57th Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line)

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57th Street
NYCS F
New York City Subway rapid transit station
57th Street Station by David Shankbone.jpg
Station statistics
Address West 57th Street & Sixth Avenue
New York, NY 10019
Borough Manhattan
Locale Midtown Manhattan
Coordinates 40°45′51″N 73°58′38″W / 40.764259°N 73.977213°W / 40.764259; -73.977213Coordinates: 40°45′51″N 73°58′38″W / 40.764259°N 73.977213°W / 40.764259; -73.977213
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Sixth Avenue Line
Services       F all times (all times)
Connection
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened July 1, 1968; 46 years ago (1968-07-01)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[1]
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 4,520,733[2] Increase 2.4%
Rank 106 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street: F all times
Next south 47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center: F all times

57th Street is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 57th Street and Sixth Avenue in Manhattan, it is served by the F train at all times. North of the station, the line turns east and becomes the IND 63rd Street Line.

History[edit]

57th Street opened on July 1, 1968 as one of two stations added during construction of the Chrystie Street Connection, the other being Grand Street. Upon its opening, the station acted as the terminus of two services, the B and KK, the former during rush hour and the latter during off-peak hours. The B ran to Coney Island via the Manhattan Bridge and the West End Line while the KK ran to 168th Street via the Williamsburg Bridge and Jamaica Line. The KK was renamed as the K and truncated to Broadway Junction in 1974 and eliminated in 1976 altogether.[3] In 1978, the MTA created the JFK Express service to the eponymous airport, with 57th Street acting as the northern terminal of the route.

The reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge caused radical service changes at the station. The B was re-routed to its current route down Central Park West via the Seventh Avenue station to the Sixth Avenue Line and was replaced by the S to Grand Street.[4] In 1988, the Q became a Sixth Avenue service and ran via the Manhattan Bridge to the Brighton Line, acting as an express in Brooklyn; when the 63rd Street Tunnel opened in 1989, the Q was simultaneously extended to the new terminal at 21st Street – Queensbridge. The B replaced the Q in 1990, and the F replaced the B in 2001 when the 63rd Street Tunnel Connector opened in Queens.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
P
Platform level
Southbound NYCS F toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (47th–50th Streets – Rockefeller Center)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound NYCS F toward Jamaica – 179th Street (Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street)

57th Street utilizes a simple two tracks and a single island platform setup common to terminal stations. Except for the removal of exit slam gates at fare controls, much of the station design remains unchanged from 1968 opening. Even the "Next Train" indicator lights are still hanging from the platform ceiling, dating from the period when the station was a terminal. The tower and the crew area still exist. They were abandoned after the 1989 63rd Street extension to 21st Street – Queensbridge, but were back in service in 1998 when trains from Sixth Avenue terminated here due to long term construction work that necessitated a shuttle train from Queensbridge to 57th Street – Seventh Avenue on the BMT Broadway Line. Once all construction work was completed on the 63rd Street Connector to the IND Queens Boulevard Line in December 2001, the tower was permanently abandoned.

O'Neill plaque
Street entrance

This station features one of the last surviving telephone booths, located inside one of the three fare control areas at mezzanine level. The door on the booth is broken. A plaque dedicated to retired Colonel John T. O'Neill, who served as the New York City Transit Authority's Chief Engineer until his death in 1978, sits next to the booth on the west wall. The island platform is comparatively wide. There are six staircases to the platform and eight street staircases spread on both sides of Sixth Avenue from 56th to 57th Streets. The station walls are plain white, with "57th St" appearing on the wall.

In popular culture[edit]

  • 57th Street is shown briefly in the later season opening credits of the sitcom Rhoda as main characters Rhoda and Brenda just miss a train.
  • 57th Street appears in the 1992 film Home Alone 2: Lost in New York. Gangsters Harry and Marv can be seen exiting onto Sixth Avenue from the station. The JFK Express label is still visible.
  • 57th Street appears in the 2011 film "A Very Harold And Kumar 3D Christmas" in the scene when Harold and Kumar are carrying a Christmas tree "Neil Patrick Harris" gave them before getting kidnapped by the Ukrainian mobsters.
  • 57th Street appears in the movie Beat Street 1984, where the battle between the Rock Steady Crew and the New York City Breakers take place.
  • 57th Street appears in the 1973 crime film Serpico which stars Al Pacino.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wireless Service Arrives At 30 Additional Underground Subway Stations
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  3. ^ 1972 system map NYCSubway Retrieved 2009-08-12
  4. ^ 1987 system map NYCSubway Retrieved 2009-08-12

External links[edit]