IRT Eastern Parkway Line

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Eastern Parkway Line
NYCS-line-black-EastPkwy.svg
The 2, 3, 4 and 5 trains are the primary service at most IRT Eastern Parkway Line stations, and thus the only IRT services that travel to/from Brooklyn.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Status Operating
Locale Brooklyn
Termini Borough Hall
Crown Heights – Utica Avenue
Stations 11
Daily ridership 214,906[1]
Operation
Opening 1 May 1908
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Underground
Rolling stock R62
R142
R142A
Technical
No. of tracks 4
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 600V DC third rail

The Eastern Parkway Line is one of the lines of the IRT division of the New York City Subway, stretching from Downtown Brooklyn south along Flatbush Avenue and east along Eastern Parkway to Crown Heights. After passing Utica Avenue, the line rises onto an elevated structure and becomes the New Lots Line to the end at New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. The west end of the Eastern Parkway Line is at the Joralemon Street Tunnel under the East River.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

The IRT Nostrand Avenue Line splits from the local tracks of the Eastern Parkway Line south of the Franklin Avenue station.

History[edit]

IRT Eastern Parkway Line
IRT Lexington Avenue Line
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Joralemon Street Tunnel | Clark Street Tunnel
to BMT Montague Street Tunnel
Clark Street
Borough Hall
BMT Fourth Avenue Line
IND Culver Line / IND Fulton Street Line
Hoyt Street
Nevins Street
BMT Fourth Avenue Line
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center
LIRR Atlantic Branch
BMT Brighton Line
Bergen Street
Grand Army Plaza
BMT Brighton Line
Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum
BMT Franklin Avenue Line
Franklin Avenue
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston Avenue
Crown Heights – Utica Avenue
IRT New Lots Line |
Express tracks dead-
end at Ralph Avenue

This line was built as a part of the Dual Contracts from Atlantic Avenue east.

Joralemon Street Tunnel
Architect William Barclay Parsons; Andrew McDonald, et al.
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 06000015[8]
Added to NRHP February 9, 2006

The Joralemon Street Tunnel, opened on January 1, 1908,[9] was the first underwater subway tunnel connecting Manhattan and Brooklyn.[10] Clifford Milburn Holland served as the assistant engineer during the construction of the tunnel.[11] It was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on February 9, 2006.[8]

The IRT Eastern Parkway Line was built from 1915 to 1918, from the section east of the Atlantic Avenue station to Utica Avenue and down the Nostrand Avenue Subway to Flatbush Avenue. The section of the subway from Grand Army Plaza to Nostrand Avenue was built in 1920 due to a subcontractor's bankruptcy.[citation needed]

Extent and service[edit]

The line is currently served by
2 all times (all times)
3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
4 all times (all times)
5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (weekdays until 8:45 p.m.)

The following services serve the line:

  Time period Section of line
rush hours
and middays
evenings
and weekends
late nights
NYCS 2 local north of Franklin Ave
NYCS 3 local no service full line
NYCS 4 express local north of Utica Ave (all except nights)
full line (late nights)
NYCS 5 express no service north of Franklin Ave


Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Time period details
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Begins as continuation of IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.)
Downtown Brooklyn Handicapped/disabled access* Borough Hall express 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. May 1, 1908 2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
R weekdays except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Court Street)
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line express tracks become Eastern Parkway local tracks (2 all times 3 all except late nights)
Hoyt Street local 2 all times 3 all except late nights May 1, 1908
Nevins Street all 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. May 1, 1908
Handicapped/disabled access Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center all 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. May 1, 1908 D all times N all times R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center)
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
Connection to LIRR at Atlantic Terminal
Park Slope Bergen Street local 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights August 23, 1920
Grand Army Plaza local 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights August 23, 1920
Prospect Heights Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum local 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 late nights August 23, 1920
Crown Heights Franklin Avenue all 2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. August 23, 1920 S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line at Botanic Garden)
IRT Nostrand Avenue Line splits from the local tracks (2 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.)
Nostrand Avenue local 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 late nights August 23, 1920 B44 Select Bus Service
Kingston Avenue local 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 late nights August 23, 1920
Handicapped/disabled access Crown Heights – Utica Avenue all 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 special rush hour trips August 23, 1920
Express tracks end
Continues as IRT New Lots Line (2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 4 late nights and special rush hour trips 5 special rush hour trips)

* Borough Hall is accessible in the northbound direction only

References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2006 Final Proposed Budget – November Financial Plan 2006-2009, Section VI: MTA Capital Program Information PDF (135 KiB): "Joralemon Tube to Nevins Street"
  3. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2005 Adopted Budget - February Financial Plan 2005–2008, Section VII: MTA Capital Program Information PDF (91.7 KiB): shows Utica Avenue on "EPK" and Sutter Avenue on "NLT"
  4. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2005 Final Proposed Budget - November Financial Plan 2005–2008, Section VI: MTA Capital Program Information PDF (1.02 MiB): "Sutter Avenue Portal to end"
  5. ^ In a 1981 list of "most deteriorated subway stations", the MTA listed Borough Hall and Court Street stations as part of the New Lots Line:
    New York Times, Agency Lists Its 69 Most Deteriorated Subway Stations, June 11, 1981, section B, page 5
  6. ^ The chaining designation "M" (Joralemon Street Tunnel) becomes "E" (Eastern Parkway Line) just west of the Borough Hall platforms; the Court Street and northern Borough Hall stations are chained "K" (Clark Street Tunnel).
  7. ^ However, as of 2007, emergency exit signs label Court Street as an IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line station, and the two parts of Borough Hall are signed as being along the Broadway – Seventh Avenue and IRT Lexington Avenue Lines.
  8. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  9. ^ "Brooklyn Joyful Over Its Tunnel". The New York Times. January 10, 1908. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  10. ^ Gasparini, D. A. (February 2006). [gi/WWWdisplay.cgi?0600470# "Battery-Joralemon Street Tunnel". Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities (American Society of Civil Engineers) 20 (1): 92–107. doi:10.1061/(asce)0887-3828(2006)20:1(92). Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  11. ^ Aronson, Michael (June 15, 1999). "The Digger Clifford Holland". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 2010-07-02.