Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat

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Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
Yang di-Pertua Dewan Rakyat
Incumbent
Pandikar Amin Mulia

since 28 April 2008
Dewan Rakyat
Style Tuan Yang di-Pertua (formal)
Tuan Speaker (informal and within the House)
Member of Committee of Selection,
Standing Orders Committee,
House Committee,
Committee of Privileges
Reports to Dewan Rakyat
Appointer Elected by members of the Dewan Rakyat
Term length Elected at the start of each Parliament, upon a vacancy
Constituting instrument Federal Constitution of Malaysia
Inaugural holder Mohamad Noah Omar
Formation 11 September 1959; 57 years ago (1959-09-11)
Salary MYR 362,000 annually
Website Parliament of Malaysia

The Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat (Malay: Yang di-Pertua Dewan Rakyat) is the presiding officer of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia. He is responsible for convening sessions of the Dewan Rakyat, organising debates, and examining the admissibility of petitions, bills and amendments.

In the absence of the Speaker, one of his deputies will take his place.[1] As of 2013, the Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat is Pandikar Amin Mulia, and his deputies are Ismail Mohamed Said and Ronald Kiandee. All of them are from the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.

Functions[edit]

The Speaker determines when a sitting of the House should open and close, and may suspend the sitting for a brief period of time if necessary. He is also in charge of ensuring the Constitution and Standing Orders of the House are given due respect, disciplining members of the House, determining who shall have the floor during a sitting, calling a vote, and checking for a quorum when the House meets. He only participates in a vote when there is a tie.[1] The Speaker also has powers some allege to be excessive, such as imposing limits on the posing of supplementary questions during Question Time — an important procedure for the legislature to examine the government's actions, the power to restrict the tabling of questions for Question Time, and the power to amend written copies of speeches made by members of the House before they are given verbally.[2]

Speaker election[edit]

The Speaker is elected to a term that lasts for the length of the term of the Dewan Rakyat that elected him. His term ends when the House is dissolved and a general election is called. He is elected when the House meets for the first time after a general election by the members of the House, who are called MPs. Any MP is qualified to be the Speaker of the House, but non-MPs who meet the same qualifications required to be an MP are also eligible for election as Speaker. A candidate for Speaker must be nominated and seconded by at least two MPs other than himself. This nomination process must be conducted at least 14 days before the election of the Speaker. If only one candidate meets these conditions, he is automatically elected Speaker; otherwise, voting by secret ballot is conducted, with the winner decided by a simple majority. Two deputy Speakers are elected in a similar manner.

The Clerk (Setiausaha) of the House presides over the voting.[1]


List of Speakers of the Dewan Rakyat[edit]

Parliament No. Speaker Term start Term end
1st
1959–1964
1 Mohamad Noah Omar 11 September 1959 1 March 1964
2nd
1964–1969
2 Syed Esa Alwee 18 May 1964 24 November 1964
3 Chik Mohamed Yusuf Sheikh Abdul Rahman 25 November 1964 20 March 1969
3rd
1971–1974
20 February 1971 31 July 1974
4th
1974–1978
4 Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmood 4 November 1974 20 December 1977
5 Syed Nasir Ismail 9 January 1978 12 June 1978
5th
1978–1982
31 July 1978 29 March 1982
6th
1982–1986
6 Mohamed Zahir Ismail 14 June 1982 19 July 1986
7th
1986–1990
6 October 1986 4 October 1990
8th
1990–1995
3 December 1990 6 April 1995
9th
1995–1999
7 June 1995 10 November 1999
10th
1999–2004
20 December 1999 4 March 2004
11th
2004–2008
17 May 2004 14 October 2004
7 Ramli Ngah Talib 22 November 2004 13 February 2008
12th
2008–2013
8 Pandikar Amin Mulia 28 April 2008 3 April 2013
13th
2013–
28 June 2013 Incumbent

Election results[edit]

Election Date Candidates Votes Nominated by Seconded by Clerk
11 September 1959 Mohamad Noah Omar Unopposed Tunku Abdul Rahman Teoh Chze Chong C. A. Frederick
18 May 1964 Syed Esa Alwee Unopposed Tunku Abdul Rahman Asri Muda Sheikh Abdullah Sheikh Abu Bakar
25 November 1964 Chik Mohamed Yusuf Sheikh Abdul Rahman Unopposed Tunku Abdul Rahman Ng Kam Poh Sheikh Abdullah Sheikh Abu Bakar
20 February 1971 Chik Mohamed Yusuf Sheikh Abdul Rahman Unopposed Abdul Razak Hussein Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmood Ahmad Abdullah
4 November 1974 Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmood Unopposed Abdul Razak Hussein Hussein Onn Azizul Rahman Abdul Aziz
9 January 1978 Syed Nasir Ismail Unopposed Hussein Onn Lee San Choon Azizul Rahman Abdul Aziz
31 July 1978 Syed Nasir Ismail Unopposed Hussein Onn Lee San Choon Azizul Rahman Abdul Aziz
14 June 1982 Mohamed Zahir Ismail Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Musa Hitam Azizul Rahman Abdul Aziz
6 October 1986 Mohamed Zahir Ismail Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Ling Liong Sik Azizul Rahman Abdul Aziz
3 December 1990 Mohamed Zahir Ismail Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Ling Liong Sik Wan Zahir Sheikh Abdul Rahman
7 June 1995 Mohamed Zahir Ismail Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Ling Liong Sik Abdul Rahman Ali
20 December 1999 Mohamed Zahir Ismail Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Ling Liong Sik Mohd. Salleh Hassan
17 May 2004 Mohamed Zahir Ismail Unopposed Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Najib Razak Abdullah Abdul Wahab
22 November 2004 Ramli Ngah Talib 185 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Proxy: Najib Razak
Controversial election
Ong Ka Ting Abdullah Abdul Wahab
Tan Seng Giaw 10 Lim Kit Siang Kulasegaran Murugeson
28 April 2008 Pandikar Amin Mulia Unopposed Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Najib Razak Roosme Hamzah
24 June 2013 Pandikar Amin Mulia 133 Najib Razak Muhyiddin Yassin Roosme Hamzah
Abdul Kadir Sulaiman 89 Abdul Khalid Ibrahim Karpal Singh

Deputy Speakers of the Dewan Rakyat[edit]

The Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives) shall be from time to time elect two deputy speakers from among members of the House. During any vacancy in the office of Speaker or during any absence of the Speaker from any sitting, one of the Deputy Speakers or, if both the Deputy Speakers are absent or if both their offices are vacant, such other member as may be determined by the rules of procedure of the House, shall act as Speaker.

List of Deputy Speakers of Dewan Rakyat:

Parliament No. Deputy Speaker Term start Term end
2nd
1964–1969
1 Syed Esa Alwee 25 November 1964 20 March 1969
3rd
1971–1974
2 Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmud 9 March 1971 31 July 1974
4th
1974–1978
3 Syed Nasir Ismail 6 November 1974 8 January 1978
4 Azahari Md. Taib 21 March 1978 12 June 1978
5th
1978–1982
5 Mansor Othman 23 October 1978 29 March 1982
6th
1982–1986
6 Hee Tien Lai 14 June 1982 26 July 1983
7 Abdul Hamid Pawanteh 26 October 1984 19 July 1986
7th
1986–1990
8 D. P. Vijandran 8 October 1986 23 February 1990
9 Mohamed Amin Daud 8 October 1986 4 October 1990
10 Ong Tee Keat 11 June 1990 4 October 1990
8th
1990–1995
(10) Ong Tee Keat 5 December 1990 6 April 1995
11 Juhar Mahiruddin 5 December 1990 6 April 1995
9th
1995–1999
(10) Ong Tee Keat 12 June 1995 10 November 1999
(11) Juhar Mahiruddin 12 June 1995 10 November 1999
10th
1999–2004
12 Muhammad Abdullah 20 December 1999 4 March 2004
13 Lim Si Cheng 20 December 1999 4 March 2004
11th
2004–2008
(13) Lim Si Cheng 17 May 2004 13 February 2008
14 Yusof Yacob 17 May 2004 13 February 2008
12th
2008–2013
15 Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar 28 April 2008 3 April 2013
16 Ronald Kiandee 28 April 2008 3 April 2013
13th
2013–present
(16) Ronald Kiandee 24 June 2013 Incumbent
17 Ismail Mohamed Said 24 June 2013 Incumbent

Election results[edit]

Election Date Candidates Votes Nominated by Seconded by
25 November 1964 Syed Esa Alwee Unopposed Ismail Abdul Rahman T. Mahima Singh
9 March 1971 Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmud Unopposed Tunku Abdul Rahman Ismail Abdul Rahman
6 November 1974 Syed Nasir Ismail Unopposed Abdul Razak Hussein Hussein Onn
21 March 1978 Azahari Md. Taib Unopposed Hussein Onn V. Manickavasagam
23 October 1978 Mansor Othman Unopposed Hussein Onn V. Manickavasagam
14 June 1982 Hee Tien Lai Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Samy Vellu
26 October 1984 Abdul Hamid Pawanteh Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad
Proxy: Mohd Khalil Yaakob
Sulaiman Daud
8 October 1986 Mohamed Amin Daud Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Samy Vellu
D. P. Vijandran Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Lim Keng Yaik
11 June 1990 Ong Tee Keat 107 Mahathir Mohamad Samy Vellu
Chian Heng Kai 30 Rais Yatim Lee Lam Thye
5 December 1990 Ong Tee Keat Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Samy Vellu
Juhar Mahiruddin Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Ling Liong Sik
12 June 1995 Ong Tee Keat Unopposed Abang Abu Bakar Abang Mustapha Samy Vellu
Juhar Mahiruddin Unopposed Anwar Ibrahim Lim Keng Yaik
20 December 1999 Lim Si Cheng Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Samy Vellu
Muhammad Abdullah Unopposed Mahathir Mohamad Samy Vellu
17 May 2004 Lim Si Cheng Unopposed Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Ong Ka Ting
Yusof Yacob Unopposed Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Ong Ka Ting
28 April 2008 Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar 157 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Najib Razak
Ronald Kiandee 140 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Najib Razak
Tan Seng Giaw 81 Lim Kit Siang Karpal Singh
24 June 2013 Ronald Kiandee Unopposed Najib Razak Muhyiddin Yassin
Ismail Mohamed Said Unopposed Najib Razak Muhyiddin Yassin

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Malaysia". Retrieved Dec. 10, 2005.
  2. ^ "Malaysia". Retrieved Feb. 12, 2006.

See also[edit]