St. Andrew's Cathedral (Victoria, British Columbia)
|St. Andrews Cathedral|
Third St. Andrews Cathedral
|Architectural style||High Victorian Gothic|
|Location||740 View Street
Victoria, British Columbia
|Client||Roman Catholic Diocese of Victoria|
|Structural system||Red brick & terra cotta facade|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Maurice Perrault and Albert Mesnard|
|Official name||St. Andrew's Roman Catholic Cathedral National Historic Site of Canada|
St. Andrew's Cathedral is the Roman Catholic cathedral for the diocese of Victoria in British Columbia, Canada. Built in the High Victorian Gothic style, St. Andrew's was Victoria's third cathedral to be built. (The first, 1858–1884, is now the Chapel of St. Ann's Academy on Humboldt Street; the second, 1884–1892, was on the site behind the current building now occupied by the St. Andrew's Square office building.)
Construction for the new cathedral began in 1890. At 8:00a.m. on October 30, 1892, Bishop Jean-Nicolas Lemmens blessed the building before celebrating a Pontifical High Mass at 10:00a.m. The cathedral has been a National Historic Site of Canada since 1990.
- Architects: Maurice Perrault and Albert Mesnard
- Cost: CAD$ 81,052.00
Based on the plans for a church built in Vaudreuil-Dorion, Quebec, Perrault and Mesnard borrowed much from the medieval architecture of European churches. The double asymmetrical towers are typical of Quebec churches and a characteristic of the High Victorian Gothic style. This was an attempt to follow the "unfinished" look that made fourteenth and fifteenth century churches popular.
The nave is seventy-two feet long, with a rose window. The main tower boasts a 175 ft (53 m) spire that was designed to hold a clock and a set of bells.
An altar was commissioned for use on the twenty-fifth anniversary of Bishop Remi Joseph De Roo's episcopal ordination. Carved by Charles W. Elliott, the first Native American to graduate from St. Louis College, the altar consists of two bentwood boxes. The boxes can be rotated to show four separate designs for the different liturgical seasons. The top of the altar or is carved from yellow cedar (Nootka Cypress) and weighs approximately four hundred pounds.
The cathedral houses a crypt, where three of Victoria's former Bishops are interred:
- Bishop Modeste Demers, the first Bishop of Victoria.
- Charles John Seghers, the second and fourth Bishop, murdered in Alaska.
- Rt. Rev. John J. Jonckau, a former Vicar General of the Diocese of Victoria who was named as Bishop but died before being consecrated.
The Institute for stained glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at St Andrew's Catholic Cathedral. The cathedral houses 21 large Portland-style stained glass windows and two large rose windows with a smaller one above the gallery.
Stained glass window detail depicting St. Mark the Evangelist
- St. Ann's Academy - the first St. Andrew's Cathedral became St. Ann's Chapel.
- List of historic places in Victoria, British Columbia
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