Sikh Manji

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A Manji is a Sikh religious administrative unit.[1] It was founded by Guru Amar Das, the third leader of Sikhism. Manji refers to each zone of religious administration with an appointed chief called sangatias, with officially appointed representatives known as masand.[2][3] It has been conceptually similar in its aims to the diocese system in Christianity, and has been similarly important in Sikh missionary activity.[4][5]

The word Manji or Manja literally means a cot (taken as the seat of authority in this context).[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Manji: SIKH RELIGIOUS ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT, Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ William Owen Cole; Piara Singh Sambhi (1995). The Sikhs: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 20–21. ISBN 978-1-898723-13-4.
  3. ^ Louis E. Fenech; W. H. McLeod (2014). Historical Dictionary of Sikhism. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 29–30. ISBN 978-1-4422-3601-1.
  4. ^ Alon Goshen-Gottstein (2016). The Future of Religious Leadership: World Religions in Conversation. Lexington. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-4985-4025-4.
  5. ^ a b DS Dhillon (1988). Sikhism Origin and Development. Atlantic Publishers. pp. 207–208.