Northwest Solomonic languages
The family of Northwest Solomonic languages is a branch of the Oceanic languages. It includes the Austronesian languages of Bougainville and Buka in Papua New Guinea, and of Choiseul, New Georgia, and Santa Isabel (excluding Bugotu) in Solomon Islands.
Northwest Solomonic languages group as follows:
- Nehan – North Bougainville linkage
- Piva–Bannoni family: Piva (Lawunuia), Bannoni
- Mono–Uruavan family: Mono-Alu, Torau, Uruava
- Choiseul linkage: Babatana (including Sisingga)–Ririo, Vaghua–Varisi
- New Georgia – Ysabel family
- New Georgia linkage: Simbo (Simbo Island), Roviana–Kusaghe, Marovo, Hoava, Vangunu (Vangunu Island), Nduke (Kolombangara Island), Ghanongga (Ranongga Island), Lungga (Ranongga Island), Ughele (North Rendova Island)
- Ysabel linkage: Zabana (Kia)–Laghu†, Kokota–Zazao (Kilokaka)–Blablanga, Gao–Cheke Holo (Maringe, Hograno)
In addition, the extinct Kazukuru language was probably one of the New Georgia languages. The unclassified extinct language Tetepare may also have also been one of the New Georgia languages, if it was Austronesian at all.
Basic vocabulary in many Southeast Solomonic languages are aberrant, and many forms do not have Proto-Oceanic cognates. Below, Ririo, Zabana, and Maringe are compared with three other Southeast Solomonic languages. Aberrant forms are in italics.
English arm ear liver bone skin louse Proto-Oceanic *lima *taliŋa *qate *suRi *kulit *kutu Ririo karisi ŋgel tutuen punda kapat utu Zabana kame taliŋa kola huma kafu gutu Maringe lima khuli khebu knubra guli theli Gela lima kuli ate huli gui-guli gutu Arosi rima kariŋa rogo su-suri ʔuri-ʔuri kote
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Northwest Solomonic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- See Ross (1988).
- Lynch, John; Malcolm Ross; Terry Crowley (2002). The Oceanic languages. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon. ISBN 978-0-7007-1128-4. OCLC 48929366.
- Pawley, Andrew. Explaining the Aberrant Austronesian Languages of Southeast Melanesia: 150 Years of Debate. Journal of the Polynesian Society, The, Vol. 115, No. 3, Sept 2006: 215-258.
- Ross, Malcolm D. (1988). Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian languages of Western Melanesia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
- Tryon, Darrell T. and B. D. Hackman. 1983. Solomon Islands Languages: An Internal Classification. (Pacific Linguistics: Series C, 72.) Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University
- Bill Palmer (2005). North West Solomonic materials. University of Surrey, UK.
- Bill Palmer (2010). . University of Newcastle, Australia.