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Formation 1993
Type Economic cooperation organization
14 plus 28 European Union members

TRACECA (acronym: Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia) is an international transport programme involving the European Union and 14 member States of the Eastern European, Caucasian and Central Asian region.[1] The programme aim is to strengthen economic relations, trade and transport in the regions of the Black Sea basin, South Caucasus and Central Asia. It has a permanent Secretariat, originally financed by the European Commission, in Baku, Azerbaijan, and a regional office in Odessa, Ukraine. Since 2009 the organisation has been entirely financed by member countries.


TRACECA was established in May 1993, upon the signing of Multilateral Agreement on International Transport for the development of transport initiatives (including the establishment and development of a road corridor) between the EU member states, the Caucasus and Central Asia countries. The programme supports the political and economic independence of the former Soviet Union republics through enhancing their access to European and global markets through road, rail and sea.[2] The objectives of TRACECA were underlined by the Baku Initiative of 2004,[3] followed by a further ministerial conference in Sofia, Bulgaria, in 2006.


  European Union
  TRACECA participating states
  TRACECA agreement signed, but not yet participating

The following states currently participate in the TRACECA program:[1]

  •  Armenia
  •  Azerbaijan
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Georgia
  •  Kazakhstan
  •  Kyrgyzstan
  •  Iran
  •  Moldova
  •  Romania
  •  Turkey
  •  Ukraine
  •  Uzbekistan
  •  Tajikistan
  •  Turkmenistan

Plus the 28 member states of the

  •  European Union

Iran officially joined TRACECA in 2009 after their request was accepted during that year's September Brussels meeting.[4] However technical assistance related to the project has not been provided to Iran since 2010 due to UN Security and EU sanctions.

In July 2016, Greece announced they are considering joining TRACECA activities as an observer.[5]


The Secretary-General is a Chief Executive Officer of the Permanent Secretariat. The first Secretary-General elected by the Intergovernmental Commission was a representative of Georgia, ambassador Zviad Kvatchantiradze.

The current Secretary-General is Mircea Ciopraga, appointed by the Intergovernmental Commission in January 2015.

Secretary-General Dates in office Country of origin Ref
1 Zviad Kvatchantiradze 2000–2002  Georgia [6]
2 Abdurashid Tagirov 2002–2003  Uzbekistan
3 Lyudmila Trenkova 2003–2006  Bulgaria
4 Rustan Jenalinov 2006–2009  Kazakhstan
5 Zhantoro Satybaldiyev 2009–2011  Kyrgyzstan
6 Eduard Biriucov 2011–2014  Moldova
7 Mircea Ciopraga 2015–present  Romania [7]


TRACECA has five working groups: maritime transport, aviation, road and rail, transport security, and transport infrastructure. Amongst its specific projects was the creation of a new bridge to replace and protect the heritage bridge at Krasny Most, between Georgia and Azerbaijan.[8]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b "TRACECA Member Countries",, accessed January 30, 2017
  2. ^ Dekanozishvili, Mariam "The EU in the South Caucasus:By What Means, to What End?", Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies, January, 2004, accessed January 30, 2017
  3. ^ Henderson, Karen; Weaver, Carol (2010). The Black Sea region and EU policy: the challenge of divergent agendas. Ashgate Publishing. pp. 143–145. ISBN 978-1-4094-1201-4. 
  4. ^ "Iran joins TRACECA",, September 28, 2009, accessed January 30, 2017
  5. ^ Hasanli, Azad. "Greece keen to join TRACECA", Trend news agency, July 11, 2016, accessed January 30, 2017
  6. ^ "Former TRACECA Secretaries General",, accessed January 30, 2017
  7. ^ "Mircea Ciopraga elected as TRACECA Secretary General for two-term period",, February 2, 2015, accessed January 30, 2017
  8. ^ "European and Caucasian transport specialists discuss the prospects of cooperation", Armenpress, November 19, 2012, accessed January 30, 2017