|Region||Futuna Island, Wallis and Futuna and New Caledonia|
(6,600 cited 1986–1987)|
3,600 in Wallis and Futuna (2011)
Futunan or Futunian is the Polynesian language spoken on Futuna (and Alofi). The term East-Futunan is also used to distinguish it from the related West Futunan (Futuna-Aniwan) spoken on the outlier islands of Futuna and Aniwa in Vanuatu.
Futunan has five vowels; a, e (/e/), i, o, u (/u/) which can be short or long. Long vowels are denoted by a macron: ā, ē, ī, ō, ū. Futunan has 11 consonants: 4 plosives (p, k, t, and a glottal stop /ʔ/, noted by an apostrophe); 3 nasals m, n, and g (/ŋ/) and 4 fricatives f, v, l, and s. /ŋ/ corresponds to the sound ng as in "parking".
The Futunan has a syllabic structure of CVCV type, which means that two consonants are necessarily separated by a vowel; The opposite is not true (examples: eio (yes), tauasu (meeting where one drinks kava), aua (particle of the negative imperative), etc.). Words end with a vowel.
- Futunan at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "East Futuna". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Moyse-Faurie, Claire (1993). Dictionnaire futunien-français avec index français-futunien. Peeter Selaf.
|Futunan language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
- An online French–Futunan dictionary
- Database of audio recordings in Futunan (Fakafutuna) - basic Catholic prayers
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