1743 in Great Britain
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|1743 English cricket season|
Events from the year 1743 in Great Britain.
- Monarch - George II
- Prime Minister - Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, Whig (to 2 July), Henry Pelham, Whig
- 21 February - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handel's oratorio, Samson.
- 16 June (27 June New Style) - War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Dettingen is fought in Bavaria. King George II leads the troops to victory over the French — the last time a reigning British monarch participates in a battle. George Frideric Handel writes the oratorio Dettingen Te Deum in celebration of the King's victory.
- 27 August - Henry Pelham becomes Prime Minister, following the death of Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington on 2 July.
- 13 September - Treaty of Worms signed between Great Britain, the Holy Roman Emperor and the Kingdom of Sardinia.
- 25 October - France and Spain form the Alliance of Fontainebleau with the aim of recapturing Gibraltar from Britain.
- Dr Christopher Packe produces the first geological map of south-east England.
- Last wolf said to be killed in Scotland.
- William Hogarth begins painting his Marriage à-la-mode series.
- Robert Blair's poem The Grave is published.
- The final edition of Alexander Pope's The Dunciad is published.
- 13 February - Joseph Banks, naturalist and botanist (died 1820)
- 24 April - Edmund Cartwright, clergyman and inventor of the power loom (died 1823)
- July - William Paley, philosopher (died 1805)
- 4 April - Daniel Neal, English historian (born 1678)
- 23 May - Thomas Archer, baroque architect (born 1668)
- 2 July - Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, second Prime Minister of Great Britain (born 1674)
- 1 August - Richard Savage, writer (born c. 1697)
- 5 August - John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (born 1696)
- 4 October - John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish soldier (born 1678)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 217–218. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "PMs in History, Henry Pelham". Archived from the original on 11 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- "The Wolf in Scotland". ElectricScotland. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.