Sthulabhadra Jain temple in Kamaldah, Patna
|Died||198 BCE (aged 99 years)|
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He was a son of the ninth Nanda's minister Sakatala and brother of Shrikaya. He denied ministry after the death of his father and became a Jain monk. He became a disciple of Sambhutavijaya. Sthulabhadra became a leader of the sangha as bhadrabahu was in Nepal at the time when the Sanga announced the decision. He organized a council at Pataliputra to compile the Śvētāmbara canonical texts. Later he became a disciple of Bhadrabahu for 8 years to learn the Purvas. Bhadrabahu refused to teach him the last 4 Purvas because Sthulabhadra used his knowledge in vain.
He was succeeded by his disciples Mahagiri and Suhasti.
Sthulabhadra permitted the use of white cloth by his order during the famine. He is thus sometimes thought to be the originator of the Swetambara order.
- Arya Sthulibhadra By Vijaya Nityānanda Sūri, Cidānanda Vijaya
- The Lives of the Jain Elders By Hemacandra, Translated by R. C. C. Fynes, 1998, Oxford University Press
- Upinder Singh 2016, p. 273.
- Jain Dharma ka Maulik Itihas, Acharya Hastimal, 1974, Part 2, p. 383-440
- Sthulabhadra, Ganesh Lalwani, Jain Journal, April 1985, p. 152
- Singh, Upinder (2016), A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century, Pearson PLC, ISBN 978-81-317-1677-9
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