Nabeul

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Nabeul
Montage ville de Nabeul.png
Nabeul is located in Tunisia
Nabeul
Nabeul
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 36°27′15″N 10°44′5″E / 36.45417°N 10.73472°E / 36.45417; 10.73472Coordinates: 36°27′15″N 10°44′5″E / 36.45417°N 10.73472°E / 36.45417; 10.73472
CountryFlag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
GovernorateNabeul Governorate
Delegation(s)Nabeul
Government
 • MayorBasma Maatoug (Nidaa Tounes)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total73,128
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)

Nabeul (/ˈnæbəl/; Arabic: نابل Nābil), is a coastal town located in northeastern Tunisia, on the south coast of the Cape Bon peninsula and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea on both sides. It is the first seaside resort[1] in Tunisia. It is known for its agricultural riches and its touristic potentials. The city had a population of 73,128 as of the 2014 census.[2]

History[edit]

Nabeul was founded in the fifth century BC by the Greeks of Cyrene, serving as a trade port. Its present name is an arabization of its Greek name Neápolis (Νεάπολις, "New City"), which was a common name of Greek colonies. In Roman times, the city was an important trade hub for grain from North Africa to Rome, and a centre for manufacture of garum for Rome.[3]

Neapolis, on the fourth-century Tabula Peutingeriana

On 21 July 365, a massive tsunami hit the city from the 365 Crete earthquake, resulting in much destruction and leaving part of it underwater.[4]

During antiquity, Neapolis was also the seat of an ancient Christian bishopric[5] The Bishopric was founded during the Roman Empire and survived through the arian Vandal and Orthodox Byzantine empires, only ceasing to function with the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb.

The diocese was refounded in name at least in the twentieth century as a titular see of the Roman Catholic church.[6] Due to its location by the Mediterranean coast, it remains today a popular tourist destination and is the main centre of the Tunisian pottery industry.

Climate[edit]

Nabeul, as well as the whole region of Cape Bon is known for its moderate climate.[7] In January, the temperature reaches 8.4 °C on the minimum average, with the maximum average attaining 15.8 °C. In August, the minimum temperature is 22.6 °C while the maximum is 30.6 °C.

Climate data for Nabeul (1981–2010, extremes 1981–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
30.3
(86.5)
30.0
(86.0)
32.2
(90.0)
42.1
(107.8)
44.9
(112.8)
42.9
(109.2)
41.0
(105.8)
39.8
(103.6)
35.4
(95.7)
30.9
(87.6)
33.2
(91.8)
44.9
(112.8)
Average high °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
16.3
(61.3)
18.0
(64.4)
20.0
(68.0)
23.4
(74.1)
27.9
(82.2)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
28.5
(83.3)
25.1
(77.2)
20.7
(69.3)
17.2
(63.0)
23.0
(73.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
12.3
(54.1)
13.9
(57.0)
15.9
(60.6)
19.3
(66.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26.3
(79.3)
27.1
(80.8)
24.6
(76.3)
21.4
(70.5)
17.1
(62.8)
13.6
(56.5)
18.9
(66.0)
Average low °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
8.9
(48.0)
10.3
(50.5)
12.4
(54.3)
15.7
(60.3)
19.2
(66.6)
22.0
(71.6)
23.1
(73.6)
21.0
(69.8)
18.1
(64.6)
13.5
(56.3)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
Record low °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
1.5
(34.7)
2.6
(36.7)
5.3
(41.5)
0.0
(32.0)
11.3
(52.3)
9.7
(49.5)
17.3
(63.1)
13.8
(56.8)
9.2
(48.6)
4.6
(40.3)
2.0
(35.6)
0.0
(32.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 62.7
(2.47)
34.2
(1.35)
38.7
(1.52)
31.0
(1.22)
21.7
(0.85)
6.7
(0.26)
4.6
(0.18)
9.9
(0.39)
48.1
(1.89)
58.2
(2.29)
58.5
(2.30)
59.3
(2.33)
433.6
(17.05)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.4 4.5 5.9 4.8 3.1 1.5 0.6 1.1 3.5 5.1 6.0 6.5 49
Average relative humidity (%) 75 73 73 74 74 70 69 70 72 76 75 75 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.3 154.0 195.3 225.0 251.1 291.0 337.9 303.8 231.0 189.1 129.0 139.5 2,580
Source: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990)[8][9][10][note 1]

Economy[edit]

Nabeul's modern economy is based primarily on tourism. The most famous hotels are mainly located at the seaside. The most known tourist resorts in Nabeul include the Roman archaeological site of Neapolis (positioned 2 kilometres away from downtown), the archaeological museum which offers ceramic and Punic statues dating back to the seventh century BC and an important collection of Roman mosaics proceeded from sites of the region.

Souk El Balgha is considered one of the most ancient and special souks in the region of Nabeul. It was dedicated to fabricating and selling the "balgha" heelless slippers made from leather. Souk Haddada is devoted for sheet metal workers. Souk Ezzit is where the traders sold the oil. The weekly Souk that takes place every Friday attracts many tourists and locals. The Medina of Nabeul can be accessed through many doors: Beb Blad, the main entry, Beb el Zaouia and Beb el Khoukha.[12]

Handicraft[edit]

Nabeul also is known in Tunisia and abroad for its handicraft that consists of artistic potteries,[13] especially painted dishes[14] as well as for wall tiles.[15]

This craftwork was restarted during the first half of the twentieth century through the research of the French Tessier, Deverclos and the Tunisian Jacob Chemla.

Agriculture[edit]

Nabeul's agriculture relies on oranges, lemons, and the bitter orange also known in French as Bigardier.[15] People of Nabeul also distill flowers of bitter orange, Bourbon geranium, and Damask rose. They sell it mainly in the local souks and export the rest to the world.

Gastronomy[edit]

Nabeul has been famous for its Harissa since the Andalusians arrived in Tunisia in the sixteenth century.[16] They brought pepper and stored loads of it throughout the year. This activity called "El Oula" consists of preserving food ingredients all along the season and making it last longer in order to be consumed on a day-to-day basis. Many women in Nabeul are still committed to storing "El Oula" every year.

Twin towns[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nabeul, Tunisia". Invest in Tunisia.
  2. ^ "Nabeul's population".
  3. ^ Day, Joel (19 August 2021). "Archaeology breakthrough after storm uncovered lost ancient Roman city on Tunisian coast". Express.co.uk.
  4. ^ Oct 2019, Maria O'Donovan / 24 (October 24, 2019). "Digging Up Woodstock". SAPIENS.
  5. ^ Francois Decret, Early Christianity in North Africa (Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2009) p83.
  6. ^ Titular Episcopal See of Neapolis in Proconsulari at Gcatholic.org
  7. ^ "INM - Donnees climatiques mensuelles pour la Tunisie".
  8. ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  10. ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Les Souks de Nabeul, Tunisie | Voyage Tunisie".
  13. ^ "مدينة نابل في تونس". موضوع.
  14. ^ "Redirection to New Misk Website". misk.tn.
  15. ^ a b "الموقع الرسمي لولاية نابل | بانوراما المعتمديات". www.nabeul.gov.tn.
  16. ^ "حكاية سفرة: هذه قصّة "الهريسة" الحارّة في تونس". نون بوست. October 26, 2017.
  17. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Station ID for Nabeul is 12828111.[11]