1962 in the United Kingdom
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|1962 in the United Kingdom:|
|1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, Television and music|
Events from the year 1962 in the United Kingdom.
- 2 January – BBC television broadcasts the first episode of Z-Cars, noted as a realistic portrayal of the police.
- 5 January – The first album on which The Beatles play, My Bonnie, credited to "Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers" (recorded last June in Hamburg), is released by Polydor.
- 18 January – Union-Castle Line ship RMS Transvaal Castle (1961) makes her maiden voyage Southampton–Durban, perhaps the last major British ship built to enter the regular passenger ocean liner trade.
- 22 January – James Hanratty goes on trial for the A6 murder. He denies the murder of 36-year-old Michael Gregsten and the attempted murder of Mr Gregsten's mistress Valerie Storie, who was paralysed by a gunshot wound.
- 4 February – The Sunday Times becomes the first paper to print a colour supplement.
- 21 February – Margot Fonteyn and Rudolf Nureyev first dance together in a Royal Ballet performance of Giselle.
- 23 February – Twelve European countries form the European Space Agency.
- 26 February – The Irish Republican Army officially calls off its Border Campaign in Northern Ireland.
- 6 March – Accrington Stanley, members of the Football League Fourth Division, resign from the Football League due to huge debts.
- 13 March – A by-election is held in Blackpool North.
- 14 March – A by-election is held in Middlesbrough East.
- 15 March – Orpington by-election, often described as the start of the Liberal Party revival in the UK, has Liberal Eric Lubbock upsetting the expected winner, Conservative candidate Peter Goldman for the seat in Orpington.
- 2 April – Panda crossings are introduced but their complex sequences of pulsating and flashing lights cause confusion amongst drivers and pedestrians.
- 4 April – James Hanratty is hanged at Bedford Prison for the A6 murder, despite protestations from many people who believed he was innocent, and the late introduction of witnesses who claimed to have seen him in Rhyl, North Wales, on the day of the murder.
- 18 April – Commonwealth Immigrants Act in the United Kingdom removes free immigration from the citizens of member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, requiring proof of employment in the UK. This comes into effect on 1 July.
- 27 April – Opinion polls show that less than half of voters now approve of Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister.
- 28 April – Ipswich Town win the Football League First Division title in their first season at that level.
- 5 May – Tottenham Hotspur retain the FA Cup with a 3-1 win over Burnley at Wembley Stadium, with goals from Jimmy Greaves, Bobby Smith and captain Danny Blanchflower.
- 8 May – The last trolleybuses run in London.
- 25 May – The new Coventry Cathedral is consecrated.
- 31 May
- The Northern Ireland general election again produces a large majority for the Ulster Unionist Party, winning 34 out of 51 seats, though the Nationalist Party gains two seats for a total of 9.
- The British West Indies Federation collapses and is officially wound up due to internal power struggles.
- 2 June
- 6 June – The Beatles play their first session at Abbey Road Studios.
- 14 June – BBC television broadcasts the first episode of the sitcom Steptoe and Son, written by Galton and Simpson.
- 1 July – Another heavy smog develops over London.
- 3 July – Opening of Chichester Festival Theatre, Britain's first large modern theatre with a thrust stage. Laurence Olivier is the first artistic director.
- 11 July – Live television broadcast from the USA to Britain for the first time, via the Telstar satellite and Goonhilly Satellite Earth Station.
- 12 July – The Rolling Stones make their debut at London's Marquee Club, Number 165 Oxford Street, opening for Long John Baldry.
- 13 July – In what the press dubs "the Night of the Long Knives", the Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismisses one-third of his Cabinet.
- 20 July – The world's first regular passenger hovercraft service introduced between Rhyl in North Wales and Wallasey.
- 23 July – First live public transatlantic television broadcasts of full-length programmes, via the Telstar satellite.
- 28 July – Race riots break out in Dudley, West Midlands.
- 31 July – A crowd assaults the rally of the right-wing Union Movement of Sir Oswald Mosley in London.
- 4 August – Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg, the Welsh Language Society, is founded.
- 6 August – Jamaica becomes independent.
- 17 August – The Tornados' recording of Joe Meek's "Telstar" is released.
- 18 August – The Beatles play their first live engagement with the line-up of John, Paul, George and Ringo, at Hulme Hall, Port Sunlight.
- 23 August – John Lennon marries Cynthia Powell in an unpublicised register office ceremony at Mount Pleasant, Liverpool.
- 31 August
- 1 September – Channel Television, the ITV franchise for the Channel Islands, goes on air.
- 2 September – Glasgow Corporation Tramways runs its last cars in normal service, leaving the Blackpool tramway as the only remaining one in Britain.
- 8–11 September – Last Gentlemen v Players cricket match played, at Scarborough.
- 14 September – Wales West and North Television (Teledu Cymru) goes on air to the North and West Wales region, extending ITV to the whole of the UK.
- 20 September – Ford launches the Cortina, a family saloon costing £573 and similar in size to the Vauxhall Victor, Hillman Minx and Morris Oxford Farina.
- 21 September – First broadcast of the long-running television quiz programme University Challenge, made by Granada Television with Bamber Gascoigne as quizmaster.
- 5 October
- 9 October – Uganda gains its independence.
- 17 October – The Beatles make their first televised appearance on People and Places.
- 31 October – The UN General Assembly asks the United Kingdom to suspend enforcement of the new constitution in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), but the constitution comes into effect on 1 November.
- November – John Charnley makes the world's first successful whole hip replacement operation at Wrightington Hospital, Wigan.
- 17 November – Seaham life-boat George Elmy capsizes entering harbour after service to coble Economy: all five crew and four of the five survivors are killed.
- 22 November – A by-election is held in Chippenham, Wiltshire, where the Conservatives are narrowly re-elected ahead of the Liberals.
- 24 November – The first episode of influential satire show That Was The Week That Was is broadcast on BBC Television.
- 29 November – An agreement is signed between Britain and France to develop the Concorde supersonic airliner.
- 2–7 December – Severe smog in London causes numerous deaths.
- 6 December – The last permanent inhabitants leave the island of Stroma, Scotland.
- 9 December – Tanganyika (modern-day Tanzania) becomes a republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as president.
- 10 December
- British molecular biologists Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins, along with American James D. Watson, win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material".
- British biochemists Max Perutz and John Cowdery Kendrew win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work in investigating the structure of haem-containing proteins.
- David Lean's film Lawrence of Arabia released.
- 19 December – Britain acknowledges the right of Nyasaland (now Malawi) to secede from the Central African Federation.
- 21 December – Nassau Agreement: Britain agrees to buy the Polaris missile system from the United States.
- 22 December – "Big Freeze" in Britain: no frost-free nights until 5 March 1963.
- 30 December – United Nations troops occupy the last rebel positions in Katanga; Moise Tshombe moves to South Rhodesia.
- Elizabeth Lane appointed as the first female County Court judge.
- Advertising Standards Authority founded.
- National Economic Development Council first meets.
- Britain's motorway network expands with the completion of the first phases of the M5 between Birmingham and north Gloucestershire and the M6 bypassing Stafford.
- Golden Wonder introduce flavoured crisps (cheese & onion) to the UK market.
- Safeway opens its first supermarket at a store in Bedford.
- The anthology The New Poetry edited by Al Alvarez.
- Anthony Burgess's novel A Clockwork Orange.
- Agatha Christie's Miss Marple novel The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side.
- Len Deighton's first novel The IPCRESS File.
- Ian Fleming's James Bond novel The Spy Who Loved Me.
- Dick Francis' first novel Dead Cert.
- Eric Hobsbawm's book The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848.
- Aldous Huxley's novel Island.
- P. D. James' first novel Cover Her Face.
- Doris Lessing's novel The Golden Notebook.
- David Lodge’s novel Ginger You're Barmy.
- Anthony Sampson's study Anatomy of Britain.
- Peter Townsend's report The Last Refuge: a survey of residential institutions and homes for the aged in England and Wales.
January – April
- 25 January – Emma Freud, English broadcaster and cultural commentator
- 7 February – Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian
- 8 February – Malorie Blackman, British author
- 12 February – Jimmy Kirkwood, Irish-born field hockey player
- 13 February – Hugh Dennis, British actor, comedian and writer (The Now Show)
- 21 February
- 25 February – John Lanchester, British journalist and novelist
- 4 March – Simon Bisley, British comic book artist
- 12 March – Graham Charles Stuart, British Conservative politician and MP for Beverley and Holderness
- 17 March – Clare Grogan, Scottish actress and singer
- 23 March – Steve Redgrave, English rower
- 27 March – John O'Farrell, British author and broadcaster
- 1 April – Phillip Schofield, British TV presenter
- 9 April – Imran Sherwani, British field hockey player
- 22 April – Ann McKechin, British Labour politician and MP for Glasgow North
- 23 April – John Hannah, Scottish actor
- 24 April – Roald Bradstock, English javelin thrower
- 26 April – Colin Anderson, English footballer
- 29 April – Polly Samson, English journalist and writer
May – August
- 2 May – Jimmy White, British snooker player
- 6 May – Tom Brake, British Liberal Democrat politician and MP for Carshalton and Wallington
- 9 May – David Gahan, English singer (Depeche Mode)
- 14 May – Ian Astbury, British singer (The Cult)
- 17 May
- 6 June – Mark Bright, English footballer, radio presenter and TV pundit
- 8 June – Nick Rhodes, English musician (Duran Duran)
- 25 June – Phill Jupitus, comedian and broadcaster
- 27 June – Michael Ball, singer
- 29 June – Amanda Donohoe, English actress
- 4 July – Neil Morrissey, English actor
- 1 August – Robert Clift, British field hockey player
- 20 August – Sophie Aldred, British actress and television presenter
- 30 August – Alexander Litvinenko, British citizen, ex-KGB colonel and ex-FSB lieutenant-colonel (died 2006)
September – December
- 5 September – Peter Wingfield, Welsh actor
- 8 September – Daljit Dhaliwal, British newsreader and television presenter
- 15 September – Steve Punt, British actor, comedian and writer (The Now Show)
- 24 September
- 26 September – Tracey Thorn, British singer
- 5 October – Caron Keating, British TV presenter (died 2004)
- 11 October – Nicola Bryant, British actress
- 18 October – Naive John, born Ian Wylie, British Stuckist artist and figurative painter
- 20 October – Boothby Graffoe, born James Rogers, English comedian, singer, songwriter and playwright
- 25 October – Nick Hancock, British actor and television presenter
- 26 October – Cary Elwes, British actor
- 3 November
- 12 November – Mariella Frostrup, British journalist and television presenter
- 21 November – Alan Smith, English footballer
- 24 November – John Kovalic, Anglo-American cartoonist
- 27 November – Samantha Bond, British actress
- 3 December – Richard Bacon, British Conservative politician and MP for South Norfolk
- 6 December – Colin Salmon, British actor
- 17 December – Paul Dobson, English footballer
- 22 December – Ralph Fiennes, English actor
- 31 December – Heather McCartney, born Heather See, adopted daughter of Sir Paul McCartney
- John Micklethwait, British journalist and editor-in-chief of The Economist magazine
- Alan Yau, Hong Kong-born restaurateur (Wagamama food chain)
- 10 April – Stuart Sutcliffe, English artist and musician (The Beatles) (born 1940)
- 5 May – Ernest Tyldesley, English cricketer (born 1889)
- 2 June – Vita Sackville-West, English writer and landscape gardener (born 1892)
- 12 June – John Ireland, English composer (born 1879)
- 13 June – Eugene Aynsley Goossens, English composer (born 1893)
- 21 July – G.M. Trevelyan, English historian (born 1876)
- 27 July – Richard Aldington, English poet (born 1892)
- 15 December – Charles Laughton, English actor and director (born 1899)
- UK No.1 Hits of 1962
- List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 1962
- Society of Film and Television Arts Television Awards 1962
- Everett, Walter (2001). The Beatles as Musicians: The Quarry Men through Rubber Soul. Oxford University Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-19-514105-4.
- Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles: The Biography. New York: Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-316-80352-6.
- "1962: 'A6 murder' trial begins". BBC News. 22 January 1962. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- The United Irishman March 1962 p. 1.
- Burnton, Simon (6 March 2010). "6 March 1962: Accrington Stanley resign from the Football League". The Guardian (London).
- "1962: New pedestrian crossings cause chaos". BBC News. 2 April 1962. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Roche, T.W.E. (1969). The Key in the Lock: a history of immigration control in England from 1066 to the present day. London: John Murray. pp. 205–17. ISBN 0-7195-1907-1.
- Marshall, Prince (1972). Wheels of London. The Sunday Times Magazine. p. 109. ISBN 0-7230-0068-9.
- Wallace, Elisabeth (Summer 1962). "The West Indies Federation: Decline and Fall". International Journal (Canadian International Council) 17 (3): 269–288.
- "1962: To the brink of war...". Wolverhampton: Express & Star.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 419–420. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Early Satellite Relays to/from Britain". British TV History. Archived from the original on 27 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Mr. F. McEvoy and Mr. H. Reeve (Sentences) (Hansard, 20 January 1964)". Archived from the original on 13 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "1962: Violence flares at Mosley rally". BBC News. 31 July 1962. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- "Ford Cortina (1962-1982): a National Institution". Yahoo! Cars. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- "Dr. No (1962)". MI6. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
- New Musical Express 21 September 1962
- Waugh, William (1990). John Charnley: The Man and the Hip. London: Springer-Verlag. pp. 122–4. ISBN 3-540-19587-4.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962". Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1962". Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1962: America to sell Polaris to Britain". BBC News. 21 December 1962. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.
- "1962". CBRD. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- Harrison, Ian (2003). The Book of Firsts. London: Cassell. p. 45. ISBN 1-84403-201-9.
- "Safeway takeover completed". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 18 April 2011.