1854 in Canada
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|Years in Canada:||1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s|
|Years:||1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
Events from the year 1854 in Canada.
- January 27 - The Great Western Railway opens, linking Toronto, Hamilton and Windsor.
- June 6 - The Canadian-American Reciprocity Treaty is signed
- October 27 - A Great Western Railway passenger train collides with the tail end of gravel train at Baptiste Creek, Canada West. At least 52 people are killed.
- Establishment of the African Baptist Association of Nova Scotia.
- St. Joseph’s Academy for Young Ladies, later to be known as St. Joseph's College School, was founded by the Sisters of St. Joseph of Toronto.
- April 13 - William Henry Drummond, poet (died 1907)
- May 21 - Edward Gawler Prior, mining engineer, politician and Premier of British Columbia (died 1920)
- June 8 - Douglas Colin Cameron, politician and Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba (died 1921)
- June 26 - Robert Borden, lawyer, politician and 8th Prime Minister of Canada (died 1937)
- August 29 - Arthur Peters, politician and Premier of Prince Edward Island (died 1908)
- September 1 - James Alexander Lougheed, businessman and politician (died 1925)
- January 20 - Denis-Benjamin Papineau, joint premier of the Province of Canada (born 1789)
- September 19 - Sir George Arthur, 1st Baronet, army officer and colonial administrator (born 1784)