Tivat Airport

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Tivat Airport
Аеродром Тиват
Aerodrom Tivat
Tivat.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Airports of Montenegro
Serves Tivat
Location Mrčevac, Montenegro
Hub for Montenegro Airlines
Elevation AMSL 20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 42°24′17″N 18°43′24″E / 42.40472°N 18.72333°E / 42.40472; 18.72333
Website montenegroairports.com
Map
TIV is located in Montenegro
TIV
TIV
Location of airport in Montenegro
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14/32 8,202 2,500 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft movements 6,324
Number of passengers 1,129,720

Tivat Airport (Serbian: Аеродром Тиват / Aerodrom Tivat) (IATA: TIV, ICAO: LYTV) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin coastal town of Tivat and the surrounding region.

The airport is situated 3 km (1.9 mi) south of the centre of Tivat, with the runway aligned with the Tivat Field (Serbian: Tivatsko polje).

It is the busier of two international airports in Montenegro, the other being Podgorica Airport. Traffic at the airport follows the highly seasonal nature of the tourism industry in coastal Montenegro, with 80% of the total volume of passengers being handled during the peak season (May–September). It has been one of the fastest growing airports in the region, doubling passenger flow in the 2006–2016 period.

Overview[edit]

Tivat airport is located right next to the city of Tivat, 8 km (5 mi) from the center of Kotor, and 20 km (12 mi) north-west of Budva, one of the most popular tourist destinations on the eastern Adriatic coast. The sole runway of the airport ends just 88 m (289 ft) from the coastline of the Bay of Kotor.

Tivat Airport is assigned 4D classification by ICAO,[1] airspace class D, and is noted for its challenging approach and landing procedures. Landing at Tivat is considered demanding due to hilly terrain surrounding the valley in which the airport is situated, and strong prevailing crosswinds. Runway 32 approach requires a descent into the valley of Tivatsko polje,[2] and a 20° turn for runway alignment just before landing. Runway 14 approach is even more challenging, because of the circle to land maneuver executed in the dramatic scenery surrounding the Bay of Kotor. It is known among pilots as the European Kai Tak because of its tricky approach and landing procedures.[citation needed] Passengers landing at Tivat have views of the bay, the surrounding mountains and a low flyby over Porto Montenegro luxury yacht marina.[citation needed] The airport is also commonly visited by plane spotters, as end of the runway is easily accessible and offers unobstructed views of takeoffs and landings, with a mountain backdrop.

Year-round services from the airport include Belgrade and Moscow; however, more than 80% of the traffic is concentrated in the summer period[citation needed], with the introduction of seasonal and charter flights. With the opening of Porto Montenegro and introduction of other high end tourist services, the airport increasingly caters to business jets.

Adriatic Highway (E65/E80) passes right by the passenger terminal, making the airport easily accessible from the entire northern part of Montenegrin coast.

History[edit]

The airport in Tivat was opened on May 30, 1957, as a small airport with a single grass runway (1200 m × 80 m) a small apron (30 m × 30 m) and a terminal building complete with control tower. From 1957 to 1968, activity at the airport consisted mostly of domestic passenger traffic to Belgrade, Zagreb and Skopje, with JAT Douglas DC-3 and Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft.[3]

From 1968 to 1971, the airport underwent expansion and modernization. It was reopened on September 25, 1971 with an asphalt runway (2500 m × 45 m), larger apron (450 m × 70 m), extended taxiways, and completely new passenger terminal and control tower. After the 1979 earthquake, the airport was once again refurbished. Notably, the apron was expanded (460 m × 91.5 m) and taxiways widened, so the airport could handle wide body aircraft.[4]

On April 23, 2003, the ownership of the airport was transferred from Jat Airways to Airports of Montenegro Public Company, owned by Government of Montenegro. Since then, the airport was once again modernized and refurbished, with reconstructed passenger terminal opening on June 3, 2006. In October 2007, South Korea made a government donation valued at $1 million for a new airport equipment ranging from cargo-loaders to flight information display system.[5][6] Further reforms came in 2008 when several old types of passenger aircraft such as the Ilyushin Il-86 were permanently banned from flying to Tivat and subsequently redirected to Podgorica Airport due to noise abatement.[7]

However, as passenger traffic in the mid-2010s approaches the one-million mark, and strong growth continues, the passenger terminal is a bottleneck in peak summer months. Thus, a new passenger terminal is planned at Tivat Airport in the near future, along with further expansion of airport facilities.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Below is a list of scheduled services throughout all seasons from Tivat Airport according to the Montenegrin Airports Authority:[8]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Alanna Seasonal charter: Kharkiv, Kiev–Zhuliany, Odessa[9]
Air Moldova Seasonal charter: Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal charter: Yerevan
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[10]
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Seasonal charter: Gothenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen
Bravo Airways Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[10]
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
easyJet Seasonal: London–Gatwick, Manchester
easyJet Switzerland Seasonal: Geneva
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Warsaw–Chopin
Eurowings Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Munich (begins 14 July 2018),[11] Stuttgart[12]
flydubai Seasonal: Dubai–International[13]
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
I-Fly Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Copenhagen, Gothenburg,[14] Helsinki, Norrköping, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Montenegro Airlines Belgrade, Moscow–Domodedovo[15]
Seasonal: Copenhagen,[16] Leipzig/Halle, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Munich, St. Petersburg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen
NordStar Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Rossiya Airlines Seasonal: St. Petersburg
Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo
Red Wings Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo, St. Petersburg[17]
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
SkyUp Seasonal charter: Lviv[18]
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius[19]
Small Planet Airlines Poland Seasonal charter: Katowice,[19][20] Warsaw–Chopin[19][20]
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga, Tallinn
Transavia France Seasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels[21]
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam, Eindhoven[22]
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal charter: Lviv[23]
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo
Windrose Airlines Seasonal charter: Dnipro, Kiev–Boryspil[24]
Yamal Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo, St. Petersburg

Statistics[edit]

Tivat Airport passengers (in thousands)
Traffic figures at Tivat Airport
Year Passengers Change Aircraft movements Change
2005 377,013 2,522
2006 451,289 Increase20% 3,261 Increase29%
2007 573,914 Increase27% 4,079 Increase25%
2008 570,636 Decrease1% 4,630 Increase14%
2009 532,080 Decrease7% 4,226 Decrease9%
2010 541,870 Increase2% 4,017 Decrease4%
2011 647,184 Increase19% 4,531 Increase12%
2012 725,412 Increase12% 4,605 Increase2%
2013 868,343 Increase20% 5,198 Increase14%
2014 910,264 Increase5% 5,281 Increase1%
2015 895,050 Decrease2% 5,422 Increase2%
2016 979,432 Increase10% 5,985 Increase10%
2017 1,129,720 Increase15% 6,324 Increase7%
2018 (01.01–31.03) 59,449 Increase20.8%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Montenegro Airports
  2. ^ Tivatsko polje map
  3. ^ Tivat airport history
  4. ^ Aerodromi Crne Gore
  5. ^ Pobjeda – Donacija od milion dolara za aerodrom u Tivtu - October 16, 2007 Archived January 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Profesionalno serviranje putnika - October 17, 2007 Archived January 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Noisy jets disturb Montenegro's coastal region - March 31, 2008
  8. ^ [1] JP Aerodromi Crne Gore: Red letenja
  9. ^ https://chartershop.com.ua/index.php/charternye-rejsy-v-chernogoriyu/charternye-bilety-v-tivat.html
  10. ^ a b "Timetable" (PDF). iev.aero. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  11. ^ Eurowings adds Munich – Tivat service from July 2018 Routesonline. 4 June 2018.
  12. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/277618/airmalta-resumes-berlin-service-in-w18/
  13. ^ http://www.exyuaviation.com
  14. ^ http://www.tui.se
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2012-03-27. 
  16. ^ Montenegro Airlines resumes Tivat – Copenhagen in S18 Routesonline. 6 November 2017.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (13 July 2017). "Red Wings adds new St. Petersburg routes from July 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 
  18. ^ https://chartershop.com.ua/index.php/charternye-rejsy-v-chernogoriyu/charternye-bilety-v-tivat.html
  19. ^ a b c "Flight Schedule". smallplanet.aero. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  20. ^ a b "Charter Flights". tui.pl. Retrieved 19 April 2018. 
  21. ^ https://www.tuifly.be/en/last-minute/all-airports/tivat
  22. ^ https://www.tui.nl/vliegtickets/
  23. ^ https://chartershop.com.ua/index.php/charternye-rejsy-v-chernogoriyu/charternye-bilety-v-tivat.html
  24. ^ http://windrose.aero/eng/about/napravleniya_polotov.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Tivat Airport at Wikimedia Commons