European Parliament constituency

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Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected by the population of the member states of the European Union (EU). The European Electoral Act 2002 allows member states the choice to allocate electoral subdivisions or constituencies (French: Circonscriptions électorales, German: Wahlkreise, Italian: Circoscrizioni elettorali, Swedish: Valkretsar) for the European Parliament elections in several different ways.[1]

Most EU countries operate a single national constituency which elects MEPs for the whole country.[1] Belgium, Ireland and the United Kingdom are each subdivided into constituencies, with electoral results calculated separately in each constituency.[1] Germany, Italy and Poland are each subdivided into electoral districts, with the number of representatives determined at the national level after each election in proportion to the votes cast in each district.[1]

In Germany, political parties are entitled to present lists of candidates either at Länder or national level.

France was subdivided into 8 constituencies from 2004 until 2019. Denmark had a separate constituency for Greenland until 1985, when the autonomous territory withdrew from the EEC (later expanded to become the EU).

Currently, all constituencies use various forms of proportional representation (PR), except the single-seat German-speaking electoral college in Belgium, which uses first-past-the-post. The parliament as a whole is not PR, because seats are apportioned between member states by degressive proportionality.

Full list[edit]

Constituency Member State Area/Community Seats Population, 2012[2] (thousands) Area[3] (km2)
Current Post-Brexit Total Per current seat Total Per current seat
Austria Austria (Full country) 18 19 8,430 468 83,879 4,660
Dutch-speaking electoral college Belgium Flemish Community 12 12 6,389 532 13,521 1,127
French-speaking electoral college French Community of Belgium 8 8 4,663 583 16,152 2,019
German-speaking electoral college German-speaking Community of Belgium 1 1 77 77 854 854
Bulgaria Bulgaria (Full country) 17 17 7,306 430 110,900 6,524
Croatia Croatia (Full country) 11 12 4,269 388 56,594 5,145
Cyprus Cyprus (Full country) 6 6 864 144 9,251 1,542
Czech Republic Czech Republic (Full country) 21 21 10,511 501 78,866 3,756
Denmark Kingdom of Denmark (Full country) 13 14 5,592 430 42,916 3,301
Estonia Estonia (Full country) 6 7 1,323 220 45,227 7,538
Finland Finland (Full country) 13 14 5,414 416 338,435 26,033
France France (Full country) 74 79 66,233 895 656,412 8,870
Germany Germany (Full country) 96 96 81,932 853 357,162 3,720
Greece Greece (Full country) 21 21 11,093 528 131,957 6,284
Hungary Hungary (Full country) 21 21 9,920 472 93,024 4,430
Dublin Ireland Counties Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin; and the city of Dublin 3 4 1,271 424 921 307
Midlands–North-West Counties Cavan, Donegal, Galway, Kildare, Leitrim, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Roscommon, Sligo and Westmeath; and the city of Galway 4 4 1,635 409 37,282 9,321
South Counties Carlow, Clare, Cork, Kilkenny, Kerry, Laois, Limerick, Offaly, Tipperary, Waterford, Wexford and Wicklow; and the cities of Cork, Limerick and Waterford 4 5 1,675 419 31,935 7,984
North-West Italy Aosta Valley, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont 20 20 15,807 790 57,928 2,896
North-East Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto 14 15 11,482 820 62,327 4,452
Central Latium, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria 14 15 11,637 831 58,084 4,149
Southern Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise 17 18 13,975 822 73,800 4,341
Islands Sardinia, Sicily 8 8 6,639 830 49,932 6,242
Latvia Latvia (Full country) 8 8 2,034 254 64,573 8,072
Lithuania Lithuania (Full country) 11 11 2,988 272 65,300 5,936
Luxembourg Luxembourg (Full country) 6 6 531 88 2,586 431
Malta Malta (Full country) 6 6 420 70 316 53
Netherlands Netherlands (Full country) 26 29 16,755 644 41,540 1,598
Pomeranian Poland Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 3 2,287 762 18,310 6,103
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship 2 2 2,097 1,049 17,972 8,986
Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian Podlaskie Voivodeship and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship 3 3 2,651 884 44,360 14,787
Warsaw City of Warsaw and part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Legionowo, Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, Otwock, Piaseczno, Pruszków, Warsaw West and Wołomin) 6 6 2,795 466 11,205 1,868
Masovian The remaining part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Ciechanów, Gostyń, Mława, Płock, Płońsk, Przasnysz, Sierpc, Sochaczew, Żuromin, Żyrardów, Białobrzegi, Grójec, Kozienice, Lipsko, Przysucha, Radom, Szydłowiec, Zwoleń, Garwolin, Łosice, Maków, Mińsk, Ostrołęka, Ostrów Mazowiecka, Pułtusk, Siedlce, Sokołów, Węgrów, Wyszków and the cities of Płock, Radom, Ostrołęka and Siedlce) 3 3 2,499 833 24,353 8,118
Łódź Łódź Voivodeship 3 3 2,529 843 18,219 6,073
Greater Poland Greater Poland Voivodeship 5 5 3,350 670 15,183 3,037
Lublin Lublin Voivodeship 3 3 2,169 732 25,122 8,374
Subcarpathian Subcarpathian Voivodeship 3 3 2,129 710 17,846 5,949
Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie Lesser Poland Voivodeship and Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship 5 6 4,735 947 41,537 8,307
Silesian Silesian Voivodeship 7 7 4,621 660 12,333 1,762
Lower Silesian and Opole Lower Silesian Voivodeship and Opole Voivodeship 4 4 3,928 982 29,359 7,340
Lubusz and West Pomeranian Lubusz Voivodeship and West Pomeranian Voivodeship 4 4 2,745 686 36,880 9,220
Portugal Portugal (Full country) 21 21 10,515 501 92,212 4,391
Romania Romania (Full country) 32 33 21,385 668 238,391 7,450
Slovakia Slovakia (Full country) 13 14 5,408 416 49,036 3,772
Slovenia Slovenia (Full country) 8 8 2,057 257 20,273 2,534
Spain Spain (Full country) 54 59 46,773 866 505,991 9,370
Sweden Sweden (Full country) 20 21 9,519 476 438,576 21,929
London United Kingdom[1] Greater London 8 - 7,836 980 1,595 199
South East South East England 10 - 8,520 852 19,405 1,941
South West South West England, Gibraltar 6 - 5,303 884 24,395 4,066
West Midlands West Midlands 7 - 5,456 779 13,004 1,858
North West North West England 8 - 6,983 873 14,920 1,865
North East North East England 3 - 2,606 869 8,676 2,892
Yorkshire and the Humber Yorkshire and the Humber 6 - 5,301 884 15,564 2,594
East Midlands East Midlands 5 - 4,481 896 15,811 3,162
Eastern East of England 7 - 5,832 833 19,572 2,796
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland 3 - 1,799 600 14,130 4,710
Scotland Scotland 6 - 5,223 871 80,239 13,373
Wales Wales 4 - 3,007 752 21,225 5,306
Total 751 705 507,403 676 4,487,367 5,975
  • ^ Due to the UK's withdrawal, British constituencies are expected to be abolished from 2019 onwards.

Regional constituencies by member state[edit]

Former Regional constituencies by member state[edit]

Kingdom of Denmark[edit]

Full lists[edit]

Constituencies for the 2009 election
Constituencies for the 2014 election
Current constituencies

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Oelbermann, Kai-Friederike; Palomares, Antonio; Pukelsheim, Friedrich (2010). "The 2009 European Parliament Elections: From Votes to Seats in 27 Ways" (PDF). European Electoral Studies. 5 (1): 148–182. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 September 2013.
  2. ^ Eurostat (14 March 2014). "Average annual population (1000) by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  3. ^ Eurostat (19 May 2014). "Total area and land area by NUTS 2 region". Retrieved 26 May 2014.

External links[edit]