Northwest Solomonic languages

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Northwest Solomonic
Geographic
distribution
Solomon Islands
Linguistic classificationAustronesian
Glottolognort3225[1]

The family of Northwest Solomonic languages is a branch of the Oceanic languages. It includes the Austronesian languages of Bougainville and Buka in Papua New Guinea, and of Choiseul, New Georgia, and Santa Isabel (excluding Bugotu) in Solomon Islands.

The unity of Northwest Solomonic and the number and composition of its subgroups, along with its relationship to other Oceanic groups, was established in pioneering work by Malcolm Ross.[2]

Languages[edit]

Languages of Santa Isabel

Northwest Solomonic languages group as follows:[3]

In addition, the extinct Kazukuru language was probably one of the New Georgia languages. The unclassified extinct language Tetepare may also have also been one of the New Georgia languages, if it was Austronesian at all.

Basic vocabulary[edit]

Basic vocabulary in many Southeast Solomonic languages are aberrant, and many forms do not have Proto-Oceanic cognates.[4] Below, Ririo, Zabana, and Maringe are compared with three other Southeast Solomonic languages. Aberrant forms are in italics.

English arm ear liver bone skin louse
Proto-Oceanic *lima *taliŋa *qate *suRi *kulit *kutu
Ririo karisi ŋgel tutuen punda kapat utu
Zabana kame taliŋa kola huma kafu gutu
Maringe lima khuli khebu knubra guli theli
Gela lima kuli ate huli gui-guli gutu
Arosi rima kariŋa rogo su-suri ʔuri-ʔuri kote

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Northwest Solomonic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ See Ross (1988).
  3. ^ Lynch, John; Malcolm Ross; Terry Crowley (2002). The Oceanic languages. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon. ISBN 978-0-7007-1128-4. OCLC 48929366.
  4. ^ Pawley, Andrew. Explaining the Aberrant Austronesian Languages of Southeast Melanesia: 150 Years of Debate. Journal of the Polynesian Society, The, Vol. 115, No. 3, Sept 2006: 215-258.

References[edit]

  • Ross, Malcolm D. (1988). Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian languages of Western Melanesia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Further reading[edit]

  • Tryon, Darrell T. and B. D. Hackman. 1983. Solomon Islands Languages: An Internal Classification. (Pacific Linguistics: Series C, 72.) Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University
  • Bill Palmer (2005). North West Solomonic materials. University of Surrey, UK.
  • Bill Palmer (2010). [1]. University of Newcastle, Australia.