Sthulabhadra

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Sthulabhadra
Jain Temple, Kamaldah, Gulzarbagh, Patna, Bihar..JPG
Sthulabhadra Jain temple in Kamaldah, Patna
Personal
Born297 BCE
Died198 BCE (aged 99 years)
ReligionJainism
Parents
  • Sakatala (father)
SectŚvētāmbara
Military service
RankAcharya
Religious career
PredecessorBhadrabahu
Sthulabhadra

Sthulabhadra (297–198 BCE) was a disciple of Bhadrabahu.[1] The Śvētāmbara tradition of Jainism trace their lineage through Sthulabhadra.[2]

Life[edit]

He was a son of the ninth Nanda's minister Sakatala and brother of Shrikaya. He denied ministry after the death of his father and became a Jain monk.[3] He became a disciple of Sambhutavijaya. Sthulabhadra became a leader of the sangha as bhadrabahu was in Nepal at the time when the Sanga announced the decision. He organized a council at Pataliputra to compile the Śvētāmbara canonical texts. Later he became a disciple of Bhadrabahu for 8 years to learn the Purvas. Bhadrabahu refused to teach him the last 4 Purvas because Sthulabhadra used his knowledge in vain.

He was succeeded by his disciples Mahagiri and Suhasti.[4]

Sthulabhadra permitted the use of white cloth by his order during the famine. He is thus sometimes thought to be the originator of the Swetambara order.[5]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Arya Sthulibhadra By Vijaya Nityānanda Sūri, Cidānanda Vijaya
  2. ^ The Lives of the Jain Elders By Hemacandra, Translated by R. C. C. Fynes, 1998, Oxford University Press
  3. ^ Upinder Singh 2016, p. 273.
  4. ^ Jain Dharma ka Maulik Itihas, Acharya Hastimal, 1974, Part 2, p. 383-440
  5. ^ Sthulabhadra, Ganesh Lalwani, Jain Journal, April 1985, p. 152

Sources[edit]

  • Singh, Upinder (2016), A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century, Pearson PLC, ISBN 978-81-317-1677-9