1983 in the United Kingdom

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1983 in the United Kingdom:
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Sport, Television and music

Events from the year 1983 in the United Kingdom.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • 1 January - The British Nationality Act 1981 comes into effect creating five classes of British nationality.
  • 3 January - CITV is launched.
  • 6 January - Danish fishermen defy the British government's prohibition on non-UK boats entering its coastal waters.
  • 14 January - Stephen Waldorf shooting: Armed policeman shoot and severely injure an innocent car passenger in London, believing him to be escaped prisoner David Martin.
  • 17 January
    • First British breakfast time television programme, Breakfast Time, broadcast by the BBC.
    • The wearing of seatbelts becomes compulsory in the front of passenger cars, eleven years after they become compulsory equipment on new cars sold in Britain.[1]
  • 19 January - The two policemen who wounded Stephen Waldorf are charged with attempted murder and released on bail; they are suspended from duty pending further investigation.
  • 23 January - The ban on non-British boats in British waters is lifted as the European Economic Community's Common Fisheries Policy comes into effect.[2]
  • 25 January - The Infrared Astronomical Satellite, the first-ever space-based observatory to perform a survey of the entire sky at infrared wavelengths, is launched. The satellite is a joint project between the American space agency NASA, the Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes and the UK's Science and Engineering Research Council.[3]
  • 26 January - Red rain falls in the UK, caused by sand from the Sahara Desert in the droplets.
  • 28 January - Escaped prisoner David Martin is re-arrested.
  • 31 January - Seatbelt use for drivers and front seat passengers becomes mandatory, 11 years after becoming compulsory equipment.[4]

February[edit]

  • 1 February - TV-am broadcasts for the first time.[4]
  • 3 February - Unemployment stands at a record high of 3,224,715 - though the previous high reached in the Great Depression of the early 1930s accounted for a higher percentage of the workforce.
  • 10 February - The dismembered remains of at least fifteen young men are found at a house in Muswell Hill, North London, victims of Dennis Nilsen.
  • 15 February - The Austin Metro is now Britain's best selling car, having outsold every other new car registered in the UK during January.
  • 24 February - Labour candidate Peter Tatchell loses the Bermondsey by-election to the Liberal Party's Simon Hughes.
  • 26 February - Patrick Jennings, 37-year-old Arsenal and Northern Ireland goalkeeper, becomes the first player in the English game to appear in 1,000 senior football matches.

March[edit]

  • March
The compact disc (CD) goes on sale in the United Kingdom.[5]

April[edit]

  • April
Vauxhall launches the all-new Nova supermini with a range of hatchbacks and saloons. It is the first Vauxhall to be built outside the United Kingdom, being assembled at the Zaragoza plant in Spain where it was launched seven months ago as the Opel Corsa, but plans to launch it on the British market had been attacked by trade unions who were angry at the fact that it would not be built in Britain.[7]

May[edit]

  • 9 May - Margaret Thatcher calls a general election for 9 June. Opinion polls show her on course for victory with the Tories 8-12 points ahead of Labour, but it widely expected to form a significant overall majority due to the split in left-wing votes caused by the Alliance, who are now aiming to take Labour's place in opposition.[9]
  • 16 May - Wheel clamps are first used to combat illegal parking in London.[10]
  • 21 May - Manchester United and Brighton & Hove Albion draw 2-2 in the FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium. The replay will be held in five days time.[11]
  • 26 May
    • Manchester United defeat Brighton & Hove Albion 4-0 in the FA Cup final replay at Wembley Stadium. Bryan Robson scores two of the goals, with the other two coming from Arnold Muhren and 18-year-old Norman Whiteside.[11]
    • Opinion polls suggest that the Conservatives are looking set to be re-elected with a landslide. A MORI poll puts them on 51%, 22 points ahead of Labour.[4]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

  • Undated - The second generation Ford Fiesta is launched, featuring a major restyle of the original model which began production seven years ago and was faced with a host of new competitors in recent months from Vauxhall, Peugeot, Fiat and Nissan.
  • 1 August - The new A-prefix car registration plates are launched.
  • 5 August - 22 Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) members receive sentences totalling over 4,000 years from a Belfast Court.[4]
  • 29 August - ITV launches Blockbusters, a gameshow hosted by Bob Holness and featuring sixth formers as its contestants.

September[edit]

October[edit]

  • 2 October - Neil Kinnock is elected leader of the Labour Party following the retirement of Michael Foot. Kinnock attracted more than 70% of the votes, and names Roy Hattersley (who came second with nearly 20% of the votes) as his deputy.[19]
  • 4 October - Richard Noble, driving the British turbojet-powered car Thrust2, takes the land speed record to 634.051 mph (1020.406 km/h) over 1 km (633.47 mph (1019.47 km/h) over 1 mile) at Black Rock Desert, USA, an increase of 40 mph over the previous kilometre record.[20]
  • 7 October - A plan to abolish the Greater London Council is announced.
  • 14 October - Cecil Parkinson resigns as Trade and Industry Secretary following revelations about his relationship with Sarah Keays.
  • 22 October - Over a million people demonstrate against nuclear weapons at a CND march in London.[21]
  • 24 October
  • 19 October - The two policemen who shot Stephen Waldorf are cleared of attempted murder.
  • 25 Oct **American forces invade the Commonwealth country of Grenada.
    • Roy Griffiths presents his Report on general management of the NHS.[7]

November[edit]

December[edit]

  • 4 December - An SAS undercover operation ends in the shooting and killing of two IRA gunmen, a third is injured.[25]
  • 6 December - First heart and lung transplant carried out in Britain at Harefield.[26]
  • 8 December - The House of Lords votes to allow television broadcast of its proceedings.[27]
  • 10 December - William Golding wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today".[28]
  • 17 December - An IRA car bomb kills six, three police and three members of the public, and injures 90 outside Harrods in London.[29]
  • 25 December (Christmas Day) - A second IRA bomb explodes in Oxford Street, but this time nobody is injured.[1]

Undated[edit]

Publications[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "1983". Those were the days. Express & Star. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  2. ^ ""1983: Danes raid British fishing grounds", On This Day, 6 January 1983". BBC News. 6 January 1983. Archived from the original on 27 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  3. ^ Gilliland, Ben (16 January 2009). "Science & Discovery". Metro. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  5. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/electricdreams/1980s/compactdisc
  6. ^ a b c d Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 605–607. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "1983: Human chain links nuclear sites". BBC News. 1 April 1983. Archived from the original on 6 January 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 448–449. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  11. ^ a b "FA Cup Final 1983". Archived from the original on 31 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  12. ^ http://www.number10.gov.uk/history-and-tour/prime-ministers-in-history/tony-blair
  13. ^ http://www.number10.gov.uk/history-and-tour/prime-ministers-in-history/gordon-brown
  14. ^ "British General Elections". History Learning Site. Retrieved 2012-03-21. 
  15. ^ "1983: Thatcher wins landslide victory". BBC News. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 10 April 2011. 
  16. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1. 
  17. ^ ""1983: Mother loses contraception test case", On This Day, 26 July 1983". BBC News. 26 July 1983. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  18. ^ "1983: Dozens escape in Maze break-out". BBC News. 25 September 1983. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  19. ^ "1983: 'Dream ticket' wins Labour leadership". BBC News. 2 October 1983. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  20. ^ "FIA land speed records, Cat C". FIA. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  21. ^ "1983: CND march attracts biggest ever crowd", On This Day, 22 October 1983". BBC News. 22 October 1983. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  22. ^ "1983: Nilsen 'strangled and mutilated' victims". BBC News. 24 October 1983. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  23. ^ "1983: England fans rampage in Luxembourg". BBC News. 16 November 1983. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  24. ^ "1983: £25m gold heist at Heathrow". BBC News. 26 November 1983. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  25. ^ "1983: IRA gunmen shot dead in SAS ambush". BBC News. 4 December 1983. Archived from the original on 6 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  26. ^ "1983: Transplant makes British medical history". BBC News. 6 December 1983. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  27. ^ "1983: Television cameras allowed into Lords". BBC News. 8 December 1983. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  28. ^ The Nobel Prize in Literature 1983
  29. ^ "1983: Harrods bomb blast kills six". BBC News. 17 December 1983. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  30. ^ "Lord Hanson". The Times (London). 3 November 2004. Retrieved 2010-09-23. 
  31. ^ "The James Simpson, or Waddon, Engine". London: Kew Bridge Steam Museum. 1999. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  32. ^ "Inflation: the Value of the Pound 1750-1998" (PDF). Research Paper, 99/20. House of Commons Library. 23 February 1999. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  33. ^ [3]

See also[edit]