King's Mill, Shipley

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Shipley Windmill
'Creek' King's Mill windmill at Shipley, West Sussex, England 01.JPG
King's Mill
Origin
Mill name
  • King's Mill
  • Vincent's Mill
Grid reference TQ 143 218
Coordinates 50°59′05″N 0°22′22″W / 50.9848°N 0.3727°W / 50.9848; -0.3727Coordinates: 50°59′05″N 0°22′22″W / 50.9848°N 0.3727°W / 50.9848; -0.3727
Operator(s) Private
Year built 1879 (1879)
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Four-storey smock
Base storeys Two-storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
No. of sails Four
Type of sails Patent sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Fantail
No. of pairs of millstones 3

King's Mill or Vincent's Mill, Shipley, West Sussex, England, is a smock mill built in 1879 which has been restored and was open to the public until its closure on 19 July 2009.

History[edit]

King's Mill was built in 1879 at a cost of £2,500 by Messrs Grist and Steele, the Horsham millwrights. Machinery from a windmill at Coldwaltham is believed to have been incorporated in the mill. The mill worked commercially until 1926, latterly by a steam engine.[1] It was bought in 1906 by Hilaire Belloc, who owned it until his death in 1953. King's Mill was restored by E Hole and Sons, the Burgess Hill millwrights, as a memorial to Belloc soon after his death and was re-opened to visitors for the first time in 1958.[2] West Sussex County Council had the responsibility for the upkeep of the mill, which remained in the ownership of the Belloc family.[1]

The Shipley Windmill Charitable Trust was formed in 1987 and took over responsibility for the maintenance. Further restoration work was carried out by Hole's between 1987 and 1990, when the mill re-opened, although with only two sweeps at that time. The second pair of sweeps was fitted in 1991.[2] A new pair of sweeps and a new stock were fitted in November 2004.[3] On 7 April 2009, it was announced that the mill was to close to the public as the lease owned by Shipley Mill Charitable Trust only had three years to run and they had been notified that the lease would not be renewed when it expired. The mill opened for the 2009 season on 5 April and held its last open day on 19 July.[4]

Description[edit]

King's Mill is a four-storey smock mill on a two-storey brick base. It has four Patent Sails carried on a cast-iron windshaft. The octagonal conical cap is winded by a fantail. The Brake Wheel is wood, driving a cast-iron Wallower on an oak Upright Shaft. This carries a cast-iron Great Spur Wheel which drives three pairs of overdrift millstones.[1]

The mill is a Grade II* listed building [5]

Millers[edit]

  • Friend Martin, 1879 - 1884
  • William Rapley
  • R Wood, 1884 - 1895
  • Richard Vincent, 1898
  • Ernest Powell, 1926

Sources:[1][6]

Culture and media[edit]

The mill was the filming location for Jonathan Creek's home in the BBC series of that name.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Brunnarius, Martin (1979). The Windmills of Sussex. Chichester: Philimore. pp. 66–68, 190. ISBN 0-85033-345-8. 
  2. ^ a b "History of Shipley Windmill". Shipley Windmill. Retrieved 6 May 2008. 
  3. ^ "Shipley windmill, Sussex". Windmill World. Retrieved 6 May 2008. 
  4. ^ "Creek windmill to close to public". BBC News Online. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "Name: KINGS WINDMILL List entry Number: 1180806". Historic England. Retrieved 26 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Horsham Union Workhouse - a history - Page 3 of 7 (Wayback Machine)". Horsham Workhouse. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2008. 
  7. ^ http://www.shipleywindmill.org.uk/famous.htm

Further reading[edit]

Hemming, Peter (1936). The Windmills in Sussex. London: C W Daniel.  Online version

External links[edit]