West Coast Line (Taiwan)

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West Coast Line
Overview
Native name 縱貫線
Type Heavy rail
Termini Keelung
Kaohsiung
Stations 91
Operation
Opened 10 August 1902
Owner Taiwan Railways Administration
Operator(s) Taiwan Railways Administration
Technical
Line length 404.5 km (251.3 mi)
Number of tracks Varies
Track gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Electrification 25 kV/60 Hz Catenary (incomplete)
Operating speed Varies

West Coast Line or Main Line (Chinese: 縱貫線; pinyin: Zòngguàn xiàn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chhiòng-koàn sòaⁿ) is a railway line of the Taiwan Railway Administration running along Taiwan's densely populated western corridor.[1][2] As a result, it is by far the busiest line, having served over 171 million passengers in 2016. The total length of the line is 404.5 km.

The coastal section between Zhunan and Changhua is known as Coastal Line (海線) and is 90.2 km long. It was built after Taichung Line, which is also known as Mountain Line (山線). Many express services take the Taichung route. Train schedules and departure boards mark either "山線" or "海線" to indicate the route taken. Despite being inconsistently less advanced than other sections and Taichung Line, the Coastal Line is classified as part of the main line while Taichung Line is considered a separate line.

History[edit]

The original railroad between Keelung and Twatutia was completed in 1891. The section between Twatutia and Hsinchu was finished in 1893. However, these sections were all rebuilt at the beginning of the 20th century during Japanese rule. The northern and southern sections and the Taichung Line were completed in 1908. The Coastal Line, finished in 1922, was used to relieve congestion near Taichung.

Stations[edit]

West Coast Line
km Station
0.0 Keelung
1.3 Sankeng
(Taiwan Railways AdministrationYilan Right arrow)
3.7 Badu
6.0 Qidu
8.7 Baifu
11.7 Wudu
13.1 Xizhi
14.6 Xike
(Up arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg)
19.1 Nangang
21.9 Songshan
(Down arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line G.svg)
(Left arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line R.svg Right arrow)
28.3 Taipei
31.1 Wanhua
35.5 Banqiao
(Down arrow Taoyuan Metro A )
(Down arrow Taiwan High Speed Rail)
(Down arrow Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg)
38.0 Fuzhou
40.9 Shulin
44.8 Shanjia
49.2 Yingge
57.4 Taoyuan
63.3 Neili
67.3 Zhongli
73.1 Puxin
77.1 Yangmei
83.9 Fugang
87.1 Beihu
89.6 Hukou
95.8 Xinfeng
100.6 Zhubei
(Taiwan Railways AdministrationNeiwan Right arrow)
105.0 North Hsinchu
106.4 Hsinchu
114.4 Xiangshan
120.8 Qiding
125.4 Zhunan
(Taiwan Railways AdministrationTaichung Right arrow)
129.9 Tanwen
136.6 Dashan
140.4 Houlong
144.0 Longgang
152.1 Baishatun
155.2 Xinpu
161.0 Tongxiao
167.1 Yuanli
174.8 Rinan
179.4 Dajia
184.7 Taichung Port
190.7 Qingshui
193.9 Shalu
198.5 Longjing
203.5 Dadu
208.5 Zhuifen
(Taiwan Railways AdministrationTaichung Right arrow)
215.6 Changhua
222.2 Huatan
226.8 Dacun
230.3 Yuanlin
233.8 Yongjing
237.5 Shetou
241.8 Tianzhong
247.6 Ershui
(Taiwan Railways AdministrationJiji Right arrow)
255.7 Linnei
260.5 Shiliu
265.3 Douliu
272.9 Dounan
276.8 Shigui
281.4 Dalin
287.2 Minxiong
293.9 Jiabei
(Alishan Forest Rly Right arrow)
296.5 Chiayi
303.1 Shuishang
305.7 Nanjing
311.7 Houbi
319.4 Xinying
322.7 Liuying
326.6 Linfengying
332.1 Longtian
334.3 Balin
338.9 Shanhua
341.8 Nanke
346.5 Xinshi
351.5 Yongkang
355.2 Daqiao
357.9 Tainan
365.5 Bao'an
366.9 Rende
369.5 Zhongzhou
(Taiwan Railways AdministrationShalun Right arrow)
372.4 Dahu
375.3 Luzhu
383.1 Gangshan
(Up arrow Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit R )
386.7 Qiaotou
390.9 Nanzi
(Up arrow Taiwan High Speed Rail)
396.0 Xinzuoying
397.9 Zuoying
(Left arrow Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit R )
404.5 Kaohsiung
(Down arrow Taiwan Railways AdministrationPingtung)
Station Name Transfers and Notes Location
Official Other Chinese
Keelung 基隆 Ren'ai Keelung
Sankeng 三坑
Badu 八堵 Taiwan Railways Administration Yilan Line Nuannuan
Qidu Cidu 七堵 Qidu
Baifu 百福
Wudu 五堵 Xizhi New Taipei
Xizhi Sijhih 汐止
Xike Sike 汐科
Nangang 南港 AB-Kreuz.svg Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg Nangang
AB-Kreuz.svg Taiwan High Speed Rail Nangang
Nangang Taipei
Songshan 松山 AB-Kreuz.svg Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line G.svg Songshan
Taipei 臺北 AB-Kreuz.svg Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line R.svg Taipei Main
AB-Kreuz.svg Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg Taipei Main
AB-Kreuz.svg 200 m: Taoyuan Metro A  Taipei Main
AB-Kreuz.svg Taiwan High Speed Rail Taipei
Zhongzheng
Wanhua 萬華 AB-Kreuz.svg Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg Longshan Temple Wanhua
Banqiao Banciao 板橋 AB-Kreuz.svg Taipei MetroTaipei Metro Line BL.svg Banqiao
AB-Kreuz.svg Taipei Metro Y  Banqiao (under construction)
AB-Kreuz.svg Taiwan High Speed Rail Banqiao
Banqiao New Taipei
Fuzhou Fujhou 浮洲 Shulin
Shulin 樹林
South Shulin 南樹林
Shanjia 山佳
Yingge 鶯歌 Yingge
Taoyuan 桃園 Taoyuan Taoyuan
Neili 內壢 Zhongli
Zhongli Jhongli 中壢 AB-Kreuz.svg Taoyuan Metro A  Zhongli (under construction)
Puxin Pusin 埔心 Yangmei
Yangmei 楊梅
Fugang 富岡
Beihu 北湖 Hukou Hsinchu
County
Hukou 湖口
Xinfeng Sinfong 新豐 Xinfeng
Zhubei Jhubei 竹北 Zhubei
North Hsinchu 北新竹 Taiwan Railways Administration Neiwan Line East Hsinchu
Hsinchu 新竹 Taiwan Railways Administration Neiwan Line
Xiangshan Siangshan 香山 Xiangshan
Qiding Ciding 崎頂 Zhunan Miaoli
County
Zhunan Jhunan 竹南 Taiwan Railways Administration Taichung Line
Tanwen Tanwun 談文 Zaoqiao
Dashan 大山 Houlong
Houlong 後龍
Longgang 龍港
Baishatun 白沙屯 Tongxiao
Xinpu Sinpu 新埔
Tongxiao Tongsiao 通霄
Yuanli 苑裡 Yuanli
Rinan Rihnan 日南 Dajia Taichung
Dajia 大甲
Taichung Port 臺中港 Qingshui
Qingshui Cingshuei 清水
Shalu 沙鹿 Shalu
Longjing 龍井 Longjing
Dadu 大肚 Dadu
Zhuifen Jhueifen 追分 Taiwan Railways Administration Taichung Line (branch line)
Changhua 彰化 Taiwan Railways Administration Taichung Line Changhua Changhua
County
Huatan 花壇 Huatan
Dacun 大村 Dacun
Yuanlin 員林 Yuanlin
Yongjing 永靖 Yongjing
Shetou 社頭 Shetou
Tianzhong Tianjhong 田中 Tianzhong
Ershui Ershuei 二水 Taiwan Railways Administration Jiji Line Ershui
Linnei 林內 Linnei Yunlin
County
Shiliu Shihliou 石榴 Douliu
Douliu Douliou 斗六
Dounan 斗南 Dounan
Shigui Shihguei 石龜
Dalin 大林 Dalin Chiayi
County
Minxiong Minsyong 民雄 Minxiong
Jiabei 嘉北 East Chiayi
Chiayi 嘉義 AB-Kreuz.svg Taiwan Railways Administration Alishan Forest Railway West
Shuishang Shueishang 水上 Shuishang Chiayi
County
Nanjing 南靖
Houbi 後壁 Houbi Tainan
Xinying Sinying 新營 Xinying
Liuying Liouying 柳營 Liuying
Linfengying Linfongying 林鳳營 Liujia
Longtian 隆田 Guantian
Balin 拔林
Shanhua 善化 Shanhua
Nanke 南科 Xinshi
Xinshi Sinshih 新市
Yongkang 永康 Yongkang
Daqiao Daciao 大橋
Tainan 臺南 East
Bao'an Bao-an 保安 Rende
Rende 仁德
Zhongzhou Jhongjhou 中洲 Taiwan Railways Administration Shalun Line
Dahu 大湖 Luzhu Kaohsiung
Luzhu Lujhu 路竹
Gangshan 岡山 Gangshan
Qiaotou Ciaotou 橋頭 AB-Kreuz.svg Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit R  Ciaotou Qiaotou
Nanzi Nanzih 楠梓 Nanzi
Xinzuoying New Zuoying 新左營 AB-Kreuz.svg Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit R  Zuoying
AB-Kreuz.svg Taiwan High Speed Rail Zuoying
Zuoying
Zuoying 左營
Kaohsiung 高雄 Taiwan Railways Administration Pingtung Line
AB-Kreuz.svg Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit R  Kaohsiung
Sanmin

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About TRA". Taiwan Railways Administration.MOC. 11 December 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Statistics". 交通部臺灣鐵路管理局 (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2017.