Camp Adair

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Camp Adair
Benton County, near Corvallis, Oregon
Camp Adair old foundations.JPG
Picture of the grounds in 2008
Camp Adair remains.JPG
Coordinates 44°42′00″N 123°12′30″W / 44.7000000°N 123.2083333°W / 44.7000000; -123.2083333
Type Military Base
Site information
Owner Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
City of Adair Village
Private
Open to
the public
Yes
Site history
Built 1942
In use 1942-08-15 - 1943-05-10
1943-08-06 - 1943-11-01
96th Infantry Division
Deployed to Pacific Theater
1942-09-15 - 1943-08-07
104th Infantry Division
Deployed to France
1943-06-15 - 1944-07-25
70th Infantry Division
Deployed to France
1943-11-02 - 1944-03-30
91st Infantry Division
Deployed to North Africa
1944-07-26 - 1946-07-23
Prisoner Of War Camp.
Built by United States Army

Camp Adair was a United States Army division training facility established north of Corvallis, Oregon, operating from 1942 to 1946. Part of the site is now contained within the E. E. Wilson Wildlife Area operated by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), with other parts of Camp Adair becoming the city of Adair Village.

History[edit]

Camp Adair was named for Henry Rodney Adair, who was a native of Astoria, Oregon and a member of a prominent Oregon pioneer family.[1] After graduating from West Point, he became a cavalry lieutenant.[1] He was killed during the Pancho Villa Expedition at the Battle of Carrizal on June 21, 1916.[1]

The 57,159-acre (231.31 km2)[2] site was built during 1942–1943[1] as a World War II division training and cantonment camp, and had temporary quarters for 2,133 officers and 37,081 enlisted personnel.[2] Although the site was dedicated as "Camp Adair" on September 4, 1943, it had been occupied by troops before that date.[1] Camp Adair post office operated from 1942–1946.[1]

From 1944–1946-07-23,[3] Camp Adair served as a prisoner-of-war camp, housing German and Italian POWs.[4][5]

In 1957, Camp Adair became Adair Air Force Station and SAGE Support Facility, anticipating the construction of a CIM-10 Bomarc launch facility. Construction of the launch facility was not completed due to drastic reduction in the Bomarc program, but the infrastructure that was completed remains at the site.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh Edition ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  2. ^ a b Stanton, Shelby L. (1984). Order of Battle: U.S. Army World War II. Novato, California: Presidio Press. pp. p256. ISBN 0-89141-195-X. 
  3. ^ Krammer, Arnold (1979). Nazi Prisoners of War in America. Lanham, Maryland: Stein & Day/Scarborough House. pp. p54. ISBN 0-8128-8561-9. 
  4. ^ "News from the Northwest…Oregon: Oregon State University (Corvallis): Recent accessions: Land Records–Camp Adair Properties". Easy Access. Northwest Archivists, Inc. Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
  5. ^ "Prisoners-of-War". Oregon Secretary of State: Archives Division. Archived from the original on 2010-09-04. 
  6. ^ About Adair Village

External links[edit]