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Flatpak logo.png
Developer(s)Alex Larsson, Flatpak Team
Initial releaseSeptember 2015; 3 years ago (2015-09)[1]
Stable release
1.2.0 / 28 January 2019; 2 months ago (2019-01-28)[2]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inC
Operating systemLinux
TypeApplication virtualization

Flatpak (formerly xdg-app) is a software utility for software deployment, package management, and application virtualization for Linux desktop computers. It provides a sandbox environment in which users can run applications in isolation from the rest of the system.[4][5] Applications using Flatpak need permission from the user to control hardware devices or access the user's files.[6]

The idea of using application containers in GNOME was first proposed in 2013 by Lennart Poettering,[5] who published an article about it in 2014.[7][8] Developed as part of the freedesktop.org project (formerly known as X Desktop Group or XDG),[9] it was originally called xdg-app.[10]

As of February 2017, some popular apps available as Flatpaks include Blender, Gimp,[11] LibreOffice,[12] Pitivi,[13] KDE Applications,[14] Linphone,[15] and GNOME Recipes.[16] There are also some unofficial Flatpaks such as development versions of Mozilla Firefox,[17] Skype,[18] and Spotify.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Flatpak's History". GitHub.
  2. ^ "Releases · flatpak/flatpak". GitHub.
  3. ^ "LGPL". xdg-app repository. freedesktop.org. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  4. ^ Larsson, Alexander (29 April 2016). "Using bubblewrap in xdg-app". Alexander Larsson: Cool links and commentary. GNOME. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  5. ^ a b Willis, Nathan (2015-01-21). "GNOME and application sandboxing revisited". LWN. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
  6. ^ Willis, Nathan (2015-08-12). "Working with xdg-app application bundles". LWN. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
  7. ^ corbet (1 September 2014). "Poettering: Revisiting how we put together Linux systems". LWN. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  8. ^ Poettering, Lennart (1 September 2014). "Revisiting How We Put Together Linux Systems". Pid Eins.
  9. ^ "Flatpak - the future of application distribution". Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  10. ^ Larsson, Alexander (9 May 2016). "Renamed to flatpak in git". freedesktop.org. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  11. ^ "GIMP - Downloads". www.gimp.org.
  12. ^ "LibreOffice in Flatpak format". LibreOffice. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Pitivi-download". Pitivi. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  14. ^ "kde-applications". KDE Flatpak. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  15. ^ Linphone, retrieved 2017-09-19
  16. ^ Sneddon, Joey (2016-12-07). "Yum! GNOME Recipes is a New Cooking App for Linux". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 2017-12-24.
  17. ^ "Unofficial Firefox Developer Edition flatpak repository". Unofficial Firefox Developer Edition flatpak repository. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of skype". Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of skype. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  19. ^ "Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of spotify". Alexander Larsson's github Flatpak build of spotify. Retrieved 17 August 2017.