United States District Court for the Eastern District of California

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United States District Court for the Eastern District of California
(E.D. Cal.)
California-eastern.png
Location Matsui Courthouse
Appeals to Ninth Circuit
Established March 18, 1966
Judges assigned 6
Chief Judge Lawrence Joseph O'Neill
Officers of the court
U.S. Attorney McGregor W. Scott
www.caed.uscourts.gov

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California (in case citations, E.D. Cal.) is a federal court in the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The District was created on March 18, 1966 with the division of the Northern and Southern districts, leading to the creation of the Central and Eastern districts.[1]

The United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of California represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. Since December 29, 2017 the current United States Attorney is McGregor W. Scott.

Crisis in the District[edit]

The Eastern District is facing a crisis due to its population increasing by over three fold while the number of judges have remained the same for over 40 years. To address the crisis, the six sitting justices and three senior justices, have drafted a letter [2]which was submitted to the members of the Senate and House of Representatives in the Eastern District. Their goal, to bring awareness of the serious problems facing the district and the impending doom they predict will occur within the next two years.

Organization of the court[edit]

Yosemite Office of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California located in Yosemite National Park

The United States District Court for the Eastern District of California is one of four federal judicial districts in California.[3] Court for the District is held at the Robert E. Coyle U.S. Courthouse in Fresno and Robert T. Matsui U.S. Courthouse in Sacramento.

Fresno Division comprises the following counties: Calaveras, Fresno, Inyo, Kern, Kings, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, Stanislaus, Tulare, and Tuolumne.

Sacramento Division comprises the following counties: Alpine, Amador, Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Glenn, Lassen, Modoc, Mono, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Solano, Sutter, Tehama, Trinity, Yolo, and Yuba.

Bakersfield Office hears misdemeanor and petty criminal offenses on federal lands and National Parks in Inyo and Kern counties. Court is held at Bakersfield, Edwards Air Force Base, and Ridgecrest.

Redding Office hears misdemeanor and petty criminal offenses on federal lands and National Parks in Northern California. Court is held at Sierra Army Depot, Redding, and Susanville.

Yosemite Office hears misdemeanor and petty criminal offenses in Yosemite National Park. National parks are under federal jurisdiction. The perennially large crowds of tourists at Yosemite create a unique situation justifying the presence of a courthouse inside the park itself.

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
18 Chief Judge Lawrence Joseph O'Neill Fresno 1952 2007–present 2016–present G.W. Bush
17 District Judge Morrison C. England, Jr. Sacramento 1954 2002–present 2012–2016 G.W. Bush
19 District Judge John A. Mendez Sacramento 1955 2008–present G.W. Bush
20 District Judge Kimberly J. Mueller Sacramento 1957 2010–present Obama
21 District Judge Troy L. Nunley Sacramento 1964 2013–present Obama
22 District Judge Dale A. Drozd Fresno 1955 2015–present Obama
10 Senior Judge Edward J. Garcia inactive 1928 1984–1996 1996–present Reagan
11 Senior Judge William B. Shubb Sacramento 1938 1990–2004 1996–2003 2004–present G.H.W. Bush
14 Senior Judge Garland Ellis Burrell, Jr. Sacramento 1947 1992–2012 2007–2008 2012–present G.H.W. Bush
15 Senior Judge Anthony W. Ishii Fresno 1946 1997–2012 2008–2012 2012–present Clinton

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Myron Donovan Crocker CA 1914–2010 1966[4]–1981 1966–1967 1981–2010 Eisenhower death
2 Sherrill Halbert CA 1901–1991 1966[5]–1969 1969–1991 Eisenhower death
3 Thomas Jamison MacBride CA 1914–2000 1966[6]–1979 1967–1979 1979–2000 Kennedy death
4 Philip Charles Wilkins CA 1913–1998 1969–1983 1979–1983 1983–1998 Nixon death
5 Lawrence K. Karlton CA 1935–2015 1979–2000 1983–1990 2000–2015 Carter death
6 Milton Lewis Schwartz CA 1920–2005 1979–1990 1990–2005 Carter death
7 Edward Dean Price CA 1919–1997 1979–1989 1989–1997 Carter death
8 Raul Anthony Ramirez CA 1944–present 1980–1989 Carter resignation
9 Robert Everett Coyle CA 1930–2012 1982–1996 1990–1996 1996–2012 Reagan death
12 David F. Levi CA 1952–present 1990–2007 2003–2007 G.H.W. Bush resignation
13 Oliver Winston Wanger CA 1940–present 1991–2006 2006–2011 G.H.W. Bush retirement
16 Frank C. Damrell, Jr. CA 1938–present 1997–2008 2008–2011 Clinton retirement

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.fjc.gov/history/home.nsf/page/courts_district_ca.html U.S. District Courts of California, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center
  2. ^ http://www.centraldistrictinsider.com/2018/07/11/the-purpose-of-this-letter-is-to-provide-notice-of-a-current-crisis-in-the-eastern-district/
  3. ^ "28 U.S.C. § 84 - U.S. Code Title 28. Judiciary and Judicial Procedure § 84 - FindLaw". findlaw.com. 
  4. ^ Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1959 by Dwight D. Eisenhower; reassigned to the Eastern District of California in 1966.
  5. ^ Initially appointed to the Northern District of California in 1954 by Dwight D. Eisenhower; reassigned to the Eastern District of California in 1966.
  6. ^ Initially appointed to the Northern District of California in 1961 by John F. Kennedy; reassigned to the Eastern District of California in 1966.

External links[edit]