European Parliament constituency

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European Parliament election constituencies, 2014

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected by the population of the member states of the European Union (EU), divided into constituencies.

Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom are divided into constituencies, while the other member states have a single national constituency. In Germany, political parties are entitled to present lists of candidates either at Länder or national level.

The Kingdom of Denmark was also historically subdivided in two constituencies, with a separate one for Greenland which was dissolved in 1985 after the autonomous country in the Realm withdrew from the EEC (later expanded to become the EU).

Currently, all member states hold elections to the European Parliament (EP) using various forms of proportional representation.[note 1]

The number of representatives per head of population varies widely across constituencies. For example, 77,000 German speaking Belgians have one representative, while Greater London have one seat for every 980,000 people. The quantity of MEPs representing each country, anyway, is approximately proportional to the population of that member state within the European Union. For more details, see Apportionment in the European Parliament.

Data are for the 2014–2019 legislature.

Full list[edit]

Constituency Member State Area/Community Seats, 2014 Population, 2012[1] (thousands) Area[2] (km2) GDP, 2011[3] (million €)
Total Per seat Total Per seat Total Per seat
Austria Austria (Full country) 18 8,430 468 83,879 4,660 299,127 16,618
Dutch-speaking electoral college Belgium Flemish Community 12 6,389 532 13,521 1,127 212,354 17,696
French-speaking electoral college French Community of Belgium 8 4,663 583 16,152 2,019 156,661 19,583
German-speaking electoral college German-speaking Community of Belgium 1 77 77 854 854 na na
Bulgaria Bulgaria (Full country) 17 7,306 430 110,900 6,524 38,505 2,265
Cyprus Cyprus (Full country) 6 864 144 9,251 1,542 17,979 2,997
Croatia Croatia (Full country) 11 4,269 388 56,594 5,145 44,384 4,035
Czech Republic Czech Republic (Full country) 21 10,511 501 78,866 3,756 155,486 7,404
Denmark Denmark (Full country) 13 5,592 430 42,916 3,301 230,978 17,768
Estonia Estonia (Full country) 6 1,323 220 45,227 7,538 16,216 2,703
Finland Finland (Full country) 13 5,414 416 338,435 26,033 188,656 14,512
North-West France Regions Normandy (former regions Lower Normandy, and Upper Normandy), and Hauts-de-France (former regions Nord-Pas-de-Calais, and Picardy) 10 9,298 930 61,720 6,172 229,998 23,000
West Regions Brittany, Pays-de-la-Loire, and former region Poitou-Charentes (now part of region Nouvelle-Aquitaine) 9 8,683 965 85,099 9,455 222,722 24,747
East Regions Grand Est (former regions Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, and Lorraine), and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (former regions Burgundy, and Franche-Comté) 9 8,365 929 105,218 11,691 213,317 23,702
South-West Region Occitanie (former regions Languedoc-Roussillon, and Midi-Pyrénées), and former region Aquitaine (now part of region Nouvelle-Aquitaine) 10 8,941 894 114,032 11,403 228,573 22,857
South-East Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, territorial collectivity of Corsica, and former region Rhône-Alpes (now part of region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) 13 11,619 894 83,778 6,444 345,312 26,562
Massif central–Centre Region Centre-Val de Loire, and former regions Auvergne (now part of region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes), and Limousin (now part of region Nouvelle-Aquitaine) 5 4,665 933 82,106 16,421 115,987 23,197
Île-de-France Region Île-de-France, and French citizens living abroad (and not registered as electors in another member country of the European Union) 15 11,948 797 12,012 801 608,648 40,577
Overseas French overseas departments and territories 3 2,714 905 112,447 37,482 50,962 16,987
Germany Germany (Full country) 96 81,932 853 357,162 3,720 2,609,898 27,186
Greece Greece (Full country) 21 11,093 528 131,957 6,284 208,530 9,930
Hungary Hungary (Full country) 21 9,920 472 93,024 4,430 98,921 4,711
Dublin Ireland Counties Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin; and the city of Dublin 3 1,271 424 921 307 65,925 21,975
Midlands–North-West Counties Cavan, Donegal, Galway, Kildare, Laois, Leitrim, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo and Westmeath; and the city of Galway 4 1,635 409 37,282 9,321 40,416 10,104
South Counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary and Waterford; and the cities of Cork, Limerick and Waterford 4 1,675 419 31,935 7,984 50,147 12,537
North-West Italy Aosta Valley, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont 20 15,807 790 57,928 2,896 511,484 25,574
North-East Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto 14 11,482 820 62,327 4,452 364,561 26,040
Central Latium, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria 14 11,637 831 58,084 4,149 340,669 24,334
Southern Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise 17 13,975 822 73,800 4,341 243,895 14,347
Islands Sardinia, Sicily 8 6,639 830 49,932 6,242 117,031 14,629
Latvia Latvia (Full country) 8 2,034 254 64,573 8,072 20,182 2,523
Lithuania Lithuania (Full country) 11 2,988 272 65,300 5,936 30,958 2,814
Luxembourg Luxembourg (Full country) 6 531 88 2,586 431 41,730 6,955
Malta Malta (Full country) 6 420 70 316 53 6,631 1,105
Netherlands Netherlands (Full country) 26 16,755 644 41,540 1,598 593,258 22,818
Pomeranian Poland Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 2,287 762 18,310 6,103 20,921 6,974
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 2,097 699 17,972 5,991 16,597 5,532
Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian Podlaskie Voivodeship and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship 2 2,651 1,326 44,360 22,180 18,407 9,204
Warsaw City of Warsaw and part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Legionowo, Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, Otwock, Piaseczno, Pruszków, Warsaw West and Wołomin) 5 2,795 559 11,205 2,241 65,215 13,043
Masovian The remaining part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Ciechanów, Gostyń, Mława, Płock, Płońsk, Przasnysz, Sierpc, Sochaczew, Żuromin, Żyrardów, Białobrzegi, Grójec, Kozienice, Lipsko, Przysucha, Radom, Szydłowiec, Zwoleń, Garwolin, Łosice, Maków, Mińsk, Ostrołęka, Ostrów Mazowiecka, Pułtusk, Siedlce, Sokołów, Węgrów, Wyszków and the cities of Płock, Radom, Ostrołęka and Siedlce) 3 2,499 833 24,353 8,118 17,715 5,905
Łódź Łódź Voivodeship 2 2,529 1,265 18,219 9,110 22,631 11,316
Greater Poland Greater Poland Voivodeship 5 3,350 670 15,183 3,037 27,653 5,531
Lublin Lublin Voivodeship 2 2,169 1,084 25,122 12,561 14,208 7,104
Subcarpathian Subcarpathian Voivodeship 3 2,129 710 17,846 5,949 13,840 4,613
Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie Lesser Poland Voivodeship and Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship 7 4,735 676 41,537 5,934 43,750 6,250
Silesian Silesian Voivodeship 7 4,621 660 12,333 1,762 48,124 6,875
Lower Silesian and Opole Lower Silesian Voivodeship and Opole Voivodeship 6 3,928 655 29,359 4,893 39,645 6,608
Lubusz and West Pomeranian Lubusz Voivodeship and West Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 2,745 915 36,880 12,293 22,145 7,382
Portugal Portugal (Full country) 21 10,515 501 92,212 4,391 170,942 8,140
Romania Romania (Full country) 32 21,385 668 238,391 7,450 131,359 4,105
Slovakia Slovakia (Full country) 13 5,408 416 49,036 3,772 68,975 5,306
Slovenia Slovenia (Full country) 8 2,057 257 20,273 2,534 36,150 4,519
Sweden Sweden (Full country) 20 9,519 476 438,576 21,929 385,342 19,267
Spain Spain (Full country) 54 46,773 866 505,991 9,370 1,045,263 19,357
London United Kingdom Greater London 8 7,836 980 1,595 199 394,759 49,345
South East England South East 10 8,520 852 19,405 1,941 255,188 25,519
South West England South West, Gibraltar 6 5,303 884 24,395 4,066 131,444 21,907
West Midlands West Midlands 7 5,456 779 13,004 1,858 126,337 18,048
North West England North West 8 6,983 873 14,920 1,865 166,395 20,799
North East England North East 3 2,606 869 8,676 2,892 53,604 17,868
Yorkshire and the Humber Yorkshire and the Humber 6 5,301 884 15,564 2,594 120,310 20,052
East Midlands East Midlands 5 4,481 896 15,811 3,162 103,712 20,742
East of England Eastern 7 5,832 833 19,572 2,796 148,692 21,242
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland 3 1,799 600 14,130 4,710 37,813 12,604
Scotland Scotland 6 5,223 871 80,239 13,373 137,863 22,977
Wales Wales 4 3,007 752 21,225 5,306 60,428 15,107
Total 751 507,403 676 4,487,367 5,975 12,665,528 16,865

Regional constituencies by member state[edit]

Full lists[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The German-speaking electoral college in Belgium has only one seat, thus its election is essentially first-past-the-post.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eurostat (14 March 2014). "Average annual population (1000) by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Eurostat (19 May 2014). "Total area and land area by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Eurostat (19 May 2014). "Regional Gross Domestic Product by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014. 

External links[edit]