United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio
|United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio|
|Location||Carl B. Stokes U.S. Courthouse|
|Appeals to||Sixth Circuit|
|Established||February 10, 1855|
|Chief Judge||Patricia Anne Gaughan|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Justin Herdman|
The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio (in case citations, N.D. Ohio) is the federal trial court for the northern half of Ohio. The court has courthouses in Cleveland (where the chief judge and most of the Northern District's judges have chambers), Toledo, Akron, and Youngstown.
Appeals from this court are heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The United States Attorney's Office of the Northern District of Ohio represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current United States Attorney is Justin Herdman since August 2017.
The United States District Court for the District of Ohio was established on February 19, 1803, by 2 Stat. 201. The District was subdivided into Northern and Southern Districts on February 10, 1855, by 10 Stat. 604.
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|46||Chief Judge||Patricia Anne Gaughan||Cleveland||1953||1995–present||2017–present||—||Clinton|
|41||District Judge||Solomon Oliver Jr.||Cleveland||1947||1994–present||2010–2017||—||Clinton|
|47||District Judge||James S. Gwin||Cleveland||1954||1997–present||—||—||Clinton|
|48||District Judge||Dan A. Polster||Cleveland||1951||1998–present||—||—||Clinton|
|49||District Judge||John R. Adams||Akron||1955||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|50||District Judge||Christopher A. Boyko||Cleveland||1954||2005–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|51||District Judge||Jack Zouhary||Toledo||1951||2006–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|52||District Judge||Sara Elizabeth Lioi||Akron||1960||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|53||District Judge||Benita Y. Pearson||Youngstown||1963||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|54||District Judge||Jeffrey J. Helmick||Toledo||1960||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|40||Senior Judge||James G. Carr||Toledo||1940||1994–2010||2004–2010||2010–present||Clinton|
|44||Senior Judge||Peter C. Economus||Columbus[Note 1]||1943||1995–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|45||Senior Judge||Donald C. Nugent||Cleveland||1948||1995–2017||—||2017–present||Clinton|
Vacancies and pending nominations
|Seat||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|9||Donald C. Nugent||Senior Status||January 1, 2017||Pamela A. Barker||April 12, 2018|
|3||Jack Zouhary||June 30, 2019||–||–|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Hiram V. Willson||OH||1808–1866||1855–1866||—||—||Pierce||death|
|2||Charles Taylor Sherman||OH||1811–1879||1867–1872||—||—||A. Johnson||resignation|
|3||Martin Welker||OH||1819–1902||1873–1889[Note 2]||—||—||Grant||retirement|
|4||Augustus J. Ricks||OH||1843–1906||1889–1906[Note 3]||—||—||B. Harrison||death|
|5||Francis Joseph Wing||OH||1850–1918||1901–1905||—||—||McKinley||resignation|
|6||Robert Walker Tayler||OH||1852–1910||1905–1910||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|7||John Milton Killits||OH||1858–1938||1910–1928||—||1928–1938||Taft||death|
|8||William Louis Day||OH||1876–1936||1911–1914||—||—||Taft||resignation|
|9||John Hessin Clarke||OH||1857–1945||1914–1916||—||—||Wilson||elevated to Supreme Court|
|10||David C. Westenhaver||OH||1865–1928||1917–1928||—||—||Wilson||death|
|11||Paul J. Jones||OH||1880–1965||1923–1965||1948–1959||—||Harding||death|
|12||Samuel H. West||OH||1872–1938||1928–1938||—||—||Coolidge||death|
|13||George Philip Hahn||OH||1879–1937||1928–1937||—||—||Coolidge||death|
|14||Frank Le Blond Kloeb||OH||1890–1976||1937–1964||1959–1960||1964–1976||F. Roosevelt||death|
|15||Robert Nugen Wilkin||OH||1886–1973||1939–1949||—||1949–1973||F. Roosevelt||death|
|16||Emerich B. Freed||OH||1897–1955||1941–1955||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|17||Charles Joseph McNamee||OH||1890–1964||1951–1964||1960–1960||—||Truman||death|
|18||James C. Connell||OH||1897–1973||1954–1971||1960–1967||1971–1973||Eisenhower||death|
|19||Paul Charles Weick||OH||1899–1997||1956–1959||—||—||Eisenhower||appointment to 6th Cir.|
|20||Girard Edward Kalbfleisch||OH||1899–1990||1959–1970||1967–1969||1970–1990||Eisenhower||death|
|21||Frank J. Battisti||OH||1922–1994||1961–1994||1969–1990||1994–1994||Kennedy||death|
|22||Ben Charles Green||OH||1905–1983||1961–1976[Note 4]||—||1976–1983||Kennedy||death|
|23||Don John Young||OH||1910–1996||1965–1980||—||1980–1996||L. Johnson||death|
|24||William Kernahan Thomas||OH||1911–2001||1966–1981||—||1981–2001||L. Johnson||death|
|25||Thomas Demetrios Lambros||OH||1930–present||1967–1995||1990–1995||—||L. Johnson||retirement|
|26||Robert B. Krupansky||OH||1921–2004||1970–1982||—||—||Nixon||appointment to 6th Cir.|
|27||Nicholas Joseph Walinski Jr.||OH||1920–1992||1970–1985||—||1985–1992||Nixon||death|
|28||Leroy John Contie Jr.||OH||1920–2001||1971–1982||—||—||Nixon||appointment to 6th Cir.|
|29||John Michael Manos||OH||1922–2006||1976–1991||—||1991–2006||Ford||death|
|30||George Washington White||OH||1931–2011||1980–1999||1995–1999||1999–2011||Carter||death|
|32||Alvin I. Krenzler||OH||1921–2010||1981–1992||—||1992–1992||Reagan||retirement|
|33||John William Potter||OH||1918–2013||1982–1992||—||1992–2013||Reagan||death|
|34||David Dudley Dowd Jr.||OH||1929–2016||1982–1996||—||1996–2016||Reagan||death|
|35||Samuel H. Bell||OH||1925–2010||1982–1996||—||1996–2010||Reagan||death|
|36||Alice M. Batchelder||OH||1944–present||1985–1992||—||—||Reagan||appointment to 6th Cir.|
|37||Richard B. McQuade Jr.||OH||1940–present||1986–1989||—||—||Reagan||resignation|
|38||Paul Ramon Matia||OH||1937–present||1991–2004||1999–2004||2004–2005||G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|39||Lesley B. Wells||OH||1937–present||1994–2006||—||2006–2015||Clinton||retirement|
|42||David A. Katz||OH||1933–2016||1994–2005||—||2005–2016||Clinton||death|
|43||Kathleen M. O'Malley||OH||1956–present||1994–2010||—||—||Clinton||appointment to Fed. Cir.|
- Since taking senior status, Judge Economus has served as a visiting judge in the Southern District.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 2, 1873, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1873, and received commission on December 8, 1873.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 16, 1889, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 16, 1890, and received commission on January 16, 1890.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on June 29, 1962, and received commission on July 2, 1962.
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seats