Omurice

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A cut-open omurice with ketchup.

Omurice or omu-rice (オムライス Omu-raisu?) is an example of yōshoku (a Western-influenced style of Japanese cuisine[1]) consisting of an omelette made with fried rice and usually topped with ketchup.[2][3] With omu and raisu being contractions of the words omelette and rice,[4] the name is an example of wasei-eigo. It is a popular dish both commonly cooked at home and often found at western style diners in Japan. The dish was brought to Korea during Japanese rule,[5] and today it is a fixture on gimbap restaurant menus throughout South Korea, where it is rendered as "오므라이스 (omeuraiseu)" in Hangul.[6] Omurice is also popular in Taiwan, another territory formerly occupied by Japan. Children, in particular, enjoy omurice, and it is often featured in okosama-ranchi or kids' meals.[1]

Omurice is said to have originated around the turn of the 20th century[4] at a western style restaurant in Tokyo's Ginza district called Renga-tei, inspired by chakin-zushi.[7]

Variations[edit]

The dish typically consists of chikin raisu (chicken rice: rice pan-fried with ketchup and chicken) wrapped in a thin sheet of fried egg. The ingredients flavoring the rice vary. Often, the rice is fried with various meats (but typically chicken) and/or vegetables, and can be flavored with beef stock, ketchup, demi-glace, white sauce or simply salt and pepper. Sometimes, rice is replaced with fried noodles (yakisoba) to make omusoba. A variant in Okinawa is omutako, consisting of an omelet over taco rice. Fried hotdog and Spam are also two popular meats to include in the dish.

Similar dish[edit]

A similar dish exists in Southeast Asia, especially in Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore, and is called nasi goreng pattaya. Despite its Thai-sounding name, the dish is actually hardly found in Thailand.

Recipe[edit]

Ingredients:

  • 1 large egg
  • ½ onion
  • 1 tbsp. milk
  • 1 chicken breast
  • 1 tbsp. olive oil
  • 3 tbsp. cheese
  • ½ cup mixed vegetables
  • salt & pepper
  • 1½ cups cooked rice
  • 1 tbsp. ketchup
  • 1 tsp. soy sauce

Directions:

  1. Chop the onion finely then cut the chicken breast into about 1 cm pieces.
  2. Heat olive oil on a non stick-pan and saute the onion until softened.
  3. Add chicken and cook thoroughly.
  4. Add the mixed vegetables and season to your liking with salt and pepper, and spices to your choosing.
  5. Add the rice and stir until evenly mixed.
  6. Add ketchup and soy sauce and combine everything with a spatula.
  7. Make omelette and slap to it the rice.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Omuraisu (aka omurice or omu rice, Japanese rice omelette)", JustHungry.com.
  2. ^ Nishimoto, Miyoko (June 1992). "Beyond Sushi: Japanese Cooking in the Great Home-Style Tradition", Vegetarian Times, No. 178. ISSN 0164-8497.
  3. ^ Paxton, Norbert (2008). The Rough Guide to Korea, p.249. ISBN 978-1-4053-8420-9.
  4. ^ a b Shimbo, Hiroko (2000). The Japanese Kitchen, p.148. ISBN 1-55832-177-2.
  5. ^ Sohn, Ho-min (2006). Korean language in culture and society, p.59. ISBN 9780824826949.
  6. ^ Gail Jennings (October 2005). "Shokudo - An Unlikely Marriage of Comfort Foods". hawaiidiner.com. 
  7. ^ Kishi Asako (March 15, 2002). "NIPPONIA No.20: Omuraisu", Web-Japan.org.

External links[edit]