Commune and town
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Ras Jebel, also known as Ras el-Djebel, is a town, commune, and archaeological site on Cap Sidi in the Bizerte Governorate of Tunisia. The name of the city refers to the summit or end of the mountain, thus evoking the end of the Atlas Mountains.
During the Roman Empire the town, founded in the 3rd or 4th century, was a civitas of the Roman Province of Africa and was the seat of an ancient Christian bishopric, which survives today as a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. It appears on the Peutinger Map. There is a set of ruins of the Roman era town of El Rhettas, 7km to the west.
Towards the second half of the 14th century, the Andalusians expelled from Spain would have settled on the site after having benefited from agricultural concessions. The inhabitants of the town carry Ghwalbia's gentile in reference to the Arab tribe of Banou Ghalib from the Spanish region of Zaragoza, whence the majority of the first wave of refugee Moriscos that settled in Ras Jebel originated. A road linking the port of Carthage to the region of Ras Jebel is called "Qalat el-Andalus" (Citadel of the Andalusians).
Historically, the region around Ras Jebel has been predominantly peasant agriculture. Irrigation from the Medjerda has led to benefits in yields. Ras Jebel is one of the villages with Andalusian traditions where intensive farming dates back to the distant past. Agriculture has become progressively market-oriented and uses increasingly intensive techniques (market gardening and fruit-growing irrigation as well as intensive livestock farming).
Over the last decades, a textile industry has been established in the outskirts of the city. The first plants to be established are those of Lee Cooper. This industry employs a large number of young workers from Ras Jebel and neighboring villages. Several brands have already produced jeans in Ras Jebel such as Pepe Jeans, Joseph, Le temps des cerises.
- Ras El Djebel at Michelline.
- (in French) Recensement de 2004 au niveau municipal (Institut national de la statistique) Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Majid Mathlouthi, Fethi Lebdi 2007|Gestion en commun des infrastructures d'un périmètre d'irrigation au nord de la Tunisie, at planbleu.org.