Al-Hasakah Governorate

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Al Hasakah
الحسكة
Governorate
Map of Syria with Al Hasakah highlighted
Map of Syria with Al Hasakah highlighted
Coordinates (Al-Hasakah): 36°30′N 40°54′E / 36.5°N 40.9°E / 36.5; 40.9Coordinates: 36°30′N 40°54′E / 36.5°N 40.9°E / 36.5; 40.9
Country  Syria
Capital Al-Hasakah
Manatiq (Districts) 4
Area
 • Total 23,334 km2 (9,009 sq mi)
Population (31/12/2011)
 • Total 1,512,000[1]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code SY-HA
Main language(s) Arabic, Syriac-Aramaic, Kurds, Armenian
Ethnicities Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, Kurds, Armenians

Al-Hasakah Governorate (Arabic: الحسكة‎ / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat al-Ḥasakah, Kurdish: پارێزگای حەسیچە/Parêzgeha Hasce, Classical Syriac: ܓܙܪܬܐ Gozarto) is a governorate in the far north-east corner of Syria. It is distinguished by its fertile lands, plentiful water, picturesque nature, and more than one hundred archaeological sites. It encompasses part of the former Al-Jazira province.

Demographics and population[edit]

The inhabitants of al-Hasakah governorate are composed of different ethnic and cultural groups, the larger groups being Arabs, Assyrians/Syriacs, Kurds, and with a minority of Armenians.[2][3] The population of the governorate according to the 2004 official census was 1,275,118 and it was estimated in 2007 to be 1,377,000.

The Population figures are given according to the 2004 official census:[4]

English Name Arabic Name Population District
Al-Hasakah الحسكة 188,160 Al-Hasakah District
Al-Qamishli القامشلي 184,231 Qamishli District
Ras al-Ayn رأس العين 29,347 Ras al-Ayn District
Amuda عامودا 26,821 Qamishli District
Al-Malikiyah المالكية 26,311 Al-Malikiyah District
Al-Qahtaniyah القحطانية 16,946 Qamishli District
Ash-Shaddadeh الشدادة 15,806 Al-Hasakah District
Al-Maabadah المعبدة 15,759 Al-Malikiyah District
Al-Sabaa wa Arbain السبعة وأربعين 14,177 Al-Hasakah District
al-Manajir المناجير 12,156 Ras al-Ayn District
Ad-Darbasiyah الدرباسية 8,551 Ras al-Ayn District
Tal Tamer تل تمر 7,285 Al-Hasakah District
al-Jawadiyah الجوادية 6,630 Al-Malikiyah District
Mabrouka مبروكة 6,325 Ras al-Ayn District
al-Yarobiyah اليعربية 6,066 Al-Malikiyah District
Tal-Safouk تل صفوك 5,781 Al-Hasakah District
Tal Hamis تل حميس 5,161 Qamishli District
al-Tweinah التوينة 5,062 Al-Hasakah District
al-Fadghami الفدغمي 5,062 Al-Hasakah District

Districts and sub-districts[edit]

The governorate has 4 districts (Mintaqa's). These are further divided into 16 sub-districts (nawahi):

Archaeology[edit]

The Khabur River, which flows through al-Hasakah for 440 kilometres (270 mi), witnessed the birth of the some of the earliest civilizations in the world. The most prominent archaeological sites are:

  • Hamoukar:considered by some archaeologists to be the oldest city in the world
  • Tell Halaf: Excavations have revealed successive civilization levels, Neolithic glazed pottery and beautiful basalt sculptures.
  • Tell Brak: Situated halfway between al-Hasakah city and the frontier town of al-Qamishli. Excavations in the tell have revealed the Uyun Temple and King Naram-Sin palace-stronghold.
  • Tell el Fakhariya
  • Tell Hittin: 15 layers of occupation have been identified.
  • Tell Leilan: Excavations began in 1975 and have revealed many artefacts and buildings dating back to the 6th millennium BC such as a bazaar, temple, palace, etc.

History[edit]

3 soldiers were killed by armed militants in Al-Hasakah in an ambush during the Syrian civil war on 24 March 2012.[5]

About a year later, kurdish forces launched the 2013 Al-Hasakah offensive.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • ehasakeh The First Complete website for Al-Hasakah news and services