|Coordinates (Al-Hasakah): Coordinates:|
|• Total||23,334 km2 (9,009 sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|ISO 3166 code||SY-HA|
|Main language(s)||Arabic, Kurdish, Syriac-Aramaic, Armenian|
|Ethnicities||Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians/Syriacs, Armenians|
Al-Hasakah Governorate (Arabic: الحسكة / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat al-Ḥasakah, Kurdish; پارێزگای حەسیچە/Parezagah Hasce, Classical Syriac: ܓܙܪܬܐ Gozarto) is a governorate in the far north-east corner of Syria. It is distinguished by its fertile lands, plentiful water, picturesque nature, and more than one hundred archaeological sites. It encompasses part of the former Al-Jazira province. As of November 2013, a large section of the governorate is now the breakaway autonomous region of Western Kurdistan in the Syrian civil war.
Demographics and population
The inhabitants of al-Hasakah governorate are composed of different ethnic and cultural groups, the larger groups being Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, Kurds, and with a minority of Armenians. The population of the governorate according to the 2004 official census was 1,275,118 and it was estimated in 2007 to be 1,377,000.
The Population figures are given according to the 2004 official census:
|English Name||Arabic Name||Population||District|
|Ras al-Ayn||رأس العين||29,347||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Al-Sabaa wa Arbain||السبعة وأربعين||14,177||Al-Hasakah District|
|al-Manajir||المناجير||12,156||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Ad-Darbasiyah||الدرباسية||8,551||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tal Tamer||تل تمر||7,285||Al-Hasakah District|
|Mabrouka||مبروكة||6,325||Ras al-Ayn District|
|Tal-Safouk||تل صفوك||5,781||Al-Hasakah District|
|Tal Hamis||تل حميس||5,161||Qamishli District|
Districts and sub-districts
The governorate has 4 districts (Mintaqa's):
These are further divided into 16 sub-districts (nawahi):
- Al Qamishli
- Ra's al-'Ayn
- Tal Hamis
- Tal Tamer
- Bir al-Helu
The Khabur River, which flows through al-Hasakah for 440 kilometres (270 mi), witnessed the birth of the some of the earliest civilizations in the world. The most prominent archaeological sites are:
- Hamoukar:considered by some archaeologists to be the oldest city in the world
- Tell Halaf: Excavations have revealed successive civilization levels, Neolithic glazed pottery and beautiful basalt sculptures.
- Tell Brak: Situated halfway between al-Hasakah city and the frontier town of al-Qamishli. Excavations in the tell have revealed the Uyun Temple and King Naram-Sin palace-stronghold.
- Tell el Fakhariya
- Tell Hittin: 15 layers of occupation have been identified.
- Tell Leilan: Excavations began in 1975 and have revealed many artefacts and buildings dating back to the 6th millennium BC such as a bazaar, temple, palace, etc.
- ehasakeh The First Complete website for Al-Hasakah news and services