழிலாளர் தேசிய சங்கம் N/A UNFGG/
TPA
Palani Digambaran
Pivithuru Hela Urumaya N/A UPFA Udaya Gammanpila
Sri Lanka Freedom Party ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂය இலங்கை சுதந்திரக் கட்சி Hand UPFA 2 December 1951 Maithripala Sirisena
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress ශ්‍රී ලංකා මුස්ලිම් කොංග්‍රසය சிறீலங்கா முஸ்லிம் காங்கிரசு Tree UNFGG 1981 Rauff Hakeem
Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization ද්‍රවිඩ ඊලම් විමුක්ති සංවිධානය தமிழீழ விடுதலை இயக்கம் Light House TNA 1979 Selvam Adaikalanathan
United Left Front N/A UNFGG Jayampathy Wickramaratne
United National Party එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය ஐக்கிய தேசியக் கட்சி Elephant UNFGG 6 September 1946 Ranil Wickremesinghe
Up-Country People's Front කඳුරට ජනතා පෙරමුණ மலையக மக்கள் முன்னணி Mammoty UNFGG/
TPA
1989 V. Radhakrishnan

Other registered parties[edit]

Party Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Alliance Founded Leader
All Are Citizens All Are Kings Organization ඔක්කොම වැසියෝ ඔක්කොම රජවරු සංවිධානය ஒக்கொம வெஸியோ ஒக்கொம ரஜவரு அமைப்பு Till N/A M. B. Thaminimulla
All Lanka Tamil Great Council[m] අඛිල ඉලඞ්කෛයි ද්‍රවිඩ මහාසභා அகில இலங்கை தமிழர் மகாசபை Ship N/A December 2005 K. Vigneswaran
All Ceylon Tamil Congress අකිල ඉලංකෙයි තමිල් කොංග්‍රස් அகில இலங்கைத் தமிழ்க் காங்கிரஸ் Bicycle TNPF 29 August 1944 Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam
Buddhist People's Front බොදු ජන පෙරමුණ பொது ஜன பெரமுண Cobra N/A
Citizen's Front පුරවැසි පෙරමුණ பிரஜைகள் முன்னணி Omnibus UPFA Sri Ranga Jeyaratnam
Democratic Party ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී පක්ෂය சனநாயகக் கட்சி Flaming Torch 1 April 2013
Democratic United National Front ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී එක්සත් ජාතික පෙරමුණ ஜனநாயக ஐக்கிய தேசிய முன்னணி Eagle N/A 1990 Ariyawansa Dissanayake
Democratic Unity Alliance එක්සත් ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී සන්ධානය ஜனநாயக ஐக்கிய முன்னணி Two Leaves N/A
Desha Vimukthi Janatha Pakshaya දේශ විමුක්ති ජනතා පක්ෂය தேச விமுக்தி ஜனதா பக்ஷய Ear of Paddy UPFA/
SA
1988
Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front
(Padmanaba wing)[n]
ඊලාම් ජනතා විප්ලවවාදී විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ ழமக்கள் புரட்சிகர விடுதலை முன்னணி Candle N/A 2000 T. Sridharan,
Varatharaja Perumal
Eelavar Democratic Front[o] ඊලවර් ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී පෙරමුණ ஈழவர் ஜனநாயக முன்னணி Plough UPFA/
DTNF
Frontline Socialist Party පෙරටුගාමී සමාජවාදී පක්ෂය முன்னிலை சோசலிசக் கட்சி Sledgehammer N/A 9 April 2012
Green Party of Sri Lanka ශ්‍රී ලංකා හරිත පක්ෂය இலங்கை பசுமைக் கட்சி Goblet N/A
Lanka Sama Samaja Party ලංකා සම සමාජ පක්ෂය லங்கா சமசமாஜக் கட்சி Key UPFA/
SA
18 December 1935
Liberal Party of Sri Lanka ලිබරල් පක්ෂය லிபரல் கட்சி Book N/A 1987 Rajiva Wijesinha
Motherland People's Party[p] මව්බිම ජනතා පක්‍ෂය மௌவ்பிம ஜனதா பக்ஷய Aeroplane N/A 2009 Harischandra Wijayatunga
Muslim National Alliance මුස්ලිම් ජාතික සන්ධානය முஸ்லிம் தேசிய கூட்டமைப்பு Pair of Scales N/A
National Congress[q] ජාතික කොංග්‍රසය தேசிய காங்கிரஸ் Horse UPFA A. L. M. Athaullah
National Development Front ජාතික සංවර්ධන පෙරමුණ ஜாதிக சங்வர்தன பெரமுன Coconut N/A Achala Asoka Suraweera
National Peoples Party ජාතික ජනතා පක්ෂය தேசிய மக்கள் கட்சி Electric Bulb N/A
Nationalities Unity Organisation ජාතීන්ගේ සමඟි සංවිධානය தேசிய இனங்களின் ஐக்கியத்துக்கான அமைப்பு Umbrella N/A
Nava Sama Samaja Party නව සමසමාජ පක්ෂය நவ சம சமாஜக் கட்சி Table LLF 1977 Vikramabahu Karunaratne
New Democratic Front නව ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී පෙරමුණ புதிய சனநாயக முன்னணி Swan N/A Shamila Perera
New Sinhala Heritage නව සිහළ උරුමය நவ சிஹல உறுமய Bow & Arrow N/A 2006 Sarath Manamendra
Our National Front අපේ ජාතික පෙරමුණ எமது தேசிய முன்னணி Telephone N/A 2009 Upulangani Malagamuwa
People's Welfare Front ජන සෙත පෙරමුණ ஜனசெத பெரமுண Tractor N/A
Socialist Equality Party[r] සමාජවාදී සමානතා පක්ෂය சோசலிச சமத்துவக் கட்சி Pair of Scissors N/A 1968
Sri Lanka Labour Party ශ්‍රී ලංකා කම්කරු පක්ෂය ஸ்ரீலங்கா தொழிலாளர் கட்சி Kangaroo N/A
Sri Lanka National Force[s] ශ්‍රී ලංකා ජාතික බලය ஸ்ரீ லங்கா தேசிய சக்தி Flag N/A
Sri Lanka People's Front[t] Flower Bud N/A Wimal Geeganage
Sri Lanka People's Party ශ්‍රී ලංකා මහජන පක්ෂය இலங்கை மக்கள் கட்சி Eye UPFA/
SA
22 January 1984
Sri Lanka Progressive Front ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රගතිශීලී පෙරමුණ ஸ்ரீலங்கா முற்போக்கு முன்னணி Flower Vase UPFA 1996 J. A. Peter Nelson Perera
Sri Lanka Vanguard Party ශ්‍රී ලංකා පෙරටුගාමී පක්ෂය இலங்கை முன்னிலை கட்சி Envelope N/A
Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal තමිළ් මක්කල් විඩුදලෛප් පුළිකල් தமிழ் மக்கள் விடுதலைப் புலிகள் Boat UPFA 2004 S. Chandrakanthan
Tamil United Liberation Front[u] ද්‍රවිඩ එක්සත් විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ தமிழர் விடுதலைக் கூட்டணி Sun DTNF 4 May 1972 V. Anandasangaree
United Democratic Front එක්සත් ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී පෙරමුණ ஐக்கிய ஜனநாயக முன்னணி Rabbit N/A
United Lanka People's Party එක්සත් ලංකා පොදුජන පක්ෂය எக்சத் லங்கா பொதுஜன பக்ஷய Cup N/A
United Peace Front[v] එක්සත් සාම පෙරමුණ ஐக்கிய சமாதான முன்னணி Butterfly N/A
United People's Party එක්සත් මහජන පක්‍ෂය ஐக்கிய மக்கள் கட்சி Mobile Phone N/A
United Socialist Party එක්සත් සමාජවාදි පකෂය ஐக்கிய சோசலிச கட்சி Tri-shaw N/A 1989 Siritunga Jayasuriya

Unregistered parties[edit]

Party Sinhala name Tamil name Alliance Founded Leader
Ceylon Communist Party (Maoist) N/A 1964
Ceylon Democratic Unity Alliance N/A 2002 T. V. Chennan
Democratic National Front UPFA/
DTNF
N. Kumaraguruparan
Democratic People's Congress UPFA/
DTNF
Praba Ganesan
Eelam National Democratic Liberation Front ඊළාම් ජාතික ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ ஈழ தேசிய ஜனநாய விடுதலை முன்னணி N/A 1987
Muslim Tamil National Alliance UNFGG Azath Salley
National Front for Good Governance UNFGG Abdul Rahman
People's Freedom Front N/A 1991
People's Liberation Solidarity Front N/A 1997 Kamal Karunadasa
People’s Servants Party ජනතා සේවක පක්ෂය N/A June 2015
People's Tamil Congress N/A L. P. Shanmuganathan
Revolutionary Workers Party[w] N/A 1968
Socialist Party of Sri Lanka N/A 2006
United Citizens’ Front UPFA Tissa Attanayake
United Lanka Great Council N/A Nath Amarakone
United National Alternative Front N/A 2000

Defunct parties[edit]

Party Sinhala name Tamil name Founded Dissolved Notes
All Ceylon Islamic United Front 1960
All Ceylon Malay Political Union 1944
Aziz Democratic Workers Congress
Bolshevik Samasamaja Party[x] 1948 1950 Absorbed into the Lanka Sama Samaja Party
Buddhist Republican Party 1952
Ceylon National Congress இலங்கை தேசிய காங்கிரஸ் 11 December 1919
Lanka Democratic Party இலங்கை சனநாயகக் கட்சி Absorbed into the Sri Lanka Freedom Socialist Party
Lanka Mahajana Sabha 1919
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Alternative Group)
Lanka Sama Samaja Party (Revolutionary) 1964
Muslim United Liberation Front
National Alliance
National Democratic Movement
National Democratic People's Alliance தேசிய ஜனநாயக மக்கள் கூட்டமைப்பு 4 February 2008
National Liberation Front
New Democratic Party
New National Front 2011
People's Front of Liberation Tigers விடுதலைப் புலிகள் மக்கள் முன்னணி 1989
Sinhala Heritage Absorbed into the Jathika Hela Urumaya
Sinhala Maha Sabha සිංහල මහා සභා சிங்கள மகா சபை 1936 Absorbed into the United National Party
Sri Lanka Freedom Socialist Party 1964 Absorbed into the United National Party
Sri Lanka National Congress 2009 2011 Absorbed into the Sri Lanka Freedom Party
Sri Lanka Sama Samaja Party 1982 1983 Absorbed into the Sri Lanka Freedom Party
United Lanka Congress
United Muslim People's Alliance
United National Alliance
Viplavakari Lanka Sama Samaja Party 1950 1959 Absorbed into the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna
Workers' Liberation Front කම්කරැ පක්ෂය

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The TNA contests under the name and house symbol of the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi.
  2. ^ The UNFGG contests under the name and elephant symbol of the United National Party.
  3. ^ The TNPF contests under the name and bicycle symbol of the All Ceylon Tamil Congress.
  4. ^ Formerly Tamil Democratic National Alliance.
  5. ^ Formerly New Left Front, Left Front.
  6. ^ The UNF contests under the name and elephant symbol of the United National Party.
  7. ^ Formerly All Ceylon Muslim Congress.
  8. ^ Formerly Ceylon Indian Congress.
  9. ^ Formerly Ruhuna People's Party.
  10. ^ Formerly Western People's Front.
  11. ^ Political wing of People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam.
  12. ^ Also known as the Federal Party.
  13. ^ Formerly All Lanka Tamil United Front.
  14. ^ Previously Varatharaja wing.
  15. ^ Political wing of Eelam Revolutionary Organisation of Students.
  16. ^ Formerly Sinhalaye Mahasammatha Bhoomiputra Pakshaya.
  17. ^ Also known as National Muslim Congress.
  18. ^ Formerly Revolutionary Communist League.
  19. ^ Formerly Patriotic National Front.
  20. ^ Formerly Sri Lanka National Front, Our Sri Lanka Freedom Front.
  21. ^ Formerly Tamil United Front.
  22. ^ Formerly Muslim Liberation Front.
  23. ^ Formerly Revolutionary Samasamaja Party.
  24. ^ Formerly Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India, Ceylon and Burma.

References[edit]