4780th Air Defense Wing
|4780th Air Defense Wing|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Air Defense Fighter Training|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|4780th Air Defense Wing Patch|
The 4780th Air Defense Wing is a discontinued United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the Air Defense Weapons Center at Perrin Air Force Base, Texas, where it was discontinued in 1971. The wing was organized in 1962 when Air Defense Command (ADC) assumed the interceptor pilot training mission from Air Training Command (ATC).
The 4780th assumed the personnel, equipment, and mission of ATC's 3555th Flying Training Wing, which was simultaneously discontinued. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the wing maintained aircraft on alert in Texas and Florida. The wing was discontinued in 1971 when ADC concentrated all its fighter crew training at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida. Between 1965 and 1969, the wing was twice awarded the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its mission performance,
In 1958, Strategic Air Command and Tactical Air Command took responsibility from Air Training Command (ATC) for the conduct of their combat crew training, However, ATC's 3555th Flying Training Wing (Advanced Interceptor), which had trained all-weather interceptor pilots for all USAF commands, including Air Defense Command (ADC) since 1953, continued interceptor crew training. Most interceptor pilots trained at Perrin, however, were later assigned to ADC. In March 1962, ADC decided it wanted to merge Perrin Air Force Base's interceptor school with other air defense resources. ADC acquired Perrin from ATC on 1 July 1962 and with it the 3555th Wing and its three Flying Training Squadrons. On that date, ADC discontinued the 3555th Wing and formed the 4780th Air Defense Wing (Training) with the 3555th's personnel and equipment. In addition to its operational squadrons, the wing was assigned a number of support and maintenance organizations to fulfill its role as USAF host organization for Perrin.
The 4780th trained qualified pilots to operate the Convair F-102 Delta Dagger and Convair F-106 Delta Dart interceptor aircraft as combat weapons. In addition, it conducted lead-in training with the F-102 for F-106 Delta Dart and Convair B-58 Hustler. From 1962 to 1971 Perrin had the largest fleet of F-102 Delta Daggers in the US Air Force. Perrin was the only F-102 training base within ADC. The wing conducted a water survival skills school on nearby Lake Texoma, whose graduates included seventeen astronauts.
The wing was awarded two Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards for its performance from 1965 through 1969. In addition, elements of the wing earned a third award for the period from January 1969 through May 1970, In 1969 the 4780th won the United States Air Force Flying Safety Plaque for flying 38,551 hours without a major accident. On 3 March 1971, it was announced that Perrin would close. On 13 May 1971 the last graduating class flew its F-102s in formation over Sherman and Denison, Texas as a farewell to its two host cities. A few days later the last of the Delta Daggers left the base, and the 4780th Air Defense Wing was discontinued.
- Designated as the 4780th Air Defense Wing (Training) and organized on 1 July 1962
- Discontinued on 30 June 1971
- 73d Air Division, 1 July 1962
- Fourteenth Air Force, 1 April 1966
- Tenth Air Force, 1 July 1968
- Air Defense Weapons Center, 15 November 1969 - 30 June 1971
- Perrin Air Force Base, Texas, 1 July 1962 – 30 June 1971
- 4780th Air Base Group, 1 July 1962 - 30 June 1971
- Operational Squadrons
- 4780th Flying Training Squadron (later 4780th Air Defense Squadron), 1 July 1962 - 30 June 1971
- 4781st Flying Training Squadron (later 4781st Combat Crew Training Squadron), 1 July 1962 - 31 Dec 1969
- 4782nd Combat Crew Training Squadron, 1 July 1962 - 30 June 1971
- Maintenance Squadrons
- 4780th Armament & Electronics Maintenance Squadron (later 4780th Communications & Electronics Maintenance Squadron, 4780th Avionics Maintenance Squadron), 1 January 1963 - 30 June 1971
- 4780th Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance Squadron, 1 July 1962 - 1 January 1963
- 4780th Field Maintenance Squadron, 1 January 1963 - 30 June 1971
- 4780th Munitions Maintenance Squadron, 15 September 1966 - 30 June 1971
- 4780th Organizational Maintenance Squadron, 1 January 1963 - 30 June 1971
- 4780th USAF Hospital (later 4780th USAF Dispensary) 1 July 1962 - 8 October 1970
- USAF Dispensary, Perrin, 8 October 1970 - 30 June 1971
- 4780th Physiological Training Flight, ca. 1 July 1962 - 1 Jan 1969
- F-102A, 1962-1971
- TF-102A, 1962-1971
- T-33A, 1962-1971
- Col. Raymond K. Gallagher, 1 July 1962 - unknown
- Col. John R. Kullman, 7 August 1964 - unknown
- Col. R. H. Dettre, unknown - 30 June 1967
- Col. Walter R, Hardee, Jr., 30 June 1967 - 15 June 1969
- Col. Vermont Garrison, 16 June 1969 - 30 Jun 1971
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 July 1965 - 30 June 1967|||
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 July 1967 - 15 January 1969|||
- "Abstract, History 3555 Flying Training Wing, Jan-Dec 1953". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 3555 Flying Training Wing, Jan-Jun 1958". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 64
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 175
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 68
- "Abstract, History 73 Air Division, Jul-Dec 1962". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 4780 Air Defense Wing, Jan-Dec 1964". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- Elkins, Brig. Gen. (ret) John M. "Brief History of Perrin Air Force Base". Perrin Field Historical Society. Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- Abstract, History of 4780th Air Def Wg, Apr 1969-Jun 1969 (retrieved March 15, 2012)
- "Abstract, History 4780 Air Defense Wing, Oct-Dec 1962". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits, p.550
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits, Vol II, p. 120
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 90
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 107
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 144
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 150
- "Abstract, Final Historical Report 3555 Flying Training Wing". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 4780 Air Defense Wing, Apr-Jun 1967". Air Force History Index. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946-1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits, Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC, 15 Jun 71
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits, Vol II Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC, 30 Sep 76