1969 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1969 in the United Kingdom:|
|1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, Television and music|
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Publications
- 4 Births
- 5 Deaths
- 6 References
- 7 See also
- 2 January – Australian media baron Rupert Murdoch purchased the largest selling British Sunday newspaper The News of the World.
- 4 January – Guitarist Jimi Hendrix caused complaints of arrogance from television producers after playing an impromptu version of "Sunshine of your Love" past his allotted timeslot on the BBC1 show Happening for Lulu.
- 5 January – Derry Riots left over 100 people injured.
- 10 January – Protestors in Northern Ireland defied police orders to abandon a planned march.
- 14 January – Sir Matt Busby, hugely successful manager of Manchester United F.C. for the last 24 years, announced his retirement as manager. He would become a director at the end of the season, and hand over first-team duties to current first team trainer and former player Wilf McGuinness.
- 18 January – Pete Best won his defamation lawsuit against the Beatles. He had originally sought $8 million, but is awarded much less.
- 24 January –
- 27 January
- 30 January – The Beatles gave their last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
- March – The first B&Q DIY superstore was set up in Southampton by Richard Block and David Quayle.
- 2 March – The maiden flight of Concorde took place.
- 4 March – The Kray twins were both found guilty of murder: Ronnie of murdering George Cornell; Reggie of murdering Jack "the Hat" McVitie.
- 5 March – The Kray twins are sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommended minimum of 30 years by Mr Justice Melford Stevenson.
- 7 March – The London Underground Victoria Line was opened by The Queen.
- 12 March – Paul McCartney married Linda Eastman.
- 17 March – The Longhope lifeboat in Scotland was lost; the entire crew of 8 died.
- 19 March
- 25 March – John Lennon and Yoko Ono married in Gibraltar.
- 27 March – First ordination of a woman in the Church of Scotland, Catherine McConnachie by the Presbytery of Aberdeen.
- 29 March – The UK shared first place in the Eurovision Song Contest, with a four-way tie with France, Spain, and the Netherlands. Lulu represents the UK, singing Boom bang-a-bang.
- 1 April – The Hawker Siddeley Harrier GR.1 V/STOL "Jump Jet" fighter entered service with the RAF.
- 9 April – Sikh busmen in Wolverhampton won the right to wear turbans on duty.
- 17 April
- Representation of the People Act lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 with effect from February 1970. It also permitted candidates to have a party label included on the ballot paper, and removed the right (theoretically restored in 1967) of convicted prisoners to vote in Parliamentary elections.
- Bernadette Devlin won the Mid Ulster by-election and became the youngest ever female MP at 21 years old.
- 20 April – British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to reinforce the Royal Ulster Constabulary.
- 22 April – Robin Knox-Johnston became the first person to sail around the world solo without stopping.
- 24 April
- British Leyland Motor Corporation launched Britain's first production hatchback car, the Austin Maxi, designed to compete with family saloons like the Ford Cortina and following a new European design concept started in 1965 by French car maker Renault's R16 range.
- The final episode of the long-running BBC Radio serial drama Mrs Dale's Diary was broadcast.
- 26 April – Manchester City F.C. won the FA Cup with a 1-0 win over Leicester City in the Wembley final.
- 28 April – Leeds United won the Football League First Division title for the first time in their history.
- 2 May – The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 departed on her maiden voyage to New York.
- 23 May – The Who released the concept album Tommy.
- 21 June –
- The showing of television documentary The Royal Family, attracted more than 30.6 million viewers, an all-time British record for a non-current event programme.
- Patrick Troughton made his final appearance as the second Doctor in Doctor Who in the final episode of The War Games which was also the last episode to be recorded only in black and white.
- 24 June – After a referendum in Rhodesia decided in favour of becoming a Republic, the Governor of Southern Rhodesia Sir Humphrey Gibbs left Government House, severing the last diplomatic links with the United Kingdom.
- 30 June – Two members of the Mudiad Amddiffyn Cymru (Movement for the Defence of Wales) were killed whilst placing a bomb outside government offices in Abergele in an attempt to disrupt the following day's events.
- 1 July –
- 3 July – Swansea was granted city status.
- 10 July – The trimaran Teignmouth Electron of Donald Crowhurst was found drifting and unoccupied in Mid-Atlantic. It is discovered that Crowhurst had been falsifying his position in a Round the World yacht race and presumed that he committed suicide.
- 12 July – Golfer Tony Jacklin won The Open Championship.
- 23 July – BBC Two television first aired the Pot Black snooker tournament.
- 24 July – British lecturer Gerald Brooke was freed from a Soviet prison in exchange for the spies Morris and Lona Cohen.
- 1 August – The pre-decimal halfpenny ceased to be legal tender.
- 12 August – Rioting broke out in Derry, Northern Ireland in the Battle of the Bogside, the first major confrontation of The Troubles.
- 13 – 17 August - Sectarian rioting in Northern Ireland.
- 13 August – The Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, Jack Lynch, made a speech on Teilifís Éireann saying that his government "can no longer stand by" and requesting a United Nations peacekeeping force for Northern Ireland.
- 14 August – British troops were deployed in Northern Ireland to restore law and order.
- 30 – 31 August - The second Isle of Wight Festival attracted 150,000 pop music fans, with the appearance of Bob Dylan a major draw.
- 11 September – The housing charity Shelter released a report claiming that there are up to 3 million people in need of rehousing due to poor living conditions.
- 16 September – Iconic 1960s fashion store Biba reopened on Kensington High Street.
- 21 September – Police evicted squatters from the London Street Commune.
- 26 September – The Beatles released what would be their final album (Abbey Road) recorded together.
- 28 September – The National Trust acquired ownership of the island of Lundy.
- 1 October – The Post Office became a Statutory corporation.
- 5 October – Monty Python's Flying Circus aired its first episode on the BBC.
- 10 October – The government accepted the recommendations of Lord Hunt's report on policing in Northern Ireland including the abolition of the Ulster Special Constabulary.
- 14 October
- The new seven-sided 50p coin was introduced as replacement for the 10-shilling note, to a mixed reception from the British public, with many people complaining that it is easily confused with the 10p coin.
- With a general election due within the next 18 months, opinion polls showed that the Tories were comfortably ahead of Labour, by up to 24 points.
- 16 October – Peter Nichols' black comedy The National Health was premiered by the National Theatre at the Old Vic in London.
- November – Ken Loach's film Kes was released at the London Film Festival.
- 15 November – Regular colour television broadcasts began on BBC1 and ITV.
- 16 November – BBC1 first aired the children's television series Clangers, made by Oliver Postgate and Peter Firmin's Smallfilms in stop motion animation.
- 17 November – The Sun newspaper was relaunched as a tabloid under the ownership of Rupert Murdoch.
- 25 November – John Lennon returned his OBE to protest against the British government's involvement in Biafra and support of the U.S. war in Vietnam.
- 10 December – Derek Harold Richard Barton won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with Odd Hassel "for their contributions to the development of the concept of conformation and its application in chemistry".
- 18 December
- The abolition of the death penalty for murder was made permanent by Parliament.
- The sixth James Bond film - On Her Majesty's Secret Service - was released in British cinemas. Bond is now played by George Lazenby after Sean Connery starred in the first five films. Starring alongside him is Yorkshire-born actress Diana Rigg.
- 26 December – A fire at the Rose and Crown Hotel, Saffron Walden, killed eleven.
- The Chancellor of the Exchequer Roy Jenkins introduced Mortgage Interest Relief at Source (MIRAS) to encourage home ownership; it allowed borrowers tax relief for interest payments on their mortgage.
- Golden eagles were found to be nesting in England for the first time in modern history, at Haweswater in the Lake District.
- Completion of the Castle Vale estate in Birmingham, one of the largest housing estates in Europe, consisting mostly of council houses and low-rise flats as well as 34 tower blocks, the first of which were occupied in 1964.
- Kingsley Amis's novel The Green Man.
- Agatha Christie's Hercule Poirot novel Hallowe'en Party.
- John Fowles' novel The French Lieutenant's Woman.
- George MacDonald Fraser's novel Flashman.
- P. H. Newby's novel Something to Answer For.
- The anthology Children of Albion: Poetry of the Underground in Britain edited by Michael Horovitz.
January – March
- 12 January - David Mitchell, author
- 13 January - Stephen Hendry, Scottish snooker player
- 19 February - Stewart Faulkner, English long jumper
- 21 February - James Dean Bradfield, Welsh musician (Manic Street Preachers)
- 1 March - Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh drummer (Super Furry Animals)
April – June
- 27 April - Tess Daly, British television presenter.
- 6 May - Jim Magilton, Northern Irish footballer
- 21 May - Martin Harris, English backstroke swimmer
July – September
- 26 July - Tanni Grey-Thompson, British Paralympian
- 29 August - Joe Swail, Northern Irish snooker player
- 20 September - Jo Jennings, English high jumper
- 25 September - Catherine Zeta-Jones, Welsh actress
- 26 September - Paul Warhurst, English football player
October – December
- 9 October
- 15 October - Dominic West, English actor
- 13 November - Gerard Butler, Scottish actor
- 18 December - Irvin Duguid, Scottish keyboard player (Stiltskin)
- 19 December - Richard Hammond, English TV presenter
- 24 December - Ed Miliband, English politician, leader of the Labour Party
- 30 December - Jay Kay, English singer (Jamiroquai)
January – March
- 4 January - Violet and Daisy Hilton, English conjoined twin actresses (born 1908)
- 8 January - Albert Hill, British athlete (born 1889)
- 11 January - Richmal Crompton, writer (born 1890)
- 2 February - Boris Karloff, English actor (born 1887)
- 14 February - Kenneth Horne, comedian (born 1907)
- 11 March - John Wyndham, British author (born 1903)
- 25 March - Billy Cotton, British entertainer and bandleader (born 1899)
April – June
- 4 May - Sir Osbert Sitwell, English writer (born 1892)
- 23 May - Sir Owen Williams, civil engineer (born 1890)
July – September
- 3 July - Brian Jones, British musician (The Rolling Stones) (born 1942)
- 9 August - Cecil Frank Powell, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1903)
- 27 August - Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (born 1884)
October – December
- 18 November - Ted Heath, bandleader (born 1902)
- 5 December - Princess Alice of Battenberg, wife of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and mother of The Duke of Edinburgh (born 1885)
- "Barbara Castle: Labour's red queen". BBC News. 3 May 2002. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- Straw, Jack (28 July 2003). "Socialism's first lady". New Statesman. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. pp. 308–11. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.
- 'Andy' (2 September 2006). "1968 and 1969: The Space Hopper in Britain". Spacehopper. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- "1969: Murdoch wins Fleet Street foothold". BBC News. 2 January 1969. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "1969: Civil rights protesters defiant". BBC News. 10 January 1969. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "1969: Matt Busby retires from Man United". BBC News. 14 January 1969. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "1969: LSE closes over student clashes". BBC News. 24 January 1969. Archived from the original on 28 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- "Ford Capri Mk 1 and Mk 1 Facelift". Retro Car Icons. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- "1969: Rebel students take over LSE". BBC News. 27 January 1969. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "1969: Lulu ties knot with Bee Gee". BBC News. 18 February 1969. Archived from the original on 1 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "B&Q Online: From Kitchens & Bathrooms to Sheds & Paving; plus planning tools". Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Sawyer, Miranda (17 July 2004). "Fear of diy-ing". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- "1969: Kray twins guilty of McVitie murder". BBC News. 4 March 1969. Archived from the original on 27 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- Borrell, Clive (6 March 1969). "At least 30 years' gaol for the Kray twins". The Times (57502) (London). p. 1.
- Mayland, Jean (1999). "Pilgrimage to Priesthood and Beyond". In MacLeod, Iain Orr (ed). In Good Company: Women in the Ministry. Glasgow: Wild Goose. p. 33. ISBN 1-901557-15-4. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- "1969: Sikh busmen win turban fight". BBC News. 9 April 1969. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "1969: Manchester City". The FA Cup. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
- "28 April 1969 - Liverpool 0 Leeds United 0". The Mighty Mighty Whites: the definitive history of Leeds United. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
- Revoir, Paul (7 October 2008). "The most watched TV shows of all time - and they are all old programmes". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- "June anniversaries". The BBC Story. BBC. Archived from the original on 28 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- Shipton, Martin (20 November 2008). "'Militants' key role in coming of devolution left ignored deliberately'". WalesOnline. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- "John Lennon crashes his car in Scotland". The Beatles Bible. 1969-07-01. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
- Johnson, Peter (1975). The Guinness Book of Yachting Facts and Feats. Enfield: Guinness Superlatives. p. 173. ISBN 0-900424-30-3.
- "1969: Briton freed from Soviet prison". BBC News. 24 July 1969. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Jack Lynch On The Situation In North". YouTube. 13 August 1969. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
- "1969: British troops sent into Northern Ireland". BBC News. 14 August 1969. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 429–430. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "1969: Shelter exposes slum homelessness". BBC News. 11 September 1969. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "1969: Police storm squat in Piccadilly". BBC News. 21 September 1969. Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "1969: Ulster's B Specials to be disbanded". BBC News. 10 October 1969. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "1969: New 50-pence coin sparks confusion". BBC News. 14 October 1969. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Past productions 1963-1970". National Theatre. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
- "Colour Television Chronology". British TV History. Archived from the original on 27 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
- "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1969". Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969)". MI6. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
- "History of Fire Safety". FireNet. 2009. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- "Is it time for the return of Miras?". Times Online. 21 November 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "Haweswater". RSPB. Retrieved 2007-04-04.