Siliana

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Siliana
سليانة
Saliana 2.jpg
Siliana is located in Tunisia
Siliana
Siliana
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 36°4′55″N 9°22′29″E / 36.08194°N 9.37472°E / 36.08194; 9.37472Coordinates: 36°4′55″N 9°22′29″E / 36.08194°N 9.37472°E / 36.08194; 9.37472
CountryFlag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
GovernorateSiliana Governorate
Delegation(s)Siliana North, Siliana South
Government
 • MayorAbdelhamid Hamami (Nidaa Tounes)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total31,251
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)
postal code
6100

Siliana (Tunisian Arabic: سليانة Siliāna) is a modern farming town in northern Tunisia. It is located at around 36°4′55″N 9°22′29″E / 36.08194°N 9.37472°E / 36.08194; 9.37472, 130 km south-west of the capital Tunis. It is the capital of the Siliana Governorate. It is located 4 miles away from Jama where the Battle of Zama occurred.

Siliana Dam, is located 10 km north of the city of Siliana.

History[edit]

During the Second Punic War The battle of Zama took place ten kilometers from Siliana. There was a Roman town here during Roman Empire, it appears on the 4th century Peutinger Map.

Modern Siliana was founded in 1905.

In April 1990 the Silianian people made the first Tunisian revolution against the police, it was the first Tunisian voice ever against the government.

In November 2012, Siliana witnessed clashes between protesters for unemployment and the local police. Both Amnesty International and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay called on the authorities to end the use of "excessive force".[1]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Siliana has 17 neighborhoods

  • ons
  • riadh 1
  • riadh 2
  • farhat hached
  • hay monji slim (jlas)
  • jomhoria
  • ferdaous
  • nour ( aben )
  • sinaii
  • al barid
  • nouzha
  • fleha
  • basatin
  • salah
  • tay mhiri
  • zouhour

Climate[edit]

Siliana has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). In winter there is more rainfall than in summer. The average annual temperature in Siliana is 16.9 °C (62.4 °F). About 423 mm (16.65 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Siliana (1981–2010, extremes 1953–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
32.6
(90.7)
36.2
(97.2)
36.3
(97.3)
43.3
(109.9)
45.8
(114.4)
45.7
(114.3)
46.1
(115.0)
43.0
(109.4)
40.0
(104.0)
30.8
(87.4)
31.3
(88.3)
46.1
(115.0)
Average high °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
15.1
(59.2)
17.8
(64.0)
21.2
(70.2)
26.8
(80.2)
32.3
(90.1)
35.9
(96.6)
35.5
(95.9)
30.4
(86.7)
25.5
(77.9)
19.4
(66.9)
15.3
(59.5)
24.1
(75.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
9.3
(48.7)
11.4
(52.5)
14.4
(57.9)
19.4
(66.9)
24.3
(75.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
23.1
(73.6)
18.9
(66.0)
13.6
(56.5)
9.9
(49.8)
17.3
(63.2)
Average low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.0
(39.2)
5.3
(41.5)
7.7
(45.9)
11.6
(52.9)
15.5
(59.9)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
16.3
(61.3)
13.1
(55.6)
8.5
(47.3)
5.3
(41.5)
10.7
(51.3)
Record low °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41.0)
10.5
(50.9)
9.4
(48.9)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
−6.5
(20.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.7
(2.11)
33.6
(1.32)
48.0
(1.89)
40.1
(1.58)
37.9
(1.49)
18.7
(0.74)
8.1
(0.32)
19.1
(0.75)
50.5
(1.99)
39.0
(1.54)
38.5
(1.52)
40.7
(1.60)
427.9
(16.85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.8 6.5 6.7 6.1 4.7 2.7 1.0 2.8 5.1 5.7 5.1 5.9 59.1
Average relative humidity (%) 74 71 72 66 62 55 48 54 60 67 71 74 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.3 151.2 182.9 207.0 220.1 252.0 297.6 282.1 237.0 195.3 138.0 130.2 2,426.7
Source: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990)[2][3][4][note 1]

Sports[edit]

Siliana is the home of Uss: union Siliana sport, a football team that was founded in 1955.

Education[edit]

There is one college in siliana: "Isetsl"[6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaouther Larbi (1 December 2012). "Clashes rock Tunisia town as step made toward peace deal". AFP. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  6. ^ http://www.isetsl.rnu.tn/

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Station ID for Siliana is 23434111.[5]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Siliana at Wikimedia Commons