|Place of origin||Japan|
|Main ingredients||seaweed (tengusa, ogonori)|
|Cookbook: Tokoroten Media: Tokoroten|
Tokoroten (心太 ところてん?) is a dish in Japanese cuisine made from agarophytes. Tokoroten has been eaten by the Japanese for over a thousand years. Tokoroten is thought to have been introduced to Japan from China during the Nara period. Tokoroten was traditionally made by boiling tengusa (Gelidium amansii) and then allowing the mixture to congeal into a jelly. Tokoroten was and can be eaten hot (in solution) or cold (as a gel).
Tokoroten was a popular snack during the summertime in Edo (Tokyo) during the Edo period. It was originally made to be eaten immediately and was commonly sold around factories. In the 17th century, it was discovered that freezing tokoroten would result in a stable and dry product known as kanten (agar). While tokoroten can be made from kanten based on seaweeds such as tengusa (Gelidiaceae) and ogonori (Gracilaria), today commercially produced kanten is mostly made from ogonori.
Pressed against a device, the jelly is shaped into noodles. Unlike gelatin desserts, tokoroten has a firmer texture. Flavorings and garnishes can vary from region to region, and can include variations made with a combination of ingredients such as vinegar, soy sauce, nori, hot pepper, or sesame. In Japan, tokoroten is commonly eaten with a mixture of vinegar and soy sauce.
- Armisen, Rafael; Galatas, Fernando (1987). "PRODUCTION, PROPERTIES AND USES OF AGAR". In McHugh, Dennis J. Production and utilization of products from commercial seaweeds. Food and Agriculture Organization. ISBN 9251026122.
- Ito, Keiji; Hori, Kanji (1989). "Seaweed: Chemical composition and potential food uses". Food Reviews International. 5 (1). doi:10.1080/87559128909540845.
- Mouritsen, Ole G. (2013). Seaweeds: edible, available, and sustainable. The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226044361.
- Shimamura, Natsu (August 4, 2010). "Agar". The Tokyo Foundation. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- Stephen, Allistair M. (1995). Food Polysaccharides and Their Applications. Taylor & Francis Group.
Media related to Tokoroten at Wikimedia Commons
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