IRT Eastern Parkway Line
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line|
|System||New York City Subway|
Crown Heights – Utica Avenue
|Opening||1 May 1908|
|Owner||City of New York|
|Operator(s)||New York City Transit Authority|
|No. of tracks||4|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||600V DC third rail|
The Eastern Parkway Line is one of the lines of the IRT division of the New York City Subway, stretching from Downtown Brooklyn south along Flatbush Avenue and east along Eastern Parkway to Crown Heights. After passing Utica Avenue, the line rises onto an elevated structure and becomes the New Lots Line to the end at New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. The west end of the Eastern Parkway Line is at the Joralemon Street Tunnel under the East River.
|This section requires expansion. (July 2008)|
This line was built as a part of the Dual Contracts from Atlantic Avenue east.
Joralemon Street Tunnel
|Architect||William Barclay Parsons; Andrew McDonald, et al.|
|MPS||New York City Subway System MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||06000015|
|Added to NRHP||February 9, 2006|
The Joralemon Street Tunnel, opened on January 1, 1908, was the first underwater subway tunnel connecting Manhattan and Brooklyn. Clifford Milburn Holland served as the assistant engineer during the construction of the tunnel. It was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on February 9, 2006.
The IRT Eastern Parkway Line was built from 1915 to 1918, from the section east of the Atlantic Avenue station to Utica Avenue and down the Nostrand Avenue Subway to Flatbush Avenue. The section of the subway from Grand Army Plaza to Nostrand Avenue was built in 1920 due to a subcontractor's bankruptcy.
Extent and service
The following services serve the line:
|Time period||Section of line|
|local||north of Franklin Ave|
|local||no service||full line|
|express||local||north of Utica Ave (all except nights)
full line (late nights)
|express||no service||north of Franklin Ave|
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Time period details|
|Station||Tracks||Services||Opened||Transfers and notes|
|Begins as continuation of IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 5 )|
|Downtown Brooklyn||*||Borough Hall||express||4 5||May 1, 1908||2 3 (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
N R (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Court Street)
|IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line express tracks become Eastern Parkway local tracks (2 3 )|
|Hoyt Street||local||2 3||May 1, 1908|
|Nevins Street||all||2 3 4 5||May 1, 1908|
|Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center||all||2 3 4 5||May 1, 1908||D N R (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center)
B Q (BMT Brighton Line)
Connection to LIRR at Atlantic Terminal
|Park Slope||Bergen Street||local||2 3 4||August 23, 1920|
|Grand Army Plaza||local||2 3 4||August 23, 1920|
|Prospect Heights||Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum||local||2 3 4||August 23, 1920|
|Crown Heights||Franklin Avenue||all||2 3 4 5||August 23, 1920||S (BMT Franklin Avenue Line at Botanic Garden)|
|IRT Nostrand Avenue Line splits from the local tracks (2 5 )|
|Nostrand Avenue||local||2 3 4||August 23, 1920||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Kingston Avenue||local||2 3 4||August 23, 1920|
|Crown Heights – Utica Avenue||all||2 3 4 5||August 23, 1920|
|Express tracks end|
|Continues as IRT New Lots Line (2 3 4 5 )|
* Borough Hall is accessible in the northbound direction only
Media related to IRT Eastern Parkway Line at Wikimedia Commons
- MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2006 Final Proposed Budget – November Financial Plan 2006-2009, PDF (135 KiB): "Joralemon Tube to Nevins Street"
- Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2005 Adopted Budget - February Financial Plan 2005–2008, PDF (91.7 KiB): shows Utica Avenue on "EPK" and Sutter Avenue on "NLT"
- Metropolitan Transportation Authority, 2005 Final Proposed Budget - November Financial Plan 2005–2008, PDF (1.02 MiB): "Sutter Avenue Portal to end"
- In a 1981 list of "most deteriorated subway stations", the MTA listed Borough Hall and Court Street stations as part of the New Lots Line:
New York Times, Agency Lists Its 69 Most Deteriorated Subway Stations, June 11, 1981, section B, page 5
- The chaining designation "M" (Joralemon Street Tunnel) becomes "E" (Eastern Parkway Line) just west of the Borough Hall platforms; the Court Street and northern Borough Hall stations are chained "K" (Clark Street Tunnel).
- However, as of 2007, emergency exit signs label Court Street as an IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line station, and the two parts of Borough Hall are signed as being along the Broadway – Seventh Avenue and IRT Lexington Avenue Lines.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Brooklyn Joyful Over Its Tunnel". The New York Times. January 10, 1908. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
- Gasparini, D. A. (February 2006). [gi/WWWdisplay.cgi?0600470# "Battery-Joralemon Street Tunnel". Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities (American Society of Civil Engineers) 20 (1): 92–107. doi:10.1061/(asce)0887-3828(2006)20:1(92). Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- Aronson, Michael (June 15, 1999). "The Digger Clifford Holland". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 2010-07-02.