|Martinsburg, West Virginia/|
|City||Martinsburg, West Virginia|
|Channels||Digital: 12 (VHF)|
(to move to 13 (VHF))
Virtual: 60 (PSIP)
|Owner||Ion Media Networks|
(Ion Media Martinsburg License, Inc.)
|Founded||May 21, 1990|
|First air date||October 1, 1991|
|Call letters' meaning||West Virginia's PaX; satellite of WPXW-TV|
|Former callsigns||WYVN (1991–1996)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:|
60 (UHF, 1991–2009)
|Former affiliations||Fox (1991–1993)|
|Transmitter power||23 kW|
|Height||314 m (1,030 ft)|
|Public license information|
(satellite of WPXW-TV,
Manassas, Virginia/Washington, D.C.) Profile
(satellite of WPXW-TV,
Manassas, Virginia/Washington, D.C.) CDBS
WWPX-TV, virtual channel 60 (VHF digital channel 12), is an Ion Television owned-and-operated television station licensed to Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States, and serving the northwestern portion of the Washington, D.C. television market. Owned by Ion Media Networks, it is currently a relay of the main Ion station for the Washington area, Manassas, Virginia-licensed WPXW-TV (channel 66). WWPX-TV's transmitter is located on Boyds Gap west of Martinsburg; its parent station maintains studios in Fairfax Station, Virginia.
Channel 60 signed on October 1, 1991 as WYVN ("Your Valley News"), with studios located in a renovated barn on Discovery Place in Martinsburg. WYVN was the second Fox affiliate in West Virginia, behind Charleston's WVAH-TV. Unusually for Fox stations in the network's early years, WYVN made a commitment from the beginning to local news and public affairs programming. However, owner Flying A Communications found itself in financial trouble due to the cost of the local news operation and poor ratings from competition with Washington, D.C.-based stations. In addition to this, the station was beset by technical issues; its signal would go back and forth between black and white and color. A Fox network employee was reportedly sent to Martinsburg to investigate this matter, and was appalled by the sight of the station running The Simpsons episode "Lisa the Beauty Queen" in black and white; management responded by saying "we don't even have an engineer." Flying A Communications filed for bankruptcy in October 1992, and the station suspended newscasts in May 1993.
WYVN was forced off the air when Flying A went into receivership on September 17, 1993. A sale to WUSQ-FM owner Benchmark Communications, who would have converted the station to CBS affiliate WUSQ-TV, was worked out and approved by the station's bankruptcy trustee, but fell through at the last minute; the license was instead sold to Green River Broadcasting, who returned the station to air on September 24 while it worked out a financing plan. Having lost its Fox affiliation, WYVN soldiered on as an independent, and briefly attempted a return of local news from January through February 1994. The station remained unable to emerge from bankruptcy; the studio and equipment were sold to its creditors April 1, 1994, and they locked out the staff and suspended broadcasting.
The station returned again on September 1, 1996, as WSHE-TV, a Paxson Communications station that aired the company's standard infomercial format, with religious programming in some dayparts. The station changed its call letters to WWPX at the beginning of 1998, and became a charter member of Pax TV along with most of Paxson's other stations on August 31 of that year. It has remained with the network, later known as i: Independent Television and now known as Ion Television, ever since.
WWPX was originally a full affiliate of Pax. In 2002, it converted to a satellite of WPXW. The station could no longer afford its own staff of five master-control operators, and becoming a satellite allowed it to carry only the legal minimum of one manager and one engineer.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Network|
WWPX-TV shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 60, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 12. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 60, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition.
- Hughes, Dave. "Washington DC/Baltimore Area TV Stations". dcrtv.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2006.
- "Martinsburg gets new TV station". Frederick News-Post. Associated Press. 2 October 1991. p. 38.
- "W.Va. Judge Approves Sale of TV Station to Kentucky Company". Associated Press. 11 October 1993.
- "Trustee recommends WYVN-TV sale". Frederick News-Post. Associated Press. 2 September 1993. p. 14.
- "Lights out at Martinsburg, W. Va., TV station". Frederick News-Post. Associated Press. 6 April 1994. p. 15.
- "WWPX-TV Facility Data". FCCData.
- "West Virginia Station Suspends News Programming". Associated Press. 16 February 1994.
- Greene, Julie (1 February 2002). "Financial woes hit area TV stations". Hagerstown Herald-Mail.
- RabbitEars TV Query for WWPX
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designation for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- Official website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for WWPX
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on WWPX-TV